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1295847 



OENEAUOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC UBRARY 




3 1833 00724 4434 



^usescx ^vdjaeolocjtcal <^octetfi. 



SUSSEX 



arrljafologiral ColUrtionfi, 



KELATINU TO THE 



HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY. 



PUBLISHED BY 



5rijc ^uggex ^Srdjaeological Society* 




VOL. XXX. 



SUSSEX : 

ALEX. RIYINGTON, 

HIGH STREET, LEWES. 
MDCCCLXXX. 



CORRESPONDING SOCIETIES, &o. 



'I'lip Society of Antiquaries of London. 
'J'lie Royal and Arcli»ologioal Association of Ireland. 
The British Archteological Association. 
The Cambrian Archreological Association. 

The Royal Archaeological Institnteof Great Britain and Ireland. 
La Societe des Antiquaires de Normandie. 
The Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society. 
The Essex Archaeological Society. 
The London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 
The Somersetshire Archaeological Society. 
The Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. 
The tJtiited Architectnral Societies of Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, 
Northampton, Bedfordshire, Worcestersliiru, and Leicestershire. 
The Kent Archaeological Society. 
The Surrey Archaeological Society. 
The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 
The Yoi'kshire Archaeological and Topographical Society. 
The Powys-land Club. 
The Cambridge Antiquarian Society. 



The State Paper Office. 
The Collogo of Arms. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



1295847 



Corresponding Societies 
List of Illnntrations . 
Eeport 

Siatenieut of Accounts 
List of Members 
Rules . 

"^i. The Ancient British Coins of Sussex. By Erxest H. Willett, Esq. 
(Continued from Vol. xxix.) ....•• 

2. The Arundel Chancel Case. By the Editor. . . . . 

3*. St. Mary's Church, Barcombe, By Miss Florence Harriet Dodson, 

4. The Eoman Mosaic Pavements at Bignor. By Rev. Thomas Debary. 

5. Some Remarks on "The Castles, Mansions, and Manors of West 
Sussex." By Rev. W. R. W. Stephens 

The General Character of Sussex Churches. By the Yenerable Arch- 

DEACON OF Le«ES. . 

Proceedings of the Committee of Plundered Ministers Relating to 

Sussex. By Frederick Ernest Sawyer, Esq 
Early English Armory. Ry W. Smith Ellis, Esq. 
Spershott's Memoirs of Chichester (18th Century.) By W. Haines, 

Esq., and Rev. F. H. Arnold. (Continued from Vol. xxix.) 
A Return of the Members of Parliament for the County and Boroughs 

of Sussex. By Alan H. Stenning, Esq. . . • • 

11. Extract from the Parliamentary Return of the Members of Parliament, 

1290-1702. By Lieut -Col. Sir Walter B. Bakttelot, Bart., M.P. . 

12. Index of Illustrations, S. A. C, Vols.i.-xxx. By J. Horace Round, Esq. 

13. List of Books added to the Library of the Sussex Arch^ological Society, 

from January 1, 1877, to December 31. 1879. By Robert 
Crosskey, Esq. .•••'' 



6 



9. 



10 



1 
31 
52 
63 

90 

98 

112 
137 

147 

161 

190 
198 

230 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



1. The Lavingtons. By Rev. T. Debary. . ^ • 

•2. William Penn-The Irelands of Highfure - Hearth Tax. 
Walter B. Baritelot, Bart , M.P. 

3 The Will of John Hardham By Rev. P. H. Arnold. 

4 A "Shoreham Scare." By H. Campkin, Esq. . 

5 New Shoreham Church. By H. Campkin, Esq. 

6 The Marchant Pedigree. By H. Campkin, Esq. 
7. An Extinct Inn at Lewes. By F. E. Sawyer Esq. 
8 The Aliens of Lindfield By Lieut. Attree, R.E. 



By Sir 



235 

236 
239 
2-13 
245 

lb. 

lb. 
247 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Ancient British Coins in Sussex. Plate iv. 
„ „ ,. Plate V. 

„ i> » Plate vi. 

Arundel Parish Church .... 

The Fitzalan and part of the Lady Chapel, Arundel . 
Interior of Barcombe Church .... 
Bignor Pavements — 

The First Excavations 

Plan of the Villa .... 

The Venus Room .... 

Arms of Pepplesham— Radmeld — Ansty — Shovelstrode — Wilye 

„ of de Hastings . . . . • 

Seal of Scotney . . . . • 

Seal of de Echyngham .... 

The Friary, Chichester .... 

Old Cottage, West Tarring .... 





PAGE 


faces 


12 


lb. 


17 


lb. 


23 


lb. 


31 


lb. 


37 


lb. 


54 




63 


faces 


75 


lb. 


80 


lb. 


137 




141 




144 




145 




147 




198 



I 



b 



EEPORT. 



There is ilttle worth recording in the Society's proceeclinj^s for the past year 
except the General Meeting in August, at Brighton, and the success which 
attended it. 

The Mayor and Corporation gave the Society a cordial welcome, and liberally 
cranted them the use of the Pavilion, where the members and visitors met, 
and, having first carefully studied the contents of the loan collection and 
temporary museum, well stocked with a variety of interesting antiquities, and 
containing contributions from the collections of Messrs. C. Warne, H. Willett, T. 
Honywood, and H. Griffith, they then proceeded on an excursion to Rottingdean 
and Ovingdean to visit the churches there, under the guidance of Mr. Gordon Hills, 
who most kindly met the party for the sake of pointing out the chief architectural 
features of the ancient fabrics in a highly interesting lecture. At Ovingdean the 
Eector, the S,ev. A. Stead, also made som.e observations on the chm-ch, and Mr. 
Gordon Hills, who had been employed as architect in the work of restoration 
carried out a few years ago, expressed his opinion that the church was of an 
earlier date than the Conquest, and if this be so, the existing fabric may well be 
the " ecclesiola " of Domesday Book, and have been built by King Edward the 
Confessor, or some of the family of Earl Godwin, who are recorded as the owners 
before the Conquest, and the predecessors of Godefridus the D. B. tenant. 

The party, on their return to Brighton, visited the old Church of St. Nicholas, 
and were met there by the Eev. Julius Hannah, M.A., and Mr. Somers Clarke, 
jun., who made some interesting remarks on the history and character of the 
building. The uncommon subject of the carving in relief on the font remained 
unexplained, and is still a problem in Christian Iconography requiring a solution. 

Thus the component parts of the ancient hundred of Welesmere formed the 
Bcene of the day's ramble, and it is remarkable that the names of all the 
ancient manors remain as place names at the present day, while the mention 
of them in the Survey has an additional interest from some peculiar incidents 
of tenure by which they were distinguished as well as from the historical 
associations belonging to their recorded owners of old. 

The Venble. Archdeacon Hannah, Vicar of Brighton, kindly presided at the 
dinner, and in the course of the evening read a paper on the Churches of East 
Sussex, embodying the results of his official and personal observation, which 
will be found in the present Volume. 

The day's proceedings were brought to an end by a soi?-ee in honour of the 
Society's visit, given by the local committee, when the whole of the Pavilion 
was thrown open and lighted up for the reception of more than five hundred 
guests, A long day was thus agreeably and profitably spent by a large number 
of members and their friends, who were gratified by the sustained interest 
which was kept up through the day, and the admii-able an-augements of the 



yiii REPORT. 

local connnittee and the Hon. Sec, Mr. 11. Griffith. To the Mayor and 
Corporation of Brighton, the Venble. the Archdeacon of Lewes, the Rev. Julius 
Hannah, the Rev. Arthur Thomas, the Rev. Alfred Stead, Messrs. Warne, 
Willett, Honywood, and the local committee and their Hon. Sec, Mr. H. Griffith, 
the best thanks of the Society are due for contributing in different ways to the 
day's success. 



The Committee have to discharge a melancholy duty in expressing their 
sorrow for the death of a valued colleague, Joseph Cooper, F.S.A., in the prime 
of life. He bestowed much care and attention on the museum and library, 
of which he had charge, and his antiquarian knowledge and research were 
conspicuous in the excellent paper on Swanborough and Kingston which he 
compiled for the last Volume. The Committee have much pleasure in stating 
that Robert Crosskey, Esq., has kindly undertaken the office of Hon. Curator 
and Librarian in the place of Mr. Cooper. 

The Committee take this opportunity of acknowledging, with their beet thanks, 
the engraving of Barcombe Church, in the present Volume, presented by Miss' 
Ethel Dodson, from a drawing by herself. They beg also to express their feeling 
of indebtedness to the Editor of the "Building News," for his kindness in placing 
at their disposal his photo-lithographs, from which the beautiful illustrations of 
the Parish Church and Fitzalan Chapel at Arundel, also in this Volume, have 
been obtained. 

The Committee are sorry to say the state of the Society's funds forbids the 
continuance of the practice of issuing a Volume of Collections every year. The 
outlay on the Volume is so large in proportion to the yearly income, that very 
little is left to expend on other objects of equal importance, and they suffer 
accordingly. 

Lewes, Jan. 1, 1880. 



ACCOUNT OF RECEIPTS AND PAYMENTS 
FOR 1879. 



EECEIPTS. 

£ 3. d. 
Balance at Treasurer's, Jan. 1, 

1879 61 19 5 

Annual Subscriptions 192 

Ditto, Arrears 40 

Ditto, paid in Advance 2 

Overpayments 18 9 

Nine Life Compositions 45 

Garden Rent 3 10 

Dividend on Consols 11 2 

ISale of Books 9 6 6 

Visitors to Castle 98 10 3 



£464 5 1 



PAYMENTS. 

£ s. d. 
Mr. H. Campkin — Index Vol. 

27 4 4 

Ditto, Sundry Expenses 2 3 

Mr. Rivington — Vol. xxlx 144 12 5 

Illustrations, do. 73 12 6 

Index, do 4 

Clerk's Salary 20 

Editor— On Account Vol. xxx. 25 
Expenses of Annual Meeting 7 2 

Printing, Stationery, &c 3 19 

Editor's Expenses 17 6 

Clerk's Expenses, Stamps, &c. 5 9 10 

Sundries 2 3 8 

Books for Library and Binding 11 9 10 
Castle Account — 

Rent 31 6 8 

Warder 26 

Ditto Commis- 
sion, 1878 4 19 6 

Taxes and Sun- 
dries 11 8 1 

Wood 2 10 



Balance at Treasurer's, 
Dec. 31, 1879 



76 4 3 
82 17 1 
^464 5 1 



ASSETS AND LIABILITIES, JAN. 1, 1 



ASSETS. 

£ 8. d. 

Balance at Treasurer's 82 17 1 

Invested in Consols 374 18 3 

Arrears of Subscriptions- 
estimated to produce 50 

Garden Rent due 3 

Surplus Stock of Books 50 

iDue on Illustrations Vol. xxix 10 

£570 15 4 



LIABILITIES. 

£ s. d. 

Subscriptions paid in advance 2 

Morgan, Commission, 1879 ... 4 18 6 

Sundry Bills ^2 n n 

One Quarter Castle Rent 8 U U 

24 18 6 

Balance of assets 545 16 10 

£570 15 4 



JANUARY, 1880. 



S^ussex ^xtf^atoloQitaX <g)Ocietg^ 



The Earl of CHICHESTER, Lord Lieutenant and Gustos Eot. 



Tlie Duke of Devonshire, K.G. 

The Duke of Norfolk, E.M. 

The Marquess of Abergavenny 

The Earl De La Ware 

The Earl of Egmont 

The Earl of Sheffield 

Lord Viscount Gage 

Lord Colchester 

The Lord Bishop of Chichester 

Lord Talbot deMalahide,P.R.S.,F.S.A. 

Lord Zouche 

The Right Hon. The Speaker, M.P. 

The Right Hon. S. Cave, M.P. 

The Right Hon. John George Dodson, 

M.P. 
The Hon. Percy Wyndham, M.P. 
Sir Walter Barttelot Barttelot, 

Bart., M.P. 
Sir Walter Wyndham Burrell, Bart., 

M.P. 



©ice-^rtsibcnts: 

Sir Sibbald D. Scott, Bart., F.S.A. 
The Rev. Sir Geo. Croxton Shiffner, 

Bart., M.A. 
T. Brassey, Esq., M.P. 
W. L. Christie, Esq., M.P. 
G. B. Gregory, Esq., M.P. 
Montague D. Scott, Esq., M.P. 
J. G. Blencowe, Esq. 
Rev. J. Collingwood Bruce, LL.D., P.S.A . 
H. W. Freeland, Esq. 
Rev. John Goring, M.A. 
A. J. Berbsford Hope, Esq., M.P., D.C.L., 

F.S.A. 
Robert Henry Hurst, Esq. 
Edward Hussey, Esq. 
W. Townley MiTFORD, Esq. 
P. F. Robertson, Esq. 



g!ommtttee : 



T. St. Leger Blaauw, Esq. 

Rev. Preby. Carey H. Borrer, M.A. 

J. G. Braden, Esq. 

Rev. Preby. C. Heathcote Campion, M.A. 

Robert Crosskey, Esq. 

Rev. E. B. Ellman, M.A. 

fl. King, Esq. 



John Clay Lucas, Esq., F.S.A. 

A. Nesbitt, Esq., F,S A. 

J. L. Parsons, Esq. 

H. Penfold, Esq. 

C. Leeson Prince, Esq., F.E.A.S. 

Rev. P. DE Putron, M.A. 

W. A. Rarer, Esq. 



Ponorarg Sitretariss : 
Francis Barchard, Esq., Horsted Place, Uckfi^ld. 
The Rev. William Powell, M.A., Newick, Lewes. 

^nnmnt : 
Geo. Molineux, Esq., Old Bank, Lewes. 

®iritor of Colkttions : 
Charles Francis Trower, Esq., 7, Kensington Gate, W. 

lionorarg Cnrator anb ^'ibrartan: 
RoBT. Crosskey, Esq., Castle Gate, Lewes. 

focal ^urctarics: 



W. Borrer, Esq., M.A., F.L.S., Cowfold 
George Slade Butler, Esq., F.S.A., Rye 
Thomas S. Byass, Esq., M.D., Cuckfield 
Rev. G. A. Clarkson, M.A., Amberley 
Em ART, Mr. H. M., Eastbourne 
Geo. P. Holmes, Esq., Arundel 
Thos. Honywood, Esq., Horsham 

Cltrk : 
Mr. John Dudeney, Lewes, who is authorised to receive Subscriptions, end to 

uhom all communications respecting Unpaid /Subscriptions and the delivery of Volumes 

should be addressed. 



Rev. T. Medland, M.A., Steyning 
Mr. J. Phillipps, Worthing 
J. M. Richardson, Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
John E. Price, Esq., F.S.A., High- 

bury 
T. Ross, Esq., Hastings 



N.B. — The * prefixed denotes Life Cowpounders. 



Abergavenny, The Marquess of, Eridge 
Castle 

Adamson, E., Esq., M.D,, Eye 

Ade, Mr. J. S., Milton Court 

Allchin, Jolin, Esq., Tonbridge Wells 

*Alexander, W. C, Esq., Aubrey House, 
Notting Hill 

Andre, J. L., Esq., Horsham 

*Arbuthnot, W. K., Esq., Plaw Hatch, 
West Hoathly 

ArkcoU, Thos., Esq., Herstmonceux 

Arnold, B., Esq., Chichester 

Ashburner, H. J., Esq., Horsham 

Athenaeum Clvib, London 

Attenborough, Eev. W. F., FJetching 

*Attree, F. W. J., Esq., Worthing 

Auckland, Mrs., Lewes 

*Bacon, Eev. Thomas, Wiggonholt 

Baker, J. B., Esq., Buxted 

Baker, Eev. F. W., Eolvenden, Kent 

*Banks, Eev. G. W., Worth 

Barber, Mr. Wm., WiUingdon 

Barchard, Elphinstone, Esq., M.A., Dud- 
dleswell, Uckfield 

Barchard, Francis, Esq., Horsted Place 

Barclay, Donald, Esq., Mayfield 

Barron, E. J., Esq., London 

Bartlett, Eev. W., Wisborough Vicarage 

Barttelot, Sir Walter B., Bt.,M.P., Stop- 
ham 

*Barttelot, Brian B., Esq. 

Barwell, Eev. A. H. S., Clapham 

Bath, I he Dowager Marchioness of, 
Findon 

*Bathurst, Hy., Esq. 

Battye, Eev. W. Wilberforce, Hever, 
Kent 

*Baxter, Wynne E., Esq., Lewes 

Bay ley. Miss, Hurstpierpoint 

Beard, Mrs. C, Eottingdean 

Beard, S., Esq., Eottingdean 

Beard, T. E., Esq., Lewes 

Beard, Miss Matilda, Eottingdean 

Bellingham, C, Esq., Brighton 

Bellingham, Miss S., Eye 

Benge, Jas., Esq., Eoyal Masonic Insti- 
tution, Wood Green, N. 

Bigg, Eev. C, Brighton 

Bigg, Capt. W., Nuthurst 

Bigg, E. P., Esq., Slaugham 

Bigge, Mrs. Arthur, Brighton 

Bishop, Miss, Hastings 

*Blaauw, Mrs., Beechland 

Blaauw, T. St. Leger, Esq., Newick 

Blaber, C. O., Esq., Brighton 

Blaker, Edpar, S., Esq., Worthing 

Blakiston, Eev. Ealph Milburn, Croydon 

Blencowe, J. G., Esq., Bineham 

Blessley, E., Esq., A.I.B.A., Eastbourne 

Blew, Eev. W. J., M.A., London 

Blight, Eev. E., Lewes 

Bloxam, Eev. J. Eouse, D.D., Beeding 

Blunt, W. S., Esq., Crabbett, Worth 



Bonnick, H., Esq., Lewes 

Borrer, Eev. Preby. Carey H., Hurst-Pier- 

poinh 
*Borrer, Capt. Clifford, Brighton 
Borrer, W., Esq., M.A., F.L.S., Cowfold 
*Borrer, Lindfield, Esq., Henfield 
Bowles, Eev. F. A., M.A., Singleton 
*Boxall, W. P., Esq., Brighton 
Boys, Jacob, Esq., Brighton 
Braden, J. G., Esq., Lewes 
Brassey, T., Esq., M.P., Normanhurst, 

Battle 
*Bridger, E. K., Esq., Hampton, Mid- 
dlesex 
Bridges, Eev. A. H., Beddington, Croydon 
Broadwood, Miss Bertha, Eusper 
Brockman, Mrs., Maidstone 
Brooke, F. C, Esq,, Ufford, Woodbridge 
Brown, Alex., Esq., Kingston-on-Thames 
Brown, Eev. Felix, M.A., Stopham 
Brown, J. E., Esq., Shoreham 
Browne, H. D., Esq., London 
Browning, A. H., Esq., Lewes j 

Browell, Eev. J., Cowfold 
Buck, Eev. W. H. M., Seaford \ 

Buckell, Leonard, Esq., M.D., Chichester i 
Burnett, Eev. Preby. W., M.A., Boxgrove 
Burrell, Lady 

Burrell, Sir Walter W., Bart., M.P. : 
Burt, Jas., Esq., Worthing i 

Burton, Alfred, Esq., St. Leonard's 
Burton, Decimus, Esq., F.E.S., F.S.A., I 

London 
Butler, G. Slade, Esq., F.S.A., Eye 
Butler, Eev. J. B. M., Maresfield Eectory 
Button, Mr. B., Brighton 
Byass, Thomas S., Esq., M.D.,Cuckfield 
Calvert, Eev. T., Brighton 
Calvert, Rev. C. P., Lewes 
Campion, Eev. Preby. C. Heathcote, West- i 

meston 
Campion, W. H., Esq., Danny 
Card, Mr. H., Lewes 
Cardale, Eev. E. T., Uckfield 
Carter, Bonham W., Esq., Little Green, 

Gosport 
Cass, Eev. C. W., Battle 
Catt, C. W., Esq., Brighton 
Cave, Eight Hon. S., M.P., 35, WiltoQ 

Place, Belgrave Square 
Challen, Mr. T., Storrington 
Chambers, G. F., Esq., Eastbourne 
Chatfield, E., Esq., Lewes 
*Chetwynd, Hon. Mrs. Charles, Worthing 
Chevalier, Eobt. M., Esq., Westbourne 

Grove 
Chichester, The Earl of, Stanmer 
Chichester, The Lord Bishop of 
Chichester Library Society 
Chichester Literary Society andMechanics' 

Institute 
Cholmeley, Eev. E., D.D., Findon 
Christie, W. L., Esq., M.P., Glyndebourne 



SUSSEX ARCHiEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



XIU 



Clark, J. C, Esq., Brighton 
♦Clarke, Somers, Esq., jr., London 
Clarkson, Eev. G. A., M.A., Amberley 
Clayton, Clias. E., Esq., Brighton 
Glutton, Henry, Esq., Reigate 
Cokayne, G. E., Esq., M.A., P.S.A., 

College of Arms 
Colchester, Lord 
*Coleman, Carlos, Esq., Brede 
*Coleman, Horace, Esq., Brede 
*Coles, J. H. C, Esq., Eastbourne 
Cole, Eev. T. H., M.A., Lewes 
Cole, T. H., Esq., Hastings 
Combe, Boyce Harvey, Esq., F.S.A., 

Oaklands, Battle 
Cooper, Mrs. W. H., Brighton 
Cornthwaite, Eev. Tullie, Walthamstowe 
*Cosens, F. W., Esq., Kensington 
Couling, H., Esq., Brighton 
Courthope, G. C, Esq., Whiligh 
Cowan, T., Esq., Horsham 
Crake, E., Esq., Eastbourne 
Creak, A., Esq., Brighton 
Cripps, E. M., Esq., Novington 
Cripps, Mr. B., Washington, Pulboro' 
Cripps, Mr. E., Steyning 
Cross, Eev. J. H., Brighton 
Cross, Eev. E. H., Lewes 
Crosskey, Eobert, Esq., Lewes 
*Curling, Geo., Esq., Croydon 
Currey, B. C., Esq., Mailing Deanery 
Curteis, H. Mascall, Esq., Windmill Hill 
Daintry, A., Esq., Petworth 
Dalbiac, H. E. A., Esq., Worthing 
Daniel-Tyssen, J.R.,Esq., P.S.A., Brigh- 

ton 
*Daniel-Tyssen, A., Esq., M.A., 40, Chan- 
eery Lane, London 
Davey, Eev. H. M., M.A., Chichester 
Davey, H., Esq., Brighton 
*Davies, Miss, London 
'Davis, H. C, Esq., Brighton 
'Day, Mrs., Uckfield House 
*Day, W. A., Esq., London 
'Dearsley, Eev. St. Jobn, Wilmington 
Debary, Eev.T., Atheiseum Club, London 
De la Warr, The Earl, Withyham 
Delves, W., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Delves, Mr. Wm. Henry, Tunbridge Wells 
Dendy, C. E., Esq., Gbichester 
Denman, Hon. Eichard, Westergate, Chi- 
chester 
Dennett, Cbas. F., Esq., Brighton 
Dennis, Eev. E. N., M.A., East Blatching- 

ton 
De Putron, Eev. Pierre, M.A., Eodmell 
Devonshire, The Duke of, K.G., Eastbourne 
Dickinson, Mrs., Hurstpierpoint 
Dilke, W., Esq., Chichester 
Dixon, Henry, Esq., Prankham 
Dixon, Miss, Colwell, Haywards Heath 
*Dodd, H., Esq., Eotherfield 
Dodson, Et. Hon. J. G., M.P., Coney- 
borough 
Dorman, Mr., St. Lponards-on-Sea 
Drakeford, Eev. D. J., Elm Grove, Lower 

Sydenham 
Drewitt,, Eobert Dawtrey, Esq., Peppering 



Duckett, Sir Geo., Bart., London 
Dnke, Fredk., Esq., Hastings 
Dunkin, E. H. W., Esq., Blackheath 
Earp, Fredk., Esq., Brighton 
*Easton, E., Esq., Westminster 
*Eden, Eev. Arthur, M.A., Ticehurst 
Edge, Eev. W. J,, Benenden 
Edmunds, Eichard, Esq., Worthing 
Edwards, S., Esq., Lewisham 
Edwards, G., Esq., Hartfield 
Edwardes, T. Dyer, Esq., Hyde Park 

Gate, London 
Egerton, Eev. J. C, Burwash Rectory 
Egmont, The Earl of, Midhurst 
Elliott, Eobert, Esq., Ashford 
Ellis, W. Smith, Esq., Hyde Croft, Crawley 
EUman, Eev. E.B.,M.A., Berwick Eectory 
Elphinstone, Howard W., Esq., Wim- 
bledon 
*Elwes, D. C, Esq., F.S.A., Bedford 
Elwes, H. T., Esq., West Hoathly 
Emary, Mr. H. M., Eastbourne 
*Evans, J., Esq., F.E.S., F.S.A., London 
*Evans, Thomas, Esq., Lyminster 
*Evershed, S., Esq., Billingshurst 
Fairies, Rev. Septimus, B.A., Lurgashall 
Parncombe, Mr. Joseph, Lewes 
Fielder, Geo., Esq., Woking Station 
Fisher, Richard, Esq., F.S.A., Midhurst 
Fitz Hugh, Eev. Preby. W. A., M.A., 

Streat 
Foley, Rev. E. W., Jevington 
*Foljambe, Cecil G. S., Esq., Cockglode, 

Notts 
Foster, Eev. Preby. H., M.A., Selsey 
Foster, Eev. Et., M.A., Burpham 
Foster, Eev. J. S., M.A.,Wivelsfield 
*Foyster, Eev. H. B., M.A., Hastings 
*Foyster, Eev. G. A., M.A., Hastings 
*Franks, A. W., Esq., V.P.S.A., Brit. 

Museum 
*Freeland, Humphrey W., Esq.,M.A., Chi- 
chester 
*Freshfield, Edwin, Esq., Bank Buildings, 

London 
Freshfield, H., Esq., Kidbrook Park, 

Forest Eow 
Friend, D. B., Mr., Western Eoad, 

Brigliton 
Fuller, Eev. A., M.A., Itchenor 
Furley, R., Esq., F.S.A., Ashford 
Gage, Lord Viscount, Firle 
Gallard, G., Esq., Clifton ville 
Garbet, Rev. Canon, Bare imbe 
Garnham, Major, Densworth House, 

Chichester 
Gell, luigo, Esq., Lewes 
Gibson, T. P., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Godlee, Burwood, Esq., Lewes 
*Godman,P.S., Esq ,!Shermanbury Grange 
Gordon, Rev. A., New Timber 
Goring, Rev. John, M.A., Wiston Park 
Gorring, Mrs. H. B., Seaford 
Gorringe, Hugh, Esq. Kintjston 
Goschen, Rt. Eon. G. J., M.P., London 
Goulburn, The Very Rev. E. M., D.D., 
Dean of Norwich, Norwich 



XIV 



SUSSEX AUCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



»Gower, G. L., Esq., F.S.A., Titsey Place, 

Limpsfield 
Graham, R. J., Esq., Eastbourne 
*Grantham, Geo., Esq., Barcombe Place 
Gravely, Ricbard, Esq., Newick 
Gravely, Thomas, Esq., Cowfold 
Greaves, W., Esq., London 
Greaves, 0. S., Esq., Q.C, London 
Green, Mr. Burton, London 
Gregory, G. B., Esq., M.P., Boarzell, 

Hawkhurst 
Grey, F., Esq., Uckfield. 
Griffith, Henry, Esq., Brighton 
Grover, J. P., Esq., Lewes 
Gruggen, F. W., Esq., Chichester 
*Gwynne, J. E. A., Esq., F.S.A., Folking- 

ton Manor 
Haines, W., Esq., Chichester 
*Hale3, Rev. R. C, Woodmancote 
Hall, J. E. Eardley, Esq., Henfield 
Halsted, C. T., Esq., Chichester 
Hamilton, Mrs., Kenilworth 
*Hankey, John A., Esq., Balcombe Place 
*Hannah, Ven. Archdeacon, D.C.L., 

Brighton 
*Hannah, Rev. John Julius, M.A., 

Brighton 
Hannen, Sir Jas., OflTham House 
*Hannington, Lieut. -Col., Hurstpierpoint 
Harcourt, Col. F. V^ernon, Buxted Park 
fiarland, H., Esq., M.D., Wadhurst 
Harris, W. J., Esq., Worthing 
Harris, H. E., Esq., Brighton 
Hart, W, H., Esq., F.S.A., Gravesend 
*Harting, J. V., Esq., Lincoln's Inn 

Fields, London 
Hastie, H., Esq., East Grinstead 
Haviland, Rev. G. E., M.A., Warbleton 
Hawies, Rev. W. H., M.A., Slaugham 
♦Hawkins, Rev. R., M.A., Lamberhurst 
Hawkins, Rev. H. S., Bayton Rectory, 

Bury St. Edmunds 
♦Hawkshaw, Sir J., London 
*Hawkshaw, B.P., Esq., London 
Haydon, Rev. W., Bapchild Vicarage, 

Sittingbourne 
Hayley, Rev. Burrell, M.A., Catsfield 
Hazlewood, J. E., Esq., Brighton 
Hazlitt, W., Esq., F.S.A., London 
Head, Mr. J., Lewes 

Henty, C. P., Esq., Northlands, Chichester 
Hepburn, Rev. Preby. F. R., M.A., Chailey 
»Hesketh, Robt., Esq., F.R.S., London 
*Hill, Chas., Esq., F.S.A., West Hoathly 
Hill, Mr. John, Maresfield 
Hill, Miss A., London 
Hill, W. Neane, Esq., Albert Road, 

Regent's Park 
Bill, Capt. Henry, Brighton 
Hillman, A., Esq., Iford 
HiUman, Edward, Esq., Lewes 
Hills, Gordon M., Esq., London 
Hilh, Rev. W. J., Brighton 
Hine, H. G., Esq., London 
Hoare, Rev. H. R., M.A. 
Hoare, Rev. W. H., Oakfield, Crawley 
Hogg, Robt., Esq., LL.D., Pimlico 
Hollamby, Mr. H., Tunbridge Wells 



Holland, Rev. T. A., M.A., Poynings 
Holland, Rev. Chas., Petworth 
Hollis, W. M., Esq., Brighton 
Holman, Henry, Esq., East Hoathly 
*Hobnes, E. C, Esq., Arundel 
Holmes, G. P., Esq., Arundel 
Honywood, Thos., Esq., Horsham 
*Hope, A. J. Beresford, Esq., D.C.L., 

F.S.A., M.P., Bedgbury Park 
Hoper, W., Esq., Goring 
Hoper, Richd,, Esq., Cowfold 
Hornby, Sir E., East Hoathly 
Horsey, Thomas, Esq., Ringmer 
Horton, G., Esq., London 
*Hovenden, R., Esq., Croydon 
Howlett, J. W., Esq., Brighton 
Hubbard, W. E., Esq., Horsham 
Huggett, Mr. Josh., Hastings 
Hughes, Hugh, Esq., Brightling 
Hunt, Bernard Husey, Esq., Brighton 
Hurst, Robt. Henry, Esq., Horsham 
Hussey, Edward, Esq., Scotney Castle 
*Hussey, E. L., Esq., Oxford 
Hussey, R. C, Esq., F.S.A., Harbledowa 
Hutchinson, Rev. Thos., M.A., Ditchling 
Hyde, R. S., Esq., Worthing 
Inderwick, F. W., Esq., Winchelsea 
Infield, Mr. H. J., Brighton 
Ingram, Mrs. Hugh, Steyning 
Ingram, Jas., Esq., Chailey 
Ingram, John, Esq., Steyning 
Ingram, Rev. H. M., Lewes 
Ingram, W. H , Esq., Petworth 
Ingram, Miss, Chailey 
Ireland, S. S., Esq., Western Boad; 

Brighton 
Ireland, Artlinr, Esq., Ciiftonville 
Jackson, Miss K., Brighton 
Jackson, Rev. G., Yapton 
Jenkins, J., Esq., London 
Jenner, Miss, Lewes 
Johnson, Mrs. Luttman, Binderton House, 

Chichester . 

* Johnson, J. A. Luttman, Esq., London J 
Jones, H., Esq., Lewes I 

Jones, John, Esq., Lewes 
Judson, W. S., Esq., Lewes 
Kemp, C. R., Esq., Lewes 
Kemp, C. E., Esq. London 
*King, H., Esq., Isfield Place, Uckfield 
King, Mrs. Joseph, Finsbury Circus 
Kingsley, Mrs. Henry, Atrees, Cuckfiel< 
Kirby, Rev. H. T. M., M.A., Mayfield 
Kirby, Mrs., West Hoathly 
Kirkland, Mr. W., Eastbourne 
*Kirwan, J. S., Esq., Reform Club 

KiiucKsiecl;, C. E., Esq., Paris 

Know les. Rev. J.,F.S.A., FG.S., Ph.D 

M.A., Tunbridge 
Lambe, Richard, Esq., Lewes 
*Lampson, Sir C. M., Bart., Rowfant 
Lane, Henry C., Esq., Middleton 
Lane, T., Esq., Eastbourne 
Lanchester, Hy. J., Esq., London 
Langham, J. G., Esq., Uckfield 
Larnach, D., Esq., Brambletye 
Latrobe, Miss 



SUSSEX AECH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



XV 



*Leacli, Miss, Clapham, Surrey 

Lear, Mrs. M., Chichester 

Loathley, D. W. Beresford, Esq., Mid- 
hurat 

Legge, Eev. H., M.A., Lavant 

Leslie, Mrs. 

*Leslie, C. S., Esq., Slindon House, 
AruDdel 

Lewes Library Society 

Ley, Rev. John, M.A., Waldron Eectory 

Library Congress, London 

*Linington, G. E., Esq., Plashet, Essex 

Lister, John, Esq., Warninglid 

Liverpool Free Public Library 

Lomax, Benj., Esq., Brighton 

London Corporation Library Committee 

Long, Miss Emma Tylney, near Arundel 

Longcroft, C. J., Esq., Havant 

Lower, W. de Warenne, Esq., London 

Lowther, Mrs., London 

Lucas, John Clay, Esq., F.S.A., Lewes 

*Luck, P. G., Esq., Wadhurst 

Luxford, J. O., Esq., Higham, Hawkhurst 

Luxford, Rev. G. C, M.A., Higham, 
Hawkhurst 

Lyall, G., Esq., Hedley, Epsom 

Lyons, The Lord, Paris 

*Mackinlay, D., Esq., Hillhead, Glasgow 

MacLean, Rev. G. G., Nutley 

McQueen, General, Canterbury 

Manby, Lieut.-Col., P.R.S., Eastbourne 

Margesson, Lt.-Col., Findon 
Margesson, Miss, Rolney 
Margesson, Miss H. A., Boluey 
Martineau, E. H., Esq., London 
Masters, Rev. James Hoare, Lower 

Beeding 
Meadows, Geo., Esq., Hastings 
Medland, Rev. T., M.A., Steyning 
Melville, Miss, Henfield Lodge 
Melv He, Robt., Esq., Harttield 
Merrifield, F., Esq., Brighton 
Michell, 11., Esq., Horsham 
Mills, Mr. A., Brighton 
*Milner, Rev. J., Lindfield 
Mitchell, W. W., Esq., Arundel 
Mitchell, Rev. H., M.A., F.S.A., Bosham 
Mitford, W. T., Esq., Pits Hill 
*Mivart, St. George, Esq., F.R.S., 

Wilmshurst, Nutley 
Molineux, George, Esq., Lewes 
Molyneux, Hon. F. G., Tunbridge Wells 
Monk, E., Esq., Lewes 
Monk, T. J., Esq., Lewes 
Moren, G., Esq., Cowden, Heathfield 
Morgan, W., Esq., Uckfield 
Morgan, E., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Mount, Rev. Preby. F. J., M.A., Cuckfield 
Murchison, Kenneth R., Esq., East 

Grinstead 
Napier, Rev. C. W. A., M.A., Wiston 
Napper, H. F., Esq., Loxwood 
Nesbitt, A., Esq., F.S.A., Old Lands, 

Maresfield 
Nevill, Lady Dorothy, Petersfield 
Newman, Mrs. F. B., Burton-Latimer, 

Northamptonshire 
*Nicholls, Rev. H., M.A., Petworth 



Noakes, Mr. J., Chiddingly 
Noble, Capt., Forest Lodge, Maresfield 
Norfolk, The Duke of, Arundel Castle 
Norman, Mr. S., St. John's Common, 

Hurstpierpoint 
Norman, Geo. Mr., Cooksbridge 
Norton, G., Esq., Ardingly 
O'Flahertie, Rev. T. R., M.A., Capel 
Olding, W., Esq., Brighton 
Olive, Geo., Esq., Bromley-le-Bow 
Orme, Rev. J. B., M.A., Angmering 
*Ouvry, Frederic, Esq., F.S.A., London 
Paine, Cornelius, Esq., Brighton 
*Paine, W. D., Esq., Reigate 
Pakenham, Hon., Capt. R.N., Franklyns, 

Haywards Heath 
Papillon, T., Esq., Crowhurst Park 
Paris, G. de, Esq., Brighton 
Parish, Rev. Chancellor, Selmeston 
Parriugton, Rev. Canon, M.A., Chichester 
Parsons, J. L., Esq., Lewes 
Patching, Mr. E. C, Worthing 
Pattison, H. J., Esq. 
Peachey, W., Esq., Ebernoe 
Fearless, J. R., Esq., East Grinstead 
*Penfold, Hugh, Esq., M.A., Rustington 
Penley, M., Esq., Brighton 
Perry, Harry, Esq., Brighton 
Philpot, Rev. W. B., Bersted 
Phillipps, Mr. John, Worthing 
Pierpoint, Rev. R. W., M.A., Eastbourne 
Pitcher, J. Carey, Esq., Hailsham 
*Pitman, Rev. Preby. T., M.A., East- 
bourne 
*Plowes, John Henry, Esq., London 
Pocock, Crawford J., Esq., Brighton 
Postlethwaite, G., Esq., East Grinstead 
Polehampton, Rev. E., M.A., Hartfield 
Polhill, R. C, Esq., Eastbourne 
Pott, Arthur, Esq., Bentham Hill, Tun- 
bridge Wells 
Powell, Rev. William, M.A., Newick 
Powell, James D., Esq., Newick 
Powell, Charles, Esq., Speldhurst 
Powell, Rev. Richmond, M.A., South Stoke 
Powell, J. C, Esq., Selsfield, E. Grinstead 
Price, John E., Esq.5 F.S.A., Highbury 
Prince, C. L., Esa., F.R. A .S., Crowborough 

Beacon, Tunbridge Wells 
PuUinger, Mr. E., Lewes 
Quaritch, Mr. Bernard, London 
Ramsbotham, James, Esq., Crowborough 
Raper, R. G., Esq., Chichester 
Raper, W. A., Esq., Battle 
Read, Rev. T. F. R., Withyham 
Renshaw, T. C, Esq., Haywards Heath 
Riadore, Rev. G., M.A., Mid-Lavant 
Rice, Mr. R. Garraway, Horsham 
Richardson, J. M., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Richardson, Rev.W. E., Southover Rectory 
Riekman, John, Esq., Lewes 
Ridge, L. W., Esq., London 
Rivington, Alex., Esq., Lewes 
Robertson, Patrick F., Esq., Hastings 
*Robertson, Rev. Divie, M.A., Henfield 

Vicarage 
Robertson, Dr.Lockhart, Hanover Square, 
London 



XVI 



SUSSEX ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



Robinson, A., Esq., West Lavant House 
Rock, James, Esq., Hastings 
Rogers, R. J., Esq., Brighton 
Roots, G., Esq., E.S.A., London 
*Roper, F. C. S., Esq., F.L.S., F.G.S., 

Eastbourne 
Rose, Col. Holden, Tbe Ferns, Wivelsfield 
Ross, T., Esq., Hastings 
Ross, Hy., Esq., F.S.A., Chestham Park 

Henfield 
Rosseter, Mrs., Iford Manor 
Roswell, Mr. E., Lewes 
Round, J., Esq., Brighton 
Rowe, Mr. C, Tanbridge Wells 
Royston, Rev. Peter, M.A., Peterboro' 
Rush, Rev. Henry John, M.A., Hay wards 

Heath 
Russell, Mr. Albion, Levees 
Russell, Rev.J. C, M.A. 
Rutter, Jos., Esq., M.D., Brighton 
Saint, Rev. J. J., M.A., Groombridge 
Sanders, Mr. James, Hailsham 
Sandham, Rev. J. M., M.A., Coldwaltham 
Sawyer, Frederick E., Esq., F.M.S., 

Brighton 
Sawyer, G. D., Esq., 55, Buckingham 

Place, Brighton 
Saxby, Mr. H., Lewes 
Sclater, James H., Esq., Newick 
Scott, M.D., Esq., M.P., Hove 
Scott, Sir Sibbald D., Bt., F.S.A., London 
Scrivens, G., Esq., Hastings 
Seaton, S., Esq., Kidderminster 
Selmes, Jas., Esq., Newenden, Hawkhurst 
Sergison, Warden, Esq., Cuckfield 
Sharp, M. R., Esq., Eastbourne 
Sharpe, H. J., Esq., Ham Common, 

Surrey 
Sheffield, the Earl of, Sheffield Place 
Shenstone, F. S., Esq., Barcombe 
Shepperd, Rev. H., Brighton 
Shifiner, Mrs., Westergate 
Shiffner, Rev. Sir G. Croxton, M.A., Bt., 

Coombe, Lewes 
Shoppee, C. J., Esq., London 
Simmons, T. Mr., Lewes 
Simmons, Henry, Esq.. Seaford 
Skilbeck, John, Esq., Brighton 
Slack, H. J., Esq., Forest Row 
Fmith, A. W., Esq., Rye 
Smith, Francis, Mrs., Salt Hill, Chichester 
Smith, Mrs. Henry, Chichester 
Smith, Mr. J. Russell, London 
Smith, Mr. W. J., Brighton 
Smith, O. A., Esq., East Grinstead 
Smith, J. Maxfield, Esq., Lewes 
Smith, J. P. M., Esq., Brighton 
Smythe, Lewis, Esq., M.D., Lewes 
*Snaith, Miss Elizabeth, Brighton 
Snooke, Mrs., Chichester 
Snewiu, Mr. H. E., Worthing 
Speaker, Rt. Hon. The, M.P., Glynde 
*Sperling, Rev, J. H., M.A., Bath 
Spratley, J. S., Esq., Bow 
Springate, A., Esq., Hawkhurst 
Spurrell, H., Esq., Eastbourne 
Stead, Rev. A., M.A., Ovingdean 



Stenning, J. C, Esq., Halsford, East 

Grinstead 
*Stenning, A. H., Esq., Halsford, East 

Grinstead 
Steuart, H. J. Gow, Esq., Fowlers Park 
Stone, F. W., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Streatfeild, R. J.,Esq., The Rocks, Uckfield 
Strickland, Mr. Geo., Hailsham 
Strickland, Mr. W., Hailsham 
Summers, Rev. Walter, Danehill 
Sutton, Rev. Preby. R. S., M.A., Rype 
Sutton, Rev. Preby. R., M.A., Pevensey 
Swainson, Rev. Canon, D.D., Chichester 
*Swift, John, Esq., Eastbourne 
Tagart, C. F., Eeq., Lewes, F.S.A. 
Talbot de Malahide, Lord, F.R.S., F.S.A., 

Malahide Castle, Dublin 
Taylor, W., Esq., Glenleigh, Westham 
Terry, Mrs., Canterbury 
Thomas, W. Broderick, Esq., London 
Thomas, Rev. S. Webb, M.A., Southease 
*Thompson, T. C, Esq., Forest Row, 

East Grinstead 
Thorpe, G. Archibald, Esq., Hastings 
Tindall, W. H., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Tomkins, Rev. R. F., Tortington 
Tootb, Rev. W. A., M.A., Brighton 
Tooke, Mrs. Cheval, East Grinstead 
*Tourle, J. J., Esq., London 
Trew, Mrs., Steyning 
Tribe, W. Foard, Esq., Worthing 
Trower, C. F., Esq., 7, Kensington Gate 
Truefitt, G., Esq., 5, Bloomsbury Sq., 

London 
Tudor, Rev. Owen L., Eastbourne 
Tufnell, Rev. E., Easebourne 
Tunbridge Wells Club 
Turing, Sir Robert, Chilgrove 
Turing, Lady, Chilgrove 
Turner, W. W., Esq., Seaford 
Turner, Thos., Esq., Petworth 
Turner, Rev. Thos. R., M.A., Wimbledon 
Turner, Mrs. John, 182, Western Road, 

Brighton 
Turner, Richard, Esq., Lewes 
Tyacke, Nicholas, Esq.,M.D., Chichester 
Tyler, W. H., Esq., London 
Verrall, J. M., Esq., Lewes 
Vidler, J. C, Esq., Rye 
*Wagner, H., Esq., London 
WakeUng, Mr. G., Brighton 
Walker, Rev. G. A., M.A., Chidham 
*WaIker, Ven. Archdeacon, Cliichester 
*Wa]lis, G. A., Esq., Eastbourne j 

Warde, Rev. A. W., Little Horsted J 

Warden, H., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Warren, J., Esq., LL.B., B.A., Hand- 
cross Park 
Warren, E., Esq., Manor House, Streat- 

ham 
Warren, Reginald A., Esq., Preston Place, 

Arundel 
Waterlow, A. J., Esq., Reigate 
Watson, Lady, Midhurst 
Waugh, Edward, Esq., Cuckfield 
Webb, Mr. Alderman, Brighton 
WeJd, G. Esq., Charmanrlean, Worthing 
Weekes, George, Esq., Hurstpierpoint 



SUSSEX ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



XVll 



Woller, John, Esq., Courthonse, Lewes 
Weller, T. E., Esq., Kingston on-Thames 
Weir, Harrison, Esq., Peckham 
Weir, J. Jenner, Esq., F.L.S., Blackheath 
Welfare, J. S., Esq., Eottingdean 
Wellesley, Lady Victoria Long, East- 
bourne 
Wetherell, N., Esq., Pashley 
Wetherell, Major Ed., Tunbridge Wells 
Wheatley, G. W,, Esq., Charlwood, 

Surrey 
Whitehead, T. M., Esq., London 
Whiteloek, Eev. Benj., M.A., Groom- 
bridge 
Whitfeld, George, Esq., Lewes 
Wilkinson, P. Richard, Esq. 
Willett, Henry, Esq., Brighton 
Williams, W. J., Esq., Brighton 
Willcock, J. H., Esq., Brighton 
Willett, E. H., Esq., P.S.A., Brighton 
Winham, Rev. D., M.A., Western House, 
Brighton 

Arnold, The Eev.F. H., LL.B., Fishbourne 
Bruce,Rev.J. CollingwoodjLL.D., F.S.A., 

Newcastle-on-Tyn e 
Campkin, H., Esq., F.S.A., London 
Charma, M., Caen 

Corde. M. I'Abb^ de, Bures, Neufcliatel 
Diamond, Hugh Welch, Esq., M.D.,F.S.A., 

Twickenham House, Hon. Photographer 



*Wisden, Capt., The Warren, Broad- 
water, Worthing 
Wood, A., Esq., Horsham 
Wood, H. T., Esq., Pittleworth 
Wood, John, Esq., Hickstead, Haywards 

Heath 
Woodman, Rev. F. S., Chichester 
Woods, A. W., Esq., Brighton 
Woods, J. W., Esq., Chilgrove 
Woolner, Thomas. Esq., R.A., 9, Welbeck 

Street, London 
Wright, R., Esq., A.L.S.,Hur3tmonceux 
Wyatt, Rev. John J. P., M.A., Hawley, 

Farnboro' 
*Wyatt, Hugh Penfold, Esq., Cissbury, 

Worthing 
Wyndham, Hon. Percy, M.P., Petworth 
Young, Edmund, Esq., Steyning 
Young, William Blackman, Esq., Hastings 
*Zouche, Lord, Parham Park 



Dudeney, Mr. John, Lewes 
Hewett, E"vd. J. W., London 
Smith, Charles Eoach, Esq., F.S.A. 
Spurrell, Rev. F., M.A., Witham 
Semichon, Mons. Ernest, Avocat. 
TroUope, The Right Rev. Bishop, F.S.A. 



^ttks nf i\jt Snadg. 



1. That the Society shall avoid all topics of religious and political controversy, 
and shall remain independent, though willing to co-operate with similar Societies 
by friendly communication. 

2. That the Society shall consist of Members and Honorary Members, 

3. That Candidates for admission be proposed and seconded by two Members of 
the Society, and elected at any Meeting of the Committee, or at a General Meeting. 
One black ball in five to exclude. 

4. That the Annual subscription of Ten Shillings shall become due on the 1st day 
of January, or £5 be paid in lieu thereof, as a composition for life. Subscriptions 
to be paid at the Lewes Old Bank, or by Post-office order, to George Molineux, 
Esq., Treasurer, Lewes Old Bank, or to any of the Local Secretaries. 

N.B. — No Member wJwse Sithscription is in arrear, is entitled to receive the 
annual volume of Collections, tmtil such suiscription has teen paid. 

6. That every new Member, upon election, be required to pay, in addition to 
Buch Subscription or Life Composition, an entrance fee of Ten Shillings. 

6. That the Committee have power to admit, without ballot, on the nomlDation 
of two members, any Lady who may be desirous of becoming a Member. 

7. That the general affairs of the Society be conducted by a Committee, to consist 
of the President, Vice-Presidents, the Honorary Secretaries, the Editor of the 
" Collections," who (in accordance with the vote of the general annual meeting, 



xviii SUSSEX arch^ological society. 

held 17th August, 1865) shall receive such remuneration as the Committee may- 
deem fit; Local Secretaries, the Treasurer, the Honorary Curator and Librarian, and 
not less than twelve other Members, who shall be chosen at the General Meeting 
in March ; three Members of such Committee to form a Quorum. 

N.B.— The Committee meet at Lewes Castle, on the Thursdays preceding the 
usual Quarter Days, at 12 o'clock. 

8. That the management of the financial department of the Society's affairs be 
placed in the hands of a Sub- Committee, specially appointed for that purpose by the 
General Committee. 

9. That the Finance Committee be empowered to remove from the list of the 
Society the name of any Member whose Subscription shall be more than three years 
in arrear, and who shall neglect to pay on application : and that this Committee shall 
at each quarterly meeting of the General Committee submit a report of the liabili- 
ties of the Society, when cheques, signed by three of the Members present, shall be 
drawn on the Treasurer for the same. 

10. That the accounts of the Society be submitted annually to the examination 
of two auditors, who shall be elected by the Committee from the general body of 
the Members of the Society. 

11. That at all Meetings of the Society, or of the Committee, the resolutions of 
the majority present shall be binding. 

12. That two General Meetings of the Society be held in the year : — the one on 
the Second Thursday in August, at some place rendered interesting by its Antiquities 
or Historical Associations, and the other on the Thursday preceding Lady Day, at 
the Barbican, Lewes Castle, at 12.30; at either of which Meetings such alterations 
shall be made in the Rules as a majority of those present may determine, on notice 
thereof having been submitted in wi-iting to the preceding Quartei-ly Meeting of 
the Committee. 

13. That a Special General Meeting may be summoned by the Honorary Secretaries 
on the requisition in writing of five Members, or of the President or two Vice- 
Presidents, specifying the subject to be brought forward for consideration at such 
Meeting ; and that subject only to be then considered. 

14. That the Committee have power to appoint as an Honorary Member any person 
(including foreigners) likely to promote the interests of the Society; such Honorary 
Member not to pay any Subscription, nor to have the right of voting in the 
affairs of the Society, and to be subject to re-election annually. 

15. That the General Meeting in March be empowered to appoint any Member 
Local Secretary for the town or district where he may reside, in order to facilitate 
the collection of accurate information as to objects of local interest ; and that such 
Local Secretaries be ex-officio Members of the Committee. 

16. That Meetings for the purpose of reading Papers, and the exhibition of Anti- 
quities, be held at such times and places as the Committee may determine, and that 
notice be given by circular. 

17. That the Honorary Secretaries shall keep a record of the Proceedings of the 
Society ; such minutes to be read and confirmed at each successive Quarterly Meet- 
ing of the Committee, and signed by the Chairman then sitting. 



^usisex ^tci^aeolosical Societg^ 



Maritime Belg^ may have become acquainted witli tlie 
elementary symbols of classical literature at an earlier 
period, through the medium of those Gaulish merchants 
who, in the habit of constantly trading with the soutli 
coast, were so prompt in conveying the news of Ca3sar's 
intended invasion from shore to shore. Several circum- 
stances, however, combine to suggest the year 50 B.C. 
as the date of the commencement of the inscribed corn- 
age of Britain. 

. We find, on attentive examination, that the first appear- 
ance of intelligible legends is unaccompanied by any 
sudden radical alteration in the design of the existing 
coinage. Imperfect inscriptions intermixed with the 
XXX. ^ 



xviii SUSSEX arch^ological society. 

held 17th August, 1865) shall receive such remuneration as the Committee may- 
deem fit; Local Secretaries, the Treasurer, the Honorary Curator and Librarian, and 
not less than twelve other Members, who shall be chosen at the General Meeting 
in March ; three Members of such Committee to form a Quorum. 

N.B.— The Committee meet at Lewes Castle, on the Thursdays preceding the 
usual Quarter Days, at 12 o'clock. 

8. That the management of the financial department of the Society's affairs be 
placed in the hands of a Sub-Committee, specially appointed for that purpose by the 
General Committee. 

9. That the Finance Committee be empowered to remove from the list of the 
Society the name of any Member whose Subscription shall be more than three years 
in arrear, and who shall neglect to pay on application : and that this Committee shall 
at each quarterly meeting of the General Committee submit a report of the liabili-_ 



ERRATUM. 
Page 245 line 3, for "£100 " read " £1000." 



OMISSION FROM LIST OF MEMBERS. 
Rev. H. J. Peckham, PcLcrsfiald (Life Member). 



16. That Meetings for the purpose of reading Papers, and the exhibition of Anti- 
quities, be held at such times and places as the Committee may determine, and that 
notice be given by circular. 

17. That the Honorary Secretaries shall keep a record of the Proceedings of the. 
Society ; such minutes to be read and confirmed at each successive Quarterly Meet- 
ing of the Committee, and signed by the Chairman then sitting. 



.g^ussex ^tti)aeolosical ^octetg* 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OE SUSSEX. 



By ERNEST H. WILLETT, Esq., E.S.A. 
(^Continued from Vol. xxix.) 



PART II. 

THE INSCRIBED SERIES. 
Coins of Gommius and his Sons. 

The inscriptions which occur on British coins being, so 
far as they have been deciphered, entirely in Roman 
characters, it follows that the date of the minting of such 
Inscribed money was subsequent to the arrival of the 
legions in this country. 

It is, of course, possible tliat the insular colony of the 
Maritime Belgse may have become acquainted with the 
elementary symbols of classical literature at an earlier 
period, through the medium of those Gaulish merchants 
who, in tlie habit of constantly trading with the soutli 
coast, were so prompt in conveying tlie news of Cesar's 
intended invasion from shore to shore. Several circum- 
stances, however, combine to suggest the year 60 B.C. 
as the date of the commencement of the inscribed com- 
age of Britain. 

We find, on attentive examination, that the first appear- 
ance of intelligible legends is unaccompanied by any 
sudden radical alteration in the design of the existing 
coinage. Imperfect inscriptions intermixed with the 

XXX. ^ 



2 THE Ax^CIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

scattered limbs of the dismembered horse, are the first i 
indications of the approaching chans-e. The types as? 
yet remain at the extremity of degradation, to which ai 
succession of barbarian artists, each repeating, exag- 
gerating, and unconsciously modifying the mistakes of 
his predecessor, had reduced thera.^ 

But a new era of design is shortly to be commenced. 
It began within the life-time of the same king, and it is , 
visibly Roman in character. The conquerors must either j 
have imported artists to engrave dies for the provincial 
mints, or the subjugated Celts themselves have seized 
upon and copied such specimens of civilized art as were 
to be found in the money chest of the victorious army of 
occupation, or amongst the decorations and accoutrements 
of its soldiers. For instance, one can hardly believe that 
such coins as those figured Plate IV., Nos. 5 and 9, PL V., 
Nos. 1, 5, 6, 11, 13 and 14, were engraved by men who 
had never seen the masterpieces of Greek and Roman 
art. On the other hand, it is easily credible that the 
coins on Plates IV. and V. other than those enumerated, 
might be produced by a comparatively unskilled workman. 

It is nevertheless exceedingly difficult to maintain any 
such niceties of distinction, and it is, after all, of little 
moment which of these two conjectures is correct, for 
the fact remains that by some process or another, the old 
Greek laureated head, that had become naturalized dur- 
ing a century of modifications, was discarded, together 
with the traditions, associations, and superstitions con- 
nected with it, in favour of a series of Roman designs. 
Its outline, however, was not altogether lost sight of, for 
the shapes of many of the adopted Roman forms follow 
the lines of the older patterns, and some of our most 
distinguished numismatists are disposed to trace an al- 
most unbroken series in the chain of derivatives. 

History of Commius. 

The first name that we find recorded on British coins 
is that of the Atrebatian chief, Commios, and notwith- 

* Plate IV., Nos. 1 , 2 and 3, are examples of the earliest inscribed British coins. 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 3 

standing tlie possibilitj of the single coin attributed to 
him belonging to his son, in the absence of direct proof 
to the contrary, it is at least permissible to assign it to 
the father. 

When we consider how few are the points of contact 
between early written history (connected with this 
country) and existing monuments, it is obviously in- 
cumbent upon intelligent enquiry that it should pause 
to observe the electric light, as it were, of discovery 
thrown on the obscurity of the past. Few indeed are 
the sparks that it emits, but such as they are we must 
utilize them to grope our way amidst the dimly lit pages 
of ancient British history. 

This Commius or Commios (for the names are iden- 
tical—the method of spelling depending upon whether 
we prefer to adopt the Roman or the Gaulish language^), 
is one of the few British Chieftains mentioned by Roman 
historians of whom we have any numismatic evidence. 
The tribes and chiefs whose names are given by these 
ancient chroniclers are, indeed, many; the description of 
their manners and customs graphic, the stories of their 
treachery, factions, feuds and. elementary policy both 
clear and comprehensible, but the instances where one 
can point to contemporaneous inscriptions of their names 
may be counted upon the fingers of one hand. 

It is, of course, impossible to determine with absolute 
certainty the identity of the Commius of the coins and 
the Commius of Caesar, but the circumstantial evidence 
is so strong in favour of its being one and the same man, 
that the identity may be accepted by all but the most 
sceptical. 

It is from the commentaries of the great soldier his- 
torian, Julius Caesar, that we must gather what informa- 
tion we can about Commius. 

" Eos (legates) domum remittit, et cum iis una Com- 

nium, cujus et virtutem et consilium probabat 

3ujusque auctoritas in his regionibus magni habebatur, 
nittit."' 

* Many Gaulish names terminate in derivation from a Greek source. 
)s, -which fact seems to suggest their ^ Caesar de Bell. Gall., lib. iv., cap. xxi, 



4 THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

This is the first historical reference we have to the man 
whose name, in connection with those of his sons, is to 
figure so prominently in the early numismatic history of 
our country. 

Mr. Evans gives the following resume of the History 
of Commius, as compiled from the Commentaries : — 

When sent on his errand by Caesar he was seized by the bar- i 
barians and thrown into prison, notwithstanding in the character of ' 
ambassador he bore the General's commission. After the defeat of : 
the Britons he was set at liberty, and came to Cajsar with those 
heads of tribes who voluntarily laid down their arms after their 
unsuccessfiil attempt to oppose the Roman landing. He was also 
in Britain at the time of Caesar's second invasion, B.C. 54, and 
introduced the Ambassadors of Cassivellaunus to him.* He 
afterwards returned into Gaul, and is said to have been left with ' 
a detachment of cavalry in guard over the Menapii, whilst Caesar 
proceeded against the Treviri in B.C. 53. In the following year, j 
however, he again forsook his allegiance to the Eomans, and became 
one of tiie leaders of the Gallic league against Cassar. 8o active 
was he that Labienus attempted to take his life by treachery, but 
Commius escaped though severely wounded. An anecdote is related 
concerning him by Frontinus,^ who states that, on one occasion, 
Commius fled from Gaul to Britain, and only escaped from Ca;sar, 
who was pursuing hotly at a distance, by hoisting the sails of his 
vessels while still high and dry on the shore. The Roman General 
was deceived by the stratagem, and abandoned the pursuit, suppos- 
ing that his foe had embarked safely. 

In B.C. 51 Commius was again one of the leaders of a league 
formed between the Bellovacii, the Atrebates and other tribes against 
the Romans, but he finally made his subjection to them, promising 
to go anywhere and to do anything that Antony prescribed, but on 
the condition that he should never come within sight of another 
Roman ("nein conspectum veniat cujusquam Romani " ^). — Evans, 
p. 151. 

Of other matters in subsequent connection with the 
life of Commius, history preserves a discreet, though 
somewhat tantahzing, silence. And here it is that numis- 
matic evidence affords a clue, and suggests his probable 
residence in this country as Chief of the Island-Atre- 
bates, and other Belgic tribes, settled in the south of 
England. It is, however, probable that his reign in this 
country was, although prosperous and successful, of short 
duration, for we only find one coin that may be considered 

* De Bell. Gall., lib. v., cap. xxii. * Lib. ii., cap. xiii., sec. 2. ® lb. lib. viii., 48. 



_ THE ANCIENT BEITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 5 

i 

as belonging to him. But that liis memory was cherished, 
is patent from the evident desire of his sons to perpetuate 
it, and to associate their names with his, for out of 49 
coins figured in Plates IV., V. and VI., 28 bear the title 
CoMMii FiLius in some abbreviated form. 

Commius, then, it may be supposed, settled in Britain 
about 50 B.C., being sustained in his sovereignty over 
the Regni and Atrebates, and perhaps the Cantii, by 
Eoman influence, and was succeeded at his death by his 
three sons, Tincommius, Verica and Bppillus, whose coins 
are found in considerable numbers in the district defined 

below. 

Any endeavour to assign some particular limit to his 
dominions must be conjectural, but we shall not be very 
far out if we describe the area of his territory as having 
consisted of Sussex, Surrey, East Hampshire and Berk- 
shire, with probably a portion of West Kent as the 
eastern-most boundary. The capital of this kingdom 
was Calleva (Silchester) as we find the name of this 
town appearing as a mint-mark on some of the coins of 
Eppillus. 

The tract of country round about Chichester, extend- 
ing to the coast as far east as Bognor, south as Selsea, 
and west as Hayling Island, is perhaps one of the most 
fertile districts in the kingdom for the discovery of 
British remains, and as we know from many passages in 
the Commentaries^ that the Atrebates of Britain kept up 
a friendly intercourse with the tribe of the same name on 
the Continent, we may suppose that whilst they were 
governed by a strong chief like Commius, to whose in- 
fluence and importance we have Caesar's direct testimony, 
no precautions would be neglected to secure possession 
of the strategic points commanding the line of commu- 
nication. 

Unfortunately, the few monuments that are left us of 
this distant epoch of history, are so effaced, as to be of 
little use in endeavouring to read its records, and we have 
to reason more by inference and analogy than by absolute 
evidence. Undoubtedly, however, one of the principal 

7 Lib. iii., chap. ix. ; iv., chap, xx., xxi., and others. 



6 THE ANCIENT BKTTTSH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

means of maintaining a foreign connection would be the 
possession of a suitable port for landing and departure, 
and a glance at the map will at once suggest Chichester 
and Pagham harbours as being in the most direct line from 
the capital. Now, though some two or more miles of the 
Selsea peninsula may have been washed away by the sea 
since the time when 'this ancient route to the Conti- 
nent' was popular, and from this cause probably much 
valuable evidence is for ever lost, yet no part of the south 
coast has been so fruitful in yielding a harvest of evidence 
of ancient civilization as those portions of Sussex and 
Hampshire bordering the Southampton Water and the j 
harbours of Portsmouth, Chichester and Porchester. ' 

The political value of this district is increased by its 
propinquity to the Isle of Wight, through which, we are j 
told by Diodorus Siculus^, passed so much of the exported I 
metal for which Britain was justly famous. 

Regnum (Chichester) itself was a post of considerable 
importance in Eoman times, being a station on Stane 
Street, and in the time of Claudius the district capital of 
Cogidubnus. 

Our readers no doubt well remember the stone found 
at Chichester in 1723, now at Goodwood (described in 
Vol. VII. of these Collections, in the " Monumenta His- 
torica Britannica," cxix. 124, Dallaway's "Rape of Chi- 
chester," Horsfield's " Sussex," and elsewhere), which 
bears a dedicatory inscription of a temple to Neptune 
and Minerva for the welfare of the Imperial family, with 
the sanction of the Emperor Claudius and his tributary 
prince Cogidvbnus of Britain — a native potentate alluded 
to by Tacitus as " our most faithful ally " (" cogidumno 
. . . . isadnostram usque memoriam fidissimus mansit"). 

Commius must have lived long enough to consolidate 
his kingdom so effectually that his three sons could 
peaceably succeed to his honours and possessions. It 
seems, however, that these were divided at his death, 
and, judging from coin-distribution, in the following 
manner. 

* Lib. v., cap, xxii. 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 



Coinage of Tincommius. 

We may infer that Tincommius was the eldest son, and 
that he took West Sussex and East Hampshire for his 
inheritance — ruling over the Regni. The facts that lead 
to this conclusion are that some of his types, and his only, 
bear a strong resemblance to the single specimen of his 
father's, and to the latest of the un-inscribed series. 
They occur also in gold alone, whilst both his brothers 
struck coins in the baser metals of silver and bronze. 

The existence, however, of other coins of Tincommius, 
of far greater artistic merit, chronicles the introduction 
of classical influence, and marks the change which 
occurred in the design of the whole ancient British series, 
as dating from the reign of this prince. 

The origin of his name has given rise to much specula- 
tion. Mr. Roach Smith, in Vol. i. of the " Collectanea 
Antiqua," draws attention to the word tin as being syno- 
nymous with DUN, signifying a hill, and quotes several 
instances of its occurrence as a prefix both in Gaul and 
Britain, as Tincontium and Tinurtium in the former ; 
in the latter, Tindolana and Tmtagium. But whatever 
its derivative signification, it is evident that in the present 
instance it is intended for a patronymic. 

The difficulty of inquiry into Celtic literature has pre- 
vented the writer from making any exhaustive research 
for a word in that language resembling in form or sound 
the syllable tin, and signifj^ing the metal we are accustomed 
to recognise under that name ; but if there be any such, 
it is far from impossible that Tincommius, through whose 
territory passed so much of the ductile metal on its way 
for manufacture into the immortal bronzes of Greece and 
Rome, may have adopted this prefix to his father's name 
to indelibly associate his own with that of the chief 
article of export of his dominions. 

Mr. Evans draws attention to the possibility of his 
identity with the prince referred to as Tim. (See 
"Monumenta Hist. Brit.," cvi.), in company with Dubuo- 
vellaunus, in the inscription at Ancyra, commemorating 



8 THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

the deeds of Augustus, and as having been one of the 
suppliants who came to the Imperial throne. 

Coinage of Verica. 

The coins of Verica are principally found round about 
Guildford and Farley Heath in Surrey, and we may con- 
clude that the second son succeeded to this central Atre- 
batian portion of the kingdom on his father's death. 
He does not appear to have struck coins so early as did 
Tincommiiis, for we do not find any of his types bearing 
resemblance to the un-inscribed series in any considerable 
degree, but several exhibit a marked likeness to the 
improved and later types of Tincommius, from which 
they were evidently copied (some, indeed, being identical, 
save for the inscriptions). Coins of both the brothers 
occurred in the Selsea find, in the numerical proportion, 
of Tincommius 96 to Verica 28, and with them were two 
specimens of the youngest son, Eppillus. 

The coinage of Yerica includes some of the most 
beautiful types in the whole range of the ancient British 
numismatic art, and except on a few of the smaller silver 
pieces, a uniform excellence is maintained in their design 
and execution. Remarks on points worthy of note will 
be found under the technical description of the plates, 
but especial attention is drawn to Figs. 1, 6, 11, 13, and 
14, on PI. Y., and Figs. 1 and 2 on PL YI. 

Figs. 1 and 11 on PI. Y. exhibit a leaf on the convex 
side. Mr. Evans says, in reference to the larger of these 
coins — 

" The leaf appears to be that of the vine, but it is hard, 
to say whether this was an original type to signify the 
fertility of the soil, or adopted from some other source. ; 
An acquaintance with the vine might probably result 
from the intercourse with the Romans, and the permis- 
sion of the Emperor Probus for Spain, Gaul, and Britain 
to cultivate the vine and make wine, implies its existence 
and use in all three countries at that time. At any rate, 
the device of the vine leaf does not appear to have been 
borrowed from any Roman coin, but the obverse of these 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OP SUSSEX. 9 

Britisli examples bears a strong resemblance to that of 
some of the coins of Selinus." On these, however, " the 
leaf is that of the wild parsley, and not of the vine." 

Fig. 6, on PI. Y., is the interesting coin found at Selsea, 
whose legend, com. filf., determined the controversy that 
had long existed on the somewhat obscure terms com. f. 
and TASC. f., so frequently met with. Its discovery was 
imost important for British, numismatics, and it fully con- 
firmed the views of Dr. Birch and Mr. Evans, who had 
imaintained that these inscriptions should be read commii. 
FiLius and TASCiovANi.FiiJUS, and thoroughly disposed of 
ithe suggestions that emanated from certain learned 
^sources, that the words stood for the '"community of the 

iFlEBOLGS," &C., &C. 

Figs. 13, Plate V., bears a laureated head on its obverse, 
drawn after the model of the Imperial heads on the 
Roman coinagfe. This head bears a strono^er resemblance 
to that of Claudius than to any other Emperor, but it is 
not unlike AuQ-ustus : and as the date of the coin agfrees 
with his reign, and not with that of Claudius, it is pro- 
bably intended for the former Emperor, if it is not the 
tributary prince himself. But on this point obscurity 
must, perhaps, for ever rest. 

Plate v., fig. 14, and Plate VI., figs. 1 and 2, bear a 
jsemi-draped figure, seated iti a curule chair, holding a 
''hasta in her hand, probably derived from one of the 
consular coins of the Porcia family. 

; It is interesting to note the first occurrence of this 
figure as connected with Britain. Soon after — under 
itlie Antonines — with slight modifications (such as chang- 
ing the hasta for a military ensign, and replacing the 
Icurule chair by a rock), the design became emblematic 
of the province. Its existence on the copper coinage of 
the present day is familiar to us all. 

Coinage of Eppillus. 

The coins of the third and youngest son, Eppillus, are 
considerably less numerous than those of the two elder 
brothers, and as they are found principally in Kent, a 
detailed description of them is foreign to the object of 

XXX. 



10 THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

this paper. But tlie intimate relation between the three 
brothers, together with the discovery of two coins be- 
longing to this prince, with those of his relatives at 
Selsea, prevent our entirely passing him over. 

The coin figured Plate VI., No. 17 (Evans, PI. IV., fig. 
1), seems to have been issued under the joint authority 
of the brothers, as it bears a legend which is interpreted 
as the contracted forms of their three names ; t c for 
Tincommius, vi for Verica, and e p for Eppillus. It was 
found in Kent, and passed from the Faussett Collection 
into the British Museum, and is exhibited here merely as 
an illustration of the probable fraternal association in 
sovereignty. Another coin (Evans, PI. III., fig. 7), having 
a Capricorn reverse, bears the conjoined names of Verica 
and Eppillus. 

This latter prince probably first succeeded to the rule 
of the Cantii, and afterwards to a co-sovereignty w4th 
Verica over the Atrebates and Cantii. This view is 
supported by the Silchester mint-mark, cai-lkv (Calleva) 
appearing on the coins of Eppillus ; and if his money 
was current in Kent, at Silchester and on the Selsea 
promontory at one and the same time, he must have at 
last gathered under his sway a district quite as large, if 
not more extensive, as that ruled by Commius when at 
the zenith of his popularity. 

We find the word rex, "the title usually applied by 
Cfesar and otlier Roman historians to the petty princes 
of the various British tribes," appearing on the coins 
both of Verica and. Eppillus, and in the case of the latter 
king connected vdth the name of his capital, Calleva. 

liEX. CALLE. 

COMMITS? 
PLATE IV.— FIG. 1. 

Evans, PI. I.^Jig. 10. 

N 82-83 grains. 

Obv. — Portions of the laureated bust (as on Plate I., fig. 8) to the 
right; on the dexter side, above the decoration of the neck, 
is an object like the head of a serpent. 



THE ANCIENT BBITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 11 

Rev. — MMIOS. Three-tailed horse to the right ; beneath, a wheel ; 
above, a trefoil ornament. Some specimens show an arm 
terminating in a crescent and pellet above the tail of the 
horse, and an oval ring ornament below. 

A coin of this type has been found at Cackham, and 
is in the possession of James Grorham, Esq., of that 
place. There are also two in Mr. Evans' Cabinet, but it 
is not known where they were found. Others very 
similar, but without inscriptions, have been discovered 
on Farley IJeath. 



\ 



TINCOMMIVS. 
PLATE IV.— FIG. 2. 
Evans, PL I., fig. 11. 

N" about 85 grains. 

Obv. — Portions of lanreated bust to the right, as on No. 1 ; there is, 
however, a small annulet at the end of one of the open 
crescents. 

Rev.— TING. COMMI. F. Barbarous three-tailed horse to the 
right; above, a triangle of pellets, or annulet; below, a ring 
ornament, and an annulet ; behind, a ring ornament. 

This coin is in the Hunter Collection at Griasgow ; but 
its place of finding is not known. 

PLATE IV.— Fia. 3. 

Evans, PL I., fig. 12. 

N 83 grains. 

Obv. — Portions of laureated bust as on No. 1. 

Rev. — Rude, three-tailed horse to the right; above, TIN; in front, 
DV (?) ; above the horse, a crescent and a pellet; below, a 
wiieel aiid a crescent ; in front, another crescent ; behind, an 
oval ring ornament. There are traces of a beaded circle having 
surrounded the whole. 

It has been suggested (Evans, p. 162) that the letters 
D V, which are seen in front of the horse on this speci- 
men, are part of the name of a town such as D V robrivae, 
or Sorbio DV'num. But they are hardly distinct enough 



.1.2 • THE ANCFENT BRITISFI COIXS OF SUSSEX. 

on the coin to render safe any speculation on tliis matter. 
The type has occurred at Steyuing, Alfriston, and Selsea. 

The three coins just described are the hnks connect- 
ing the anepigraphous with the inscribed series ; hence- 
forth we find well-drawn designs replacing the barbarous 
British attempts. 

The five following specimens resemble one another 
very closely, and are also very similar to the types of 
Verica, PI. Y., 2, 3, and 4. " The design of the charg- 
ing horseman may have been copied from the reverse of 
the denarii of the Crepusia family, as figured by Cohen 
xvi." (Evans, p. 163.) 

PLATE IV.— FIG. 4. 
Evans, PL I., Jig. 14. 

j^^ 81 grains. 

Obv. — Convex : COM- F on a sunk tablet. 

Eev. — Horseman, with javelin, to the right; below, TIN; behind the 
horseman, a star ; behind the horse, three pellets joined in a 
triangular form; the whole within a coarse-beaded circle. 

Foimd at Alfriston, together with Nos. 3 and 7. 

PLATE IV.— Fia. 5. 
Evana, PI I., Jig. 13. 

N 82 grains. 

Obv. — Convex : TINC on a sunk tablet. 

Hey. — Horseman poising a javelin, and charging to the right ; below, 
•C* F. ; above, a star of six points ; the whole within a beaded 
circle. 

Found at Wittering, also in Hampshire. 

PLATE IV.— FIG. 6. 
Evans PL II., Jig. 8. 

-AT" 76 grains. 

Obv. — As on No. 5, except that the letters TING are rather smaller, 
and less regularly formed. 



TLIV. 



TINCOMMIUS 





%^ 




r 



toW)^ 




INSCRIBED SERIES 



THE ANCIENT DEITISTI COINS OF SUSSEX. 13 

Rev. — As on No. 5, but without the star in the field ; above, the horse- 
man, and with a large C beneath the horse. 

This is a variety of the preceding coin ; the difference 
being that the star is absent, and that the letter C stands 
a,lone without the sequent F. 

PLATE IV.— FIG. 7. 
Euans, Fl. If., Jig. 1. 

j^^ 83 grains. 

Obv. — Convex : COM on a sunk tablet. 

Eev. — TIN below a charging horseman, as on No. 4. 

Found at Alfriston. — A variety of No. 4. 

PLATE lY.— FIG. 8. 
Evans, PL 11,, jig. 7. 

M 

Obv. — COM on a sunk tablet. 

Rev. — As on Nos. 4 and 7, but with the star lower in the field. 

This coin was found in the neighbourhood of Win- 
chester, and is described in the proceedings of the 
Num. Soc. of April, 1843, as being of brass. It is 
probably an ancient forgery. A bronze coin plated with 
gold of Tasciovanus, the father of Cunobelin (the Cym- 
beline of Shakespeare)— of the type Evans, PI. Y ., fig. 
11 — was found near Chichester some time ago. Other 
instances of counterfeits are not wanting to show that 
even in these early times some persons were dishonest 
enough to attempt to palm off worthless imitations on 
the unwary. 

PLATE IV. -FIGS. 9 and 10. 

Num. Chron., N.8., Vol. xvii., PI. x.,Jigs. 1 and 2. 

^15 grains, sp. gr. 11. 

Obv. — TINC. on a raised tablet ; above, C. ; below A, 
i Rev. — Full-faced head of Medusa in high relief. 



14 THE ANClExNT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

The marked superiority of design in Fig. 9 over that 
in Fig. 10 cannot fail to strike even the most casual 
observer. 1 have seen twenty coins of this type which 
may be all distinctly referred to one model or the other ; 
there is no gradation of type. Fig. 9 is as fine in work- 
manship as some of the best Roman coins, and it is 
difficult to believe that it was executed by a barbarian. 
Fig. 10 is much inferior, and is probably a provincial copy. 

Attention must also be drawn to the fact that the 
letters C A appear above and below the tablet, not C F, 
as was formerly supposed. Can this be intended for the 
first part of the word Calleva ? or are the letters the 
initials of Calleva Atrebatum ? In either case it would 
suggest that Calleva was the capital of Tincommius as 
well as of Eppillus, and would tend to confirm the view 
of his rule over that tribe. ^ 

Both varieties weigh from 14 to 15 1 grains, and are 
pretty constant in the specific gravity of ll.^** 

Mr. Evans believes this type to have originated in the 
design on the reverse of Plate II., fig. 14. He says (p. 
166)— 

" The type of the obverse is thoroughly British in 
character, though of good workmanship ; while the type 
of the reverse ajDpears to be purely classical, and may be 
appealed to as an evidence of the influence of foreign 
artists upon our native coinage." j! 

" The question arises, in wdiafc manner are we to ' 
account for such a subject appearing on a British coin ? 
We find the head of Medusa both on Sicilian and on 
Eoman Consular coins, but from none of these does the 

present example appear to have been taken There 

is little doubt that about the period when the Inscribed j 
coinage of Tincommius commenced, Roman artists ; 
were employed in the British mints." 

" This new school of engravers did not, however, 
immediately introduce new types or forms of coins, but 
continued to strike the coins upon the old model, as far 
as regarded their usually dished shape, and merely modi- 

" On one coin the letter B occurs in lo These smaller pieces are intended 

the place of A. for quarters of the larger. 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 15 

fiecl and adapted tlie existing types ; as, for instance, by 
placing an inscribed tablet on what bad formerly been 
the plain convex side, and converting the rude horse on 
the reverse into a well-formed equestrian figure." 

" Now, among the coins found at Bognor in company 
with this coin of Tincommius, were many coins of the 
game module, belonging to the old un-inscribed series, 
and among these it is but natural to look for the proto- 
type of the present coin." 

" The obverse presents no dijSiculty, but the deriva- 
tion of the reverse is not at first sight quite so apparent, 
but any one who will examine the reverse of the coin, 
Plate E, fig. 10 (Plate II., fig. 14, in this paper) will sea 
how readily the device upon it assumes the form of a full 
facer 

" But in addition to this, the central tree-like object 
kvhich forms the nose expands at the top into two wing- 
Ihke projections occupying just the position of the wings 
labove the forehead of Medusa. And I cannot but 
jcome to the conclusion that the head of Medusa was 
!3uggested to the mind of the engraver by some of these 
jrude coins, and the original device was improved by 
lim into a subject more in accordance with classical 
mythology" (Evans, p. 168). 

The foregoing is the opinion of the highest authority 
3n British coins of our day ; but it is not to be expected 
jbhat those of us who have not had the advantage of so 
jextended and varied an experience with this class of 
aumismatics can see the derivation quite so readily. 

The type has been found at Bognor and Selsea only. 

PLATE IV.— FiaS. 11 AND 12. 

Evans, PL IF., figs. 2 atid 3. 

M 15-18 grains. 

Obv. — TINCOM in one case, NCOM in the other, and a zigzag 
ornament, in the spaces between three corded lines across tlie 
field. 

Rev. — Horse to the left ; above, a wheel and an annulet ; in front, 
three annulets braced ; below, a horseshoe ornament. 



10 THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

Found at Selsea. One is said to have been discovered 
in Westmoreland, but bow it travelled so far is an 
unsolved mystery. 

This type confirms the reading of the name Tmcom- 
mius, as it is the only instance of its occurring in a more 
extended form than TING. 



PLATE lY.— FIG. 13. 

Evajis, PL IL, Jig. 5. 

J^ 18 grains. 

Obv. — COM. F. on a sunk tablet. 

l^EV. — TIN, above a bridled horse kneeling to the right ; the whole 
within a beaded circle. 

Found at Bognor and Selsea. 

PLATE IV.— FIG. 14. 

2<um. Chro7i., N.S., Vol. xvii., Plate x.,Jig. 3. 

J^ weight 15i grains, sp. gr. 11-5. 

Obv. — Same as last. 

Rev. — Same as last, with exception of a reversed C below the horse, 
which appears more lively than on No. 13. 

Found at Selsea. 

PLATE IV.— FIG. 15. 

Num. Ghron., N.S., Vol. xvii., Fl. x., fig. 4. 
J^ weight 15 grains, sp.gr. 12'o. 

Obv. — TIN, on a sunk tablet. 

Eev. — An undescribed animal, with mane erect, salient, to the left. 

Found at Selsea. 



I 



TLV. 



VERICA 









N #^A 




Z'^, 




%-r 













^'ll^StC, 




I N S CRIBED SERIES 



THE ANCIENT BlUTIfeH COINS OF SUSSEX. 17 

PLATE lY.— Fia. 16. 
Evmis, PL IL.fig. 6. 

j^^ weiglit \Q^ grains. 
Obv.— COM-F. on a sunk tablet. 

Rev. — Bridled horse prancing to the right; below, TI ; above, X 
The whole within a beaded circle. 

Found at Selsea, and at Kingston in Surrey. 

PLATE IV. -FIG. 17. 

Num. Ghron., N.S.^ Vol. xvii., Plate x., Jig. 5. 

^ weight 16 grains, sp. gr. 11'5. 
Obv.— COM-F. on a sunk tablet. 
Rev. — TI above, and C below ; a hridled horse galloping to the left. 

Found at Selsea. 

PLATE IV.— FIG. 18. 

Num. Ghron., N.S., Vol. xvii., PL x., Jig. 6. 

N \b grains, sp. gr. 12. 

Obv. — COMF on a sunk tablet. 

Rev. — T. above ; a bridled horse prancing, to the left. 

Found at Selsea. 

There is a great similarity between the last six coins 
(No. 15 excepted). They all bear the sunk tablet, with 
its filial inscription on the obverse, and a prancing horse 
and the King's name on the reverse; the positiou ot the 
horse and the different forms of abbreviation of the 
name constituting what difference there is. 

VEKICA, OR VIRICA. 
PLATE v.— FIG. 1. 

Evans, PL IP, Jig. 9. 

N weight 82 grains. 
Obv. — VI — RI ; on either side an expanded leaf (oak, maple, or vine). 
Rev. — CO. F. Horseman leaping to the right. From other sp^ti- 
XXX. D 



18 THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS UP SUSSEX. 

mons it is seen that the horse is springing from a stage 
beneath his hind feet, another similar stage being under bis 
forefeet. The horseman carries behind him a long oval pomted 
shield and a spear. The whole is enclosed withiu a beaded 
circle. 

Remarks on this coin have been already made. It is 
not, perhaps, so early a type as the three immediately 
following it, resembling so closely those of Tincommius, 
but i have placed it first as being the most remarkable 
in feature. 

The type has been found at Pagham and Shoreham in 
Sussex, and at Romsey in Hampshire. 



PLATE Y.— Fia. 2. 

Evans, PL IL, fg- 14. 

A^ 81 grains. 

Obv. — CO.M.F. on a snnk tablet, with a raised border ; above and 
below, a ring ornament. 

Eev. — VI R (?) : a horseman to the right in the act of discharging a 
dart ; behind, a star of dots ; below the horse, a small cross. 

The place of finding of this coin is not known. It 
differs from the two next coins in having a ring orna- 
ment above and below the sunken tablet. In this par- 
ticular it resembles the small coins figs. 9 and 10. 



PLA.TE v.— FIG. 3. 

Evcms, PL II., fig. 11. 

j^'' 80 grains. 

Obv.— COMF on a snnk tablet. 

Rev. — VIR beneath a horseman charging to the right about to dis- 
charge a dart, as on No. 2, except that the lance is not hoxi- 
zontal ; behind, a star of six points. 

Also a coin with no history of discovery. It is now: 
in Mr. Evans' Cabinet, having passed through those of^ 
Dimsdale and Huxtable. 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. ]9 

PLATE v.— FIG. 4. 

Evans, PL IT., Jig. 10. 

^ 82 grains. 

Obv. — COM'F on a sunk tablet. 

Rev. — VIR above ; REX below a horseman charging' and apparently 
about to throw a short lance ; behind a lituus-shaped object, and 
an open crescent reversed. The whole within a beaded circle. 

The object behind the horse may be either a litims, 
such as was used by the Augurs (uot the cavalry 
trumpet), or possibly a barbaric remnant of a portion of 
the chariot. 

It will be seen that the title REX appears on this and 
the next type. 

Found at Selsea, and near Stevning. 



I 



PLATE v.— FIG. 5. 
Evans, PL II., Jig. 12. 

A^ 21 grains, sp. gr. 11. 

Obv. — Convex ; VERIC.COMF in two lines across the field ; above, 
a crescent; below, a six-pointed star. 

Rev. — REX beneath a horse walking to the right; above, a star 
similar to that on the obverse. The whole enclosed in a 
beaded circle. 

The type has occurred at Selsea and East Wittering 
in Sussex, and on Farley Heath in Surrey. 

PLATE y.— FIG. 6. 

Num. CJiron., A'.S., VoL xvii., Plate x., fg. 11. 

^16 grains, sp. gr. 10. 
Obv. — A thunderbolt across the field ; above, COM; below, FILL 
Rev. — VIR above a horse galloping to the right; below, an annulet 
enclosing a pellet. 

The importance of this coin has been already referred 
to. Two specimens have been found at Selsea, weighing 



20 THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

respectively 16 and 11 grains; on the heavier of the two 
the horse and annulet are both larger and bolder than on 
the inferior variety. The thunderbolt arrangement 
most probably had its origin in the ubiquitous wreath. 

PLATE Y.— FIG. 7. 

Ecans, PL II , fig. 13. 
N 
Obv. — COM.F on a sunk tablet enclosed by a beaded circle. 
liEv. — VI above a bridled horse stepping to the right, upon an I 
exergual line, within a beaded circle. 

Found at Bognor. 

PLATE v.— FIG. 8. 

Num. Ghron., N.8., Vol. xvii., PL ^.,fig. 12. 

N 15-| grains, sp, gr. 11-5. 

Obv. — COM-F. on a sunk tablet ; above and below, a penannular 

ornament ; the whole within a beaded circle. 
Eev. — VI above a horse gallopini? to the right ; below, an exergual 

line, and a reversed pyramid of pellets; the whole within a 

beaded circle. 

Found at Selsea. 

PLATE Y.— FIG. 9. 
Evans, PL 77/., fig. 1. 

N \'2l; grains. 

Obv. — COM-F. on a sunk tablet, having a pellet at either end ; above 

and below, a ring ornament. 
PiEV. — VIR. above a bridled horse kneeling to the right. 

Found at Bog-nor. 



'&' 



PLATE Y.— FIG. 10. 
Evans, PL IIP, fig. 2. 

N 17 grains. 

Obv. — COM-F. as on No. 9, but without the pellets at either end of 
the tablet. The beaded circle is also more distinct. 



THE ANCIENT BEITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 21 

Eev. — VI. above a horse, as on No. 8, but without the pyramid of 
pellets underneath. 

Place of discovery not known. 

There is very little difference between tlie last four 
coins ; the points of distinction, however, though un- 
important, are sufficiently well marked to constitute 
variety of type. 

PLATE Y.— FIG. 11. 

Num. Chron., N.S., Vol. xvii., PL x.,fig. 9. 

^16 grains, sp. gv. 11 •4. 

Obv. — An expanded leaf (oak, maple, or vine, as on No. 1) covering 

the field. VERI reading outwardly .^^ 
Rev. — Horseman charging to the right, holding on his left arm a 
round and studded target, in his hand a short sword ; l)elow 
t^ the horse, R X reading outwardly, above ; F reading inwardly. 

" The whole within a beaded circle. 

Found at Selsea. 



I 



PLATE v.— FIG. 12. 

Num. Ghron., N.S., Vol. xvii., PL x.,Jig. 10. 

J^ 16 grains, sp. gr. 13. 

Obv. — COM-F on a sunk tablet ; above and below, a crescent, termin- 
ated at either end by pellets, pointing outwardly. 

Rev. — A bridled horse, of barbarous design, to the left; above, VIR ; 
below, a wheel. 

Found at Selsea. 

PLATE v.— FIG. 13. 

Num. Chron., N.S., Vol. xvii., PL x., Jig. 8. 

^ 103 grains, sp. gr. 12-2. 

Obv. — (Concave.) VIRI, reading inwardly, in front of an imperial 

laureated bust to the right. 
Rev. — Horseman with circiUar shield charging to the right, as on No, 

11 ; behind, COM. reading outwardly. 

^^ I.e., the letters placed with their When in the converse of this position, 
bases to the edge of the coin and their inscriptions may be said to read in- 
tops converging towards its centre. wardly. 



I 



22 THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OE SUSSEX. 

Found at Selsea. 

Small coins bearing the charging horseman have but 
recently been discovered, though the larger pieces have 
been long known ; and it is to be noticed that the rider 
is armed with the round studded buckler, and not with 
the oblong shield, with which means of defence he is 
portrayed on the larger coins. 

The only other instances of this shaped shield occur- 
ring on British coins are — 1st, on a bronze coin of Cuno- 
behn, Evans, xii., 14, where the horseman is similarly 
armed; 2nd, on a bronze coin of the same King, reading 
also TASCIIOYANTIS, where a standing military 
figure holds a round buckler on his left arm. In this 
case the shield is seen in profile, and appears highly 
convex. 

It is also remarkable that the " horse and its rider " 
have, on this and the following examples, been transferred 
to the convex face of the coin, though (in the engravings) 
they are figured on the right hand, in order to make the 
series appear homogeneous. 



PLATE v.— FIG. 14. 

Ktm. Chron., KS., Vol. xvii., PL ^.,fg. 7. 

J^ 14 grain, sp. gr. IT?. 

Oiiv. — Partly draped figured seated to the right, holding the hasta; 
VEKICA, I'eading inwardly. 

Eev. — Similar to No. 13 in every particular. 

Found at Selsea. 

The device on the reverse of Nos. 11, 13, and 14 is 
identical in every respect ; in fact close observation 
through a powerful magnifying glass seems to point to 
the conclusion that the two latter came from the same 
die. 

This, taken in connection with one of the coins reading 
YERICA and the other VIRl, indisputably estabHshes 
the identity of these two names — a fact we have com- 
mented upon before. 



jPL.yj. 



VERICA 








1 te-^^J 








^ /.;:-.ny 








1^- 





EPPILLUS 






THE THREE BROTHERS. 





COIN OF THE ICENI 
FROM THE BATTLE HOARD 




INSCRIBED SERIES 



I 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OP SUSSEX. 23 

PLATE YL— FIGS. 1 & 2. 
Evans, FL III., Jigs. 5^6. 

JR 19| and 17^ grains. 
Obv. — VERICA, a partly draped figure seated to the right. 

Rev. — COMMTF, A sceptre between two cornucopiEe issuing from a 
vase with two handles. A beaded circle encloses the device on 
both obverse and reverse. 

The first of these coins was found at Richborough in 
Kent, the second at Farley Heath. The reverse, unin- 
tentionally engraved on the left instead of the right, is 
the same as on the gold coin from Selsea, PL IL, fig. 14. 
The device of the horns of plenty on the obverse can be 
traced to a denarius of Mark Anthony. (Cohen, PI. iii., 
10.) 



I 



PLATE YL— Fia. 3. 
Evans, PL III., fg. 3. 

^13^ grains, 

Ob. — VERICA- COMMI-F-, reading outwardly, round an object 

probably intended for a circular shield. 
Eev. — REX below. A lion running to the right : above, a crescent. 

This coin was found on Farley Heath, and bears the 
circular target on its obverse, round which runs the legend. 
Such bucklers of British date have been discovered in 
the bed of the Thames. (See Roach Smith's " Catal. of 
Roman Antiquities," 80), and at Dorchester in Oxford- 
shire (" Archseologia," xxvii., PI. xxii.) 

" The lion is a frequent type on Gaulish coins, whence 
it is probably derived." 

PLATE YL-FIG. 4. 
Evans, PL III., Jig. 4. 

^15 grains. 

Obv. — COM-F, between two open crescents facing each other, and with 
a pellet opposite each centre. The whole within a beaded 
circle. 



24 THE ANCIENT BUITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

EEV.-Uncertain legend in the exergue, possibly VI. ; lion to the right 
with mane erect ; above, a small cross. ! 

This coin was found at Albury, close to Farley Heath. 
The resemblance of the drawing to a hon is not very 
marked The erect mane is somewhat similar to that ot 
the animal on PL lY.,fig. 14, and is, perhaps, more the . 
characteristic of a boar than of a hon. 

PLATE VI.— FIG. 5. 

Evans, P. 184. 

JR l^i grains, plated. 

Obv.— A horseman galloping to the right ; at his back a Pointed, oval, 
shield ; below, what is probably meant for OOMM-J^ . 

Eev.-A Lorseman charging, with lance in rest ; below an exergual 
line, a semicircle of beads. VERICA m the field, reading 
outwardly. 

Found on Lancing Down. 



PLATE YL— Fia. 6. 

Evans, P. 184-185. 

^20^ grains. 

Obv.— A draped bust, apparently with a diadem and with the legend 
VlEl, readnig inwardly ; a beaded circle encloses the design. 

Eev.— A seated figure, winged and draped, and wearing a helmet ; 
holding in her right hand a palm branch, in her left a sceptre. 

Found on Lancing Down. 

PLATE YL— FIG. 7. 

Evans, Page 183-184. 

M 

Obv. — A bare head in profile to the right. 

Rev.— A horse galh^ping to the right ; above, YII. ; below, CO. 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OP SUSSEX. 25 

PLATE YI. 

Evans J Page 185. 

Fig. 9. -^5^ grains. 
Obv. — VIRI, between two lines ; above and below, a star of pellets. 
Rev. — An unintelligible device of base design. 

Fig. 10. M 5| grains. 
Obv. — Two squares interlaced, with a pellet in the centre. 
Rev. — A horse to the right, and the legend (V)IRI, or possibly TI^. 

Fig. 11. -^ 4| grains. 

Obv. — A hollow square, with the sides curved inwards ; in the centre 
a pellet, and opposite each curve a ring ornament. 

Rev. — A horse galloping to the left; above, a wheel; below, a ring 
ornament. 

Fig. 12. ^4 grains. 

Obv. — Two crosses with irregular arms, intersecting one another at 

the angles. 
Rev. — Unintelligible. 

The last seven types^^ were all discovered on Lancing 
Down, in the find already referred to. Tliey present no 
7ery noteworthy feature, the most remarkable being, 1st, 
:he appearance of the charging horseman on both sides of 
N"o. 5 ; 2nd5 the occurrence of such small silver coins ; 
md lastly, the general coarseness of execution which is 
mcommon to Yerica's types. The existence of pieces of 
noney of such small value testifies, however, to a con- 
liiderable degree of civilization, and to many commercial 
lecessities of the people amongst whom they were current. 

I PLATE \rL— Fia. 13. 

Evans, PI. E., fig. 12. 

N 15-|- grains, sp, gr, 11*5. 

\ Obv. — A reversed letter A with the cross stroke downwards ; or the 
letters V E in monogram, thus, ^ . 
Rev. — Horse to the left with lyre-like mane ; above, a ring ornament 
and annulet ; below, a ring ornament; annulets in the field. 

'^ For a long time in the possession with the exception of Pig. 7, in Mr. 
f the late Mr. P. Medhnrst, but now, Evans' cabinet. 

XXX. E 



26 THE ANCIENT EEITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

This coin is classed by Mr. Evans amongst tlie un- 
inscribed, though he does so somewhat diffidently, b eh ev- 
ing (what the discovery of No. 14 has shewn ultimately) 
that this coin would be proved to be inscribed. 

PLATE YI.— FIG. 14. 

Rum. Chron., N.8., Vol. xvii., Plate x.,fg. 14. 

^15 grains, sp. gr. 11. 

Qbv, Similar to the last, but with the downward strokes amalga- 
mated, prolonged, and ending in a pellet. 

Eev. — Horse as on No. 13; above, b. 

The curious symbol V ^'^^7 be V E in monogram, in 
the same way that some of the coins of Antedrigus are 
inscribed, and in which many Roman inscriptions are 
traced — notably the one at Chichester before referred to 
— or it may be a badly formed E for Eppilhis. Con- 
sidering, however, in what number the coins of Verica 
occur in comparison to those of his brother, it is probably 
safer to assign it to the former prince, especially as on 
one of the large vine-leaf coins in Mr. Evans's cabinet 
the uppermost transverse stroke of the E is absent, 
giving a similar figure, L. 

Both coins were found at Selsea, the former in con- 
siderable numbers. 

EPPILLUS. 
PLATE VI.— FIG. 15. 

Num. Chron., N.S., Vol. xvii., PL x.,f(/. 13. 

j^T 16 grains , sp. gr. 11. 

Obv. — CALLEV. across the field ; above, a six-pointed star ; the 
whole surronnded by a beaded circle. 

Rev.- — EPPI. above a horse galloping to the right. 

This coin, found at Selsea, effectually established the 
existence of the Silchester mint — a matter that some 
people were disposed to doubt, whilst the letters CALLB 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OP SUSSEX. 27 

only were known. The extension of the name of the 
town across the field has its parallel in the cases of the 
coinage of Tasciovanus and Cunobelin, coins of the for- 
mer bearing abbreviations of the name of Verulam, of 
the latter those of Camulodunum, in similar positions. 

PLATE yi.— Fia. 16. 
Evans, PL lY.,Jlg. 1. 

tH 18 grains. 

Obv.— EPP ; an eagle to the right with wings expanded. 

Rev. —REX. CALLE ; an open crescent between two stars of pellets. 
A beaded circle round both obverse and reverse. 

There is no record of places of discovery of this coin, 
ithough it has been frequently engraved. 
" The eagle may denote sovereignty." 

PLATE YI.— FIG. 17. 

Evans, PL III., Jig. 14. 

JR 20 grains. 

Obv. — TC, VI. Diademed, beardless, head totheleft, within a beaded 
circle. 

Rev. — EP. Nude, winged, genius holding a wand, or sword, surrounded 
by a beaded circle. 

This coin was found in Kent, and is now in the British 
Museum, and has been already referred to as having been 
issued under the joint authority of the three brothers. 

PLATE VI.— Fia. 18. 
Evans, PL xv.. Jig. 2. 

JR 20 grains. 

Obv. — Two open crescents back to back, with two pellets between 

r them ; on their concave sides two curved lines meet and form 

t a foliated figure ; above and below the crescents, a transverse 

line with foliated ends ; and beyond these a five-fold wreath, 

the outer and centre lines corded, the others plain. 



28 THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

Rev. — ECEN. Horse galloping to the right ; above, a beaded ring 
ornament and pellets, and a sort of laurel branch instead of a i 
mane ; below, thi-ee pellets ; beneath the tail, two pellets ; 
below the head, an S-shaped figure ; the E connected to the 
horse's hind legs. 

This coin is one of the Battle hoard, referred to in 
Part I. of this paper, but belongs to the Eastern Counties. 

With this Icenian medal, itself foreign to our county, 
this Account of The Ancient British Coins of Sussex 
must terminate. 

Fresh discoveries may, it is to be hoped will, increase 
our scanty store of knowledge of this obscure period of 
history, and perhaps tell us who were the successors of 
Yerica and Eppillus ; for it is to the period between the 
death of the Sons of Commius and the reign of the 
Emperor Claudius {circ. B.C. 25 — a.d. 43) only, that we 
must even anticipate that the range of illustration of 
such discoveries might extend, and it would indeed be of 
an interest more than common, were a coin found,' j 
belonging to that " our most faithful ally " Cogi- 
dumnus.^^ j 

It is most unlikely that British coins continued to be 
struck after the final subjugation of the Island by the 
generals of Claudius, as, when the Romans had effectually 
estabHshed themselves in Britain, they probably con- i 
sidered that a separate coinage was a superfluous luxury 
for the conquered race, and replaced it by one bearing 
the image and superscription of Caesar. This view is 
supported by the numerous early Imperial denarii found 
on the Selsea coast, at Alfriston, and at other places in 
Sussex, in company with British coins. 

It cannot be said that the character of our first 
Sussex Prince stands out very brightly in Eoman 
annals, or that it is one on which we can pride ourselves 
to any great extent. He seems to have served them 
more for self-interest than from friendship, and to have 
kept but " Punic faith " with them, when indeed his dislike 
did not take the form of open enmity. But we must 

1* See ante p. 6. 



THE ANCIENT BRITISH COINS OP SUSSEX. 29 

remember that his story was written by an adversary, or 
rather by a forsaken friend, and that we cannot credit 
even Cassar with having been exempt from partiality, when 
writing of the man who had deserted him. 

That Commius was, however, a man of uncommon 
power we have sufficient evidence, and we know also 
that he had a considerable experience in the vicissitudes 
of fortune. At one time holding a commission in the 
Roman army, and entrusted with important military 
duties ; at another, fleeing from his former chief — ■ 
branded as a deserter and a traitor — again received into 
favour, and performing a delicate diplomatic mission ; 
afterwards narrowly escaping assassination ; he seems 
ultimately to have acquired so marked a distaste to any- 
thing Roman, as to have determined to abandon active 
interference in Continental politics — always, even to this 
day, a TrtXayo? KttKujv, a sea of troubles, to English 
I rulers — and to have retired to Britain to enjoy a com- 
paratively peaceful existence in his sovereignty over his 
: former subjects. 

Of him and of his sons it may be said, that, although 

I " carebant vate sacro," — they had no poet to sing their 

! lays — yet in the most memorable portion of their 

[ souls' frail tenement they still survive, and go down 

I the stream of time with names, if not indeed in every 

one's mouth, yet ever traceable by the student in the 

cabinets of the British Museum ; and, in the younger 

generation, examples of filial pride. 

Since the time that these ' tiny medals ' were current 
coin of the realm, nineteen centuries have elapsed, and 
they themselves are almost unchanged. Once the objects 
of an unrighteous scramble after wealth, they are now 
the symbols of the immortality of a king's name. What 
will another nineteen centuries bring forth ? Would the 
medium of barter bearing the names of John Dunn, or of 
Oham, or of Usebebe, if such exist, excite as much 
interest to the possible antiquaries of the globe as it 
then may be, as these coins of Commius and his sons do 
amongst us ? Or will the study of the past then be a 
despised science ? Who can tell ? How can we, who 



30 THE ANOIENT BRITISH COINS OF SUSSEX. 

cannot foresee what one hour will bring forth, even 
grasp the idea of nineteen hundred years of futurity ? 
It is only in retrospect, that we can at all measure the 
immensity of time; or that we can feel, with Seneca, 
" Infinita est velocitas temporis ; quce magis apparet 
respicientibus. 



THE ARUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 

THE DUKE OF NORFOLK v. ARBUTHNOT.i 



By the editor. 



'■ The 26tli, and three following days of March, and again 

the 17th of May, 1879, will be days ever memorable to 

Sussex ArchEeologists. For on those days, in that clis- 

malest of rooms, the Court (or as we should rather now 

I call it, the Division) of the Common Pleas, at West- 

; minster, was being determined a cause celehre in the 

' annals of Sussex history, and the ownership adjudged 

( of one of the most interesting, and best known, of our 

[county buildings. 

[ The scene itself within the Court was also, for other 
[ reasons, and for the persons composing it, remarkable, 
' and not easily to be forgotten. On the Bench sat the 
Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, bland and 
'; courteous as ever, not in scarlet, ermine, and collar — 
the terror of prisoners — nor in^ purple, the judicial attire 

,: ' Reported 4 0. P. D., 290. three Chiefs) gold collar, for full dress 

I ^ It may not be uninteresting to our days, such as the Queen s birthday, and 

I non-forensic — perhaps still less so to Lord Mayor's Day, and for Crown 

our forensic — brethren, to know some- Courts. One very peculiar item of this 

thing of the official foiZeWe of our Judges, dress is the "gun case." This is a 

which is a matter of very considerable strip of red cloth exactly the shape of 

nicety and etiquette, and so much con- a gun, only longer, drawn across the 

f duces to their "presence," and the chest diagonally, and then thrown over 

estimation in which they are held by the shoulder. 2nd, Scarlet without 

those who are affected by the outward mantle, for the Red-letter days of the 

appearance. Speaking here only of the Calendar (so conservatively High Church 

Common Law Judges — for the Fusion and Archaeological are our Temporal 

' of Law and Equity has not yet estab- Courts, even in these degenerate days !) 

lished (as probably it will, when the 3rd, Black cloth with ermine, during 

New Law Courts are opened) a complete the winter sittings in banc. 4th, Black 

Bimihirity of attirC' — their dresses are silk, when sitting at Nisi ri-ius (for 

five in number, and consist of robe, which black stuff may be substituted, 

mantle, hood, and girdle. 1st, Scarlet when in mourning for a near relation). 

cloth with ermine, mantle and (for the 5th, Purple, with shot silk linings, during 



32 THE AF^UNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 

for the summer Sittings, but in solemn black, and solitary 
dignity, for he was to discharge, by the agreement of the 
parties, the undivided responsibility of both judge and 
ji^ry — a compliment he by no means seemed dissatisfied 
with. To his honour, too, it should be mentioned, that 
he had gone himself to Arundel the day before — one of 
the most inclement of the most inclement long winter 
of 1878-9 — to inspect the locus in quo ; a conscientious 
example to other judges, which we wish was more 
generally followed, and which greatly conduced to the 
right appreciation of the facts, and the righteous judgment, 
as it appears to us, which followed. Here in the inner Bar 
stood the leading Counsel of the plaintiff, opening 
his case, Archibald John Stephens — his erect figure almost 
concealed by the ponderous tomes piled in front of him 
— the hero of a hundred ecclesiastical pitched-battles, 
but then bowed down by bronchitis. And here, behind 
him, is the favourite Junior, Charles Bowen, on whom the 
indisposition of his leader will cast the ' Reply on the 
whole case : ' an arduous emergency (for a deal of monk- 
ish Latin, and many thorny 'points of laAV ' have to be 
faced), but one to which his scholarly Baliol training has 
not made him unequal. " It is an ill wind which blows 
no one any good," and may we not say, that to the masterly 

the two Summer sittings in ianc. The required to be — both sorts have the 

dresses, including the awful square 'coif,' around black patch of silk let into 

black cap of death, and the triangular the crown of the head ; otherwise they 

cocked hat, like those of coachmen in are plain. Asmay be supjioscd, ittakes 

their state liveries (except that the a considei-able amount of lime and care 

Judges carry them under their arms, to /iewj) the learned personages — in what, 

instead of wearing them on their heads !) after all, are a good deal like a bathing 

are kept with sedulous care in large woman's garments — and present them 

wardrobes in the various Courts at properly to the public gaze. An amusing 

Westminster, and are handed out each anecdote is Lold of a still living, though 

day by the Court keepers to the Judges' retired Judge, who when his clerk, 

clerls, who are the actual dresseis. a novice in the art, was perspiring with 

The three Chiefs have trains to all their nervousness and hot haste to bundle his 

dresses. These, when they have not far Lordship into his proper garments, 

to walk, they gather up for themselves himself as cool as a cucumber, and 

over their arms ; otherwise, their train- enjoying his underling's discomfiture, 

bearers carry them behind, at full length, cried ' Gently, John, gently, take it easy, 

supporting them off the ground with John, take it easy, there is plenty of 

their finger by a loop. The Judges' wigs time.' Whilst another learned Judge, 

are ot two sorts, "tie, and full bottomed;" of exceeding baldness, discovered by 

the laLier for State or full dress occasions. some wag in full costume, without his 

If the owner is a Serjeant at Law — which wig, we have heard irreverently likened 

every Common Law Judge used to be to 'a hooded vulture !' 



THE AEUNDEL OHANCEL CASE. 33 

manner in which he conducted that very important 
' Reply,' may be attributed, to some extent, that elevation 
to the Bench which so soon followed ? And here with him 
is his co-junior, Waltei' Phillimore, in no sense his inferior, 
except in standing, and in ecclesiastical lore his superior, 
quick, untiring, penetrating, enthusiastic, a never-fail- 
ing referee in the Canonists, and who delighteth in Lind- 
wood, Ayliffe, Godolphin, Yan Espen; et id genus omne! 

And there, patient yet and self-contained, and abiding 
his time, but armed to the teeth with argument, and 
terrible in defence, sits, on the defendant's side of the 
Court, Arthur Charles, confident and cheerful, yet mind- 
ful of the importance of the stake ; and with him Francis 
Henry Jeune, himself a tower of strength to any eccle- 
siastical delinquent, and fresh from Martin v. Mackono- 
chie, and the ' Bishop of Oxford's case.' 

In the ' well ' of the Court, and scattered about it, 
are the defendant, and interested and disinterested clergy- 
men, and the solicitors (among whom, conspicuous, and 
ever at his counsel's elbow to prime and prompt, is the 
Duke's solicitor, the well-known head of the firm of Few 
and Co.) ; and burly burgesses of the ancient borough; and 
the witnesses (among whom you might recognise many a 
homely peasant face, bronzed with honest toil), well 
* coached ' to swear the disputed building, ' chancel ' 
or ' chapel,' as the case may be, and, of course, the 
' oldest inhabitant ' dragged up to town to prove 
' living memory ' ; and there in the gallery — the observed 
of observers — the ducal plaintiff, pleasantly recognizing 
his fellow-townsmen below, and as serenely indifferent as 
a very large rental can make one, against the pecuniary 
anxieties of the contest, and that all-important item to the 
less blessed — its ' costs ; ' but really watching the pro- 
gress of the suit, as regards the main points of it, with 
as much eagerness as any one in Court. 

The question was presented to the Court in the form 
of an action of trespass by the Duke against the Vicar for 
having knocked a hole in the brick wall, which the former 
bad built up in 1873 across the arch at the eastern end of 
the nave, which the defendant called the Chancel Arch. 

XXX. F 



34 THE AEUNDEr. CHAKCEL CASK. 

Tn tliat year the paTisli chiircli was in course of restoration | 
under Sir G. Scott, who, acquiescing, it would seem, in i 
the ducal defiance, and making the best of a bad job, 
utilized the wall by placing, on the western side of it, 
the altar, and a reredos behind it. Of course on such an 
occasion it would have been a glorious thing for the 
parish to have been able to include the chapel in the 
restoration, and call it their own. How noble a church 
the whole would then have made ! It had long been a 
Naboth's vineyard in their eyes, and now was their 
opportunity, if ever. The erection of the wall thus 
brought matters to an issue. 

Much stress was naturally laid by the defendant on, and 
the most made by him of, the apparent architectural 
unity of the whole structure. But I do not find that so 
much reliance was placed by him as, I think, might have 
been, on the latticed iron screen, itself as old as the church. 
This mode of separation of Nave and Chancel is the true 
test of a properly- constructed church of the period. The 
chapel then exactly complied with the requisites of a 
legitimate chancel, severed off from the rest, in the way 
in which, if a chancel, one would expect it to have been, 
by the iron bars, ' cayiceJUs,' which in fact give their 
name to this portion of a church. 

Many of our readers may not know that the same word 
gives the title to our highest legal functionary, ' The 
Lord High Cha7icellor of Great Britain ' — thouo-h some 
derive it a cancellando, from his cancelling the King's 
writs, when granted contrary to law, according to the 
distich — 

"Hie est qui regis leges cancellat iniquas 
Et niandata pii principis jequa facit." 

But what has a Lord Chancellor got to do with ' little 
bars' it may be asked? (He has a great deal to do with 
bar-risters ! but that is not to the point.) He did not 
peep behind them, like the prisoners in the debtors' gaol 
at Dover Castle used to do, to 'ask an alms' from the 
wearied travellers up the 100 steps in front of it — nor 
did he take a ' private view ' of his victims between 



THE AEUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 35 

, , 1295847 

the said bars, before devouring them, like the grim Giant 
whom Jack killed ! No, but they were the 'little bars,' 
we are told, which fenced off the multitude from the 
recess or chancel in which, according to the construction 
of our primitive Courts of Justice, sat the door-keeper'' 
or usher of the Court. If this be the true etymology, 
we can only exclaim with Gribbon, " from how humble an 
origin " how great a dignitary has been surnamed ! and 
wonder, that one and the same word should have given 
birth to two things so little resembling each other as the 
ecclesiastical ' Chancel ' and the legal ' Chancellor.' 
But to return. 

This architectural integrity of the building we will 
give, firstly, in the words of the Judge himself, which 
we may not inaptly call the legal and precise description. 

" The church, regarded as one building, is a cross church with a nave 
and aisles, a centre tower, transept, rather shorter than would be 
usual in a church of such proportions, and, eastward of the central 
tower and transepts, the disputed building, consisting of a long 
and beautifully proportioned chapel, occupying the place com- 
monly filled by a parish chancel; a north aisle, called, and no doubt 
riglitly called, the Lady Chapel ; and at the N.E, corner, a room 
probably originally used as a sacristy, now disused, but which was 
for many years used as a schoolroom, and as the place where the 
elections to the office of Mayor certainly, and I think to other 
offices in the Corporation of Arundel, habitually were held," 

The following description of the church is from Mr. 
Butterfield's evidence in the cause, and may be called the 
artistic and scientific description. Speaking of his ground- 
plan of it as it was in the 16th century, he described it 
as : — 

*' An ordinary cruciform church with a central tower, its chancel being 
somewhat longer than is usual in a parish church. There is a 
Lady-chapel on the N. side of the chancel, and parallel to it. 
There is nothing in the church or chancel which suggests 
architecturally that the so-called Fitzalan chapel was anything 
else than a chancel, or that it was to serve any private use. The 
screen in the chancel arch is of a much more open kind than is 
usual, and is altogether of an unusual character. It is of light 
iron, with gates of an unusual width (Gft. llin.), arranged othei'- 

^ Lord Campbell's ' Lives of the Cliancel!ors,' p. 1. 



36 THE ARUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 

wise in the usual manner, the whole, both screen and gates, being 
transparent down to the floor. It is of the same date as the build- 
ing. The old chancel screens in English churches were, as a rule, 
"of'^wood or stone, solid in their lower part, and shutting off the 
chancels much more than this one at Arundel does. The west- 
end return stalls in the chancel overlapped the arch less than 
usual, so as to leave a good view from the nave into the chancel. 
There is a rood-loft platform, whicli crosses the chancel arcli in 
the usual position. It is entered from an adjoining turret, the 
doorway on the ground level, and the doorway of the level of. and 
leading into, the rood-loft, being both original doorways. There 
is an unusually iine stone pulpit in the nave of the same date as 
the church, hollowed out of the south-west pier of the tower, and 
in the natural position to suit a congregation which was making 
use of the chancel altar. The altar in the south transept, some- 
times called " the parish altar," could have no connection with 
that pulpit. It was at the back of and out of sight of it, behind 
one of the great tower piers. It was only suitable for a very 
small congregation. It was one of several lesser altars : an altar 
usually occurred in these old churches against an east wall. There 
was one in the north transept also. This altar in the south tran- 
sept was, no doubt, one always at the command of the parish, 
which could not be the case at all times with the great altar in the 
chancel of a collegiate churcli like Arundel. The chancel altar at 
Arundel could always bo seen by those in the nave who could see 
the pulpit. All these features, chancel, altar, chancel-arch and 
screen, rood-loft and pulpit, must be taken together. They make 
one natural and usual whole. It would not be likely that in the 
14th century, the nave of any chuich would be without an altar 
somewhere in sight of the people assembled in it, as Arundel 
church would have been, if the parishioners had not had the benefit 
of the chancel altar. There could have been before the dissolu- 
tion no altar in the nave itself in the position of that lately 
erected by Sir G. Scott. The situation of the chancel-screen, 
rood-loft and pulpit, shews this. The term ' parochial altar,' 
applied to the one in the S. transept, also shews that none could 
have existed in the nave. The nave depended upon the chancel 
altar. The Lady-chapel is of the same date as the chancel. The 
great north-east pier of the tower, which contains the staircase, is 
of one date in mouldings and masonry. This pier is common to 
the chancel arch, and to the western arch of the Lady-chapel. 
The church is generally of the date of the end of the 14th 
century." 

It is singular tliat it did not occur to Mr. Butterfield 
that, when he pointed out the ' unusual ' peculiarities of 
the building, considered as one cJturch, he was putting 
into the mouth of the Duke so many arguments in favour 



THE AEUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 37 

of the ' so-called chapel ' : for, surely, if it had ever 
been a part of the parish church, it would have, in all 
probability, possessed the ' usual ' features of such a 
part. 

We will lastly give the chapel as described by Canon 
Tieroey, which may be called the historical or arch^olo- 
gical aspect of it : — 

; " The spot selected was the site of the Priory on an eminence to the west 
of the Castle, and immediately adjoining tlae Parochial Church. 
Having removed the materials of the old convent, the Earl pro- 
ceeded to extend the space hitherto enclosed ; and the new College, 
thus enlarged beyond the boundaries of it?, predecessor, soon began 
to assume an appearance corresponding with the magnificence of 
the endowment. It was a quadrangular structure, surrounding a 
square yard or court partly occupied by cloisters, and partly de- 
voted to other purposes. Oa the north side was the Collegiate 
Chapel, forming an apparent chancel to the parochial Church.'^ 
"The Master's House and the contiguous Chapel of the College are 
(1834) the principal remains. The chapel consists of a single 
pace, or nave, attached to the E. extremity of the Church, and 
communicating with it, there is an elongated pointed arch, which 
opens under the bell-tower. In length it measures 82ft. 6in., in 
width 28ft. ; its height to the summit of the walls is 35ft. Gin. 
" A beautiful window of 7 lights, with plain mullions, and a profusion 
of rich tracery above, adorns the E. end ; four others of similar 
workmanship, but smaller dimensions, occupy the south aisle, and 
a corresponding one in the norUi over the altar, with three others 
still smaller, and of a different form, ranged along the north side, 
immediately beneath the roof, give additional light to the edifice. 
The high altar, with its immense altar-stone of Petworth marble, 
is still entire. 
" On the north side of the choir, a low wall, surmounted by three pointed 
arches, which spring from clusters of short disproportioned 
columns, divides the Collegiate Chapel from the Chapel of our 
Lady. This building, though not completed as early as the 
former, was, nevertheless, a part of the original foundation, and 
the style of its exterior, no less than the structure of the 
choir itself, bears ample testimony to the fact of its having been 
at least commenced at the same period as the rest of the edifice. "° 

In a paper (the reading of which as evidence in the 
cause was stoutly contested by the defendant, but ulti- 
mately allowed), by Mr. E. A. Freeman, on the Priory 
Church of Danster in Somersetshire, in 1855 (see " Pro- 

* Hist, of Arandel, p. 599. ^ ib, pp. 614, 615. 



38 THE ARUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 

ceedm^^s of the Somersetshire Ardi^ological and Natural 
History Society, 1856," p. 2), he refers to the subject to 
which he had for a " long time devoted special attention," 
viz., the "architectural distinction between merely 
parochial churches, and those which were conventual or 
collegiate, and especially of the peculiarities of those 
churches in which both purposes were united." And the 
following most pertinent passage (to our present subject) 
occurs in the course of his paper : — 

" The monastic and larger collegiate Churches of England may be 
divided into two great classes, those which were simply and wholly 
designed for the use of the monastic or collegiate fraternity, and 
those which at the same time discharged the functions of ordi- 
nary parish churches. In the generality of these latter cases, the 
eastern part, or the choir, belonged to the monks, the western part, i 
or the nave, to the people. In fact, they often formed, to ail 
intents and purposes, two distinct churches, and the two parts 
were often spoken of distinctly, as 'the parish church' and the 
' Abbey,' or ' Priory, church.' There was often a complete 
barrier between the two, and the people had, what may be called, 
their own high altar at the east end of the nave. Now, at the 
dissolution of the monasteries, a difference took place in the fate 
of these buildings, as distinguislied from those churches which 
were wholly monastic. 'The latter, having been the 'exclusive 
property of the monks, became the exclusive property of the 
king and his grantees,' and were wholly destroyed or dismantled at 
their pleasure. ' But when only part of a church belonged to the j 
monks, and part to the parish, the dissolution iu no way interfered 
with the latter Hence it is we find so many grand churches imper- i 
feet ; the nave, as being the parish church, was left standing, while I 
the eastern portion, belonging to the monks, was alienated by the | 
dissolution, and was commonly pulled down or left ruinous." i 

After citing Arundel, as an instance in which " the 
monastic portion has been added to the parish church," 
he adds, in a note — 

" I could prolong this list indefinitely, but there is an exceptional case 
of half-preserved churches, for which I cannot so well account, 
where the choir is preserved us the parish church, the nave being 
destroyed." 

And he instances among others, Boxgrove and New 
Shoreham, in our county. 



THE AEtTNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 39 

" In connexion with the two Sussex examples, it is worth noting, that 
at Winchelsea the Friary has the nave totally destroyed, while the 
choir exists, though in ruins : and that the old Guildhall at Chi- 
chester is a desecrated choir, whose nave is destroyed. Winchelsea 
Parish Church, and Merton Chapel, Oxford, are unfinished." 

A further argument for the defendant might, we think, 
also have been pressed on the Court, arising from the 
absence of the cruciform shape of the church, supposing 
the chapel deducted from it. But for the chapel, it would 
represent only three-fourths of a cross ; but was an im- 
portant church ever so constructed ? It must be observed, 
however, that this argument was met by the hypothesis 
(which seems at length to have been admitted as a fact), 
that the church was built, or rather rebuilt, at the same 
time as the chapel, both about 1380. The College Chapel, 
therefore, may have been bnilt to form the complement to 
the cross, though its ownership was reserved to the College. 
The argument from the mere physical and material 
attachment of one part of a building to another — its 
apparent absolute architectural unity — had been long ago 
held, in a similar case (which, curiously enough, was also 
a Sussex one), that of the Manor Chancel of Icklesham, 
near Rye, to be no necessary or even cogent proof of 
actual unity of ownership. And although, in that case, 
the private chapel was a side one, but here it was the 
continuation of the nave, that circumstance did not, in 
Lord Coleridge's opinion, strengthen the argument for the 
defendant. 

In the Icklesham case a bill was filed in Chancery to 
establish a right to a chancel as part of the parish church, 
against the Lord of the Manor, who claimed it as appen- 
dant to the manor or manor house; and it appearing, that 
the chancel was an ancient chapel, coeval with the church, 
and that it was a private chapel erected by the Lord of 
the Manor, it was held that immemorial use and occupa- 
, tion, coupled with reparation, entitled the Lord by pres- 
cription to the perpetual and exclusive use of the chancel. 
I The Icklesham chancel presented the appearance of form- 
ing part of the area and fabric of the parish church. 
The form of the church was a nave and two aisles, 



40 THE AEUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 

north and south, and at the east of these were three 
chancels ; the chancel proper, at the end of the nave, 
the vicar's chancel at the end of the north aisle, and a 
third chancel (the subject of the suit, and comprising in 
it one-fifth of the area of the whole church). The south 
chancel was divided from the middle, or chancel proper, 
by pillars supporting arches, and there was no access to 
the area in question but through the body of the church. 
The nave and two aisles were under one roof, the chancel 
proper under another roof, at a lower elevation than the 
roof of the nave; the vicar's chancel under another roof; 
and the south chancel under a fourth roof. 

In that case'^ V. C. Kindersley came to the conclusion 
that the chapel was an ancient chapel physically and 
materially attached to the church, and that when the 
church was founded, there was, probably at the same time, 
simultaneously created by the founder of the church a 
chapel, but divided from the church by a parclose ; that 
it was against all probability to suppose that a public 
chapel would be erected adjoining a small country churchy 
and therefore he was of opinion that it Tvas a private, and 
not a public chapel, that there was evidence which satis- 
fied him that the chapel in question was the private 
chapel of the lords of the manor of Icklesham, and ap- 
pendant or appurtenant to the manor or manor house. 
His Honour then referred to several authorities, shewing 
that in ancient times the founders of churches were very 
generally the lords of manors, and that it was the custom 
in early times for the lord of a manor, when founding a 
church, to found with it a private chapel not annexed to 
his house, but to the church itself, considering perhaps 
that it derived some additional sanctity from being, as it 
were, made part of the church in appearance, and close to 
the church ; and it was a common practice for lords of 
manors, and other men of note in the country, to obtain 
leave from the Pope or Crown or Patron, Ordinary, and 
Incumbent (and the lord would generally be the patron), 
to annex a chapel to an existing church : that this was 
most commonly done in the 13th and 14tli centuries, and 

« Chnrton v. FreTven, 2 L, E. Eq., 134, 



THE ARUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 41 

iu that manner a multitude of chapels were annexed to 
churches, such chapels being founded for the purposes of 
private masses and prayer, and as places of sepulture for 
the families of the founder. 

The decision in that case turned mainly on the ques- 
tions of immemorial user by the lords of the manor, and 
reparation by them. The latter ground did not, 'it is 
true, much affect the Arundel case; former Dukes have 
indeed repaired the chapel, and again former Dukes have 
abstained from repairing it, and allowed it to fall into the 
state of dilapidation in which it now is ; but as the Dukes 
were lay Rectors, they were hound to repair it, on the 
Vicar's supposition that it was part of the Parish Church; 
and therefore such repairs by them were not inconsistent 
with his theory. But the long user of the chapel by the 
Dukes of Norfolk much affected the principal case, and 
helped the plaintiff considerably, as we shall presently see. 

The case we have referred to was followed by another, 
from Cheshire, in which it was again held that the free- 
hold of a chapel or lesser chancel may be vested in a 
private person, though it form an integral portion of, and 
is under the same roof with, a parish church. 
I In the course of that case, Baron Channell made the 
•following valuable general remarks respecting the foun- 
dation of our old parish churches, the alienation of their 
sites by the founder, and yet the reservation by him at 
the same time of the soil on which he contemporaneously 
built an adjoining private chapel. 

" A stranger on entering Mottrara church would naturally conclude 
that this chapel was part of the church, and it was incumbent on 
the plaintiff to shew that the freehold of the chapel was in him. 
Now, the first observation that occurs on this part of the case is 
this, Can there be such a right in a private person ? I think it is 
clear that it can exist; and it may be acquired in several ways. 
.... These cases of founding churches are analogous to those 
of the dedication of a highway. It is very seldom that a grant of 
the soil on which the church is built can be found, but acquiescence 
in consecration renders the case analogous to that of a dedication, 
and the soil afterwards is vested in the ordinary or in the rector, 
as trustee for the benefit of the parishioners. This amounts to a 
quasi dedication to them for the purpose of public worship ; and 
there are cases to shew that, where there is an acquiescence in con- 

XXX. Q 



42 THE ARUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 

secration, the original otvner divests himself of his property in the 
soil. But if on the evidence he is shewn to have kept a chapel, 
being part of the church, in his own hands, there is nothing 
illegal in that, but it is on him to make out the fact, so as to be 
able to maintain an action of trespass."^ 

Lord Coleridge invited informatioTi whether, in any 
legal or historical document, an integral part of a church 
had been ever called the Church. None sucli being pro- 
duced, he proceeded to dissect most minutely the lan- 
guage of the ancient deeds, and concluded that Ecclesia 
throughout them meant the entire structure. With due 
deference we should have thought his Lordship's invita- 
tion unnecessary. How can a part of a thing be its 
whole ? Pars pro toto is indeed a poetical license and 
figure, but we are here concerned with monkish Latinity, 
and prose. 

The documentary title of the Duke may be thus stated. 
The parochial church of S. Nicholas was the most ancient 
ecclesiastical foundation in Arundel. The original parish 
church has long since perished, and no vestige of it re- 
mains, nor even is its date, known. At the Conquest or 
shortly after, Earl Roger Montgomery, the restorer of the 
Benedictine Abbey of Seez,in Normandy, and the favoured 
grantee of Sussex lands at that time, had, accord- 
ing to the wont of the great Norman possessors, endowed 
his foreign monastery with extensive tracts of lands in 
Sussex, probably with some at Arundel ; and the monks, 
naturally desirous to guard their English possessions a 
little more closely than they could from abroad, came 
over, and settled some of tlieir body in the immediate 
neighbourhood of the church. A grant from Earl Roger, 
in 1094, enabled them to begin to build their priory, the 
foundation of which was on the site of a decayed dwell- 
ing, probably within the town, yet at a distance from the 
church. At first tlie priory existed purely as a conventual 
and private foundation. But in 11 78 it became associated 
with, the more public offices of religion. The rectory of 
Arundel, about that time becoming vacant, was annexed 
to the Priory by Wm. de Albini (the 2nd), and thus the 

' Chapman v. Jones, 4 L, R. Exch., at p. 292. 



THE AEUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 43 

two establishments were consolidated, the parochial beino- 
I united with the conventual church, and the two ever after 
; (as one might expect) denoted by one and the same word 
" Ecdesiar 

The former priory was forthwith abandoned by its 
inmates, and the rectorial dwelling adjoining the church 
was converted into a residence for the prior and his 
monks. Thus occupied, it continued during two cen- 
turies to be known as the convent or priory of S. 
Nicholas, as the parish church was known, also, as the 
I Church of St. Nicholas, till in 1380, Earl Richard,— 
14th Earl of Arundel — executed the design, which his 
father had formed, of secularizing and unitino- it in one 
establishment with a college, or rather of dissolving the 
priory altogether and annexing its revenues to those 
already provided for the college, and placing the master 
and chaplains of the latter in possession of the parochial 
church. For the priory, notwithstanding the increase of 
iits possessions, had been rapidly falling into decay. On 
the first appearance of hostilities, the monks betook them- 
selves to their parent Abbey at Seez, to avoid the taxation 
which Edw. III. laid on them to support him in his foreign 
iwars ; the convent was deserted, or left to be tenanted 
only by the Prior; the buildings were neglected; the 
ichurch was suffered to fall into ruins; and the parochial 
duties were resigned to chance, or to the charity of the 
neighbouring clergy. " Prioratus, divino pene cessante 
servitio, in eodem remanet, quasi desolatus."^ The per- 
petuity of the College seemed to demand that it should 
be placed, unlike the Priory, without the precincts of the 
Castle, and so the more removed from the assaults to 
which every place of mihtary defence was hable in 
those unsettled times : whilst its usefulness would be 
more extensive, if engaged in supplying the destitution of 
the priory, and the wants of the parochial church. The 
lecay which they had hitherto deplored, say the College 
statutes, in the public service of religion, had originated 
in the absence of its ministers. Hence tha constant 
I residence of the new chaplains within the College, as 

* Esch. 3 R. 2, No. 160. 



41 THE ARUNDEL CHyVNCEL CASE. 

well as tlieir regular attendance at the different offices 
of the Church, became of paramount importance. Thus 
then arose, in close proximity to the church on its eastern 
side, the new collegiate buildings; and thus arose from its 
ruins, rebuilt at the same time, the new parochial church ; 
and thus would, and probably did, arise, as part of it, and 
architecturally one with it, the Collegiate Chapel, looking 
like its natural eastern termination — all under the foster- 
ing munificence of the same benefactor. Earl Richard. 
Underthe influence of his code the college flourished daring 
more than a century and a half, performing the duties 
attached to the parochial church, and offering an edifying 
example of virtue to the neighbourhood ; one case only 
of negligence, and that not in the duties of the parish, 
but in those of the choir, occurring throughout that long 
period. 

Thus matters continued till Henry the Eighth, when the 
College voluntarily surrendered its possessions to that 
monarch, who in the same ye^v re-granted them in the 
same integrity to the then Earl of Arundel, upon whose 
attainder they became forfeited to the Crown, but were 
re-settled in the same family under an Act of entail in 
1627 (3 Charles I.) ; the present Duke being the repre- 
sentative under that settlement. 

This documentary evidence, though not conclusive 
either for the plaintiff or defendant. Lord Coleridge} 
thought sufficiently " plain " for the former. To begin 
with the founder of the College and re-builder of the 
Church, there is nothing in his foundation charter to 
show that he did not intend to reserve to the College the 
part eastward of the iron-work screen (itself as old as 
the building), the erection of which, filling all the arch, 
is unusual, and is in itself evidence of such intention. 
Whilst, in an award of the Earl and Bishop in 1511 (to 
whom the College and Parish had submitted a dispute 
about their respective liability to repair the various parts 
of the church) there appeared to the Judge distinct proof 
in favour of the plaintiff's contention; for, firstly, the 
transepts are spoken of as being between the choir and 
nave of the church {inter chorum et navem ecclesi(B)i 



THE AEUNDEL CHAXCEL CASE. 45 

wliich shows the whole building was spoken of as one 
church, and next the south transept was commonly called 
the parish chancel {qui cancellns parochialis vulgo nimcu- 
patur) ; and they charged the College, then the rectors, 
with the repairs only of that transept, and the parish 
with those of the nave, aisles, and north transept, and 
the College and the parish equally with those of the bells 
and bell-tower — which was fair — they being used alike 
for the College and parish services. 

The argument of the Chief Justice, as far as I 
can understand it, is this — ' I find in the license and 
dedication by the founder, I find in the Award, Surrender 
and E,e-grant, the word Ecclesia. Employed at a time 
when the chapel, as well as the church proper, was in 
existence, that word is large enoagh to describe both, and 
in the absence of evidence that it does not, I shall hold it 
did ; but that does not prevent the ownership of the 
different parts of it being in different hands, or the private 
services of the College and the public services of the 
parish being held in the same church — even as the names 
of the two parts are different, the parish church being 
dedicated to S. Nicholas, and the Collegiate chapel to the 
Holy Trinity. I hold, therefore, that the founder built it 
as a whole ; that the award treated it as a whole ; that 
the College surrendered it as a whole ; and that the King 
re-granted it as a whole.' 

This conclusion, however, would seem to make for the 
defendant, who had laboured all alono^ to draw from the 
entiretfj of the fabric an argument in his favour. And yet 
a judge, who was delivering judgment for the plaintiff 
would not insist, for half-a-dozen pages, on an argument 
which would tell against him. I conceive, therefore, that 
what was pressing on his mind, and the scope of his 
argument, was this: ' The same man gave land to rebuild, 
or rather rebuilt, the parish church, and built the chapel ; 
and that at the same time. He was patron of the former, 
he or his ancestors having granted away its site; and was 
proprietor of the latter, having reserved to himself its 
soil, destining the one to the use of the parish, and the 
other to the use of his college. And therefore both were 



\ 



46 THE ARUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 

designated by the word 'Ecclesia,' althougli the owner- 
ship of each was different.' 

But assuming the documentary evidence not sufficient, 
the acts of ownership by the Dukes assuredly were. For 
340 years no act of religious worship had been performed 
within the chapel, except the burials now to be mentioned. 

From 1691 to the present day 16 burials of members 
of the Norfolk family had taken place in it. It is true, 
tliat in six of these cases the coffin had been borne into 
the chancel through the nave, and the Church of England 
service was read over it ; but in the majority it was 
otherwise ; and even that circumstance may have been 
explained by the deceased having died Protestants, or 
themselves or their relations not objecting to the Protes- 
tant services ; whereas, in the other cases, the family would 
have been breaking the law toties quoties, by burying them 
without the service, and bringing them direct into the 
chapel, unless on the supposition that the chapel was 
private. 

Again, vaults and interments and re-interments had 
been made at the pleasure of the Dukes without faculty, 
fee, or registration. 

Again, the Earls or Dukes had kept the key of the iron 
lattice-work, icliicli locked on the east side. One hundred 
years ago the chapel had a rich carved roof, which no 
longer exists. The costly and noble monuments in it are 
in a state of dire neglect and squalor. It had even been 
used as a lumber-room and workshop, and that access to 
it, which was denied to the vicars and parishioners, as the 
Judge caustically observed, " was freely granted to the 
owls and bats." Though the reasons of this disrepair 
are known only to the noble owners themselves, and are 
seriously to be regretted, it is the privilege only of an 
absolute owner to use or abuse his own; and what 
stronger proof therefore can be adduced, that property is 
private ? 

Another circumstance — -which we must call an admis- 
sion by the defendant — it was impossible to pass by with- 
out notice, and without attributing to it considerable 
weight, though we think too much was made of it — viz., 



THE AEUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 47 

tlie periodical Presentments of the Arundel clmrcli- 
wardens at the visitations of the Ordinary, " that their 
chancel was in good repair," " and the ten command- 
ments duly placed at the east end." How could this be 
true, if the chapel was part of the church ? For it was 
notoriously in a ruinous state of non-repair, and the ten 
commandments were set up, not there, but over the south 
transept chancel. 

It may take illiterate churchwardens by surprise to 
hear, that so much may depend on those answers, which 
they too often make thoughtlessly, and such value set 
upon them, as to influence a great lawsuit ; but if it makes 
them more careful how they answer what is generally 
regarded by them as a mere matter of routine, the decision 
will be valuable. A great county case has, in some sense, 
perhaps more than we imagine, been decided by that, whicli 
is generally not thought worth the paper it is written on ! 
Some of the later answers were, it is true, guardedly 
expressed, but this was held not to countervail the un- 
conditional character of most of them, to the effect 
already stated. 

The Duke's case, however, was not clear of quicksands. 
Two or three points of difficulty had to be met and over- 
come, and might, at any moment, have shipwrecked him. 

1. The Lady-chapel in a church is generally considered 
to be open to the parishioners. Some of their devoutest 
services were rendered there. In this case it led out of 
the Fitzalan chapel, and formed a north aisle to it, or 
rather was separated from it on the north only by a low 
wall, and was built at the same time. 

If, then, the latter was decided to be private, the 
former, it would seem, ought to partake of its character 
also; if, on the other hand, the usual rule were followed, 
and the Lady-chapel were pronounced parochial, the Fitz- 
alan church must be parochial too. 

But, it was held that the trespass was not on any part 
of the Lady-chapel ; and no direct question arose as to 
that chapel itself, regarded as a separate building; and the 
evidence of user included it, and was wholly indistin- 
guishable from that of the Fitzalan chapel ; and further. 



4S THE ARUNDEL CHAKCEL CASE. 

in tlie award of 1511, wliicli was evidence of what user 
and ownership had been, it seems assumed, that the 
College was to repair both. The facts proved, therefore, 
as to the Lady-chapel, were held by no means inconsis- 
tent with the plaintiff's claim. 

2. Then there was the difficulty about the Duke's 
erecting the wall complained of without a " faculty." 
But this depended on whether it was on parochial ground, 
or his own ; if on his own, cadit qucesfio ; for no faculty 
was required, any more than for the vaults or interments; 
and the result proved it was. 

3. There was also the question of the Sacristy at the 
N.E. corner of the Fitzalan Chapel, since used as a school- 
room and place of election of the Mayors, but now dis- 
used. 

In 1848 the Duke had turned the road, given a piece 
of ground to the churchyard, and built the Town-hall ; 
and by a mutual conveyance he conveyed certain premises 
to the Corporation, and the Corporation conveyed to him 
inter alia the old School-room or Court-house, and the 
site. On this the Judge placed little reliance; the deed 
was only 30 years old, and the Corporation expressed 
themselves guardedly in conveying it; "as far as they 
legally or equitably could or might." So far as it went, 
however, the transaction was, he thought, in favour of 
the plaintiff. No one but the Corporation claimed any 
right in the building against the Duke, and if it did 
belong to the Corporation, it was another instance of an 
integral part of an ecclesiastical building having, in times 
beyond living memory, become the property of laymen, 
and been used for purposes wholly secular, and alien to 
those to which, in the time of the College, it had probably 
been devoted. 

We do not quite follow the Lord Chief Justice's line 
of reasoning here. He seems to mean that if the Cor- 
poration — a lay body — had acquired the ownership of the 
Sacristy — being part of an ecclesiastical building — why 
might not another lay owner — the Duke — have acquired 
the ownership of the Chapel, another part of such 
building? This, of course, as an a priori argument, would 



THE AEUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 49 

be a good one ; but would leave untouclied the question, 
whether the Duke had shown a title, which was the main 
question ; nor would the analogy hold, unless he had ; 
for, as between themselves and him, the CorJDoration had 
by the very conveyance undoubtedly admitted his title to 
the Sacristy. Moreover, the Corporation was not the 
parish ; nor could any inference that I can see, adverse 
to the latter, as betioeen them and the Duke, arise from 
finding the Corporation in possession of their building, 
and devoting it to secular purposes. Letting this pass, 
however there was 

Lastly, the ' light and air ' defence. The defend- 
ant asked for an injunction to prevent the plaintiff's 
interference with the light and air of his church, occa- 
sioned by the erection of the brick wall. This looked 
well on paper. To build up an entire arch, of such 
dimensions as the chancel-arch in a large parish church, 
seems, at first sight, a heinous act ; but we venture to 
say, a more hopeless claim was never made, when w^e 
come to look a little more closely into it. To begin with 
— if the chapel were not the defendant's, whether it was 
separated from his church by a physical division like a 
wall, or not, would make little difference. Moreover the 
association of an injury done to a man's ' air ' with that 
to his ' light,' has been always considered doubtful and 
risky. It is the j)ollutioji of air rather than its subtraction^ 
which has been the ground of remedy. And the sub- 
traction of a little cold air in a cold parish church might 
be, at least in our climate, and for more than three 
parts of our wintry years, rather beneficial, one would 
think, than the reverse. How would houses rise up as 
they do, with mushroom rapidity in our crowded alleys, 
hiding views, as well as narrowing the cubic feet of fresh 
air, if this theory were correct ? Moreover, the plea, as 
put forward by a Vicar in respect of his church, was 
novel. The cases have been generally those of private 
property. But the case of the defendant's " light " was 
even weaker. He proved no sensible or appreciable dimi- 
nution of it, no ' angle of 45° ' interfered with, no set- 
ting or rising sun shut out. To make his case still worse, 

XXX. H 



50 THE ARUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 

tlie parish themselves had hoarded up the arch since 181T, 
or at least 1816, and although they had allowed an aperture 
in the lower part of the boarding, in the shape of a door, 
to admit ventilation in hot weather, even this aperture 
had by the Vicar, acting under Sir G. Scott's advice, 
been blocked up by the present reredos and altar on the 
restoration in 1873 ; and the brick wall had been acqui- 
esced in for four years, without remonstrance by the Vicar 
and parish, from 1873 to 1877. 

We think we have now disposed of all the chief points 
in this case, and had hoped that we had heard the last of 
it, and that the Duke would have been quieted in his 
possession for ever; but, as we write, we hear that notice 
of appeal has been given, though with what chance of 
success, as far as funds are concerned, the following, 
letter to the Editor of the Guardian will shew : — 

ARUNDEL CHANCEL APPEAL. 

Sir — To judge from the letters which appeared in your columns on the 
subject, considerable interest is taken in tlie Arundel chancel 
appeal. Will you allow me to say that the exact amount of 
interest is represented by subscriptions from twelve gentlemen, 
amounting to £30 lis.? These are acknowledged this week ia 
your advertising columns. 

As the probable cost is £500, it seems most likely that we shall have 
to withdraw the notice of appeal. G. Arbuthnot. 

Arundel, October 4, 1879. 

Surely a stronger proof could hardly be adduced, that 
the judgement of Lord Coleridge has already sufficiently 
commended itself to the public. 

We rejoice at the result in every possible point of view. 
Firstly, we think it consonant with the truth, and the 
reason, and justice of the case. Secondly, we believe 
the parish would never have stirred in the matter, if they 
had not been 'egged on' by others, who had no local 
or personal interest in the question. 

It seems unpardonable, that a great proprietor, distin- 
guished for his inoffensiveness and affability, and the 
humility with which he bears a great name, should, in 
the midst of his own people, after centuries of repose 
and acquiescence in the justice of his title, be attempted 



THE ARUNDEL CHANCEL CASE. 51 

to be disturbed because he is a great man, and not a 
Protestant. But a man cannot help being rich, or born 
to a Dukedom, and has a right to be a Roman Catholic. 

Was it within the region of probability that the Duke's 
ancestors, so strong in their attachment to the ancient 
faith, should not have provided for their pet college 
(which was their private property, and built under the 
very Castle walls) a private place of worship, in the same 
way that every founder of every college in our Universities 
has done ; that the founder should have formed the 
fraternity for prayer^ and not provided for them a house 
of prayer ? 

No drawing-room ever testified, by its gems, and 
articles of vertu, a lady's right to call it her own more 
clearly than did the Fitzalan Chapel 100 years ago, by the 
silent witness of its costly shrines, brasses, canopies and 
armorial bearings — all of one family. One has but to 
study those beautiful drawings of it by Grimm at the 
British Museum, to feel convinced, without the process 
of a Law Suit, that privacy and proprietorship were 
stamped on every stone of it, and that that insatiable 
and inquisitive thing- — the Public— had never any part or 
share in ' this matter,' and had never intruded there; 
and we congratulate the Duke of Norfolk that, with those 
strong antecedent arguments from probability, the 
evidence, which the defendant was able to adduce, was 
not found to be incompatible. 



ST. MAEY'S CHUECH, BARCOMBE. 



By miss FLOEEKCE HARRIET DODSON. 



Few cliurches in the neighbourhood of Lewes can boast 
a prettier site than St. Mary's, Barcombe. It stands a 
little removed from the highway, from which it is in part 
screened by a farm-yard and cottage, in part by the 
spreading branches of its own old yew. The original 
churchyard lies almost entirely concealed from the road 
by the church itself, and slopes down to the meadows 
that extend to the banks of the river Ouse. Within its 
narrow precincts, grave above grave, and mound above 
mound, untold generations of ' the rude forefathers of 
the hamlet sleep.' Earely does a passing stranger 
disturb the quiet of ' God's acre,' and the piercing 
shriek of the railway-engine, as it rushes through the 
cutting a few fields below, serves but to emphasize its 
silence. 

From this, the old churchyard, and still more from 
that, on somewhat higher ground, recently added to it, 
a beautiful view of the Downs is obtained. Eastward 
and w^estward they rise in front of the spectator, like some 
green earthworks thrown up by giant hands, but softened 
and mellowed by distance; the lights and shades playing 
on their slopes, and chasing each other into the hollows of 
their combes — a perpetually changing view, but always 
a lovely one. Where the arms of the Downs open to 
admit the passage of the Ouse to the sea, Lewes 
Castle proudly rears its head, and, close around that 
ancient citadel, cluster the buildings of the little 
metropolis. 



ST. maey's cituectt, baecombe. 53 

TLe Cliurch, like most in these parts, is built of rubble, 
faced with fliut ; the square tower at the west eud is sur- 
mounted by a true Sussex spire of shingle, though not 
so dwarfish as many of its brethren. The picturesque 
wooden porch forms one of the prominent features of 
the building, and over it stretch the friendly branches 
of the grand old yew. For centuries, bells from the 
grey tower have summoned the congregation to praise 
and prayer ; but no • written history attaches to the 
church, and there are no means of ascertaining the 
precise date of its erection ; examinations, however, 
made in the course of the recent work of restoration, 
lead to the conclusion, that the Early English chancel is 
of the twelfth century, and the Perpendicular nave of 
the reign of Henry Yll. ; at the same time there can be 
little, if any, doubt that on the same spot stood a Saxon 
church of yet higher antiquity. Domesday book records 
the existence of a church and water-mills in Barcombe, 
or " Bercham," as it was originally termed; and the 
vicinity of the river, and the beauty of the spot, account 
for its selection as a place of worship for the population 
that gathered round the mills. This conjecture is con- 
firmed by the presence of the old yew, which, from its 
great age, appears to have stood the guardian of an 
older fabric than the present. If St. Mary's, Barcombe, 
may claim the privilege of being one of the most ancient 
churches in the county, it must also submit to the 
stigma of having long been one of the most dilapidated 
and neglected, as the illustration on the following 
page \Aill shew. The soil had been suffered to accu- 
mulate round its walls, the floor had sunk by lapse of 
time, so that two steps descended from the porch into 
the church. Lichen and moss grew round the chancel 
windows, and discoloured the stone work. The walls 
were covered with thick white plaster, in many places 
cracked and crumbling. Externally the roof had become 
a patchwork of Horsham stone, slates, and tiles ; inter- 
nally, it was panelled, painted to imitate marble, and 
strengthened by tie-beams of chesnut, similarly painted, 
one of which bore, in huge black letters, the names of — 



54 ST. MAEY's CHUKCHj barcombe. 

" Thomas Earle and John Amoore, Churchwardens , 

1682." 
The names of — 

*' Thomas Earle and John Heasman^ Churchwardens, 

1683," 

were engraved no less conspicuously on one of the 
panels of the ceiling. The square pews were high 
enough to delight the heart of Bishop Burnet, but 
they were, at least in their most recent days, of the 
rudest kind, made up of bits of board fastened together 
in some rough incongruous fashion ; almost the only 
good piece of woodwork left in the church was the oak 
carving of the reading-desk and adjoining pew. The 
chancel, as has been already stated, is Early English ; 
the east window, plain and rather low, with three 
large lights of nearly equal size, fitted into a deep 
square recess of the whitewashed wall. Below it, 
and immediately above the Communion Table, plain 
oak panelling alone relieved the deadly whiteness of 
the chancel walls. The altar itself was enclosed within 
solid oak rails. The south aisle, a badly-built lean-to, 
nine feet wide, with dormer windows, was a compara- 
tively modern erection, that had replaced some former 
aisle in the same position. The old church had evidently, 
at some period of its existence, been cruelly deformed, 
in part, avowedly, by those churchwardens who immor- 
talised themselves by affixing their names to the beams. 
They introduced the inner roof, or panelled ceiling, 
thereby reducing the height of the interior some four 
feet, and destroying or concealing the old rafters. The 
south aisle and the rickety gallery, with its imitation- 
marble facade, need not be attributed to them ; these, as 
well as some of the latest coats of whitewash, and the 
roughest and most unseemly of the woodwork, probably 
belonged to a later epoch. This gallery was ascended by 
a flight of steps from the outside, built in the angle 
formed by the porch and the tower, thus making a very 
incongruous projection. The contrivers of the gallery, 
immediately opposite the door by which it was entered, 



ST. MARY S CHURCH, BAUCOMBE. 55 

ingeniously scooped out a square hole in tlie roof to 
provide a window for their new erection. At some 
period the church was also disfigured by the walling-up 
of two windows — one close to the pulpit, and corre- 
sponding to a window opposite ; the other in the chancel. 
The tower was separated from the rest of the interior of 
the building by a row of massive white railings ; and a 
vestry was obtained by an encroachment on the extreme 
end of the south aisle, from which it was screened by 
a low oak palisade. 

None of the monuments are of great antiquity, the 
two oldest belonging to the early part of the seventeenth 
century. Both are small mural slabs ; one within the 
chancel, above the spot where lies Anna, first wife of 
Edward Raynes, of Conyborough, bears the following 
inscription : — 

Hie quoque snbter jacet Anna filia Guliehni Stonestreat, de 
Lewes Gen : Prima Uxor infra sepulti Edri Raynes Gen : quse 
obiit 9° Julii, A° 1632. In cujus Memoriam Ricus Raynes, filius 
ipsorum natu maximus hoc Monumentum pie posuit 1 680. 

The other, a grey slab on the outside of the south 
wall, marks the grave of " Ferdinando Bayly, son of 
Thomas Bayly, sub-deane of Wells, and Rector of this 
Church, 1641." 

A black stone, now placed near the exterior of the 
west door of the church, records — 

" Elisabeth The Dvghter of Andrew Meirs C L. (qu. Clerk ?) 
Vicar of Pemsey. Dyed Jvne 4th, 1692." 

Another monument, in a similar position, bears this 
inscription : — 



I 



" Here lyeth the body of Edward Attree Senior, of this 
Parish of Barcombe, who piously departed this life the second 
day of Jvne anno domini 1684. Being in the sixty-fourth 
year of his age." 



Within the church, a white marble mural monument 
against the chancel wall, is devoted to the memory of 
Robert Crayford. of this Parish, in the following terms : 



56 ST. maky's church, barcombb. 

"In Memoriam Eob*- Crayford, Gonv et Caji Coll'- in Acade- 
niia Cant*^'- quondam Socji, qui fidi Pastoris in hac Ecclesia 
niunere functus ; non sine Gregis lacrimis, ex hac vita couii- 
gravit, Anno Dom. 1683. Hoc dat consecratq. cliara sui 
Soboles." 

Under the chancel, and in part under the nave, extend 
the vaults of the Raynes, Medley, and Lucas families. 
Here, among others, was buried Edward Raynes, whose 
first wife was Anna Stonestreat, already noticed. A 
dark stone let into the pavement, and brought to light 
in the process of restoring the church, bears the follow- 
ing inscription : — 

" Edwardus Eaynes Gen. Lie situs est qui donee octoge- 
narius esset vigors corporis et aninii strenuus vixit. Tandem 
Paralysi languidus et senio confractus spe resurrectionis felicis 
vitaj cursum finivit sensibus integris et Liberis omnibus cir- 
cuuistantibus. 

" XXVI Augusti iEtatis suae LXXXIIII anno Domini 1G77. 

Felix qui vitjB et mortis sic dividit annos, 
Vita sibi ut condat, Mors sibi prom at, opes." 

A mural white marble monument in the chancel, in 
memory of John Raynes, the second son of Edward 
Raynes, bears this inscription : — 

" En ad pedes tuos jacet Johannes Raynes, Generosus, vir 
probitate et beneficentia satis notus qui obiit XX11I° die Octo- 
bris Ail. Dm. 1687° iEtatis sua? LI11° spe certa resurrectionis 
futurfe per Christum ad gloriam." 

The most conspicuous monument to be found in the 
church consists of a large tablet of white and dark| 
marble, supported by female Caryatides, to the memory 
of the only daughter of Edward Raynes, and of his 
second wife, Anne, a daughter of John Rowe, the 
Archaeologist. The inscription is as follows : — 

" Near this place lyeth Interr'd the body of Susannah, wife 
of Thomas Medley, Esq^'e, (only sister and heir of John Raynes, 
Gent. ;) a person greatly valued by her neighbours when 
living, for her charitable relief to the necessitous, and 
encouragement to the industrious, and much lamented in 
her death. She died at Coneyboroughs in this parish, b^^ of 
April, 1704. This Monument was erected with the utmost 
Gratitude and Dutifull respect to the Memory of the Deceased 
by Edward Medley, her youngest son. Anno Domini 1730." 



ST. mary's church, bakcombe. 57 

On a slab of Purbeck stone is recorded the death, at 
an early age, of John Medley, the eldest son of Thomas 
and Susannah Medley, in these words : — 

" Hie jacet corpus Jobis Medley Filij natu maximi Tbomai 
Medley Gen, et Susannse uxoris ejus, qui obiit Xo die Octobris 
1682. 

iEtatis VHP Anno et X«m : Men :" {decimo Mensey. 

A mural, tablet on the exterior of the south wall of 
the chancel marks the burial place of Francis Lucas, of 
Longford, died 1687 ; aged 65 ; also of Mary, his 
wife, daughter of Robert Douglas, of Goring, in this 
county; died 1690. Another tablet, in the immediate 
neighbourhood of the former, commemorates the musical 
taste of one of this family. 

" To tbe Memory of John Lucas, late of Longford, in this 
Parish Esq"^, who Piously departed this life tbe 8th day of June, 
1775, in the 86th year of bis age. A Lover of Psalmody, 
Also of Mary Lucas, Widow of John Lucas, Esq'', late of 
Longford, in this Parish, who Piously departed this life tbe 
16tb day of Feb^y, 1781, in tbe 87th year of her age." 

Another large black slab, in the centre of the church, 
opposite the entrance, denotes the resting-place of two 
more members of the family of Lucas, of Longford, 
who died 1769 and 1776. 

A small stone bracket in the body of the church, but 
not far from the chancel, evidently in prse-reformation 
times supported an image, probably of the Virgin, to 
whom the church is dedicated. 

When the plain oak pulpit, with an inscription record- 
ing it to be " the gift of George Medley, Esqr., 1791," 
was removed, a fine piece of carved oak, part of an old 
reading-desk, was found beneath it, placed there as a 
support. Other fragments of good woodwork which 
had adorned the building in early days, but had subse- 
quently been degraded to similar utilitarian purposes, were 

1 Edward Medley, the youngest son, possession it passed on the death of 

succeeded to the estate, and dying Sarah Medley, in 1761. For further 

without issue, iu 1754, bequeathed it notices of Edward Raynes, John 

by his will, dated 1744, to his widow, Rowe, and the Medleys, see volumes 

Sarah, for her life, with remainder to xi., xxiv., and xxv., of these " Collec- 

his nephew, George Medley, into whose tious.'' 

XXX. I 



58 ST. MARY S CnUECH, BARCOMBE. 

brought to light in various places. After taking clown 
the wooden tablets with the Commandments, the Lord's 
Prayer, and the Creed, from either side of the Altar, and 
scraping the whitewashed walls behind them, appropriate 
texts were discovered, painted in black letters, on the 
wall, from the 1st Corinthians xi, 23-26 verses. On 
other parts of the walls, texts, scrolls, and arabesques 
in colour, were brought to light, but none of any note. 
The only other antiquity discovered is a piscina, which 
was built into the wall of the lean-to aisle. It had no 
doubt once occupied a corresponding position in the 
south wall of the old church before it was taken down. 

If it be true of a parish, as of a country, that the 
dulness of its annals is an evidence of happiness. Bar- 
combe must have been supremely fortunate. It has no 
historical associations, except so far as the hamlet and 
stream of Cooksbridge traditionally connect it with the 
Battle of Lewes. From the brief notice in Domesday 
book down to the reign of Queen Elizabeth, when the „ 
Crown Presentations to the living are enumerated, 
its chronicles are a blank. The records of its church are 
only to be read in its architecture, its surroundings, and 
the materials of which it is composed. Whoever its 
original founder be, he chose a noble site, and one that 
has been hallowed as a place of worship and of burial [ 
by the usage of centuries. | 

A break has recently occurred in the coutinuity of the 1 
services held there since the days of our Saxon and Nor- | 
man forefathers. On Sunday, November 24th, 1878, the i 
congregation of St. Mary's looked with something more 
than usual interest on — 

*' The whitened wall, the lattice pane, [ 

The rustic porch, the oaken door; 
Above, the rafters huge and plain ; 
Beneath, the footstep-graven floor." 

A new phase had come over their church's history, and 
it was closed, never to be opened again in the same con- 
dition. The bells have been silent now many months, 
and, instead, the workman's hammer rings within the 
precincts of St. Mary's walls. But the day is not far 



I 



ST. MARY S CHUROff, BARCOMBE. 59 

distant wlien tliey shall once more summon tlie congre- 
gation; when the porch door shall be thrown open again, 
and the inhabitants gathered within their old parish 
church, restored and enlarged. 

According to the Report of a Commission of the 
Court of Chancery, the Living of Barcombe was, in 1 650, 
of the value of £120 a year. 

The first Presentation, of which we have any notice, is 
that of Christopher Webbe, in 1559, and four others 
followed in rapid succession before 1574. 

The earliest Parish Register, commencing 1580, records 
the induction of the Rector, John Hernman, in that year, 
and though somewhat injured by age, appears to have 
been regularly kept by him, his name being signed at the 
foot of each page down to the last year of his incum- 
bency, 1612. The earlier pages of the existing Register, 
down to the year 1603, may have been copied from an 
older Book. From about the year 1620, for a period of 
20 years, the register of Burials is greatly mutilated 
by time, and, for some parts of the period, totally lost. 

It is to be observed that the register was kept with the 
greatest care by the Rector, Joseph Waad, during the 
period of the civil war and disturbance — from 1643 
down to 1670 — in which year the entry of his burial 
appears. After his death, for a period of 40 years, the 
register seems to have been much neglected. The entries 
for some years are absolutely deficient, and for others are 
manifestly imperfect. 

The existing entries of Baptisms and Marriages for the 
year 1699, have evidently been made by some illiterate 
person, perhaps by the clerk of the period. According 
to a memorandum in a similar handwriting, they, as well 
as the Burials from the year 1682, were transcribed from 
another book now lost. 

In 1709 a new book was commenced, and the register, 
at all events down to the year 1761, bears indications of 
having been carefully and regularly maintained. 

The subjoined extracts, from the Registry of the Arch- 
deaconry of Lewes, may be considered of interest. 

The first is written in minute antiquated characters, 



60 ST. Mary's church, baucombe. 

upon a small, irregularly- shaped scrap of parcliment, 
and declares itself to be — 

The true Terrier of the Glebe lands of the Parsonage of Barkham. 
In primis ye meade lying by nordens bridge headeing on the Hygh Way 
on the West side - on Earles land on the North - on baxells on the East- 
the Steandgate Meade on South contaiueng two acres [word illegible]. 
Item the Churchfield four acres bounded on Mr. Dennan's and Earles 
lande on the South on William Atree on the East on douse land on 
north & west All the rest lying about the parsonage House- To witt 
the Innams against the gate going into the Parsonage bounded on the 
East on Walches - South on a Lane- West on the Streat - and north 
on another fielde of the Glebe called the parke field bounded on the 
South on Walches - East on Marten's meade - on north on Chamois - 
west on the hygh way - this six acres - the innams three acres [word 
illegible] floodes Close six acres - bounded on the North side of Chamois - 
on the Strcate on the East. Churchfield - 4 acres - close by the House - 
Stairefield 4 acres bounded on the North by the Duntomb lands- Item 
[word illegible] Croft and Criddles 3 acres bounded on the North on 
Duntomb - on the West by Mr. Dennams [illegible] lying on the South 
side of the Stairefield - ye 5 acres - bounded on the West on Mr. 
Dennam - on the north by anor parcell of the Glebe bounded on the 
West on Mr. Denname on the South on William Atree & Abraham Vine 
on the East on Vine the Stews - this 3 acres - The House Plott w"^ 
barnes orchards - garden stewes 2 acres - Septemb 26. 1615 

Stephen West 
Ben Denham 



KicHARD Day") ^, , , 
nv.^^r.o T? ( Churchwardens. 

IHOMAS r^ OUDJ 



Watford 
Batkshelt> 



The Registry also contains two later and much fuller 
Terriers dated respectively 1635 and 1675. 
A record entitled, 

AN ACCOMPT of what Entries have bin made and Certificates 
given out of the Registrar's Office for the Archdeaconry of Lewes 
of Meetings or Assemblies for Religious Worship pursuant to the 
directions of the late Act of Par Indulgence made in the First year of 
the Reigne of William the third King of England et Anno Bui 1689 

contains the following : — 

Jan 15th, 1691 

A meeting for Anabaptists to be held at the House of 

Thankfull Hunt in Ticehurst, and John Mercer 
12th Sept. 1692 

At the House of Thomas Snait in Hurstmonceux 
. At the House of Anthony Chapman in Ripe 

At the House of Thomas Gyles in Barkham 



ST. MARYS CHTJRCF, BAROOMBE. GL 

The form and context of the above entry show that the 
rehgious body in Barcombe for whose benefit the Ucence 
in question was issued, consisted of Anabaptists. 

The following is an extract from a modern register of 
licences under the Toleration Act, 1st WilUam and 
Mary : — 

13th of September 1809 

A meeting or assembly for religious worship of people called Protes- 
tant Dissenters to be held and kept at the House of George Stanford 
situate in the Parish of Barcomb in the County of Sussex at the request of 
Moses Fisher, Minister, and the said George Stanford. 

In 1724 the Bishop of Chichester appointed Com- 
missioners to enquire into the state of different parishes 
in the diocese. The following report in answer to ques- 
tions portrays the ecclesiastical condition of Barcombe 
in that year : — ■ 

Barcombe 

Rectory, 

I. 2. 3. THE KING, Patron. The Rector John Blackman AM of 
^ Bennett College in Cambridge Instituted in October 1709 
W 4. 5. The Church and Chancell in good Repair except the Porch. 

■ The Communion Table and Rails very handsome. The Carpett, 

■ Two Silver Chalices and a Paten. Two Pewter Fflaggons and 

■ the Cloth in good order. The Pulpit and a Cushion and Cloth 
W of Velvet, The Desk and Bible and Common Prayer Book, 

and Surplice All very good. But the Common Prayer Book 
at ye Communion Table imperfect The Steeple and three 
Bells good, the Churchyard Fence in severall places very bad. 
The Chancell Repaired by the Rector. A Chest, No poor Box 

6. The Personage house and outhouses in very good Repair 

7. The Number of Families about Ninety of which Two Ana- 
baptists 

8. 9. No Benefactions nor Augmentations 
10. The Value in the Kings Books £18 •• 10s •• lOd not Discharged 
from first fruits a Portion of Tyths of £5 p Ann granted 
from the Rectory to the Prior of Lewes now in the hands of 
Mr. John Court of Lewes, Ye Yearly Value of the Rectory 
Exceeds Fifty Pound 

II. 12. Divine Service and Sermon Twice Every Lords Day in the 

Summer, once in the Winter and Service Catechisme and 
Expounding in the Afternoon The Sacrament Administred 
once at Christmas Whitsunday and Michaelmas and Twice at 
Easter Communicants each time att Easter about fifty or 
Sixty at others about forty or fifty Supplied by the Rector 
' 13. Glebe about forty Acres of plain Land 

{ John Blackman 

! x^ Thos Peirce 



62 ST. mary's churce, baroombe. 

It may be added, in conclusion, tliat simultaneously 
with the restoration of the old parish church, a new- 
church, commenced by the late rector of Barcombe, the 
Rev. Robert Allen, is being completed on a site selected 
many years ago, for the accommodation of the inhabi- 
tants of the northern part of this extensive parish. 



THE ROMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT 
BIGNOR/ 



By the Eev. THOMAS DEBARY, M.A. 




The First Excavations, 

It has happened to the author of the following account 
of the Mosaic Pavements at Bignor to find, within the 
last year, his horse's hoofs unexpectedly treading upon 
the tesserce of a Pavement on the coast of Syria, which he 

' Mosaic or Musaic (Lat. mnsiviis). by the Byzantine Greeks. It was 
This art was practised at a very early applied by the Romans to four different 
period, and was re-introduced into Italy styles: the ojjus tessellatam, the o;pus 



64 THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 

believes are Roman, and to be reminded, by the incident, of 
tlie lively feelings he experienced, twenty years ago, wlien 
he first saw the Bignor Pavements, and when almost the 
same thing occurred to him in remote Sussex ; for the 
equestrian then, as now, in visiting these remains, un- 
consciously had to ride over a great part of the site, on 
which the ancient Villa stood. A circumstance of this 
kind, more, perhaps, than any books one has read on the 
subject, sets the mind reflecting on the immensity of the 
Roman Empire : the enterprise, which distinguished the 
conquerors of the ancient world, and the nature of a 
government, by which so many and various people were 
held in subjugation to the Roman will." 

In by far the greater number of cases, the antiquities 
of a Roman type, which have been found in parts far re- 
moved from Rome, in whatever quarter of the world they 
may have been discovered, are not merely the tokens of 
a prevalent civilization, such as we see in these days, 
when one nation utilizes the ingenious and beneficial 
discoveries of another, but they are the proofs of do- 
minion and possession. Roman colonization was of a 
very thorough kind, and as Gibbon observes, when writ- 
ing upon this matter — " In their manners and internal 
policy, the colonies formed a perfect representation of 
their great parent.''^ Now they could not have done this, 
without at the same time introducing into the settle- 
ments skilled workmen, who were able to, and actually did, 

rerniindahnn, the ojjus sectile, and the ' Archaoologia,' contains a paper on the 

opus viusivum. The first three are subject, which was divided into two 

purely geometric or ornamental, and parts and read by him before the 

are, strictly, only opus Uthostrotum, i.e., Society June 17, 1813, and March 9, 

the regular mechanical arrangement of 181 5. Further discoveries having been 

various coloured stones, sometimes in made, he read another paper on them, 

small cubes, called tesserce or tessellcs, Feb. 4, 1818, printed in Vol. xix. 

sometimes in slabs of various shapes. of the ' Archspologia.' Besides these 

The 02nis musivvm was the only pic- papers, the 3rd vol. of his truly splendid 

torial mosaic, i.e., in which natural work, " Eeliquise Britaunico-Romanse," 

objects were imitated. — Brande and is entirely devoted to this Villa, and 
Cox's " Dictionary of Science, Litera- ' contains higb.class illustrations of the 

ture and Art," p. 584, ii., Ed. 1866. mosaics. He also compiled a small 

" The great authority on the mosaic handbook on the subject for visitors to 

pavements at Bignor is Samuel Lysons, Bignor. 

Esq., F.R.S and V.P. of the Society 3 >< Decline and Fall of the Roman 

of Antiquaries, at the time they Empire," Vol. i., p. 173. 
were discovered. Vol. xviii. of the 



[ 



THE ROMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 65 



reproduce the same description of buildings, and similar 
examples of the arts, with those which prevailed in Eome 
and. Italy. Hence they have left behind them, in every 
country which they once occupied, not only military 
roads and encampments, but the traces and remains of 
houses, theatres, tombs and inscriptions, and even, it 
may be said, all the smaller evidences of a high state of 
luxury ; statues, mosaics, seals, hair-pins, rings, and 
household utensils of every kind. By this complete 
method of colonization, a double purpose was at- 
tained. The colonists themselves experienced less of 
that depression and regretful thought of home, which is 
sometimes called nostalgia, and which so many com- 
plain of, when first transferred from their own country to 
foreign lands ; and the ferocity of the natives was allayed 
by the allurements of pleasure, and. the desire to eman- 
cipate themselves from the imputation of ignorance by 
the manifestation of a taste for luxury. Our own 
country afforded a striking example both of this policy, 
and of the results of it thus described. 

The learned reader will, perhaps, pardon me, if I recall 
to his recollection a few familiar historical facts connected 
with the Roman occupation of Britain, as they certainly 
lead up to the arguments respecting the probable age of 
the Villa under our consideration. 

That Great Britain was known to the ancients at a very 
early period, is attested by Greek writers. That it was 
believed to be an island, before Agricola demonstrated the 
fact by sailing round it, is also certain. Our "Collections" 
have recently* shown us what the influence of our Gallic 
neighbours was upon the early inhabitants of this Island, 
in the matter alone of coins ; and it was the intimacy sub- 
sisting between the two people, divided though they were 
by the Channel, more, most likely, than the greed for 
corn, or silver and gold, or pearls, that induced Caesar 
to meditate his invasion, as he hoped thereby to put a 
stop to an alliance, which led the Britons to render their 

* XXIX. S.A.C., p. 75 ; and see supra, commencecl soon after the coming of 
p. 1. The true Sussex coins, issned by the Ca-sar, and continued down to the time of 
liegui and Belgas, were derived from Claudius. 
Gaulisli models. The inscribed series 

XXX. K 



66 THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 

Gallic neighbours constant assistance in their strug.s^les 
against the encroaching power of Rome. Caesar first 
landed in Britain B.C. 65, and possibly intrenched himself 
at Pevensey. He does not, however, seem to have advanced 
very far into the country, but cautiously withdrew before 
the terrible sea, which rages round our coast in winter, 
had become too stormy for his transports. The next 
year he renewed the enterprise, crossed the Thames, and 
advanced as far as Yerolanium or Yerulam, and here his 
invasion and subjugation of the country practically ceased. 
He again withdrew from the island, and the organic 
changes which he himself was instrumental in promoting 
in the E-oman government at home, proved very advanta- 
geous to the Britons, who, if not absolutely forgotten by 
the civilized world, then engrossed with new ideas, were at 
least left to themselves by the Romans until the reign of 
Claudius, nearly a hundred years after Cassar's first 
invasion. This is the most interesting period in our 
enquiry, for it is possible to assign the origin of the Villa 
at Bignor to nearly any period from the reign of Claudius | 
to the death of Titus. ; 

The Emperor Claudius it was, who began what proved, 
in the course of time, to be the real subjugation of Britain. 
Having resolved to conquer the country, and annex it to 
the Roman Empire, he despatched Aulus Plautius to 
these shores to effect this object, under whom the future :■ 
Emperor Vespasian was assigned the command of the ' 
2nd Legion. This celebrated general and future Emperor 
has the credit of having reduced the Isle of Wight, and, t 
what Suetonius, the historian, describes as two powerful j 
nations, the Regni and the Belgee,^ the inhabitants res- | 
pectively of Sussex and Surrey, and those of Hampshire, j 
These parts of our island, together with some others | 
subsequently subdued, were constituted a Roman Province i 
in the time of Ostorius Scapula, the successor of Plautius 
in the government of the Roman possessions in Britain. 
Most probably it was at this period that ' the Stane 
Street Causeway ' was constructed, which passes within 

* Vita Vespasiaai, cap. 4. 



THE ROMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT EIGNOR. Q7 

lialf a mile of Bignor, and serves as a clue to us in some 
of our speculations on these pavements. 

Tacitus tells us in his ' Agricola,' that a native kino- 
was appointed legate by the Romans, and governed in 
these parts for many years, remaining faithful to his trust. 
Of the existence of such a person under the name of 
Cogidubnus, or Cogidunus, as Tacitus describes him, 
the Sussex Archaeologist can have no doubt, when he is 
reminded of the discovery which was made of an inscribed 
stone at Chichester in 1730, by some workmeu who were 
engaged in digging a cellar to a house in S, Martin's lane 
in that city.^ The inscription not only attests the existence 
of the king, to whom Tacitus gives the name of Cogidunus, 
but also encourages the belief that he had conformed to 
the religion of his patrons.'^ Mr. Lysons evidently inclines 
to the idea that the Villa at Bignor may have been the 
palace of Cogidubnus ; so that another Cymbeline may 
have held his court here, and a chaste Imogene per- 
liaps have paraded the crypto-porticus whilst thinking 
of her absent lover at Rome. But althouo;h Coo:idunus 
is said to have remained faithful to the Romans down to 
the time when Tacitus wrote, and may have imbibed some 
of the ideas and tastes of his conquerors, I cannot myself 
believe that the Villa was erected either by or for a chief- 
tain, such as this legate must have been. It is not 
probable that a native king, however ' Romanizing' in his 
tendencies, would relish fantastical representations of the 
most voluptuous fancies of heathen mythology. Let us 
then advance a little further in the history of these times, 
and see if a more likely era for the construction of such 
a building as this must have been, may not be found. 
Passing over Didius and Veranius, let us come to 
Suetonius Paulinus. It was during his tenure of 
power that the most stirring events in the history of the 



6 For an account of this discovery, see toritafe Tiberii Claudii Cogidnbni reiyi* 
Horsley's " Britannia Romaua." p. 22. legaii AugusH in Britannid. collegmm 

7 The inscription on the stone, fabrorwru et qni in eo a mcris [vel hono- 
amended, the amendments being here rati] Bunt de siw dedicaverunt donante 
shownbyitalics, isgivenby Dr. Stukeley aream Pitdente Padentini filio." — 
and Horsley :— " iVeptuno et Minervje Horsley, " Britannia Romana," p. 192. 
tcmplumisro salute domus divinse ex auc- See also vii. S.A.C., p. 62. 



68 THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 

Eoman occupation of this country came to pass. There 
can be little doubt that the centurions and other subordi- 
nates of the Roman Empire behaved, on many occasions, 
^vith the utmost harshness and effrontery towards the na- 
tives, a little contumeliousness being then, as at the present 
day, accounted very serviceable in ruling a subjugated 
]Deople. When, however, the Roman soldiers did not spare 
the daughters of the famous Boadicea, Queen of the Iceni,. 
the indignant mother watched her opportunity for aveng- 
ing the outrage, and putting an end to the tyranny of the- 
oppressors. Suetonius was at this time away, engaged 
in reducing Mona ; and as the active part of the Roman 
Legions was thus withdrawn from the South, Boadicea 
seized the moment to incite her own people and the 
neighbouring tribes to revolt. Camulodanum, the 
modern Colchester, was pillaged and destroyed ; London 
was sacked, and Verulam or Yerolanium, the modern S. 
Albans, put on its defence, before Suetonius Pauliuus, 
now apprised of the danger, could hasten to the South 
and offer battle to Boadicea. A great battle was fought 
between the Romans and the Queen of the Iceni, but the 
British warriors were not a match for the disciplined 
Legions of Rome, and Suetonius Paulinus triumphed* 
Boadicea, having no disposition to follow in the steps of 
Caractacus, poisoned herself. 

This little history has more to do with our subject than 
at first appears. The events described seem to have modi- 
fied the Roman policy, and induced the Romans to en- 
deavour to secure their conquests by allaying the animosity 
of the natives by means of luxury and the amenities of 
civilization, rather than by war and violence. This is 
the period to which I am disposed to assign the building'' 
of the Villa. 

Suetonius Paulinus, although he had vindicated the 
credit of the Roman arms, was not held, it would appear, 
quite blameless for having afforded the natives, by 
Avithdrawiug his forces from the South, the oppor- 
tunity which led to the war. He was recalled, and 
Petronius Turpihanus, a.d. 61, was appointed in his 
place pro-prsetor and governor of Britain. Turpilianus 



r 



THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 69 



had just completed at Rome his official career as Consul 
with C^esonius Passtus, when Nero, now Emperor, con- 
ferred upon him this honour. In considering^ this history, 
with a view to discover, if I possibly could, the builder 
of this Yilla, I have more than once paused at the name 
of Turpilianus. There are many things to favour the 
idea that it may have been a work of his time, and at all 
events begun by him. Turpilianus has no reputation a-; 
a soldier, and was probably selected as a man who would 
rather endeavour to reconcile the vanquished to their fate, 
by an easy bearing, than promote more strife. Tacitus, in 
describing the administration of the new legate, says, " li 
non irritato lioste, neque lacessitus, honestum pads nomen, 
segni otio imposidty He neither harassed the enemy 
nor was himself worried by them, but assigned to slothful 
inactivity the honoured name of peace. ^ These words 
do not imply that the new governor was absolutely idle, 
but that he employed himself in what Tacitus might 
consider frivolous pursuits, accounting them more 
conducive to tranquillity and peace than the display of 
military armaments. What more natural, than that such a 
ruler, after having visited the disaffected region of the 
Iceni, should retire to one of the most beautiful and 
settled parts of the Province, and employ himself in the 
erection of a Villa and Roman Station, that should excite 
the wonder and approbation of the semi-barbarous in- 
habitants of the territory of the Regni, and so, whilst 
contributing to his own pleasure, promote, as he might 
flatter himself, the main object of his administration. 

Staue Street Causeway, as we have seen, was most 
probably in existence at this time. The range of the 
Southdowus, not at all unlikely to recall to the mind of 
a Roman the Albau group of hills, must have been 
i'amiliar to every Roman Governor, and the distance from 
Regnum, the modern Chichester, had early determined 
the Romans to fix a station here, which was called 
' Ad Decimum.' That the Villa was the residence of som(^ 
one in authority, is believed to have been the case by all 
archaeologists. Indeed, it is impossible to account for 

^ See the ' Agiicola,' c. xvi. 



b 



70 THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOE. 

the size of some of the outer structures, except on the 
supposition of their having been barracks or guard-rooms 
for soldiers. Considering it, therefore, as an admitted 
fact, that the Villa was the abode of some Roman official 
of high rank, I will venture to give a few more reasons 
for supposing Turpilianus may have been the builder of 
it. 

In seeking sujDporfc for a favourite theory, I know how 
ready we are sometimes to snatch at a straw, and per- 
haps the critical reader will think I am doing so, when I 
suggest that the only letters found on the Mosaics, T. R., 
which certainly look more like initial letters than 
parts of an inscription, might mean Turpilianus Regulus, 
or Romanus. But whether this idea is deemed fanciful 
or not, that the Villa was the design and conception of a 
thorough Roman, I feel convinced. There is not a single 
token of a British or Christian influence to be found, 
unless it be the accidental mark, in the middle of a tile, 
of a cross, clearly only a trade mark. The pagan mytho- 
logy, as portrayed by Horace, and found delineated on 
the walls of Pompeii and Herculaneum, has supplied the 
artists with all the themes which they have endeavoured 
to represent. We are too apt to imagine that the house 
decorations, as found at Pompeii and Herculaneum, were 
confined to those cities, but they were in reality, in their 
principal features, general throughout the Empire. 7L'he 
Baths of Titus are an example in point. But even if 
this were not the case, there is a singular reason for con- 
jecturing that one like Turpilianus, wherever he might 
build a house, would be inclined to imitate those of the 
voluptuous cities of Southern Italy. Turpilianus had 
filled the office of Consul, when Rome was given over to 
the most extravagant excesses of pleasure and dissipa- 
tion. He was sent out to this country by Nero, the im- 
personation of profligacy. It is not likely that the 
Emperor's nominee would be without some of the tastes 
which distinguished his master. He was probably al- 
ready wealthy, and his office was honourable and lucra- 
tive ; he was therefore in every way the kind of person 
to build such a residence as this. But there are other 



THE ROMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIONOR. 71 

circumstances relating to Petronius Turpilianus which 
lead us to associate his name with Herculaneum aud 
Pompeii, and therefore enhance the probability of his 
having erected this Villa, resembling so much the houses 
of those towns.^ 

Petronius Turpilianus must have been living at Rome 
when a very celebrated namesake of his, Caius Petronius, 
was flourishing. This man had once been, like Turpili- 
anus, a colonial governor, but at Rome he was the sort 
of D'Orsay or Brummel of his time; the man of taste 
of his day, that the Emperor was especially pleased to 
honour with his intimacy. However, the gross character 
of IS'ero's profligacy shocked the more refined taste of 
the pleasure-loving Petronius, and he is said to have 
remonstrated with the Emperor, and is credited with 
having written the work satirizing the morals of Southern 
Italy, entitled ' Petronii Arbitri Satyricon.' Xow, 
although the best authorities are agreed upon the author- 
ship of this work, writers are not unanimous, for there 
are not wanting those who have attributed it to Petro- 
nius Turpilianus.^*' But whether he was, or was not, the 
author of it, the ideas contained in that book must have 
been familiar to him. 

I will not pretend to have read this book, for I have 
not done so, but it is described as an exposition and a 
castigation of the manners of the inhabitants of those 
pleasure-cities which fringed the Bay of Naples, yet be- 
traying also the manifestation of some sympathy with 
them — probably a very common frame of mind amongst 
the Romans of that day, who relished the life at Pompeii 
and Herculaneum, which they affected to condemn. 

That the artists employed on the Bignor Mosaics drew 

" ' Tac. Ann.' lib., xiv.,39. See also the excesses of the cities on the Bay of 

the ' Ap;rico]a,' c. xvi. I infer from the Naples, the writer says, " By Ignarra ho 

words of Tacitus, that he regarded the is supposed to be Petronius Turpilianus, 

appointment of Turpilianus in the same who was Consul, a.d. G1." Ignarra 

light as given above. was a learned Neapolitan antiquary, 

'" Smith's ' Dictionary of Greek and well entitled to have an opinion on this 

Roman Biography ' and ' Mythology,' subject. He died at Naples August 6, 

article 'Petronius.' Speaking of the 1808. " Biographic Universelle," Vol. 

author of the prose work, " Petronii xxi. 
Arbitri Satyricon," a work satirizing 



I 



72 THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BTGNOE. 

their inspiration from tliose towns, I fully believe; 
the most remarkable fact on this head being-, that the 
designs more resemble the decorations found at Hercu- 
laneum than those of Pompeii. The same absorbing idea 
of pleasure is exhibited, but slightly chastened, as if not 
to shock the native mind. Where in Herculaneum we 
have naked cupids running about everywhere, at Bignor 
these emissaries of the Goddess of Love are disguised in 
the armour commonly worn by the Samnites, with their 
wings springing out behind. The ^limbics round the head 
of the Yenus in the medallion-shaped representation of 
that divinity at Bignor, is not so uncommon as Mr. Lysons 
thought. It has been found both at Pompeii and Her- 
culaneum, The shortness of the upper part of the limbs, 
in some of the figures, is not sufficiently noticeable to 
build a theory upon, or to militate against the supposition, 
that these Mosaics were of earlier date than the time of 
Agricola, or the reign of Titus. 

If the notion that this Villa may have been the resi- 
dence of Cogidubnus is abandoned, and we still accept 
Mr. Lysons as our guide, I should infer from his writings 
that he would attribute its erection to some Roman 
official, who flemished after the government of Agricola, 
in the reign of Vespasian or Titus. In his papers, read 
before the Society of Antiquaries, and in his elaborate 
work on the same subject in his ' Reliquire Britannico- 
Roman^e,' Mr. Lysons refers to, and in the latter work 
gives a drawing of, a similar pavement, or rather a pave- 
ment resembling this, found in the old town of Avenches, 
near Neuchatel, in Switzerland, which a French savant, 
M. de Schmidt, supposes to have been executed between 
the reigns of Vespasian and the Antonines, and he refers 
to the well known passage in the Agricola, describing the 
impetus which was given to every description of orna- 
mental building after Britain had been effectually reduced 
by that General. ^^ Undoubtedly there is much to be 

11 Sequenshyemssaluberrimisconsiliis fora, domns exstruerent, laudando 

absutnpta ; namque, nt homines dispersi promptos et castigaiido segues. Ita hono- 

ac rades, eoqnein bello facilcs, quietiet ris fcmulatio pro necessitate erat. Jam 

otic per voliiptates assnescereiit, hortari vero Principum filios liberalibus artibus 

privatim, adjuvare publico, ut templa, erndire, et ingenia Britannorum studiis 



THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 73 

said for this view of the question, and it corresponds 
with the opinion arrived at by a learned critic respecting 
a Roman Pavement found at Lydney Park, in Grloucester- 
shire, who, after quoting the passage of the Agricola 
above alluded to, comes to the conclusion that the 
Roman remains at Lydney were due to the movement so 
graphically described by Tacitus. ^^ " The following 
winter," says that writer, '' was spent in devising 
schemes for the public welfare. A rude and scattered 
population, and for that reason inclined to war, were 
to be habituated to peace and quiet by the allure- 
ments of pleasure. Agricola exhorted them privately, 
and openly assisted them, to build Temples, Law 
Courts, and dwelling houses, applauding the willing, and 
severely rebuking the reluctant, so that a spirit of emula- 
tion took the place of compulsion ; moreover, he caused 
the sons of the principal people to be instructed in the 
liberal arts, professing to prefer the natural ability of the 
Britons to the educational efforts of the Grauls, so that 
those, who had recently shown a repugnance to the 
Roman tongue, now sought to excel in it. Hence, even 
our dress became fashionable, and the toga was very 
commonly seen. And, little by little, the natives yielded 
to the allurements of vice, porticoes, baths, and choice 
banquets — and that was deemed civilization by the un- 
suspecting and ignorant, which, was but a part of 
slavery." 

It is this passage from the Agricola, which I have 
rendered somewhat freely, which has led antiquarians, a 
little hastily, perhaps, to infer, that all Roman antiquities 
found in England, such as the Bignor Mosaics, must have 
been of a date subsequent to the reign of Vespasian. 
A careful examination of a great many of these remains 
will, I think, convince any one that this rage for building 
in Britain, although it encouraged the arts in one respect, 

Gallornmanteferre, nt quimodoliDguam vocabatur, cnm pars servitatia esset. — 

Eomauam abniiebant, eloqnentiam con- Tac. Agricola, c. xxi. 

cnpiscerent. Tnde etiam Labitus nostri 12 Roman Antiquities, Lydney Park, 

honor et freqnens toga: paulatimque Gloucestershire. By William Hiley 

discessnm ad delinimenta vitiorum, por- Bathurst. With Kotes by C. W. King, 

ticus, et balnea, et conviviorum elegan- M.A., Fellow of Trin. Coll., Cambridge, 
tiam. Idque apnd imperitos humanitas 

XXX. L 



74 THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BlGNOl?. 

in another led to their gradual decay or deterioration. 
The wealthy might, indeed, still employ foreign artists, 
hut as the demand for workmen would increase, and the 
British youth were trained in the Roman Colleges, the 
most promising of them would be invited to supplement 
the labours of the foreign artists, and a proportionate 
deterioration in the quality of the work would be the 
consequence. 

The j&ner portions of the Bignor Pavements could only 
have been designed and executed by skilled artists ; the 
coarser parts of the work may have been done by the 
pupils or scholars of such artists, whether natives or 
foreigners, working under the immediate superintendence 
of the others. 

If these views are just, I can see no reason why the 
Villa at Bignor may not have been even an earlier work 
than it is commonly supposed to be. A few coins have 
been found here, and also a ring of beautiful workman- 
ship,^^ such as a fashionable man of the times of Nero or 
Titus might well have purchased in what was then the 
Corso of Rome, and which would much more become 
the finger of Turpilianus than that of Cogidubnus, or any 
other Briton speaking broken Latin and wearing, with an 
ill grace, the Roman toga. 

I am here tempted to remark that the spirit of oblivion 
seems to hover over these Mosaics. AVhether the ground 
accidentally accumulated over them, after the Villa 
was destroyed, or whether, which is not at all im- 
probable, they were designedly covered over when the 
occupants were obliged to abandon it, we know not. But 
supposing this occurred much about the time when the 
Romans finally relinquished the country, they would have 
been buried between thirteen and fourteen hundred years, 
when the plough once again brought them to light. The 
discovery, at the time, awakened great interest, or the 
funds for Mr. Lysons' splendid work in illustration of 

1' ' A remarkable gold ring, found near holding a buckler before him, and appa- 

the Roman Villa at Bignor. It is ex. rently ascending a height,' and is 'figured 

quisitely wrought with chased-work fila- in Lysons' Britannia Komana.' (Qy. 

gree and globular ornaments. It is set Eeliquise Britannico-Eomause.) See 

with an intaglio, a figure of a warrior viii. S.A.C., p. 292. 



THE ROMAN MOSAIC TAVEMENTS AT BlfiNOR. 75 

them would hardly have been forthcoming ; but it does 
, not seem to have proved a very lasting one in the minds 
of our Sussex Archasologists, for in the whole twenty-nine 
volumes of the S. A. C, I have hardly been able to dis- 
cover anything to assist me in drawing up this account. 
It was certainly time that an attempt should be made to 
I rectify this neglect, for the Mosaics are not what they 
i were when first discovered. Mr. Lysons is our great 
I authority on what their condition then was, and also on 
I the general plan of the villa, the walls of which were 
j then traced as far as their ruined condition would permit, 
I but have since been covered over. Mr. Lysons' account 
' is contained in certain papers, read by him before the 
Society of Antiquaries, and which are printed in the 
xviii. and xix. vols, of the Arch^ologia. As the nature 
and character of these remains are there described iu 
detail, I propose to give the reader an epitome or abridg- 
ment of the papers in question, without which I feel it 
would be impossible to present him with an adequate 
: idea of them, and which cannot but be interesting, and, 
I by the help of a plan of the whole area, I hope 
intelligible, to those — possibly the majority of the 
members of the S.A.S. — who have not ready access to the 
British Museum. 

Mr. Lysons' papers were read before the Society 
of Antiquaries June 17th, 1813, March 9th, 1815, and 
February 4th, 1818. 
i The purport of them is as follows : — 
H Within half a mile of the village of Bignor, there are 
traces of the Roman Road, running from Chichester, by 
way of Pulborough and Dorking, to London. There was 
reason to expect that indications of a Roman Station 
might be discovered here, as Richard of Cirencester in his 
fifteenth Iter mentions a station next after Chichester, 
which he calls Ad Decimum. Now Bignor, on this road, is 
ten miles from Chichester. In 1811 the plough laid 
open to view a Mosaic Pavement in a field called the 
Berry, part of a copyhold estate of the manor of Lord 
N"ewburgh, owned and occupied by a Mr. George Tupper, 
tvhose grandson still has it. 



76 THE ROMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOU. 

Mr. Tapper removed the earth, which varied from one 
to two feet in depth, over a great extent, when the pave- 
ment [No. 7 in the Plan] proved to be of large dimensions. 
The design was in good taste, and superior in execution 
to those commonly found in this country. Its decorations 
consisted of two circular compartments, one 7ft. Gin. in 
diameter, the other 16ft. In the smaller circle there was 
a representation of the rape of Granymede, surrounded 
with a sort of fret," a braided guilloche,^^ and a 
' serrated border of black and white.' The guilloche 
was composed of three rows of tesserce, besides the two 
black ones forming the outline, being cubes of half an 
inch, red, yellow, and white, and blue, ash-colour, and 
white, alternately two and one. The fret was of the 
same materials arrang-ed in the same order. The dark 
brown (sic) and red tesserce were factitious. The blue 
were blue lyas ; the white, marble ; the yellow, stone. 
The tesserce of the inner circle, containing the figure, 
were smaller, the white cubes being the third of an 
inch and the coloured ones less. The larger circle 
contained within its circumference six smaller ones 
which were hexagonal, each bounded by a fret similar to 
that already described. Within these hexagons were 
figures of dancing nymphs ; none of which were perfect, 
and one was completely destroyed. They were well 
drawn, except that the upper part of the legs appeared 
too short. In the centre was a hexagonal piscina, or 
cistern of stone, 4ft. in diameter, and 1ft. 7fin. deep, 
with a stone border round. It had a step at nearly 
half its depth, 5^in. wide. At the bottom of the 
cistern was a hole Sin. in diameter, from which, as was 
afterwards discovered, a leaden pipe, l^in. in diameter, 
laid in a sort of stone gutter, ran in a southerly direc- 
tion. The spandrels of the larger compartment were 
filled with ivy leaves, those at the south-eastern corner 
proceeding from a goblet. This room had been heated 

1^ A fret is, in architecture, the in- tecture, an ornament composed of curved 

terlacing of bars or fillets, from the old fillets, which by repetition form a con. 

French freter, croiser. (Wedgwood, tinued series. — Brand & Cox's Dictiou- 

' Dictionary of English Etymology.') ary of Science, Literature, and Ai-t, 

'* Guilloche (Fr. guillochis), in archi- vol. ii., p. 75. 



THE ROMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 77 

by a hypocaust, the flues of winch, having given way in 
parts, had rendered the pavement uneven. 

About 30ft. west of this pavement another large one 
(N"o. 26) was discovered. It consisted of two principal 
divisions, one 12ft. 9in. square, the other 12ft. Sin. 
Enough only was left of this to suggest what the nature 
of the design must have been. The compartment at the 
north end of this room contained four octagonal divisions, 
each including a star ingeniously formed by interlaced 
squares, which also produced an inner octagon, in which 
appeared to have been a head, illustrative of each of the 
Seasons. One at the north-eastern corner remained, 
representing Winter. The head and bust were enveloped 
in drapery, and a leafless branch appeared at the side, as 
if held in the hand. The borders of these octagons were 
formed of guilloches, similar to those already described. 
What had been in the centre could only be conjectured. 
The ash trees, which grew over this spot, may have 
destroyed it. The other square compartment had a circle, 
within which were eight hexagonal divisions, each con- 
nected with the eight sides of a centre octagon, bounded 
by a guilloche of red, yellow, and white tesserce, alternating 
with blue, ash, and white. The angular spaces between 
the hexagons contained an inscription, of which the letters 
T R remained in one. In the spandrels left by the circle, 
the guilloches formed ovals, in one of which was the 
figure of a boy. The figures of dolphins were on two 
sides of the square, with a pheasant and coraucopia on 
the outside. At the north corner of the room the wall, 
to the height of two feet, still rem lined, between which 
and the Mosaic appeared to have been a space paved 
with coarse red tesserce. The size of the room was 40ft. 
4in. by 17ft. 

At the end of the year the pavements were covered 
up with earth to prevent the frost injuring them. The 
following year, 18 L2, Mr. Lysons paid a visit to John 
Hawkins, Esq., of Bignor Park, for the purpose of exam- 
ining these remains. 

They began their investigations by removing the earth 
from the first discovered pavement (N^o. 7.) It proved to be 



78 THE EOMAN MOSxilC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 

a room 19ft. by 30ft., witli a recess at tlie nortli side 20ft. 
lOin. wide. The walls on the east, west, and north sides 
were 2ft. Gin. thick, and that on the south side 3ft. Be- 
tween the Mosaic pattern and the wall was a space of 
coarse red brick tesserce. On the east and west it varied 
from 4ft. Gin. to 5ft. It was 4ft. lOin. on the north side, 
and 1ft. lOin. on the south. The walls of the recess were 
at right angles, but in the main compartment they were 
not so. The Mosaic appeared as if accommodated to this 
irregularity. It seems probable that this room was a 
Triclinium, or Dining-room. The walls had been orna- 
mented with paintings on stucco. The walls of room (No. 
2G) still had stucco of a plain red colour remaining on 
them. 

On the west side of the recess in the room (No. 7), was 
a room (No. 6 on plan) 20ft. by Oft. 9in., also having a 
Mosaic pavement. This pavement comprised two squares 
of 5ft. 4in., separated by an oblong band oft. 4in.by I'ft. Gin. 
In this oblong were represented two scrolls of ivy leaves 
issuing from a goblet, with a guilloche, and another 
border of black and white. One of the s<piare compart- 
ments contained an octagon, in the middle of which was 
the representation of a rose. The other had a kind of 
star with twelve points. The pavement was several inches 
above the one first described, with the Ganymede. There 
was no doorway between the two, but there was a door- 
way at the opposite end of this room (No. 6), leading into 
another room (No. 5) 22ft. by lOin. 

On the south of the room (No. 7) the foundation walls 
of a crypto-porticus (No. 10) were discovered, lOft. wide, 
which was traced 150ft. to the east. At the west end about 
65ft. of tesselated pavement were found. The pattern 
was a labyrinth fret, of blue tesserce of |-in., with a 
border of red and white running on each side of it. On 
the north side of this gallery the remains of a range of 
rooms running eastward were discovered. The one (No. 
]2) next the Ganymede room was 19ft. 2in. by 18ft. 9in., 
and had a floor of light red terras. The adjoining room 
(No. 13) was of the same size, paved with light brown 
tesserce ; adjoining the north wall of these two rooms was 



THE ROMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 79 

a room (No. 8) 16ffc. square, with a Mosaic pavement 8ft. 
square, made up of squares, rhombs and triangles. 

The prce-fmmium of a hypocaust, which heated No. 7 
and other rooms, was found on the north side of room 
No. 6, and consisted of two walls 18in. thick and 
i8in. apart; between them was a sort of arch formed by 
over-lapping bricks, which communicated with the flues 
under the different pavements. 

About thirty feet north of room No. 5, a piece of fine 
Mosaic was laid open, ' a little below the bottom of the 
ditch on the north side of the field.' It seemed to belong 
to a large pavement (No. 8), but the season being ad- 
vanced, it was covered up again until 1818, when the 
investigation was resumed. This pavement proved to be 
a parallelogram 22ft. by 19ft. lOin., with a semi-circular 
recess at the north end 10ft. in diameter. The room 
No. 5 appeared to be an ante-room to this. 

The design was as follows ".—Within a large square 
was an octagon, having a smaller octagon in the middle, 
from each side of which latter one proceeded 
oblongs in the middle of which were cupids, dancing 
like Bacchantes. The centre of the design was des- 
troyed, evidently by the fall of the roof, part of which 
was seen down in the hypocaust thus laid open, dis- 
covering blocks of stone 2ft. Gin. high, with large 
bricks upon them. 

Each of the above mentioned oblongs was 2ft. 9in. 
by 16in. Two of the corners of the square contained 
urns with fruit and foliage. The others were filled with 
cornitcopice and foliage. Aguilloche bounded the design. 
A band or oblong compartment divided the square from 
the semi-circular recess, and was 13ft. 7in. by 2ft. 
Gin. It contained twelve figures of cupids, habited as 
gladiators, exhibiting a complete representation of the re- 
tiariisiTid secutores (illustrated on the opposite page). The 
secutores wore that kind of armour, which gave them the 
name of Samnites, and is described by Livy as consisting 
of a shield wider at the top than the bottom, a greave for 
the left leg, and a crested helmet. The retiarii appear as 
was their wont, with the head uncovered, and a trident in 



80 THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOE. 

their left liands. The net appears in the left hand of the 
one preparing for the combat. In the other it would 
seem to be concealed. The rw<i7'anV were also represented. 
They were veterans, who carried a rod, and instructed the 
young and directed the combat. The design seems to 
represent four different scenes. In one tlie combatants 
are preparing for the contest. In another they are en- 
gaged. In the third the retiarius is wounded, and in the 
last he has fallen disarmed and wounded in the thigh. 
The Mosaic in the semi-circular recess is formed by a 
guilloche enclosing a scroll with flowers out of a goblet, 
having in the middle a circle containing a female head, 
surrounded with a blue nimbus. The shoulders are bare, 
leaving little doubt of its being a representation of 
Venus. Cornucopice with festoons of foliage, and two 
birds, representing pheasants, wave on either side of the 
circle containing the head. 

To the west of this room (No. 3), the walls of a court 
(No. 1) were traced containing an area of 30ft., 
filled with broken bricks and tiles ; no pavement was 
found, but, near to it, the base of a column and part of a 
shaft, with irregular mouldings, evidently of a much later 
date than the Mosaics. At the w^est end of the ante- 
room (No. 5) a room (No. 4) of 8ft. 2in. by 12ft. was 
found with two doorways, one leading into the ante- 
room, the other into the Court (No. 1). 

The continuation of the west end of the crypfo-porticiis 
(No. 10) was next explored, and was traced for 100ft. 
Many cross walls were met with, sufficiently shewing that 
there had been a range of rooms running north and 
south, connected with that running east and west, prov- 
ing the whole to have been a large edifice built round a 
court. 

Hoom No. 27 had a terras floor, nearly 2ft. below 
the level of the pavement of room No. 26. The walls, 
which remained pretty perfect to the height of two 
feet on the east, north, and south sides, were covered 
with red stucco, two inches thick, with a plaster skirting 
at the bottom. The same was noticed in other rooms. 
On the east side of No. 27 a fire place was found, 21 ^in. 



I THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMEXTS AT BIGNOR. 81 

wide in front, Sin. deep, and 17in. wide at the back, with a 
hearth formed of eight 7-in. bricks, which had been 
cramped together with iron; no part of any chimney re- 
mained. Mr. Lysons remarks " that he was not aware 
of any open fire-place of this kind having been discovered 
elsewhere in the remains of a Roman building, though it 
is certain from various passages of the classical writers, 
that other means were employed by the ancients for 
warming their apartments, besides hypocausts. The 
caminus is mentioned by Cicero, Horace, and Yitruvius 
and others. "^"^ 

Forty-four feet from the south wall of No. 27 another 
room (N"o. 29) was discovered 16ft. 5in. by 15ft. 6in. A 
fourth part of the floor had a coarse tesselated pavement 
of a light brown coloured stone. There was a fire-place 
here on the west wall similar to the one described above, 
having an opening 19^in. wide, with a hearth composed 
of four square bricks. 

In the autumn of the same year, at the east end of the 
crypto-porticas, a second gallery (No. ] 1 ) was found, 
separated from the former by a wall, and running into a 
field called the town field. This second crypto-porticus^ 
was 10ft. wide, like the other, and 68ft. long, making an 
extraordinary ambulatio of 227ft. ; part of a tesselated 
pavement remained in about the middle of the lesser 
gallery. 

The foundations of five other rooms (14, 15, 16, 1 7, and 
24 on plan) running east from the Tnclinium (No. 7) 
along the whole length of the crypto-porticiis, were found, 
in addition to those already described, of the following 
dimensions— 8ft. lin. by 18ft. lOin., 16ft. 6in. by 
18ft. lOin., 25ft. by 18ft. JOin., 16ft. Sin. by 18ft. lOin., 
26ft. 6in. by 18ft. iOin. At the east end of this range 
were the foundations of two other rooms (Nos. 22, 23) — 
13ft. 2in. by 24ft., and 18ft. Sin. by 18ft. Gin., and a 
passage (No. 20) 18ft. 6in. long, by 4ft. lin. wide, 

^® The reader may remember, in ' Trivici 

Horace's amusing account of his Villa recepissit, lacrimoso non sine 
journey to Brundusium, how the cami- fumo, 

nus at TrivicuB emitted a smoke, that Udos cum foliis ramos nrcnte camino: 

brought tears into his eyes. ^erm. I., Sat, v, 7'J. 

XXX. ^ 



82 THE ROMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 

running nortli, where tlie building appeared to have 
extended further into the town field. None of the above 
rooms bad tesselated pavements. One of them (No. 16) 
appeared to have been floored with bricks, lOfin. square, 
and another (No. 17) to have been paved with large 
flag stones. 

At the east end of room (No. 23) were the foundations 
of a building (No. 63) with a semi-circular south-east 
side. The east wall of the edifice did not run at right 
angles with the cn/pto-porticus, but took a diagonal course, 
N.E. to S.W. There were no apartments on the east 
side of the great court. The wall was traced 133 feet to 
the south, where a cross wall met it. At eight feet from 
this another wall occurred, which, being traced west, was 
found to be the remains of a crypto-porticus (45) on the 
south side of the court, communicating with a range of 
rooms to the south, of which some at the east end pre- 
sented the remains of baths, the most eastern of which 
(No. 66 on plan), adjoining the diagonal wall above 
described, contained a Mosaic ; it would have been a 
square room of 25 feet, but for the diagonal east wall. 

This Mosaic was in a better state of preservation than 
any which had hitherto been discovered on the spot. The 
design was a square, with four stars inside, formed by 
two interlaced squares bounded by guilloches ; in the 
middle of each star was a circle of three borders, with a 
flower in the centre. In the midst of the pavement 
there was a representation of the head of Medusa, en- 
circled by borders. Outside the Mosaic pattern were 
three rows of black and red tiles, laid chequer-wise. The 
fragment of a Doric column was found lying on the pave- 
ment; and the marks of another suggested, that the two 
had formed the jambs of the doorway leading into the 
next room (No. 55) ; the floor of which room was com- 
posed of black and white stones, laid chequer-wise. The 
black was a kind of slate. Nearly in the middle of this 
room (No. 55) was a bath, 18ft. from east to west, and 
3ft. 2in. deep. It had three steps on three of the sides. 
The steps on the north side were covered with smoothly 
wrought stones. The other steps and the bottom of the 



THE rOMAN JIOSAIC TAVEWENTS AT EIGNOE. 83 

bath were laid with terras two inches thick, resting upon 
bricks. Fragments of a cornice were also found in this 
room. 

In the next room (No. 52) but one to this, a coarse 
tesselated pavement was exposed, and below it a 
liypocaust, communicating with a larger one under rooms 
(Nos. 53, 54) by means of a brick arch, 3ft. 9in. wide, 
and 3ft. 2in. high. Immediately over this archway was 
a doorway. 

In the month of July, 1815, on resuming the investi- 
gation at the N.W. angle of the villa, and removing the 
rubbish from what appeared to be a court, 30ft square, 
the inner walls of a kind of portico (No. 4) were found, 
which appeared to have been plastered, and built cloister- 
fashion, and fragments of columns have since come to light 
justifying this theory. 

The bath in the bath room (No. 55) was next examined. 
When the earth was entirely removed from the bath, it 
proved to have been an oblong, 18ft. 2in. long by 
12ft. wide, with a recess terminating in the segment of a 
circle. 

Mr. Lysons' opinion on the probable origin of the 
Villa has been already alluded to. He evidently con- 
sidered it to have been a work of the reign of Vespasian, 
or Titus, who, by-the-by, only reigned one year; and, 
as Cogidubnus held some kind of post under the Romans 
in these parts for many years, he thinks it may have 
been, as has been stated, his residence. 

In February, 1818, Mr. Lysons read another paper 
before the Society of Antiquaries, being " An account of 
further discoveries of the remains of a Roman Villa, at 
Bignor, in Sussex," in which he said^^ : — In 1816 and 
1817, by tracing the remains of walls, it was discovered 
that the crypto-porticus extended all round the court. 
The western cryiito-porticus was 8ft. wide, and 108ft. 
long, including a small room at the north end, having a 
Mosaic pavement, of rude workmanship, with a Medusa's 
head in the middle. Sevei'al rooms besides the crypto- 

^' xix Arcbseologia, 176. 



k 



84 THE KOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BTGNOR. 

porticus were discovered on the western side of the 
great court. 

B}^ digging further eastward of the single wall, above 
described, an eastern crypto-porticns was discovered, 
completing the quadrangle. Foundations of buildings 
extending 181ft. into the Town Field, as it is called, 
were also discovered; several of tbem were of large 
extent, and enclosed by a boundary wall of considerable 
thickness not built at right angles to the great court. 
The dimensions of this enclosure were as follows : — 





FEKT. 


IN. 


East side 


277 


4 


West side 


385 


5 


North side 


286 





South side 


322 


8 



The walls of the building at the south-east corner of this 
court were from 2ft. 8in. to 3ft. thick.^^ 

Having now presented the reader with the various 
opinions which have been entertained by myself and 
others respecting the origin of this Villa, and having 
given him an epitome of Mr. Lysons' history of the dis- 
covery of it, and the condition ho himself found the pave- 
ments in at that time, I have only to add a few words on 
the locality itself, and a short account of a visit which I 
made last August to the spot, which had so greatly 
awakened my interest, as I have already stated, years ago. 

The village of Bignor is situated in what in these daj^s 
of railroads, must be considered a remote and secluded 
nook, although a very beautiful one, of the Southdowns. 
The nearest railway station is that of Amberley, which 
is rather more than three miles distant, to the south-east, 
on the ]V1 id-Sussex line of railway. Petworth Station, on 
the Horsham and Petersfield hue, although the town of 
Petworth is 6 miles distant from the pavements, cannot 
be much further off, as the station itself is two miles from 
Petworth in the Bignor direction. But, unless the visitor 
is a pedestrian, he will find it more convenient to alight 

i*The bust found at Bignor and figured manse, I belieye to represent Ceres, 
in Mr. Lysons' Keliquise Britaunico-Ko- 



THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 85 

at Arundel Station, as here he will have no difficulty in 
procuring a conveyance to take him to Bignor. Arundel 
Station, where an omnibus meets all the trains, is about 
three quarters of a mile from the town, and if the tourist 
is not already acquainted with the neighbourhood, it will 
add not a little to his enjoyment of a visit to Bignor to 
glance at stately Arundel on his way ; traverse the park, 
and survey the winding course of the Arun ; the woods of 
Parham, and a considerable part of the wealden, from the 
top of Bury Hill. Descending this, some two miles drive 
in a north-western direction will bring him to the site of 
the Villa. The village of Bignor is half -a-mile further to 
the west, as he will see by the red roof of the recently 
restored very E. E. church, peering among the trees, and 
behind which the Southdowns almost seem to tower. 

When I was on the spot in the month of August last, 
whilst the driver went on to Mr. Tupper's house to pro- 
cure a guide, I walked to the site of the Villa. When 
these Mosaics were first discovered, they were, as we 
have seen, carefully covered over with earth every 
winter to protect them from the frost, but, after a time, 
substantial thatched huts of brick and flint were built 
over them, and these have now been in existence for half 
a century. There are five of these huts covering 
the eight Mosaics. The greater part of the site, which is 
estimated at five acres in extent, is under cultivation, 
and when I saw it, a promising crop of wheat was grow- 
ing in the great court, around which the principal rooms, 
as indicated by the Mosiacs, were arranged. 

On a bright summer's day, the visitor will not grudge 
the few minutes he may have to spend here, whilst he is 
waiting for Mr. Tupper to come and open the huts. He 
will involuntarily say to himself, that whoever the 
builder of the Villa was, he had an eye for the pic- 
turesque, and was no mean judge of what constituted a 
pleasant site for a house. The ground on which the 
Villa stood slopes away gently to the south, and com- 
mands one of the least monotonous of Down views with 
which I am acquainted. The Downs above Bignor are 
really lofty, and they fall gradiiall^^, but irregularly, to the 



I 



86 THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMKNTS AT BIUNOR. 

valley of the Arun. Beyond this river, and just above 
Amberley, chalk cliffs rise, whence a long range of the 
Downs stretches away to the east, by Findon and Chanc- 
tonbury. The middle distance on the Bignor side of 
the river, is richly wooded, whilst Chanctonbiiry Ring, 
814ft. high, wears that aerial tint, which is so pleasing to 
the painter's eye. Mr. Dallaway extols the Italian 
character of the scenery here, and Charlotte Smith, who 
lived at Bignor Park, and, although a native of London, 
is reckoned by Mr. Dallaway amongst the literati of 
Sussex, and who must often have wandered over the site 
of this Villa, in ignorance of what was under her feet, 
although her poems abound with classical allusions to 
Cupids and Goddesses, makes continued references to the 
scenery of Bignor. Perhaps her verses had some in- 
fluence with the fairies, who determined that the loves 
and Cupids, so much appealed to, should at last put in an 
appearance. No doubt an imaginative Roman might, on 
a summer's day, whilst looking at the view, find his 
ihoughts wandering off to Tusculum, and the ' Albanus 
]Mons' (the modern 'Monte Cavo'), the Chanctonburj- of 
that chain of hills, on which are situated Frascati and 
Albano. 

1 was fortunate in having Mr. Tupper himself as my 
guide. His life-long acquaintance with these Mosaics 
imparts a classical flavour to his remarks not very often 
met with in a yeoman farmer of however substantial a 
kind. When he opened the hut, containing the 
first discovered Mosaic, representing the eagle with 
Ganymede, I felt a little surprise and disappointment. I 
knew not whether it was due to my having recently ex- 
amine d the splendid illustrations of these pavements in 
Mr. Lyson's Reliquise Bi itannico-Romanre, but it had an 
appearance of greater age and decay than I seemed to 
recollect its having had when I first saw it. Mr. Tupper 
does not consider that the pavements have suffered much 
within his recollection, Avhich extends back many years, 
but the action of time on anything is proverbially slowly 
perceived by those who have it, whatever it may be, con- 
stantly under their observation. Twenty years or more 



THE ROMAN MOSAIC PAVE\I1']NPS AT BiaXOR. 87 

had elapsed since I first saw these Mosaics, and as far as 
I conld recall my impressions of their condition at that 
period, and particularly of this one, I should say that 
time had certainly done its work here. Tlie figure of 
Ganymede in the talons of the eagle was almost perfect, 
now it is defaced by two fissures extending from the centre 
to the circumference of the design, one running north- 
east and the other south-east. The pavement is 
very uneven, but notwithstanding this, the tesserce 
adhere very closely together. The reds or browns, 
whichever they are, have the blackish looking tint of 
congealed blood. The blacks are very apt to acquire a 
milclewy look, but this whiteness will, I believe, rub off. 
The tessercB near the fissures have a tendency to work out. 
Having since seen many more Eoman remains in different 
parts of the world than I had when I saw Bignor for the 
first time, I am more than ever convinced of the great 
antiquity of the Villa. In a letter addressed to Mr. 
Lysons, and dated June 14, 1815, !Sir Humphrey Davy 
states that having examined the colours on the walls of 
the Roman Villa at Bignor, he has found them to be the 
same in composition as those used in the Baths of Titus 
at Rome, and the houses at Pompeii and Herculaneum. 
Powdered brick and stone instead of powdered brick and 
marble, as in Italy, have been used. It is more than 
probable that these pavements were existing in the time 
of Titus, A.D., 79, and that Romans were dwelling here, 
when intelligence arrived of the awful catastrophe which 
buried those cities under ashes and lava. 

The pavement in room No. 6 (20ft. by 9ft. 9in.), which 
consists of a pattern formed by a guilloche, enclosing 
flowers and leaves, is in a very good state of preservation, 
but, although not nearly so uneven as the large pavement 
above referred to, is by no means quite level. 

The room No. 5, which I consider may have been the 
Tablinum, or reception room, which Mr. Lysons dis- 
tinguishes as the Venus room, and others, mistaking 
pheasants for peacocks, have called after Juno, is on the 
whole in the best state of preservation of any of the 
Mosaics. The beauty of this pavement must delight any 



88 THE EOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOB. 

one wlio sees it. The female head surrounded with the 
blue nimbus, and the parallelogram, in which are repre- 
sented the cupids, habited like warriors, and which 
separates the semi-circular compartment from the main 
design, are in an excellent state of preservation and very 
even. The centre at the time of its discovery was in a 
■much dilapidated state, and of course it does not grow 
less so as the tesserce are continually working out, and 
increasing the appearance of decay. 

The large room, forty feet long, of which only enough 
of the Mosaic remained to conjecture what the nature of 
the design may have been, and still having the Head of 
Winter, and the withered branch in one of the main 
divisions, and the letters T. R,, already commented upon, 
in the other, has not suffered very much from the action 
of time. 

There is one other Mosaic, the condition of which calls 
for particular notice, because it illustrates the source of 
the mischief, which is destroying these most interesting 
remains, and at the same time, points to the remedy. Mr. 
Lysons particularly remarks upon the excellent condition 
in which this was found, and it is, at the present 
time, in a more ruinous state than any of the others*! 
The design consisted of a square, with stars inside, andM 
a medallion in the middle, with a Medusa Head.[! 
Scarcely any of the pavement now remains but the Head; | 
The reason of this is obvious. The hut which has been 
built over it is quite isolated, and unprotected by the other 
huts, or even by trees or hedges. It may be safely said i 
that the various Mosaics have been preserved exactly 
in proportion as they have been sheltered from the 
w^eather. If then the cognoscenti of the S.A.S. should be 
of opinion, as I hope they will, that these pavements are 
gradually perishing and desire their preservation in their 
present locality, I can suggest no better way of further- 
ing this object than by thickening the walls of the huts, 
or even surrounding them with small yards. 

I may, perhaps, also be pardoned for reminding the 
members of the S.A.S. that they are the guardians, 
at least morally so, of the antiquities existing in the 



THE KOMAN MOSAIC PAVEMENTS AT BIGNOR. 89 

county, and that it really will be a reproacli to us, if 
we do not come forward to arrest, if possible, the decay or 
destruction of any object of real antiquarian interest. 
Mr. Tupper and his family, the owners and occupiers of 
the land, where these remains were found, deserve every 
commendation for what they have done to preserve them, 
and for their public spirit with respect to them. Still it is 
expecting too much, to suppose they would be willing 
to make additional outlay upon that which, however 
interesting, must have proved to them, in the long run, 
a source of much more trouble than profit. 

It is almost to be regretted that, when the Villa was 
first discovered and laid open, it was not left so, instead 
of being covered up again. Had a wall been built round 
it, and the enclosure converted into a garden, having a 
small cottage in it for the Custodian, giving a soignee 
appearance to the whole, it would, I believe (after noticing 
with what eagerness the casual tourist in these days runs 
to see any sight within his reach), have rendered it a still 
more attractive object to him, even if it had not proved 
a profitable investment to the owner, and would have 
certainly saved it from the inroads of time ; and when 
we consider how one of the greatest attractions in a tour 
to Italy is a visit to Pompeii, one must lament that the 
public should be comparatively ignorant of what is a 
scarcely less remarkable resuscitation of the tokens of 
Roman life here, in our own country, than is afforded in 
that ruined and deserted, but once thronged and pros- 
perous, city in Campania. 



k 



XXX. N 



SOME REMARKS 

ON 

" A HISTORY OF THE CASTLES, MANSIONS, 
AND MANORS OF WESTERN SUSSEX, 

By Dudley George Gary Elwes, Esq., F.S.A., 

ASSISTED BY THE 

Eev. Gharles J. E.OBINSON, M.A., Vicar of Norton Ganon, 
Herefordshire." 

By the Rev. W. R. W. STEPHENS. 

FIRST NOTICE. 

[This work forms so important and valuable an addition to our County- 
Literature, that it is to be hoped the following notice may be regarded 
only as prefatory and invitatory to others, more critical and exhaustive, 
and that it may be often referred to and re-reviewed in our subsequent 
volumes. — Ed.] 

"We may congratulate the authors of this volume on 
the successful accomplishment of a long and laborious 
task. To unravel intricate pedigrees, to dig out informa- 
tion about obscure places from all manner of sources, in 
public libraries and private houses, in print and in manu- 
script, to sift and arrange these masses of material, and 
turn them out in a readable form, is indeed a more diffi- 
cult and irksome business than any one who has not 
attempted it can easily imagine. 

We fear, however, that the public is often very insen- 
sible to the merit of labours of this kind, and that the 
profits of the workmen arc too commonly in inverse pro- 



CASTLES, MANSIONS, AND MANORS OF WESTERN SUSSEX. 91 

portion to the time, toil, and money expended on tlie 
work. Yet no one, who wishes to study intelligently the 
history of his own country, can afford to overlook local 
annals. It is only by a diligent investigation of them, 
that he can discover wliat the actual condition of the 
people was in any given period. The statements of the 
general historian respecting the political constitution, 
the laws, the language, the social condition, the manners 
and customs of the country, as a whole, should be tested, 
whenever it is possible, by the annals of particular places. 
They will supply interesting illustrations of such state- 
ments on the one hand, corroborating their accuracy as 
sound general principles, or, on the other, they will furnish 
carious instances of deviation from the rule ; such 
exceptions helping us either to prove the rule or to 
modify it, as the case may be. 

Now, everything relating to the history of manors in 
England is of peculiar interest, because the growth of 
manors all over the country indicates one of the most 
vital changes in the political constitution of the people. 
The word ' manor ' is itself of Norman origin: prior to the 
Norman Conquest it was not known in England; yet 
though the name is wanting, the thing which it signifies, 
or something very like it, must have existed before the 
Conquest, for in Domesday we find the manor recognised 
as a long established territorial arrangement. The fact 
is, that the Norman Conquest only hastened and com- 
pleted a change which had been gradually going on for a 
considerable time. This change was the decay of free, 
independent, self-governed communities, and the rise of 
territorial lords. In all primitive Teutonic settlements, 
we find three elements clearly marked : the democratic, 
the aristocratic, and the monarchic ; there is a constant 
tendency on the part of the two latter to prevail over 
the first, and ultimately they gain the complete mastery. 
The primitive Teutonic community occupies its own 
territory, its 'mark,' which consists of land of two kinds; 
first the common land, or folc-land, which is either re- 
served for the public use, or held by individuals on such 
terms as the community are pleased to grant it ; secondly, 



92 CASTLES, MANSIONS, AND MANORS OP WESTERN SUSSEX. 

there are particular possessions of individuals, parcels of 
land assigned to them by common consent, as their 
absolute property, held of no superior, subject to nothing 
but the laws of the State. This was the ' odal ' or ' alod.' 
Although the terra ' mark ' rarely occurs in early English 
documents, we have something nearly akin to it in the 
' township,' which is the unit or starting point of the 
constitutional machinery in this country. An aggregate 
of townships made up a hundred, and an aggregate of 
hundreds made up a shire. The affairs of the mark or 
township, the hundred, and the shire, were settled in 
their several meetings [moots or gemots] which every 
freeman had originally the right of attending. Vestiges 
of this right still remain. We see it in the right of every 
ratepayer to attend the meetings of his vestry, for the 
parish is only a township or cluster of townships, viewed 
from its ecclesiastical side. The right of the markmen 
to decide whether a new settler should be admitted to 
the township, still lingers in the form of admitting a 
tenant at tlie court baron and customary court of every 
manor : their right to determine by-laws,' and make 
local regulations respecting the fencing of fields, or the 
proportion of cattle to be turned into the common 
pasture, is still to be traced in the manorial courts. So 
much for the democratic element. But in all Teutonic 
communities there was an aristocratic and monarchic 
element also. Besides the eorl or nobleman, who was 
such commonly as claiming descent from the primitive 
leaders of the settlement, there was the king and his 
followers (gesiths or thegns). The king, indeed, was 
elected by the Witanagemot, or national assembly, at 
which originally every freeman had a right to appear, as 
he had in the gemot of the township, the hundred, and 
the shire, the kingdom being an aggregate of shires. 
And as the king was elected, so also he could be deposed. 
Nevertheless, the power of the king, if he was a man of 
ability (and it was the custom of the Witanagemot to 
select the worthiest man of the royal house), was very 

* Said to be derived from ' bj,' the in Whitby, etc. ; hence the ' by-law ' ia 
Danish equivalent for 'ton ' or town, aa a law made by the ' by ' or townsbip. 



CASTLES, MANSIONS, AND MANORS OF WESTERN SUSSEX. 98 

great, and its tendency was continually to increase as 
the kingdom grew larger. For with the extension of the 
kingdom it would obviously become more and more 
difficult for the freemen, as a body, to attend the Witana- 
gemots, and, consequently, these assemblies gradually 
shrank into meetings of an aristocratic nature, attended 
by the royal thanes, and all the great officers in Church 
and State, presided over by the king. It was at these 
meetings that grants were made out of the public or 
folc-land, especially on the conquest of new territory, 
either to ecclesiastical corporations, or to individuals. 
These latter were very commonly the royal thanes, who 
were rewarded in this way for their services, more par- 
ticularly in war, to the king. These grants were 
frequently accompanied with what, in the old English 
charters, is called the right of sac and soc, terms signify- 
ing a separate jurisdiction, cut off from the regular 
authorities of the hundred in which the land was situated. 
Here, then, we arrive at the manor. It is territory 
granted out of the public land by the king and the 
National Council, conferring special rights upon the 
grantee. It is a township, or townships, no longer exist- 
ing as free, self-governing communities, but as the 
possession of a territoi'ial lord. The courts baron and 
courts leet of the manor supersede the courts of the 
hundred ; the principles of j urisdiction and modes of 
procedure probably remained much the same, but the 
jurisdiction itself became vested in private hands, and 
descended as part of the hereditary estate. 

All this process of change was going on before the 
Norman Conquest, but it went on much faster after that 
event, William regarded all land as forfeit to the 
Crown, and granted it out afresh. Some of the Eng- 
lish lords, who made timely submission to him, retained 
their possessions ; others were deprived, and replaced by 
Norman owners, but a large quantity of what had been 
common land was now granted in the form of manors 
to the Conqueror's followers. They held them under 
the obligation of rendering military service ; and the 
principle now became completely established, that every 



94 CASTLES, MANSIONS, AND MANORS OF WESTERN SUSSEX. 

man must have "his lord, to whom he owed service in 
return for protection. Thus the growth of the manorial 
system is intimately connected with the growth of 
feudalism, and is, in some sort, a visible representative 
of it. 

We learn from Domesday that, as might naturally 
have been expected, the hand of the Conqueror fell 
most heavily on the two shires, Kent and Sussex, where 
he first set foot, and where the English made their most 
determined stand against his invasion. In these shires 
not a single Englishman was allowed to keep his lands 
on their old tenure, and only two English tenants in 
chief appear in the survey. 

The volume before us is a most interesting Tecord 
of the way in which the land in the Western Division of 
Sussex was bestowed upon the countrymen of the Con- 
queror. Foremost among them all stands out the name 
of the mighty Roger of Montgomery, who commanded 
the right wing of the Norman army, at the battle of 
Hastings. His greatest possessions indeed were in the 
West, where he alone, of all the great Norman followers 
of William, impressed the name of his Norman fortress- 
home upon a British shire and town. But in Sussex 
too, especially the Western Division, he was a kind of 
territorial polypus, whom we find clinging to the soil in 
every direction. The compiler of our excellent General 
Index-Volume has been compelled, we observe, to give up 
the attempt to insert the references under the name 
' Montgomery,' and to take refuge in a comprehensive 
^passim.' By far the larger portions of the Rapes of 
Arundel and Chichester belonged to Earl Roger. 
Arundel is the only place in Sussex where a Castle is 
stated in Domesday to have existed before the Conquest. 
Castle building came in with the Normans, and the 
manorial system which they introduced. By the Castle 
of Arundel, which he strengthened, and by the Castle of 
Chichester, which he built. Earl Roger could keep a firm 
hold upon his vast possessions in the western parts of 
Sussex. 

Next in importance to Roger of Montgomery, and in 



CASTLES, MANSIONS, AND MANORS OF WESTERN SUSSEX. 95 

the magnitude of his possessions, must be placed 
William De Braose. He iDiiilt him a castle at Bramber, 
to guard the 41 manors which he held in or about the 
Rape called by that name. The pedigree of his family has 
been traced with infinite care by the Authors of the volume 
before us. It is curious to notice how some of the names 
of Norman families in Sussex, which were illustrious at, 
or shortly after, the time of the Conquest, have utterly 
perished, such as De Braose and De Bohun ; others, such 
as Tregoz and Dawtrey (de haut Bey) survive only 
among people in a humble rank of life ; while one at 
least, that of Barttelot, has been continuously eminent, 
and continuously associated with the same place — Stop- 
ham — from the age of the Conqueror to the present 
day. 

But although Sussex passed entirely into the hands of 
Norman owners, there is no part of England in which 
the names of places bespeak more clearly their Saxon 
origin. Sted^ ham, hurst, ley, ton, bourne, den, fold, stoke, 
and ing, all thoroughly English, are, with very few 
exceptions, the termination to the names which catch the 
eye, as we turn over Mr. Elwes' and Mr. Robinson's pages. 

We may be permitted to observe in this connexion, 
that while, as a rule, our authors abstain from etymo- 
logical remarks, the conjectures upon which they 
venture now and then, are not, as it seems to us, very 
felicitous. The derivation of Selsey from ' Sel ' and ' ea,' 
the water near the hall (i.e. the Royal Villa) is very 
improbable in itself, and, to say the least, quite as 
' fanciful ' as Bede's explanation of the name, who 
makes it signify the ' isle of seals.' Bede's topographical 
information was, as a rule, very accurate; surprisingly so, 
in his notices of the Isle of Wight and the Solent, con- 
sidering the distance at which he lived from those parts, 
and there seems no reason why he should have 
volunteered this statement about the signification of the 
name, unless he had good grounds for making it. 

It is hard, to our mind, to see an ' evident reference,' 
or indeed any reference at all, 'to the pasturage of 
sheep ' in Woolavington, notwithstanding Mr. Debary's 



96 CASTLES, MANSIOiNS, AND MANORS OF WESTERN SUSSEX. 

opinion the other way.^ According to the analogy of 
other words, the most legitimate derivation would be 
'Ulaf-ington,' the ' ton or enclosure of the family of Ulaf.' 

Woolbeding is not written ' Woelbeding ' in the 
Domesday Survey, but ' Welbedlinga.' In this form it 
cannot signify a ' place for breeding sheep,' and there 
can be little doubt, that its real meaning is Bedlinga's 
well or spring. Bedlinga, as the name of a person, 
occurs elsewhere in Domesday, and the probability of 
this derivation is confirmed by the fact, that an old house 
near the centre of the parish, and close to a remarkably 
clear and abundant spring, has always been called the 
Wool House ; while a bridge over the stream, which 
forms one boundary of the parish, is called ' Wool mer ' 
bridge, i.e. the bridge over the boundary stream ; ' mer,' 
as in many other instances, being equivalent to ' merch' 
or ' march,' a frontier. 

We have no time at present to do more than indicate 
one or two among the many curious and instructive 
facts, which are brought to our notice in this volume. 
One of these is the remarkable number of episcopal 
manors, no less than 15 in all, formerly existing in 
Sussex ; eight of which were situated in the Western 
division of the county. Many of them were granted 
before the Conquest, but the larger number were acquired 
by the Norman Bishops, and are an evidence that the 
policy of the Conqueror to keep this part of the country 
wholly in the hands of Norman owners was carried on 
by his successors. There were also three archiepiscopal 
manors in the shire, Mayfield in the eastern division, 
and Pagham and Slindon in the western. 

Another consequence of the predominance of Norman 
proprietors in Sussex, was a large number of small 
monastic houses — cells as they were called — affiliated to 
larger monasteries in INormandy. Such were Boxgrove, 
founded by Robert de Haia, in the 12th century, as a 
cell to the Benedictine abbey of L'Essay, near Coutances ; 
Sele, founded by De Braose, in 1075, as a cell to the 
Abbey of St. Florence, at Saumur : Lyminster, a Bene- 

2 XXIX., S.A.C, p. 56. 



CASTLES, MANSIONS, AND MANORS OF WESTERN SUSSEX. 97 

dictine nunnery, a cell to the convent of Almanesches, 
and several others. 

We ought not to take our leave of this volume 
without calling attention to the beautiful drawinq^s by 
which it is illustrated. Faithful portraits of our 
ancient buildings become more and more vaUiable, as, 
one after another, the originals are taken away from us, 
either through the irresistible hand of time, or the trans- 
figuring, too often the disfignring, process of so-called 
restoration. 

And when we look at the noble specimens presented 
to us in these pages, of the domestic architecture de- 
signed by the genius of our forefathers, one cannot but 
ask — Why should our architects in the present day so often 
ransack all Europe to bring back forms utterly strange 
and incongruous in this country, whatever merit they 
may have in their own ? Why should they inflict these 
queer compositions upon us when, in the compass of only 
one-half of one shire, they might draw their ideas from 
such models as the matchless ruins of Cowdray (lately 
stripped, by the good taste of the present lord, of that 
baleful weed which concealed their beauty), the mansions 
of Parham and Wiston, Moor Farm, near Petworth, or 
the old Manor House of Stopham ? 

As there is a list of corrections appended to this work, 
it may be as well to add to it, should it reach another 
edition, by mentioning two wrong dates which occur on 
page 60, vol. T. The See was transferred from Selsey to 
Chichester in 1075, not 1083 ; and the first burning of 
the Cathedral occurred in 1114, not in 1104. Nor is 
it quite correct to say that Warelwaste, Bishop of 
Exeter, " settled the College " at Bosham, " on a new 
basis." What he really did, was to found a College for 
Secular Canons, where formerly there had been, not a 
College but, a monastery of Benedictine monks. 

And here we must take our leave for the present of 
this very interesting and well executed work, only ex- 
pressing a hope that the Editors will complete their 
learned labours by extending them to the Eastern 
Division of the County, which is certainly not loss rich 
in materials for their industry. 

XXX. 



THE GENERAL CHARACTER OF SUSSEX 
CHURCHES. 



(A Paper read at the General Meeting of the Sussex Archceological Society^ 
at Brighton, August 27, 1879.J 



By J. HANNAH, D.C.L., 

Arclideacon of Lewes and Vicar of Brierliton. 



I SHOULD feel great diffidence, but for two considera- 
tions, in addressing myself to the subject of Sussex 
Churches before an audience containing many who far 
surpass me in their technical acquaintance with the 
details of local architecture and history. The two con- 
siderations, from which I venture to draw a little en- 
couragement, are — first, that in this Eastern Division of 
the County, to which I shall chiefly confine myself, if 
their knowledge is more precise, it can scarcely be more 
extensive or more appreciative than my own ; the 
second, that we are happy to see before us this evening a 
more varied assembly than one consisting purely of 
scientific Archseologists. On the one hand, it has been 
my official duty to make myself familiar with the present 
condition of all these sacred fabrics throughout the 
Eastern Archdeaconry ; and I have now been able to pay 
personal visits, within the last three years, to nearly every 
one ^ of about 240 churches or chapels included in that 

' I am glad that I can now say, to all of them. — Sept. 19, 1879. 



THE GENERAL CHARACTER OP SUSSEX CHURCHES. 99 

charge. On the other hand, we should bear in mind that 
gatherings like the present are meant to bring together 
representatives of the general public, whom we are 
specially delighted to welcome to our meeting ; persons 
whose antiquarian and architectural knowledge is, per- 
haps, comparatively slight, but whose sympathies we 
wish to enlist in our pursuits and objects. In what I 
have to say, I shall be much influenced by the presence 
of this latter class ; and I hope that those to whom my 
remarks may seem commonplace and familiar will foro-ive 
me on the ground, that a meeting like the present affords 
an opportunity of trying to arouse an interest in these 
questions through a wider circle. We should all rejoice 
exceedingly if we could this evening succeed in 
strengthening the ranks of the Association by inducino* 
some of the strangers present to join our Society, and to 
take a practical interest in its objects. 

To begin by marking out briefly the principles we go on. 
It is from the point of view of an Archaeological Society 
that we have now to approach the consideration of 
Sussex Churches. Architecture is, in one view, a branch 
of Archaeology — one of its oldest and most important 
departments. But it is a branch of pure art, as well as of 
Archaeology. It is itself one of the first and noblest of the 
arts ; and as having always tended to promote the culti- 
vation of painting and sculpture and wall and window 
decoration, we tocislj call it the parent, or, at all events, 
the foster-mother, of them all. To raise buildings to 
shelter him from heat and cold, was one of man's earliest 
and most obvious necessities. But building is not called 
architecture till men have learnt to ornament their con- 
structions, so as to make these fabrics pleasant to the 
eye and satisfying to the taste, as well as useful. To 
trace through their historical development the laws by 
which man has sought to beautify his houses and his 
temples is at once a profitable study for our own guid- 
ance and a duty which the present owes to the past. It 
is most instructive to work out the principles on which 
the mere necessity of providing shelter has learnt to ally 
itself with forms of beauty ; under which construction it 



100 THE GENERAL CHARACTER OF SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

has availed itsplf of the aid of decoration, and bare walls 
and roofs have become varied, rich, and complex, till 
they grew out into the full development of stately palaces 
and shrines. 

Now, how much can we learn from our Sussex Churches, 
as regards either the antiquarian or the artistic aspect 
of architecture ? More, perhaps, of the former than the 
latter ; yet let us not begin by making light of our in- 
heritance. We must yield the palm to other counties if 
we are in search of nothing more than stateliness and 
splendour. It is only in part, for instance, that we can 
venture to vie with the churches in the Eastern Counties. 
The uninteresting fen country, it has been said, " has 
always had a great name for its churches. Built by 
monks, from great tithes, with oak from Norfolk and 
Suffolk, and stone from across the sea, they are the largest, 
the longest, the loftiest churches in England. They are 
the successors of more ancient builclings, or the remains 
of larger ; perhaps an aisle rescued, when nave and 
chancel are gone ; perhaps rebuilt with Norman mate- 
rials in a later style — with priests' chambers and odd 
chapels — with isolated towers and underground ways, 
and features that still puzzle antiquaries. Half-a-cen- 
tury ago, before the great revival, people used to say — 
' If you want to see real churches, go to the fens.' "^ 
Well, people find in the old forest land of Sussex scenery 
more attractive than the fens ; but let us not think that 
they have to pay for it by losing every trace of beauty in 
the churches. 

Again, I say, let us not begin by despising our inherit- 
ance. The old County historians too often committed 
this sin by speaking with contempt of Sussex Churches, 
as if they were mean, unhandsome, homely shrines. 
"The generality of the churches in Sussex," wrote Mr. 

* From an article on a meeting of the of Suffolk and Norfolk, -with their noble 

British Archaeological Association, in timber roofs, their beautiful seating, 

'The Times ' of August 30, 1878. and in many cases their richly and 

Compare Sir Gilbert Scott's Lectui-es on artistically coloured and embossed 

Mediaeval Architecture, i., 300, for at- screens; or you may follow the noble 

tractions in those chtu'ches belonging course of churches of Northamptonshire 

partly to a later age — " In the Eastern and Lincolnshire, with their charming 

Counties you may visit the fine churches towers and spires," &c. 



THE GENERAL CHARACTErv OF SUSSEX CIITJRCHES. 101 

Horsfield, " are rude and mis-shapen buildings ; humble 
indeed in their preteusions, and not seldom" — which was 
only too true in 1835 — " bearing the appearance of 
blameable regret." His text, I am sorry to tell you, was 
the dear old church of St. Nicholas, which you have been 
inspecting to-day. " Grenerally speaking," he says, in 
another work, " the churches are a disgrace to the 
county," where he makes a special exception for the church 
of Glynde.'^ Let us turn to another witness of a different 
kind. Mr. Street speaks as follows when addressing a 
Dublin audience, and with no necessity to pay compliments 
to the distant Sussex. He says : " You must not imagine 
that it is only in great abbeys and cathedrals that the age 
(of the 13th century) was so fertile. On the contrary, 
little village churches in all parts of the land illustrate 
the same possession of power on the part of the country 
architect or mason that we see in those who built the 
former." " I know no examples," he proceeds, 
*' more interesting than these, whether you take the 
Sussex village church, with its intensely simple lancet 
windows, its coved wooden roof, and its shingle spire, — ■ 
or whether the Northamptonshire churches, the pride 
of the whole country," which he goes on to describe. Mr. 
Stephens uses similar language, when he is speaking of 
that typical and most historic village church of Boshani : 
the " grey church with a high-pitched roof and somewhat 
massive tower, capped by a shingle spire." " The small 
village church,'' adds Mr. Street, is " the especial glory 
of England ;" and nowhere will you find it in more 
primitive perfection than among the downs or woodlands 
of this favoured shire.* 

If we are asked, then, What we can learn from the 
churches and other ecclesiastical buildings of Sussex ? I 
reply that they will teach and illustrate the origin and 

'History, &c., of Sussex, 1835, i., < Street, Architecture of the 13th Cen- 

141 ; History of Lewes, ii., 125. Even tury, Afternoon Lectures in Dublin, 4th 

Mr Hussey thought it necessary to apo- series, 1867, p. 14; Stephens, See of 

logise for the infei-iority of our churches, Chichester, p. 7. On the lessons to be 

to the better appreciation of which his learnt from English viHage churches in 

useful work contributed very largely. — general, compare Sir Gilbert Scott'a 

Churches of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, Lectures, i., 21, 123, 160, 193-1, 290.?. 
pp. 172-3. 



102 THE GENEKAL CFAEACTER OF SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

the development of Gothic architecture almost as clearly 
and completely as those of any district in Kngland. Thus, 
to refer only to a single period : Among the best and 
most instructive English specimens of the second transi- 
tion (early in the 14th century), Sir G. Scott enumerates 
from Sussex the Gateway of Battle Abbey, the Hall of 
May field, the Choir at Winchelsea, and the Lady Chapel 
at Chichester. (Lectures, i., 343.) 

There are many points of interest in the Ecclesiastical 
history of Sussex — the early seclusion of our county, the 
late date of its conversion to Christianity — three genera- 
tions later than that of the neighbouring kingdom of 
Kent ; the removal of the Bishopric, after some centuries, 
from Selsey to Chichester ; the coincidence in the bound- 
aries of Kingdom, Shire and Diocese, from the very earliest 
to the latest times ; the close relations which existed from 
very ancient days between the Diocese and the Archdiocese 
of Canterbury, which are recorded by the long chain of 
peculiars, formerly stretching right across the county, 
and in many cases connecting us, as at Mayfield and 
Mailing, with great names and events in the history of 
the archiepiscopal see ; the powerful religious houses at 
Lewes and Battle, with the numerous less prominent 
foundations at Michelham, Bayham, Robertsbridge, 
Wilmington, and other places ; the occasional con- 
nexion of our Ecclesiastical establishmeuts with religious 
houses across the Channel. But it is often ouly through 
the medium of scattered and comparatively insignificant 
ruins, that we can spell out the records of a great historic 
past. Moreover, Sussex has suffered many things at the 
hands both of man and of Nature. Her churches have 
been sometimes burnt by the Frenchman, sometimes 
swallowed up by the sea. You will look in vain for the 
remains of the original foundation at Selsey, or the older 
parishes of Hastings; and it has been thought, that you 
cun still trace the scorching of the hostile flames on the 
stones of the churches of Rye and Rottingdean.'' In the 
large towns their very novelty tells against us. There 
could be few old churches where there was scarcely 

* Hussey, Chnrches of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, p. 877. 



THE GENERAL CHAKACTER OF SUSSEX CHUUCHES. 103 

any ancient population ; and hence a town like Brighton 
affords but a barren field for the antiquary, as compared 
with even the smallest of our oldest cities. But, in spite 
of all these qualifications and drawbacks, I venture to 
maintain that, by the number of ancient examples which 
the county still can furnish, by the curious complexity of 
some of its churches, and the primitive simplicity retained 
by others, Sussex is almost as good a training school for 
ecclesiastical architecture as any county in the land. 

I will not now detain you with the more obvious proofs 
which we could gather from our more important churches 
— such as the Cathedral, or the Great Church at Rye, or 
the noble fragments of other large structures which we still 
possess at Winchelsea, New Shoreham, and Boxgrove. 
The excellent monographs of Professor Willis, Mr. Petit, 
and Mr. Sharpe ^ would enable you to trace out minutely, 
from one style to another, the successive stages in the 
erection of three of these fabrics — the Cathedral, Box- 
grove, and New Shoreham. I can attain my present 
object better by presenting you with a few less con- 
spicuous examples, by the help of which I shall hope 
to arouse your interest in our Ecclesiastical inheritance, 
and lead you to assist us in both watching and working 
for the preservation of the sacred relics of the past. 

I will take my first instances from cases where the 
architectural interest is mainly concentrated on a single 
style. There are many fragments of primitive construc- 
tion to be found in other Sussex Churches ; but we have 
two examples especially, those of Sompting and Worth, 
where the tower of the one, and the walls and ground- 
plan of the other, are specially instructive relics of that 
archaic style which preceded, and slightly overlapped, 
the date of the Conquest — what people call the Anglo- 
Saxon, or the primitive Romanesque, or, at all events, 
the Prse-Norman architecture. Both these churches will 
show you good specimens of the long-and-short work, and 
the timber-like, flat pilasters, and the small, ancient 

* Published in one volume by Mason, the Sussex Archaeological Collections. 

Chichester, 1861, 4to. Many papers of Mr Hussey's work is excellent as far as 

great value on other important churches it goes ; but a new and enlarged edition 

are scattered through the volumes of is greatly needed. 



104 THE GENERAL OHAEACTER OF SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

windows, and the masonry of a rude and primitive char- 
acter, which passed out of use under the influence of the 
wealthier and more ambitious Norman builders. 

At Sompting, besides a number of instructive details, 
and excellent examples of both pilasters and long-and- 
short work, the tower has the advantaoce of retaining the 
original top, each side ending in a gable, and the gables 
being roofed together in a point above, like the churches 
we have so often seen upon the Rhine. ^ 

The church of Worth may detain us a few moments 
longer, if it were only to renew the protest which was 
made by this Society, at its meeting in 1870, against the 
misrepresentations by which its restorers had been then 
assailed." 

I am sorry to observe that the author of Mr. Murray's 
valuable handbook for Sussex tells us that "Worth Church 
was "subjected to a destructive restoration in 1870."^ 
A remark of this kind, the mere echo of a charge which 
has been thoroughly refuted, occurring in a popular book 
of considerable circulation and real utility, is enough to 
arouse a keen sense of injustice. If any one is still 
unconvinced, let him take the train to Three Bridges on 
his first leisure morning (Worth Church is little more 
than a mile from the station) ; let him carry with him 
the eighth volume of the Sussex Archaeological Collec- 
tions, and compare Mr. Walford's excellent article on the 
church, as he saw it in ] 855, with the structure as he 
now will find it.^*' Mr. Walford had to make out his 
description under difficulties — to feel his way to uncer- 
tain conclusions through the boards of pews, through 
thick layers of whitewash and plaster, through brick- 
kilns of buttresses, through the accumulated abomina- 
tions of ages of neglect and ignorance. I have seen other 

^ Sompting Tower has been fre- of Oct. 6, 1870) that this repair had ' 

quently engraved and described. Snffi- been conducted in a judicious manner, 

cient details may be found in Rick- and with a due regard to the preserva- 

man's Styles of Architecture, 5th ed., tion of the ancient characteristics of 

appendix, pp. sxvi-ix ; Parker's Glos- the edifice." 

gary, pp. 406-7, and plate 210 ; Sir G. » Handbook for Travellers in Sussex, 

fccott's Lectures, ii., 53-6. 1877, p. 28. 

8 See the Report of 1871, in xxiii., '"viit., S.A.C, 235-249. Details of 

S.A.C., " It was the unanimous opinion Worth Church may also be found in Sir 

of the members present (at the meeting G. Scott's Lectures, ii., 19, 37, 38, 44-46. 



THE GENERAL CHAR/VCTER OP SUSSEX CHURCHES. 105 

I 

'accounts, wliicli complained of the low, depressed ceil- 
ing, the atmosphere of decay, and the mildewed and the 
mouldering walls. The present state of the charch you may 
learn from your own inspection. I will only repeat what 
was urged at the time,^^ that " the original foundations 
have never been in the slightest degree disturbed — the 
igreater part of the old walls still remain, and, in the parts 
;that have been rebuilt, the old stone-work has been care- 
fully and jealously utilized." The old wooden tower, 
which Sir Gilbert Scott was disposed to regrot,^^ appears 
to have been simply the late erection of a dovecote-like 
belfry, on the top of the north transept, supported by 
ifour trunks of chestnut trees, which intruded on the area 
of the church ; and this " wooden structure was partly 
rotten." Some singularly curious features of the original 
fabric were actually disentombed from the walls. In a 
word, instead of being destroyed, the church was rescued 
from destruction — from the crushing effects of pews, 
and intrusive windows and doors, and clumsy piles of 
alien masonry. It is now an excellent example of the 
way, in which a regard for the requirements of the living 
can be combined with the utmost care and reverence to 
preserve the substance of the workmanship of a long- 
departed age. 

But let us next pass to cases where a village church 
can be made a sorb of Primer of architecture, because its 
walls have been altered and amended in the style of each 
succeeding age in turn. There is Bosham, for example ; 
I have already referred to it. The little village round 
that church, as Mr. Stephens says, " was connected with 
important, sometimes tragical, events in the reigns of 
Cnut and Eadward the Confessor, and in the lives of Earl 
Godwine and Harold. It is one of the four or five places 
which alone are marked in the oldest maps of Sussex. 
It is depicted in the Bayeux tapestry as the place whence 

11 In contemporary reports of the Anglo-Saxons nearly always built of 

restoration and re-opening, for the use timber, and their successors in af ter- 

of which I have been indebted to the times of stone," that at Worth was 

Rector of Worth, the Rev. G. W. Banks. found " a timber tower of the 15th 

1^ Lectures, ii., 46, note. In his text century added to the stone church of 

he notes it " as a curious commentai'y Saxon date.'' 
on the fashionable opinion that the 

XXX. r 



106 THE GENERAL CHARACTER OF SUSSKX CHURCHES. 

Harold embarked on tlie ill-fated voyage wliicli ended in 
his wreck on tlie coast of Normandy and his detention at 
the court of William." But centuries before the days of 
King Cnut and King Harold, "it demands our attention 
as the one spot where Christianity had a home, when all 
the rest of Sussex was wrapped in heathen barbarity and 
ignorance."^^ My excellent friend, the present Vicar of 
Boshara, has given reasons for believing that his church 
stands on the site of a Roman Basilica : bases un- 
doubtedly Roman have been discovered at the foot of the 
piers of the chancel arch ; " the remains of a Saxoa 
window may be seen in the north wall ;" and other 
traces of an Early Saxon church may be found in various 
portions of the fabric. An Early English character was 
given to the church at the end of the 12th century, by 
Bishop Warlewast, of Exeter, who lengthened the chancel, 
added north and south aisles, and introduced Early 
English windows." A church like this reminds us of a 
Palimpsest, in which one style has crossed out and 
obliterated another, till modern skill has read the riddle, 
and re-interpreted the stratified records of the past. 

Now traverse the county from the west to the east, 
and let us go to Battle, that fairest of historic scenes. 
Gaze, if you have the opportunity — I have enjoyed it 
myself to the utmost through the happy spring holidays , 
of the last three years — gaze across the pleasant land* I 
scape which was once the field of flight and disaster, 
crowded by Saxon fugitives through the night of sorrow, 
when the English standard had gone down before the 
Norman host. Visit the groups of buildings which still 
crown the summit of that memorable hill. Analyze care- 
fully the well-restored St. Mary's church at Battle. You 
will find a Norman arch built into the south wall near 
the chancel, looking like part of the preparation for a 
central tower, which was not erected. The nave is later 
Norman. The clerestory is Early English; there is some 
beautiful Early English arcading in the chancel. The 

'^ See of Chichester, pp. 7, 8 ; compare Mitchell is now disposed to substitute 
p. (J3. the vrord "Saxon" for "Norman" in 

'* xviii., S.A.C., 3, &c. I find that Mr, some sentences of that account. 



THE GENEEAL CHARACTEE OF SUSSEX CHUECHES. 107 

Bortli aisle is Perpendicular. The west door is Early 
Englisb, beneath the inevitable Perpendicular west win- 
dow o£ the late tower. 

Then pass on, if you will, from Battle to Rye, and 
study the same stages in their unrestored form. I think 
you will scarcely hesitate to join me in the conviction, 
that if the same care is used at Rye which Mr. Butter- 
worth bestowed on Battle, there is no reason to look with 
dread on the much-needed restoration. 

And here let me digress a little to say a few more words 
to our friends the Anti-Restorationists, who seem to suspect 
us of looking at our old churches in a destructive spirit, 
like that in which Mr. Nathaniel Hawthorne maintained, 
that all old towns would be much the better for an occa- 
sional burning.^^ I may take as my text a very interesting 
book by Mr. L. J. Jennings, " Field Paths & Green Lanes, 
being Country Walks, chiefly in Surrey and Sussex." It is 
an excellent example of the way in which good taste and 
common sense will prevail over mere theory. I gather 
from the book that Mr. Jennings would in theory declare 
himself an earnest Anti-Restorationist. He "fled in 
horror from the scene " of the commencement of the 
works at Westham Church, as if you could possibly repair 
an ancient building without a temporary removal of the 
fittings, and some interim confusion of mortar, scaffold- 
ing, and stones. He says that " the restorer has been at 
work " at Salehurst, and that " that work is of the worst 
kind." He " read with great sinking of the heart ' of 
the " sad news " of the restoration at Alfriston, and said 
that when he entered the church his " worst anticipa- 
tions were confirmed." He calls Lindfield church 
" another example of the mischief wrought by those 
architectural wreckers, the restorers," as if " the white- 
wash and plaster," which, he says, " have done their 
worst " there, were the favourite appliances of modern 
restoration.^^ In fact, this confusion between tlie 
methods of the present century and those ot the last 
meets us throughout his pleasant volume. He complains 
at Bexhill of the " heavy and clumsy galleries, and would 

'^TraBsformatioB, p. 258, ed. 1865. ^« Field Paths, &c., pp. 52, 60, 76, 105. 



108 THE GENEEAL CHARACTER OE SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

now, I suppose, complain still more loudly because tliey 
have been swept away. And yet on the other hand, he calls 
Hurstmonceux " a church which has been restored with 
reverence and care, and therefore looks the better rather 
than the worse for the process." He says that Godstone 
church (in Surrey) has been restored by Sir Gilbert 
Scott — " restored in the best sense of the word, not de- 
faced and ruined." He says that the church at Pens- 
hurst, in Kent, " has been wholly restored, but the 
wcrk was done with care, and, if the edifice has lost much 
of the look of antiquity, it has gained in durability, and 
will probably now stand for generations to come." He is 
delighted with the restorations of the great house at 
Penshurst, the famous historical home of the Sidneys, 
and he cries out loudly for the restoration of the church 
at Hever, and hopes that the Eector will succeed in get- 
ting subscriptions to effect it; "for otherwise," he says, 
•' the old church will come tumbling about his ears one 
of these days." ^^ Mr. Jennings turns out, in fact, to be 
a friend in disguise. His theory would induce him to 
ban the restorers, but his candour compels him to ' bless 
them altogether.' 

But, to return to our Sussex Churches, let me take a 
hint from Mr. Jennings, and recommend all of you, who 
are still young and strong, to make walking expeditions 
for yourselves, and study church architecture on the spot, 
from the examples which the county furnishes of every 
age. I will not trespass on the province of those who 
have guided you to-day to Ovingdean and Rottingdean, 
and, had the weather permitted, would have taken youto 
Telscombe. There are many other expeditions quite as 
interesting, which you could take without any long ab- 
sence from Brighton. A walk along the valley of the 
London Road northward will conduct you past the three 
village churches of Preston, Patcham, and Pyecombe, 
each with some points of interest ; and you can go on, 
past Clayton and Keymer, to the remarkable and in- 
structive church of Ditchling. From the Dyke you can 
drop down on the cruciform 14th century church of 

"Ibid., pp. 31, 56, 243, 267, 269, 264. 



THE GENERAL CHARACTER OF SUSSEX CHURCHES. 109 

Poynlngs, the Rector of which will, I am sure, be much 
obliged if you will help him to restore it. On the road 
to Shoreham you pass the ISTorman tower of Southwick, 
and at Shoreham itself there is a rich store of instruction 
in Norman and Early English to be drawn from the two 
Parish Churches. Or you can take the train to Three 
Bridges, as I recommended you before, and a short walk 
round will lead you to Worth, Crawley, and Tfield. Go 
thence a little further eastward, and you will find it a 
charming walk or drive, past West Hoathly, to the de- 
cidedly unrestored church of Horsted Keynes, with its 
memories of the low, sweet voice of Leighton. From 
thence, again, if you have two or three days to spare 
(for the distances are long), you can wander on, from 
church to church, through lovely broken forest land, till 
you emerge from the county at Tunbridge Wells, whence 
you can again turn southward and eastward, to find per- 
fect treasures of church architecture in that end of the 
county, including the late decorated church of Eching- 
ham, once *' among the noblest of baronial churches," '' 
down to Icklesham, and Rye, and Winchelsea. From 
thence the railway will bring you back to Brighton, past 
Hastings and Bexhill and Pevensey and Westham, with 
their ancient fortresses and churches, and their stirring 
reminiscences of invasions and wars. Another expedition 
could be made by taking the railway to Eastbourne to 
examine the old church there, and walking back over 
the Downs, where you will find many an old village 
church nestling in their combes, here and there one of 
liigher pretensions, like Alfriston or Seaford. From 
Seaford you can turn inland towards Lewes by the 
side of the Ouse, taking particular note of the beauti- 
fully-kept churchyard at East Blatchington and the tower 
at Bishopstone, and then pass across the river to in- 
spect the three round towers of Piddinghoe, Southease, 
and St. Michael's, Lewes— the rehcs of an economical 
antiquity. 

1 may add that there are plenty of collateral points of 
interest suggested by our Sussex Churches. The daugh- 

1* M. A. Lower, Compendious History of Sussex, i., 1G5. 



110 THE GENERAL CHARACTER OF SUSSEX CHURCnES. 

ters of kings repose at Bosliam and at Soutliover. The 
highest literary associations are connected with the 
churches of Horsted Keynes and Fletching, through the 
graves of Archbishop Leighton and Gibbon. Many a 
pilgrimage has been made to the last resting-places of 
Archdeacon Hare at Hurstmonceux and Bishop Wilber- 
force at Lavington. There are many remarkable monu- 
ments to be noted, like those of the Jefferays at Chid- 
dingly, of the Shurleys at Isfield, of the Gages at Firle, 
of the Alards at Winchelsea, of the Dacres at Hurstmon- 
ceux, and of the Dorsets at Withyham. You will often 
meet with good brasses also. The best of them is one at 
Cowfold, which belongs to Lewes ; '^ but we cannot 
grudge it to our friends at Cowfold, wdio have repaired 
it (a most delicate and difficult task) with care and skill. 
The iron slabs in many churches record the most im- 
portant of the ancient industries of Sussex. The oldest 
is at Burwash ; -° the most numerous, if I remember 
right, at Wadliurst. Yon will also be rewarded for 
careful observation by finding many an ancient font and 
piscina and screen, and many relics of old painted glass 
and carved woodwork — the latter sometimes with the 
purest linen pattern, and sometimes belonging to the 
Jacobean age. 

But it is high time that I should bring these re- 
marks to a close. Let me finish them by urging 
you to join us in the work of studying our old churches 
with a view to their better preservation. And, if I 
might venture to give a word of advice to those who 
will be called on to deal with church restoration when 
we have passed aw^ay, I would earnestly beg them to 
prepare themselves for the duty by acquiring accurate 

19 That of Thomas Nelond, Prior of slab "" is now nailed up in an ont-of- 
St. Pancras, Lewes, who died in 1433. the-way corner, like a bat to a barn- 
See a paper on Sussex brasses by the door." (Field Paths, &c., p. 47.) Ou 
late Mr. Turner, in xxiii., S.A.C., 129. the other hand, Mr. M. A. Lower had 
On the Cowfold brass, see p. 151. complained, more justly, that the in- 

20 With the inscription in rude ancient scription had been "much injured by 
characters, " Orate p. annema Jhone long exposure to the attrition of human 
Colline," XXT., S.A.C., 112. See it en- feet" (ii., S.A.C., 178), which is surely a 
graved in ii., S.A.C., 178, a^ndin Boutell's sufficient justification for those who have 
Christian Monuments, p. 105. Mr. Jen- removed it from the floor to the wall, 
nings complains that this "forlorn old 



THE GENERA-L CHARACTER OF SUSSEX CHURCHES. Ill 

and discriminating knowledge. Above all tilings, avoid 
the dangers of Aa //-knowledge, and the conceit by which 
it is too frequently accompanied. The uncertain cross- 
lights of partial knowledge are often more perilous and 
misleading than the honest darkness of ignorance. Do 
not criticize, and do not seek to interfere, till you have 
learnt to know, and have acquired the right to judo-e ; 
and let reverence be always present as the sister of 
knowledge. And do not suppose that general rules 
are equally applicable to all special cases. It may be 
wrong to destroy a late Perpendicular window; but it 
may be jnore wrong to restore it exactly as it stood, if its 
m.ullions are all decayed and wasted, and if you find 
genuine fragments and traces of an older window em- 
bedded in some neighbouring wall. It is a grave error, 
however, to obliterate any stages in the real architec- 
tural history of a building. Make it your principle, then, 
neither to destroy any genuine, honest work that can 
be retained without public detriment, nor to try to 
impose a crude, raw novelty by mending some time- 
worn form of interest and beauty. In short, rever- 
ence for ancient work, and modesty in repairing it, 
are the plain and simple rules that would protect you 
from any serious error in completing the restoration of our 
Sussex Churches. 



I 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMMITTEE OF PLUX- 
DEEED MINISTERS RELATING TO SUSSEX. 



By FREDERICK ERNEST SAWYER, Esq., F.M.S. 



So mucli has been written and said about the ministers 
ejected in 1662 for Nonconformity, that many imagine 
they were the only persons who suffered during the 
troublous times in the 17th century. 

Amongst the manuscripts in the British Museum 
Library, are three minute books, containing the " Pro- 
ceedings of the Committee of Plundred Ministers," 
from 1645 to 1647, which throw considerable light on 
the persecutions of the clergy by the Puritans. 

I propose to collect and explain all the references to 
Sussex Clergy and Parishes contained in these minute 
books, but before doing so it is necessary briefly to show 
how the proceedings originated. 

On Sept. 1st, 1 642, the Long Parliament resolved 
" That the government of the Church of England by 
archbishops bishops &c, is a great impediment to refor- 
mation &c, and prejudicial to the state &c, of the king- 
dom &c, and that the same should be taken away."i 

Whilst this (or some other) bill affecting the Church 
was being debated, a witness was produced to prove 
that episcopacy was an enemy to parliaments and that 
" he heard a Doctor in Divinity in Sussex speak some 
words against the Parliament."^ 

The Parliament not long after, viz., on Dec. 7th, 1642, 

1 Add. MSS., 15669, 15G70, and 2 Svferings of the Clergy. John 

15671. Walker, p. 19. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 113 

appointed a Committee (afterwards from its duties named 
"the Committee of Plundred Ministers"), consisting of 
the following members : — " M"^ Sollicitor, S^ Gil. Gerard, 
M^ Prideaux, S^^' W^ Armyn, M' Holland, Mf Rous, S^^ 
Jo. Holland, and Ml" Cage."^ And to these were added on 
Nov. 19th, 1644 (amongst others) Mr. Selden, and Sir 
Harbottle Gritnston on May 15th, J 64<6. 

The duties of the Committee are expressed in the 
following resolution, which is given at the beginning of 
the first minute book : — 

" Die Sabbati vii December 1642 
Mr Sollicitor 

This Coniittee or any foure of them are to consider of tlie 
fittest way for the reliefe of such godly & well affected ministers as have 
been plundred & likewise to consider what malignant persons have bene- 
fices here in & about this towne whose livinges being sequestered there 
may others supply their cures & receive the pfitts & are to meete on 
Monday next at two of the clock in the Exchey^ Court." 

Another resolution extended their functions still 
further : 

" Die Jovis 27° July 1643 
Ordered by the Comons assembled in Parliam* that the Comittee for 
plundred Ministers shall nominate none to any parsonage or benefice but 
such as first shall be examined by the Assembly of Divines or any five 
of tiiem and approved of by Certificate under their handes And the 
assembly is desired to appoynt a Comittee to this purpose. Ordered that 
the Comittee for plundred Ministers shall have power to consider of the 
Informations against scandalous ministers though there be no malig- 
nancy pved against them and shall have power to put out such as are of 
scandalous life their scandalls being pved against them." (Add. 3fSiS., 
15669.) 

On Feb. 2nd, I64f , an Ordinance was passed directing 
the Solemn League and Covenant to be taken by every 
man above the age of 18 throughout the country, and on 
Jan. 3rd, 164| another Ordinance abolished the Prayer 

» " Mr. Sollicitor " (i.e., The Solicitor Mr. Cornelius nolland (King's judge), 

General) was Oliver St. John, member Aeic Windsor; Mr. Rous, Truro; Sir 

for Totnes. The other members sat John Holland, Bart., Castle Risinff ; Mr. 

for the following places :— Sir Gilbert Cage (dead 1G44), Tpsidc/i. See List of 

Geiard, BsLvt., Middlesex ; Mr Edmund Long Parliament, in Car^i/Ze's Life and 

Prideaux, Lyme Regis ; Sir Wm Armyn Letters of Oliver Cromwell, (1871, edit.) 
(one of the King's judges), Grantham; 

XXX. Q 



114 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTEES. 

Book, and by one on Aug. 11th, 1645, a Directory for 
Public Worship was established.* 

The " Committee of Plundred Ministers " had 
brancb committees in each county, and we find, that in 
Sussex committees sat at Lewes, Chichester, Battle, and 
Brarabletye. Walker says tlie local committees consisted 
of not more than 10 nor less than 5 persons, who each 
had five shillings a day for their attendance. They were 
"directed to take depositions of witnesses without the 
accused being present^ but if he desired it they were to let 
him have a copy of the accusations at his own charge P'^ 

Walker also states that " there was a report long 
current among persons of good credit in Sussex, that 
about one hundred of the clergy being brought to one 
of the seaports on that coast, were thence shipped off and 
never heard of afterwards (or at least the greater part 
of them) for which reason it was conjectured that they 
had been either sold or murdered.''^ 

With these quotations and explanations, I can resume 
the subject, and for convenience I give the Proceedings 
of the Committee relating to the various parishes in 
Sussex separately and alphabetically, the new numbers 
of the pages in the manuscripts being referred to. 

AlDING BOURNE. 

The first reference to this parish is contained in the j 
following letter (which explains itself), and a copy or; 
draft of which occurs in the minutes (15669, p. 43) : — 

" Gentlemen 

The Committee for Plundered Ministers have 
received a Peticon from Mr. Thompson from whom the i 
Vicarage of Aldingburne is sequestered together with a I 
certificate from you of his conformity' to the Parliamt. 
The Committee are inclined to shew him favor but as his 
case is for present can afford him little reliefe. If you 

* A Collection of Orders, ^'c, of Par- "> The Puritan ejectments seem from 
liament, printed by Edward Husband, this to have been for "political" non- 
1646, conformity. The ejectments in 16G2 

* SufferinQs of the Clergy, -p. 118. -nere for "religious" nonconformity. 

* 2b., p. 74. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDEEED MINISTEES. 115 

would iDqnire out any other place to well Mr. Goldsmith 
the present minister may be to his, I am confident Mr. 
Thompson will find that countenance from the Committee 
wch will both answeareyor desires and give him sufficient 
assurance that this his returne and submission shall be 
to his advantage 

jTor servnnt 
Martii 22. 1644 (I) [No signature]." 

To my honoured friends y® 
Coittee of Parliam* sittinof 
at Chichester ther psent." 

On April 5th, 1645, there is a resolution requesting 
" the Coittee for Sussex to find out another sequestered 
living for Mr. Thompson " (p. 51). Some time after this 
Mr. Tliompson seems to have supposed his sequestration 
was at end, and he accordingly took possession again, 
and turned out Goldsmith, as appears by an order on 
Nov. 29th, 1645, which, after reciting the sequestration 
from Daniel Thompson to "John Goldsmyth M"" of Artes," 
proceeds, " & ye sayd M."" Goldsmith hath this day com- 
playned that ye sayd M^ Thompson hath intruded him- 
selfe againe into ye sayd Vicarage & thereby outed againe 
the sayd My Goldsmyth." The former order is then con- 
firmed, and Mr. Thompson's removal is directed, and it 
is ordered " that all ptitts taken from ye sayd M'.' Gold- 
smyth by ye sayd iutriicon bee restored vnto ye sayd My 
Goldsmyth" (p. 216). Mr. Thompson still refused to 
remove, and on Dec. 13th the Committee ordered his 
" contempt be transmitted to the Comittee of Examiua- 
cons & that the Committee for the sd couutie be desired 
to remove Mf Thompson & see that quiet & peaceable 
possession be delivered " (p. 225). A few days later a 
peaceful solution of the difficulty was arrived at by Mr. 
Goldsmith's removal, and an Order of the Committee 
on Dec. 27th recites the sequestration, " & since upon ye 
sd M^ Thompson's conformity & a certificate from ye said 
Countie giveing a good report of ye sd M^ Thompson," 
and then referring to the letter (see cmte) the sequestra- 
tion and order confirming it are discharged, unless good 



116 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 

cause shown by Mr. Goldsmith by that day montb, and 
Mr. Thompson is referred "to the Assembly of Divines 
to examine his fitness for the place." 

John Goldsmith was probably transferred to Pulborough on the 
sequestration of Randolph Apsley. {See notes on *' Pulborough " 
post.) 

From the Burrell MSS.^ it appears that Allan Thompson was 
Vicar of Aldingburne in 1613, and was buried there on June 
lOth, 1634:. Daniel Thompson, A.B. (perhaps son to the former), 
was inducted on July 9th, 1634, & was buried there on March 
26, 1653. In " the Contrebution of the Clergy towards the repuir- 
inge of St. Paides Church in London,'^ in 1034 occurs, " Daniell 
Thompson, vicar of Aldingbourne, xs. (001. lOs. OOd.)"^ 

Battle. 

On Feb. 15th, 1641 the Committee reported that 
*' Whereas the vicarage of the Parish Church of Battell 
in the county of Sussex is and standeth sequestered to 
the use of John Rowlandson a godly and learned diviue 
who hath sithence left the same & is returned to his 
benefice from whence hee was before then driven by the 
forces raised against the parliamt," and appointed "Henry 
lisher M^ of Artes Minister of the Word," and granted 
the tithes, &c., to him. (15669, pp. 4 and 17). 

Fisher, in his turn, was attacked, for on Jan. 17th, 
] 641, upon his petition, some articles exhibited against 
him were referred " to the Comittee of Parlt sittinge in 
ye said Towne of Battell," and to hear his exceptions to 
the witnesses (15670, p. 8). On June 6th, L646, is an 
order for the Committee at Battle to call witnesses for 
the defence of Mr. Fisher, and to certify (p. J 01). Nothing 
further occurs. 

The Par. Reg. describes Henry Fisher as " Oliver Cromwell's 
Chaplain," and records the following: — ''■ Baptisms. Winifred 
daughter of Hy. Fisher Min^ of the Parish Oliver Cromwell's 
Chaplain July 18. 1G47 (buried Aug 29) : W™ son of Hy. 
Fisher Min': June 18. 1650: bam! son of dV Feb. 21.1651. 
Burials. W™ son of Hen. Fisher Min^ July 13. 1648."io Henry 
Fisher no doubt conformed in 1662, for we find that depositions 

« Add. MSS., 5699, pp. 286, 287. " Add. MSS., 5697, p. 1. 

" Sussex Daily News, Oct. 17th, 1876. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 117 

were taken at Battle on 28 Apr., 16 Chas. 11. (1665), in an action 
between " Henry Fisher, Clerk, Plaintiff and W? Bigg & Joseph 
Bishop, Defendants." The subject of the action being the tithes 
of Battle, and in another action between the same parties, depo- 
sitions were taken on 15 Nov. 19 Chas. II. (1668). ^^ 

It is not improbable that Fisher subsequently became Vicar of 
Hooe and Wartling, as we find that a Henry Fisher was inducted 
to the former living in 1663. The Par, Reg. of Wartling 
records, " Burials. Hen. Fisher Vicar of Wartling 11 yrs. 
7 mos & Hoo for 17 yrs. Sep 8. 1680."i2 

Bexhill. 

On Feb. 4th, ] 641 the Committee " ordered that the 
Eectory of Bexhill in the county of Sussex be sequestered 
from JohnNutt" (15669, p. 12); but " the vote was 
suspended notwithstanding Mr. Nutt's default in appear- 
ance " at that sitting, and he was allowed to appear on 
Feb. 20th, " but on being called did not appear and the 
sequestration was confirmed (p. 16). Another resolution 
on the same day recites, " the sequestration from John 
Nutt for hee liveth wholy nonresident to the church and 
in his absence substituted to officiate for him scandalous 
and unworthy curates," confirmed the sequestration, and 
sequestered the living "to the use of John Harrison Mr 
of Artes a godly and orthodox divine." 

An order on June 14th recites the sequestration from 
Nutt to Harrison, and orders the said John Nutt and his 
late curate & others to deliver up to Mr. Harrison forth- 
with " all Register bookes composicon books tithing 
books & all other writings &c. belonging to the Rectorie" 
(p. 91). On July 6th the Committee appointed to take 
into consideration a petition from Mr. Nutt " on the last 
day of July " (p. 105). It does not appear what was 
done further. 

Burrell gives the following names as Vicars of BexhilP^ : — 
Jn. Nutt, B.D. 1620 (July 4j, died Dec, 1656.1* 
Thos. Smith. 1641 and 1644. 
Jn. Harrison, B.D. Ind. 1645. 
Thomas Delves. 1658. 

11 40th Report of Deputy Keeper of '^ Add. MSS., 5697, pp. H4, 145, 248. 

Public Records (1879), app. pp. 128 aud '' ll>., 5(597, p. 31. 

160. ' lb. p. 30. 



118 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 

The Par. Reg. gives the folloTving particulars : — " Baptisms. 
Eliz*> d. of M^ John Harrison March 4. 1648 : Dorothy d. of 
D° Nov. 3. 1650: Susanna d. of D" Feb 26. 1658 : John s. of 
D" Sep 2, 1662, Marriage. Jn Harrison B.D. and Mercy 
Taylor Apl 14. 1661. Burials. John s. of John Harrison 
Nov 1. 1653 . . . . s. ofd" Nov. 7. 1650 : Dorothy d. of d° Dec 
9. 1650 : Sus? d. of d« Apl 4. 1659 : Eliz*?' wife of d° Feb 26. 
1658.15 John Nutt was also Rector of Berwick (1618 to 1053), 
and his pedigree has been given in a previous volume.^^ 

How Thos. Smith can have been Vicar does not appear very 
clear; periiaps he was the "scandalous and unworthy curate." 
The order of June 14th, 1645, would rather confirm this view. 

Walker says — " John Nut. Prebend of Ferring. He died 
under the Usurpation. There was one ii»' Nut, a Clergyman who 
suj)ported M^ Wiltshaw, the Sequestered Eector of Eusper in 
this County and suffered i^ery severely for it. That same M."" Nut 
is also said to have lost Two Livings, which tis probable enough 
might be in this Countj but qiiwre. 1 take him to have been the 
same person with XhxaPrebendaru. However 5?/(pr^ that also."^^ 
There can be no doubt, however, that this John Nutt was the 
person alluded to, especially as in " The Contrehution of the 
Clergie ^c towards the repairinge of S*. Paiiles Chaixh" in 
1634, occurs " John Nutt vicar of Bexhill and parson of Ber- 
wicke £01 00 00 " {Sussex Daily News, Oct. 17, 1876). 



East BbATcniNGioN. 

The Committee on March 11th 1641, appointed " the 
cause agst Nicholas Pope for 10'" April" (15669, p. 33), 
and on April 5th (? lOth) L645, " It is ordered that the 
cause appointed to be heard this day concerning Mr Pope 
Minister of Bletchingdon in the county of Sussex be 
adiourned till the two and tweutieth day of May next." 
On May 3rd, " The peticon of Nicholas Pope Minister of 
Bletchingdon Sussex was read thereby desiring a copy 
of the exaicons agt him but in regard he was put at y® 
taking y* sd exaicons this coittee considering of the 
same" (p. 66). Successive adjournments of the case 
took place from May 22nd to June 17th, July 10th, 
and Aug. 28tli, 1645, and on the latter day it was 
" ordered that the cause concerning Mr. Pope of Blet- 

" Query 1653, see vi. S.A C, p. 22.3. of the Clergy, Ji-c,in. the Grand RobeUion." 

" Ti. S.A.C., p. 238. John Walker, London, 1714, Vol. ii., p. 

" An attempt towards recovering I'd, 
an account oj the yumbers and Suffei'ings 



COJIMIT'IEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 119 

chingdon in the county of Sussex be sine die for that tlie 
parties on neither side doe attend the Coittee herein " 
(p. 149). On Sept. 18tli it was appointed for Oct. 21st, 
and on that day for Nov. 13th (pp. 180 and 195), bat 
nothing further appears in the minute books. 

The proceedings against Mr. Pope seem to have been con- 
ducted with very little energy, and probably fell through, especially 
as Burrell does not mention any other Vicar until after the deatli 
of Nicholas Pope, (on Oct. 15tli 1661), when John Saxby was 
inducted on Feb. 12th, 166i.i^ (See notes as to Saxby /)os^ under 
Seaford). Nicholas Pope was also Vicar of Folkiiigton (Fulk- 
ington).i3 The following is the inscription on his gravestone at 
Blntchington : — 

" Here lyeth the body of Nicliolas Pope, Rector of Blatching- 
ton Sone of Ralf Pope of Hendall, in the Parish of Bucksted 
Esquier who died the 15 daye of October 1661 buried the 20tli 
being 69 years old." The Par. Reg. of -Blatchington records — 
" Baptisms. Anthony s. of Nic?Poj)e May 29. 1634: John s. of 
d? Sep 4. 1636 : Mary d. of d" Feb 6. 1638.' 20 

In " The Contrebitt ion of the Clerrjy for repairing St. Paules.'^"^ 
occurs " Nicholas Pope, parson of Blatchington and vicar of 
Ffokington, 00 10 00." 



Eastbourne. 

On Feb. 25th, 164f, the Committee appointed " The 
cause agst M!" Graves for 3^^ April" (15669, p. 19) and on 
April 5^^ 1645 they ordered " Mf Grraves should have a 
further day forbearing on 1^* May " (p. 55). The case 
was probably not heard then, for on Sept. 21st, it was 
appointed for 16th Oct. (p. 180), but nothing was done 
until May 26th, 1 646, when the Committee resolved that 
"the exaicons" of witnesses transmitted were "in 
generall only wthout any pticuler whereby to enable this 
Comitee iudiciallie to proceed in the sd cause," and 
referred the case back to the Committee sitting at Lewes, 
" to take the particuler sayings of the witnesses on both 
sides " (15670, p. 91). No further resolution appears 
in the Minute Books. 

'« Add. MSS., 5697 p. 340. ^o jj.^p. 337 and 339. 

" lb. p. 404. '' See note 9, Aldingbourne, ante. 



120 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTKRS. 

It is probable that the proceedings fell through or were aban- 
doned as we find by the Burrell MSS. that James Graves, Vicar 
of Eastbourne (ind. 22 8ep., 1638), was buried there on the 6th 
Jan., 164|-, and John Bolt was inducted on May 2oth, 1648.22 
John Bolt's (also spelt Boulte) 26<A child was baptized in 1651.-3 
and the Par. Reg. records his marriage on Sep. 9th, 1658, to 
" M" Cicely Forde of S*. Saviour's Southwark." There is, there- 
fore, little doubt that he may be identified with the John Bolt^'* (qu. 
Vicar of Brighton) buried at Brighton Nov. 7th, 1669, who was 
" blessed with 29 children by two wives ! "^^ 

HORSTED PaRVA. 

The following curious order occurs on May 24tb,; 
1545; — «< This Coittee have taken into consideracon the' 
cause transmitted from the Coittee of Parliamt for the 
county of Sussex why the wife of M^ Peckham from 
whom the Vicarage of Horstede Parva in the said County 
is sequestered should not have a S**" pt"^ for her main- 
tenance & for that it appeareth that she hath contemned 
the said sequestracon by keeping possession of the house 
till she was from thence expelled & that during her said 
continuance she hath comitted much wilfull spoyle upon 
the said house & for that the said living is but small & 
the said M^ Peckham doth practice Phisick & farmeth 
Lands worth 18Z a yeare & the said living is of itself o 
small this Coittee thinke fit that the said living be dis- 
charged from the said fifth part & M"". Bigge to whom the 
same is sequestered is hereby discharged from the pay- 
ment thereof." (15669, p. 79.) 

Burrell gives the following names as the Vicars of Horsted 
Parva^^ : — 

'• Jn Peckham, Ind. 1622—1643. 
Joseph Biggs, Ind. 1643. Bur. 4 Feb., 1660. 
Nehemiah Beaton, Ind. 166 — , ejected 1661 " [must be 
1662]. 

a Add. MSS., 5697, pp. 380 and 391. allow one-fifth to the family of the 

'3 IV. S.A.C., 266, 267. ejected minister, on condition that he 

** See notes under Kingston -near- mnst deliver up possession, and an 

Lewes, post. angry word from his wife or children 

^^ XX [X. S.A.C., 206. was held contrary to this and fatal to 

** Walker says, "An Ordinance of Par- their claim." — Sufferings of the Clergy, 

liament on the 19th Aug., 1643, gave p. 175. 

power to the sequesti'ating committee to " Add. MSS., 5698, pp. 499 and 500. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDEEED MINISTERS. 121 

Tho Par. Reg. gives the following particulars : — Baptisms. 
" Saml s. of Joseph Biggs Rector June 16. 1644: Geo s. of d? 
Jan 10. 1647: Benj-? s. of d? Apl 21. 1650: Martha d. of 
Nehemiah Beaton, rector Sep 24. 1662. Burial. Mr Joseph 
Biggs Rector Feb 4. 1660." 

John Peckham is described in a previous volume as " abase and 
licentious man. "28 Nehemiah Beaton (son of John Beaton, Vicar 
of Rye, and brother of John Beaton Vicar of Kirdford (see 
XIV. S. A. C, p. 275), was ejected in 1662 for Nonconformity, and 
was received into the family of Col. Herbert Morley, at Glynde, 
where he died and was buried in Glynde church in 1663.29 

John Peckham was one of the " Century of Malignant Priests " 
whose livings were sequestered by the House of Commons in the 
autumn of 1643. Colonel John White thus describes him in 
" The Century " (p. llf^ :— " 25. The Benefice of John Peckham, 
Rector of the Parish Church of Hosteede Parva, in the county 
of Sussex, who giveth out that he is the Kings Chaplaine, is 
sequestred, for that he hath been very negligent in his cure, 
absenting himselfe from his Parishioners, sometimes a whole 
Month together, without leaving any to Officiate for him, and 
hath refused to administer the Lord's Supper to those of his 
Parish that would not come up to the Railes, and is a common 
drunkard, and notorious adulterer and uncleane person, (here 
follow some details unfit for publication), and hath expressed great 
malignity against the Parliament, and proceedings thereof, and 
hath affirmed publikely, that a man might live in murther, adultery 
and other grosse sinnes from day to day, and yet be a true penitent 
person^ 



HUESTPIERPOINT. 

The following order occurs on Feb. 18th, 164* : — 
" This Comitee doe appoynt to Consider of the cause 
depending before them against Df Swaile rector of Hurst 
in the county of Sussex on the 13*^ day of March next 
when the said Dr is to have convenient notice to the end 
that he may attend this Comitee herein & he hath liberty 
in the raeane time to consider whether he will take the 
vow & covenant & solemne league and covenant & to 
give this Comitee his answere herein by the said daye" 
(15669, p. 15). Dr. Swale no doubt refused, and on 
March 13th they " Resolved uppon the question by the 

** XXI. S. A. C, p. 195. 3° Ordered (on 17th Nov. 1643) by the 

*' Nonconformist Memorial. Calamy, House of Commous to be printed, 
vol. iii. 

XXX. B, 



122 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 

Comitee that Christoplier Swaile Doctor in Divinity be 
forthwtli sequestered of and from the rectory of Hurst 
and all his spirituall promocons''^ in the county of Sussex " 
(p. 32). On the 18th " Morgan Haine Minister of the 
word," was recommended to the Assembly of Divines 
for examination and to have the livinsf (p. 35), and the 
resolution was repeated on the 27th (p. 43), but rescinded 
on the 29th, when "It is ordered that in regard Mf 
Morgan Haine minister of the word is consented freely to 
relinquish all clayme to the rectory of Hurst in Sussex 
under sequestracon for that there is another minister who 
hath officiated there & is generally desired. The said Mf 
Haine shall be speedily pvided for by this Coittee " 
(p. 49). The other minister was Humphrey Streete, 
who, on April 12th, 1645, was recommended to the 
Assembly, &c., and to have the living (p. 53). The 
Committee probably thought it necessary to prepare a 
formal indictment or judgment on Dr. Swale (as he was a 
man of eminence), and thereby to justify his expulsion 
from the living, and accordingly they resolved, on April 
12th, 1645, that "Whereas Christopher Swaile Doctor 
in Divinity Rector of the Parish Church of Hurst in the 
county of Sussex is a continual practiser of the late 
superstitious simulacon (?) of bowing at the name of 
Jesus pressing in his subject the observacon thereof 
uppon paine of damnacon maintaining the practice thereof 
by argument & caused the booke of liberty of pphanacon 
of the Lordes day to be published in his church highly 
extolling the same and declared his opinion of the law- 
fullness of playing the sd day before and after evening 
prayer & hath in his sermons reproved keeping private 
dayes of humihacon inveighing against such as kept 
them and hath much neglected the observacon of the 
monthly fast & hath publikely dissuaded his parishon" 
from taking up of armes affirmeing they must beare what 
ever their Sovraigne please to lay uppon them though to 
the death And hath said that the Parliamtis noe Parliamt 
And hath refused to publish the order of the House of 

" This order seems to have sequestered Dr. Swale from the living of Westbourne. 

See j/ost. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDEEED MINISTERS. 123 

Commons agt bowing at the name of Jesus saying before 
his parish it came but from the house of Commons & that 
it was illegall and other orders of Parliamt laughing at 
such as read them and hath endeavoured by Ires and 
otherwise to take of divers from their adhering to & 
assisting the Parliamt and hath otherwise expressed great 
malignancy agt the Parliamt and it was therefore ordered 
the thirteenth day of March last, &c." Then follows a 
sequestration of the living to the use of Humphrey 
Streete (p. 55). 

Street (or Streete) appears to have had but little (if 
any) enjoyment of the living, for the patron made another 
presentation, and on Nov. 8th, 1645, there is an order 
" that Leonard Lichfield Rector of Hurst " be summoned 
to answer articles exhibited against him (p. 203). On 
April 23rd, 1646, the cause was appointed for " Tuesday 
next" (15670, p. 70), and accordingly on April 28th, 
on consideration of the report of the Sussex Committee 
" in the case of Mr Lichford, who claimed the Rectory by 
virtue of a presentation," and was kept out by James 
Mathew and Thomas Butcher, the Committee referred 
the parties to law, but continued Mr. Lichfield {lb., p. 
77). The parishioners who had "desired" Mr. Streete 
probably supported him, for the order was not obeyed, 
and the Committee on Aug. 6th, on consideration of the 
contempt of Mr. Street, J. Mathew, and Thos. Leney, 
ordered each of them to pay £3 costs (p. 17 L). They 
were moved on Aug. 13th to leave the matter entirely to 
law, but refused and confirmed the last order (p. 180). 
Matters continued unsettled, and on Sept. 16fch, on com- 
plaint made, "M!" Street minister of y* word," and the 
others were ordered to attend on Oct. 15th, but nothing 
further is recorded. 

A biographical notice of Dr. Swale (who was also vicar of 
Westbourne), has already appeared in our "Collections" (Vol. 
XXII., p. 103). He died Sept. 7th, 1445. The inscription on his 
monument (in Hurst Church) is given in the Burrell Add. 
MSS., 5698, p. 121. Sir Wm. Burrell mentions Leonard Litch- 
ford as vicar in 1644. 

Leonard Letchford seems to have vigorously persecuted the 



124 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 

Quakers (or Friends), as the following interesting extracts from 

their records show : — 

"1658. William Ashfold, of Hurstprpoint, for two pounds 
demanded for Tithes by Leonard Letcbford, priest of ye Same, 
by order from Herbert Morley and Eichard Boughton, Magis- 
trates, bad allso taken from him [tbis was no doubt for tithes] 
one Cow worth foure pounds & tenn shillings." A meeting 
being held on 28th March, 1662, at Hurst, at which Ambrose 
Rigge, Nicholas Beard. James Mathew [qu. the same as re- 
ferred to in the order of Aug. 6tb, 1646, above], and others 
were present, " at the instigation of Leonard Letcbford the 
hireling priest of Hurstprpoint who stirred up the said Rulers 
to persecute the Liocent," they were taken before Walter 
Burrell and other magistrates and committed to Horsham 
goal," Letcbford gave evidence against theai at the Quarter 
Sessions, and all except Rigge were convicted. In 1666 Mary 
Rigge suffered bitterly from the persecutions of Letcbford, 
who is described as " a Ravening Woolf." Ont Tlie twenty 
eighth Day of the Ninth mouth of yeare 1673, Thomas Heryott 
of Hurstprpoint and John Grover of the Same, were Served 
with a Supeona to appeare before the Barrons of tbe Exchequer, 
to answer Leonard Letcbford, Priest of the aforesaid parish, 
because for conscience sake They could not give him Tithes, 
and they did appeare accordingly — and Soone after tbis the 
said Leonard Letcbford went to bed in health, but was found 
dead in the morning, and Soe Ended that wicked persecutor, 
who was a constant persecutor of the people of God, not onely 
for the Tithe web he claimed of them but allso Tooke all other 
occasions to Stirr vp persecution against them, and wrott a 
very falce and Lying Pampbelet against them Stuffed full of 
Gross abuses, to Render them as vnfitting to Live vpon the 
Earth, which was answered by Ambrose Rigge."^^ 

Kingston-near-Lewes. 

An Order of the Committee od May 24th, 1645, recites 
that the Vicarage of Kingston was "sequestered from 
Henry Shephearde, Vicar thereof for drunknesse & 
other misdemeanours," and sequestered it "to the use 
of John Melvin a godly & orthodox divine and he is 
hereby required to officiate the cure of the said Church 
as Vicar & preach diligently to the pishoners of the said 
pish in the said church scut in Hwst." (15669, p. 82). 

^^ Ms. Records of the Society of kindness of Marriage Wallis, Esq., for 
Friends, Friends^ Sufferings, pp. 26, 74. pi-ocuring him access to these curious 
110. The writer is indebted to the and interesting documents. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 125 

Burrell gives the name of '' Hen Shepperde " as Vicar of 
Kingston in 1639.33 A letter (in "Walker's MSS.") from the 
Rev, Richard Owen^^ to Walker, and dated from Iford on May 23, 
1716, gives a very different version of Mr. Shepheard's seques- 
tration, and says, " The offence for wch M^ Henry Shepherd was 
ejected out of King's Sutton [Kingston] juxta Lewes now united 
to Iford was only this as I am credibly informed. On Saturday 
evening he bought a shoulder of mutton for the next day's 
dinner but came home too late that night to prepare fewell for the 
dressing of it. Therefore the next morning he made bold with 
his ax to give a chop or two to some old pales, or rails he had by 
him for that purpose. This was presently carried to Lewes and on 
Monday following he was convented and the execution done."^^ 

Walker says (Vol. ii., p. 372), " Sheppard Henry. Kingston 
near Lewes V. Pedinghove V. I take it to be the same M^ 
Sheppard who lost both these livings." 

Burrell gives in the Vicars of Piddinghoe, " Hen Shepparde, 
Ind. 26 June 1636: Jn Boulte Ind. 1663. H. Sheppard's last 
signature is Mch. 18. 1663. Jn Boulte's last entry is 1669 June 
27 "36 If lY^ig Henry Shepherd was the same person who held 
the living of Kingston, it would seem as if he retained Piddinghoe. 

Lewes. St. Ann's al. St. Mary Westout. 

The Committee on April 24th, 1645, " ordered that 
the Vicarage of S* Ann's al. S* Mary Westout in Lewes 
in the county of Sussex being void by tlie death of the 
late incumbent be sequestered to the use of some godly 
and orthodox divine." Another order on the same day 
refers " Gabriel Gostwick M'' of Artes " to the Assembly 
for examination, &c., and to have the sequestration of 
St. Ann's and Southover (15669, p. 60). The same 
resolutions are repeated (p. 71), and the living is said to 
be " in the gift of the Kinges Maty." 

The name of the deceased incumbent does not appear. Burrell 
mentions, in the list of Vicars of " S^ Peter & S^ Mary alias S^ 
Anne's," " Walter Postlethwait AB ejected 1662."" Calamy 
states^^ that Postlethwait was ejected from St. Michael's, and 
Edward Newton, M.A. from St. Ann's, but this is probably in- 
correct. He further mentions that the former " was in the fifth 
monarchy notion." 

'* Add. MSS., 5698, p. 142. The manuscripts (very volaminous) are 

^* Vicar of Kingston-cum-Iford, from in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. For a 

1692 to 1733. See xxix. S.A.C., 154. Biographical Notice of Walker see the 

3* MSS. Vol v. The Rev. John Walker Penny Cydopcedia. 

spent a great part of his life in collect- ^« Add. MSS., 5G98, p. 236. 

ing an account of the sufferings of the ^^ It?., 5698, p. 188. 

clergy daring "the Grand Rebellion.' ^* JVonconformist 2l[emorial,Yo\.iii. 



126 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 

NlNEIELD. 

The first resolution is on Feb. 4th, 164|. '' It is this 
day ordered that Thomas Disney, Clarke, be recommended 
to the Comitee of the Assembly of Dy vines for exaicon 
of ministers who are thereby desired to examine the fit- 
nesse of the said Thomas Disney to have the sequestracon 
of the rectory & church of Nenfield in the County of 
Sussex and to officiate the cure there and to certify the 
same" (15669, p. 8.) 

Thomas Disney seems not to have enjoyed the living 
long (if at all), for on June 14th, 1645, the Committee 
" Referred Bartholomew Warner minister of y® word to 
the Coittee of y® Assembly for exaicons for y^ Rectory & 
Church of Nenfield in Sussex " (p. 89). Another order 

on July 10th recites the sequestration from Giles, 

" for seuall misdemeanours," and sequesters the living 
*' to the use of Bartholomew Warner a godly and ortho- 
dox divine " (p. 109). Warner was no doubt actually a 
" plundred minister," for, on May 10th, 1645, the Com- 
mittee "ordered that M"" Bartholomew Warner a plundred 
minister be taken care of to be pvided for " (p. 71). 

Burrell gives the name of Thomas Delves, vicar, as inducted 
in 1655.2^ The latter seems also to have been vicar of Bexhill 
in 1658. In a previous list of vicars, &c., of Niafiekl,*'' John 
Gyles, A.M. (ind. 22 Nov., 1611) is said to have bee^i 
sequestered. 

In " The Contrebution of the Clergie towards the repairinge 
of S\ Paules cliuich^^ in 1634, occurs "John Gyles vicar of 
Nendfield 00 10 00 " {Sussex Daily News, Oct. 17th, 1876). 

OviNGDEAN. 

The first resolution is on March 15th, 1641, appoint- 
ing " the cause agst John Stemp, Parson '' for lOtii 
April (15669, p. 32), but nothing was done until Sept. 
18th, 1645, when the case was again fixed for Oct. 28tii 
(p. 180). On Dec. 16th the Committee " ordered that 
the rectorie of Ovingdeane in the countie of Sussex shall 
stand sequestered from John Stemp Parson thereof foi 

39 Add. MSS., 5697, pp. 30 and 169. " xvii., S.A.C., pp. 60 and 61. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MTNISTEES. 127 

drunknesse & other scandalous misdemeanours" (p. 
231). And next day (17th), they "ordered that there 
be no disposicon of the Church of Ovingden wthout the 
Cottee for f said County" (p. 238)/ On April 4th, 
1646, " Upon certificate & desire of the Comittee of 
Parliam* for Sussex," Mrs. Stemp wife of Mr. Stemp 
was ordered to have £20 a year in lieu of her fiftli part, 
unless cause shewn within a month. Mr. Stemp to be 
satisfied for his services out of the profits of the church 
(15670, p. 66). It appears from this that Mr. Stemp 
was still allowed to officiate. On July 2nd, 1646, 
" Thomas G-eere of Ovingdean & Thomas Gunn of Bright 
Hempston " were ordered to provide for the service of 
the Church of Ovingdean, and to gather and collect the 
residue of the rents and profits of the benefice, and 
satisfy the persons who should officiate (p. 135). No 
further appointment to 'the living is recorded in the 
minute books. 

From the Burrell MSS. it appears that John Stempe in 1620 
succeeded " WP Savadge (bur 4 Sep 1619)." Robt. Wolley was 
Vicar in 1679.'*^ A note in a previous volume^^ gays that on a 
Commission by the Bishop in 1686, it was found that " there had 
been no communion at Ovingdean within the memory of man !" 



Pqlborough. 

On April 5th, 1645, "the articles agst Randall Apsley 
Parson of Pulberough,'' were appointed to be heard on 
10th May (15669, p. 53). The Committee on June 12th 
ordered the Committee of Parliament sitting at Lewes 
to receive the articles against Randall Apsley, parson of 
Pulborough, to hear witnesses on both sides, and report 
to the Committee by 10th July (p. 88). There is a draft 
resolution on July 14th reciting that the Committee at 
Lewes had made no report, and " requesting them to ex- 
amine and report by the — day of " (p. 112). A 

marginal note states that this resolution was only pre- 
pared, but nothing was actually done. There is no further 

*' Add. MSS. 5G98, p. 210. " iv. S.A.C, 280. 

I 



128 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 

reference to the matter in the minute books, but Mr. 
Apsley was some time after sequestered. 

The following interesting notes on Mr. Apsley, from Walker's 
MSS.43 are extracted from a letter from The Rev. Thos. New- 
comb (of Petworth), to Mr. Joshua Reighnolds (of Corpus 
Christi Coll., Oxford) :— 

" Mr. Apsly Rector of Pulberow in Sussex (a parish 
joyning to mine) was sent for to Dv Cheynell (then 
Rector of Petworth and sole judge in all matters eccle- 
siastical) and by him was commanded to give an account 
of his Election before him and 4 more Elders ; Mr 
Apsly knowing their design fram'd such an answer, 
that they had nothing to object against him, and so for 
that time dismist him ; Vut his living being worth 4 ' 
hun. a year Cheynel resolv'd on some prtence or other 
to turn him out and accordingly received information 
from one of his party that Mr Apsly was seen in a 
pnblick ale house at Stopham bridg (a place in my i 
parish) there drinking ; for which he was summond I 
before Cheynell a second time and accused as a common j 
drinker, and a scandalous liver, and without being per- 1 
mitted to make any answer, he was thrown out of his j 
living to allmost the utter ruin of his family, who lived 
very meanly at another small living of his, his children 
being kept by the charity of his relations. He was 
succeeded by a notorious Phanatick one Golduier, who 
liv'd til y^ Restauration, after which Mr Apsly was again 
restored." 
Burrell mentions Thomas Wilson, D.D., as Vicar of Pulborough 
in 1640 & sequestered : Randolph Apsley, 1646, sequestered and 
restored 1660. " Jn Goldsmith became Rector on ye removal 
of Apsle} who became Rector again on Goldsmith's death."^ (See 
notes as to Goldsmith, ante, under Aldingbourne), The Par. 
Reg. of Pulborough records : — " Baptisms. Ann d. of Randul 
Apsley, Sep. 6^^ 1641 (bur. Apl 15^^ 1643) : Dorothy d. of d? 
May 8. 1649: Hen. s. of d'? Dec. 23. 1651 : Randol s. of d? 
Apl 7. 1653. Burials. Ann wife of Randol Apsley Incum- 
bent Sep 20. 1641.— Jn Goldsmith Rector of this Psh Aug 16. 
1659.— Randol Apsley Rector of y« Church Dec 18. 1663."45 

The statement in Mr. Newcomb's letter, quoted above, that 
Golduier (or Goldwire) succeeded Apsley is probably a slight 
mistake, due to his confusing the name with that of Goldsmith. 
John Goldwire was ejected from Arundel in 1662 for Noncon- 
formity, died May 22nd, 1690 (aged 88), and was buried at 
Romsey.'*^ 

43 MSS. Vol. iii., 875, 870. *^ Nonconforviist Memorial. Calamy, 

*4 Add. MSS., 5699, p. 201. Vol. iii. 

*' lb., p. 198. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 129 

RODMILL. 

The Committee on April 24th, 1545, " ordered that 
the Yicarage of Rodmill in the county of Sussex be 
sequestered from Mf Newman by and wth the consent of 
the sd My Newman. Ordered that Thomas G-rundy be 
referred to the Assembly for it " (15669, p. 60). The 
same resolution is repeated on another page (p. 69) 
where it says " certain articles being exhibited agst Mi" 
Newman he relinquished his interest." 

Burrell gives, "Thomas Grundy. — bur. 27 Sep 1651," 
amongst the Vicars of Eodmill, but does not mention Newman.^^ 

Calamy mentions a Thomas Grundy ejected (in 1G62) from 
the neighbouring parish of Denton for Nonconformity.^^ 

ROGATE. 

On March 27th, 164t, a resolution desired the Com- 
mittee for Sussex to hear and examine witnesses for the 
defence in the case of Mi" Littleton & to report in 3 
weeks (15669, p. 45)." Nothing further took place 
until Dec. 20th, when the cause was appointed for that 
" day seven night." The next resolution is on Feb. 26th, 
1641, that the examinations are to be considered on 
April 21 (15670, p. 23), and on the latter day the case 
is appointed for May 14th (p. 68), after which nothing 
further occurs. 

Mr. Littleton was presumably Vicar of Rogate, but there are 
no particulars in the Burrell MSS. respecting him. 

Rye. 

The Committee on Feb. 15th, 164 ±, made the follow- 
ing order : — " "Whereas the Yicarage of the Parish Church 
of Rie in the county of Sussex is and standeth se- 
questered by order of this Committee of the nineteenth 
of November last This Committee doe hereby authorize 
and appointe MV Richard Cockram, Ml^ Richard Miller, Mf 
Samuel Landsdale and My Thomas Osmonton Jurates of 

*7 Add. MSS., 5698. p. 272. *^ Nonconformist Memorial, Vol. iii. 

XXX. s 



130 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 

the said towne to collect and gather the tithes rents reve- 
nues & profittes of the said vicarage and to take care and 
provide for the service of the cure of the said church 
and by and wth the pfitte of the said vicarage to pay and 
satisfy such person & persons as they shall provide for 
the service of the sd cure untill this Comitee shall make 
further order in the premisses " (15669, p. 13). Another 
order on Sept. 3rd, 1646, recites that the Vicarage of 
Rye was, by order of 19 Nov., 1644, sequestered from 
Brian Twine to the use of John Beaton, and ordered 
that it be sequestered, and John Beaton required to 
officiate the cure there (15670, p. 204). 

In a previous volume'^^ it is stated that Brian Twine, S.T.B., was 
inducted on Mar. 15th, 1630, and died at Oxford on July 4th, 
1644, The latter statement can hardly be correct. The Burrell 
MSS. give the following Vicars of Eye : — 
« Bryan Twine ind. 1620 (qu.) 
W°i Russell ind. 1652 
J° Allen ind. 1655" 

The Par. Reg. of Rye records : '' Baptism. Jn. s. of M"^ Jn. 
Beaton MinT March 15. 1642."50 (See notes as to John Beaton 
ante under Hoested Parva.) 



Seaford-cum-Sutton. 

This living was sequestered from Thomas Ballow, and 
on May 10, 1645, "Upon peticon of Martha wife of 
Thomas Ballow from whom the vicarage of Seaford & 
Sutton is sequestered," it was ordered that she should 
have a fifth of the tithes, &c. (to be paid quarterly), 
unless cause shewn by June 17th, "the said Mf Ballow 
& bis wife yielding obedience^^ to the sequestracon " 
(15669, p. 71). 

On June 17th the cause was appointed for the 15th 
July (p. 91). On Aug. 16th there was a complaint by 
Mrs. Ballow that the sequestrators had hitherto denied 
payment of the Jifth, notwithstanding several summonses 
of the Committee, and they were therefore ordered to 
pay the same within a fortnight or their contempt to be 

*9 xiii. S.A.C., 274. 51 See note 26 ante, tinder Horsted 

w Add. MSS., 5697, pp. 207, 211. Parva. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTEES. 131 

transmitted (p. 137). Another order on Aug. 19th recites 
the last order, " & for that it is desired in the behalf e of 
Mf Saxbie the minister there that in regard of harvest he 
may have further daie for producing his witnesses," and 
appoints Sept. 18th, and the last order to be suspended, 
provided that Mr. Saxby " on sight of the order," paid 
Mrs. Ballow £10 on account, and in default the order to 
stand (p. 140). On Aug. 28th, a further order, reciting 
the last, refers the dispute as to the 5th part and the 
question of the £10 to the Committee sitting at Lewes 
(p. 149) ; and on 30th that Committee was ordered to 
enquire and report by Sept. 23rd (p. 161). The great 
hardship inflicted by these proceedings is shown by the 
next order on Sept. 10th, which recites the reference^to 
the Sussex Committee, " and ye said M'".^ Ballow this day 
complayned that she hath beene already at great expences 
in attending the said cause, and in case the said cause be 
heard in the said county she is not able to defray the 
charges of Travell w*^ her witnesses :" the Committee 
accordingly appointed to hear the case in London on 
Sept. 30th, peremptorily. 

On Sept. 14th another order recites a petition by Mr. 
Saxby, and the last order " and that it is alledged by 
seuall of the Members of Parliamt for the sd county that 
the sd order was obtained in the absence of the sd Mr. 
Saxby " and that he complained that he could not afford 
to come to London ; the Committee then ordered the 
Sussex Committee to examine Mr. Saxby's witnesses, 
and Mrs. Ballow' s witnesses to be examined in London 
(p. 157). 

Saxby (Mr. Ballow's saccessor), seems to have 
been very reluctant to pay the fifth. The cause 
was transmitted agaiu to London by the Sussex Com- 
mittee, and on Sept. 30th, 1C45, came before " The Com- 
mittee of Plundred Ministers" ("the parties on both sides 
and their CounselP^ being present) notwithstanding wch" 
the Committee confirmed their previous Order, — 
required " Mf Saxby to whom the same is sequestered to 

** It Beems from this and also from the clergy were occasioually allowed the 
certain passages in Walker's MSS. that benefit of legal assistance. 



132 COMMITTEE OF PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 

pay the sd 6*^ parte," and requested the Committee for 
the County to set out and apportion the same (p. 178), 
which the latter accordingly did, and by an Order dated 
13th Novr., allotted Mrs. Ballow £8 a year. This Order 
was confirmed by the London Committee on Dec. 13th 
(p. 226). 

In the list of Vicars of Sitttoii and Seaford, Burrell gives — 
" Thomas Ballowe A.M. inducted 2 Feb 1638. It does not appear ■ 
when he left it."^^ i^Lis is, of course, now explained by the notes > 
above. Burrell also mentions, " John Saxby A.M. was vicar 7 - 
June 1649 of whose death or resignation there is no account." 
It appears, however, that a John Saxby was inducted to the 
vicarage of Blatchirgton on 12th Feb., 1661, & was buried 
there on 16th Feb., 1664, and in a previous list of Vicars of Sea 
ford and Sutton, John Saxby is mentioned in 1664, so that it is , 
probable the same person is referred to in each case, and if so, he , 
must have conformed and been rewarded with a second living. ^ 

The Par. Reg. of Sutton and Seaford gives the following " 
particulars : — " Baptisms. Martha d. of Tho? Ballow Vicar & > 
Martha Nov. 19. 1641 : Charles s. of Tho? Ballow, Vicar Jan ' 
6. 1643 : Eliz. d. Jn Saxby Clk May 1. 1652."54 The Par. Beg. } 
of Blatchington records — " Burial. Thomas s. of Mr Ballowe 
Vic^ of Seaford Dec 5. 1646.^^ 



Tarring. 

The Committee of Parliament for Sussex were, by a 
resolution dated Feb. 4th, 1641, "desired to communi- 
cate the proceedings in the case of W" Stanley Vicar of 
Tarring and his sequestration " (16669, p. 7). On April 
26th, 1645, the case was fixed for May 8th. " M": Cooke 
the psenr (qu.) to have notice " (p. 61). On May 27th, " It 
is ordered that the Comittee of Parliamt sittinge in 
Bramlytaye in the county of Sussex be & they are 
hereby desired to certifie unto this Comittee by this day 
three weekes the dessns (qu.) of M^ Stanley Vicar of 
Tarringe in the s'^ County & ye proofes thereof to the 
articles & exaicons agt him wch are alreadie transmitted 
till when all thinge are to stand in the same condicon" 

" A note in vii. S.A.C., 117, refers to the information now given lie muet have 
a ''Mr. Terry soon after 1638; -nhether been curate, 
curate or vicar does not appear." From '^ Add. MSS., 5697, p. 591, 

" lb., 5C97, p. 340. 



COMMITTEE OF PLUNDEEED MINISTEES. 133 

(p. 81). A blank occurs in the minute book on June 
24th (p. 95), and we are consequently unable to tell 
whether any resolution was then passed, though no doubt 
he was then or soon after sequestered, but about a year 
elapsed, and Mr. Stanley was then fortunate enough to 
get restored, as the following resolution on July 4th, 
1646, shows : — " This Co^®^ taking into consideracon the 
peticon of W™ Stanley Vicar of Tarring in the Countie 
of Sussex together with the Ordr of the Co^^" of Lords 
& Comons for sequestracons & the former proceedings 
before the Comittee for that he is discharged by the said 
Q^tee ^f Lords & Comons from his sequestracon & the 
said Vicarage being formerlie voted to be sequestered by 
the Co**"® upon certaine examinacons transmitted from the 
Comittee of the Rape of Bramber in the said Countie 
but there hath been hitherto noe exaicon of the said se- 
questracon the said M"" Stanley having made noe defence 
who standeth upon his justificacon therom. It is there- 
fore ordered that the said sequestracon be discharged & 
that the said M^ Stanly doe enioy his Church & Vicarage 
aforesaid & the proffitts thereof accordingly." {Add. 
MSS., 15670, p. 142.) 

Sir Wm. BurrelF^ gives in the list of Vicars of Tarring, Wv^ 
Stanley inducted 11 Apr ]538" (evidently a clerical error for 
1638). An action seems to have been commenced in 1650 in the 
Excheqiaer, in ^^'hich " William Stanley, clerk, vicar of Tarring," 
was Plaintiff, and " Robt Weston, Rich? Fielder, Matthew Peter 
and John Easton" defendants ; the subject being "the vicarage 
of Tarring and the Chapels of Ease of Durrington and Heene 
and Tithes. "^^ It is possible that Mr. Stanley was ultimately 
removed or else died, as we find Wm. Pixe ejected from West 
Tarring, in 1662, for Nonconformity.^^ 

Westeourne. 

An Order of the Committee on April 24th, 1645, 
sequestered the rectory from Dr. Swale, and sequestered 
it to the use of Lewes Hughes, and referred the latter to 
the Assembly of Divines for examination (15669, p. 71). 

»« Add. MSS., 5698, p. 515. ^^ Nonconformist Memorial. Calamy, 

" " 40th Report Deputy Keeper of Vol. iii. 
Public Records," App. p. 16. 



134 COMMITTEE OF PLITNDEEED MINISTEES. 

The order on March loth 164| (see HurvSTPiERPOiNT 
a7ite), no doubt removed Dr. Swale from this hving also, 
for an Order of the Committee on June 24th recites the 
sequestration on March 13th: "and this Committee 
have commended Mf Lewes Hughes to the Coittee of the 
Assembly of Divines for examinacon of Ministers to j 
examine his fitnes to haue the sd sequestracon who have i 
certified him to be an able divine & able (though aged 
80 years) to doe some pfitable service in laying down the | 
catechisticall groundes of religion & willing to take paines ■ 
& because hee hath beene long a very usefull minister of 
the Church & hath suffered much for conscience sake 
conceiue hee may be put in a capacity of maintenance by , 
the sd sequestracon there beinge a vicarage endowed the | 
vicar whereof dischargeth soly the sd cure,'' then followsj 
an order for Lewis Hughes to have the parsonage house,! 
tithes, &c., until further order (p. 103). On July 24th' 
the Committee, on consideration of a petition from Dr.! 
Swale, ordered the Sussex Committee to examine the' 
title by which the Dr. held the Eectory of Westbourne 
(p. 117), and on Aug. 2nd Dr. Swale attended the Com- 
mittee by his counsel to discover the title, and was ordered 
to get a certificate from the First Fruits Ofiice " concern-i 
ing the nature & quallitie of the said Rectory " by thatj; 
day sevennight (p. 128). On Aug. 6th the Committee 
ordered as follows : — " This Comittee have taken into 
consideracon the petition of Doctor Swale from whome 
the Rectorie of Westbourne in the countie of Sussex is 
sequestered to be againe restored to his sd Rectorie in 
regard of his greate age for his subsistence & supplie of 
his infirmities the same being a Rectory wthout cure 
Therefore & for that this Comitee is informed that he hath 
been of greate desert & eminence in the Church of God 

& that there is likewise a Vicarage endowed the 

Vicar whereof doth supplie the sd cure It is ordered that 
the said Rectorie of West Bourne being sine curse shalbe 
contynued to the sd D!" Swale for his maintennce & that 
the former order of sequestiacon soe iurr as the same 
concerneth the said Rectory & the pfitts thereof be taken 
of & discharged " (p. 130). On Aug. 23rd the Committee 



COMMITTEE OP PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 135 

considered a petition from Lewis Hughes complaining 
that the sequestration was discharged without his beino- 
beard, and appointed to hear the parties on both sides on 
Sept. 17th (p. 144). On Sept. 6th thej ordered " That 
the ffarmour of the Rectory keep all profits," &c., in his 
hands until the cause was determined (p. 159). The 
death of Dr. Swale, however, next day (Sept. 7th), 
1645), ended this matter, for on Sept. 18th the Committee 
ordered that Dr. Swale's Executor " should have the 
[tithes up to the death of the Doctor " and the Sussex 
jCommittee were directed to enquire the amount " and in 
iregard the sd liveing is in the guift of the Lord Lumley 
iwho hath betaken himself to the forces raised agt the 
Parliamt," they ordered that Mr. Hughes should enjoy 
the rectory from the death of the Doctor, and that the 
same should stand sequestered to him (p. 168). 

On Dec. 11th, 1645, " Upon compl* made by W. Hughes 
to whom y® Rectory of West Bourne in y? County of 
Sussex is sequestered y* y® s*! parsonage house w*^ y° 
appurtunce are greatly decayed & suffered to fall to 
mines by Dl" Swale y^ former Incumbent of y^ s!^ Rectory 
It is ordered y* y® Com**"® of Parliam* sitting at Chichester 
bee desired to examine what wast or spoyle is made in or 
vpon ye pmisses & y® value thereof & to certify y® same 
to this Com*?^" (p. 237). This would have been after 
Dr. Swale's death. (See notes, &c., under Hurstpier- 
POiNT ante.) The next order is on March 7th, 164f. " It 
is ordered y* John Chatfield farmer of y® Rector of West 
Bourne in y? county of Sussex doe make his apparance 
before this Comitee on ye xx*^ day of Aprill next to shew 
cause wherefore hee doth not pay vnto M" Swale Ex*?"" of 
Ty Swale late Rector of West Bourne aforesd seuerall 
pfitts^^ of y? s? Rectory due before y^ death of y® sayd D' 
according to y^ former order of this Comittee in y* 
behalfe" (15,670, p. 32). The case was not heard then, 
for on May 9th, 1646, it was "ordered that the cause 
betweene Mf Swale Executor of D'' Swale, from whom 
the Rectorie of West Bourne in the countie of Sussex 

59 The Committee evidently had (or at least assumed) all the powers of a 
Common Law Court in these matters. 



136 COMMITTEE OP PLUNDERED MINISTERS. 

was sequestered, being his late father, & Jolin Chatfield 
fEarmour of the said i^ectorie, be taken into consideracon 
xxi^^ day of July next whereof the said John Chatfield is 
to have convenient notice " (p. 86). The case was no 
doubt virtually a dispute between the past and present 
possessors of the Rectory, for on July 30th "It is 
ordered that the cause betweene Mr Swale & Mr Hughes 
concerning the profitts of the Rectorie of Westbourne in 
the countie of Sussex be heard on Tuesday next prmp- 
torilie" (p. 164). Nothing further occurs in the minute 
book, and probably the proceedings fell through. 

The statement in a previous volume,60 that Thomas Prynne was 
the immediate successor of Dr. Swale, and also the notes in the 
Baker MSS., quoted in the same volume, appear from the above 
to be incorrect. 

60 XXII. S.A.C., 104. 



Peitlesham. 



IxADMELD. 





An STY, 




SUOVELSTKUUE IMl'AL INOi 

Daw THE Y. 



Wll.YE. 





EARLY SUSSEX ARMORY. 



By WILLIAM SMITH ELLIS, Esq. 



I PROPOSE in this paper, to bring together, from a great 
many scattered sources, the armorial bearings of some 
Sussex Families, not noticed in Mr. Lower's^ or my own^ 
former contributions on this subject in these " Collec- 
tions," who lived at early periods, many of them knightly, 
some now obscure, and others extinct, at least in the 
chief line. I don't include well-known families whether 
existing or extinct, as Ashburnham and Groring, Covert 
and Culpepper. 

The earliest collection of Sussex arms that we have is 
the list of Sussex and Surrey Knights, given in Pal- 
grave's Parliameiitary Writs, a ponderous folio — a list 
extending to all the counties of England, and supposed 
to comprise the Knights who were at the battle of 
Boroughbridge, temp. Edward the Second. This list has 
been printed separately by Sir Harris Nicholas, and has 
been reprinted, so far as regards Sussex and Surrey, in 
Dallaway's "History of the Rape of Ciiichester; " but, 
as both these works are extremely rare, a reproduction 
of the list, as far as regards Sussex and Surrey (which 
counties are there given together), will be an appro- 
priate commencement of this article : — 

Sir Michael de Poninges.^ Barry de or et de vert, a une beiide 
goules. 

Sir Thomas de Poninge. Mesme les armes en la bende iiij moles 
[mullets] de argent, 

1 XXIV., S. A. C, p. 1. ' See viii., S.A.C., 268. lb. vi., 72. 

' ib. p.25, VI., S. A. C, p.7l. 
XXX. T 



188 EAELY SUSSEX AKMOBY. 

Sir Nicholas Gentil. De or od Ic clief de sable a ij moles [mullets] 
d'urgent, piercees. 

Sir John de Asohebornham.^ De Gonles a line fesse, et 6 rowels de 
argent. 

Sir William de Montfort. Bende de or et de azure a une labele 
de goules. 

Sir Henry Husee. De ermyne a iij barres de goules. 

Sir Geoffry de la Mare. De or a nne fesse et ij gymeles de azure. 

Sir James de Neyville. De goules crusule de or a ij trompes de or. 

Sir John de Hoorne. De gules a une frette de veer. 

Sir John Dowuedale.^ De argent a un fer de moulin gonles. 

Sir Thomas de Leukenore. De azure a iij clievronels d'argent. 

Sir Richard le Waleys. De gonlos a une fcss d' ermine. 

Sir Simon le Waleys. Meisme les amies, en la chef un leopard 
passant de or. 

Sir Walter de la Lind. De argent a une crois engrele de goules. 

Sir John Heringaud. De azure crusule de or a vj lieringes de or. 

Sir William Mansee. De argent a les escallops de goules a unlioii 
rampaunt de sable. 

Sir Roger de Bavent. De argent od le chef endente de sable. 

Sir Rauf Sanzaver. De azure crusille de or a iij cressauns d' or. 

Sir Giles de Fenez. De azure a iij lioncels de or et un label de 
goules. 

Sir John Dabernoun. De azure a un cheveron de or. 

Sir John Son fils. Mesme les amies a un label de argent. 

Sir Henry de Box.^ De or a vj lioncels de goules et une bende de 
argent. 

Sir John de Hamme. De azure a un cheveron de or et iij demy-lions 
de or. 

Sir John de Ne wen ham.'' De argent a une crois de goules et une 
bende de azure. 

Sir Aleyn de Boxhull.^ De or a une lion de azure fretty de argent. 

Sir Fraunceys de Aldham. De azure a une ray de soleil de or. 

An STY of Ansty, a manor in Cuckfield. Or a cross 
engrailed gules, between 4 martlets sable, crest, a martlet 

* Sir Richard de Esburnham, Knt., ' Hampshire Gen.,' 76. (Marshall's 
was witness before 1218 to a deed along Genealogists' Guide.) 
with Herbert de Bergesse (Burwash). ^ This family took its name from 
Arch. Cantiana, vii., 275. In the Der- Boxe, co. Herts., and went into Kent 
ing Roll of arms gules, a fess, avd in and Sussex. See an account of them 
chief 3 midlets arg. are assigned to in Geneulogist, i., 97. 

Richard de Esbomham. See vi., S.A.C., ' See Thorpe's ' Cat. of Battle Abbey 

85. Deeds,' p. 4(; ; ' Deed of N.,' 1252. Ralph 

* Pedigrees of Uvedale are to be de N., of Bnxted, occurs in the iV^owarwrn 
found in ' Collectanea Top. and Gen.,' Inquisiiiones, temp. Edw. III. 

v., 253 ; ' Surrey Arch. Coll.,' iii., 63- » See particulars of this family, iu 

192; Hutchins' 'Dorset,' iii., 144; Lower's Worthies of Sussex. They de- 
Hoare's ' Wiltshire,' iv. ii., 60 ; M. and rived their name from Buxhall in Suffolk, 
Bray's 'Surrey,' ii., 400; Harrisons which was owned by the family of Bur- 
' Hist, of Yorkshire,' i., 220, and Berry's ghersh ; hence the lion in their arms, 

cf. XXIV. S. A. C, 29. 



EAELY SUSSEX ARMORY. 139 

or (Burr. MSS., 5690, p. 745). The pedigree of Bysshe 
in Berry's Sussex Genealogies contains a quartering, 
Sable a f ess or, for Anstie. 

Bkche. a family of this name occurs frequently in 
the Catalogue of Battle Abbey Charters, probably^ de- 
rived from the Beche mentioned in Domesday Book, in 
the Rape of Hastings. There is no reason to suppose it 
is the same as the N^orman Domesday family of Bee or 
Beke, holding lands in Herts and Line. A coat attributed 
to the name in the Dictionaries is Three Shovellers, 
which makes it probable that the Sussex family is in- 
tended, as Peplesham bore, as we shall see presently, 
the same bearings, and the two names are often associated 
in deeds. 

BoNET. Hamou Bonet bore chequy or and gales [or 
arg. and gules], a chief azure (Dering Roll). In the 
Testa de NeviU, Sir Robert Bonet, Knight, is recorded 
as owner of Wappingthorn in Steyning. Bonwicke also 
bore the same or similar arms. (See Cartwright's Rape 
of Br amber.) Robert Bonet of Steyning is witness to a 
deed dated 1220 (S. A. C, x., 115). 

Hastings. In the Archeological Journal (Vol. 20, pp. 
12, 121, 236), is an elaborate article, in three parts, by 
Mr. Clarke, on the origin and genealogy of this family. 
At the head of the pedigree he places ' Walter the 
Deacon ' a Domesday tenant in chief in Essex, Glouc. 
and Suffolk, from whom he deduces the ennobled families 
of Hastings. ' Robert de Hastings,' Mr. Clarke says, 
' the Domesday tenant of Sussex, seems to have been a 
follower of the Earl of Eu, and to have held under the 
Castle of Hastings, but the Deacon and his children had 
nothing to do with Sussex, but may well have been 
related. ' The Sussex line,' he further remarks, 'flourished 
as landowners in Kent, Sussex and Essex, and seems to 
have ended in a Thomas de H., who, 31 Edw. III., was 
assessed in the rape of Hastings at one man at arms. 

In very many instances the name was a mere 

residential distinction, not adopted or transmissible as a 
legular surname, and Vincent, Philip, Alan andManasser 
de Hastings, who appear in vaiious early Sussex records, 



140 EAELY SUSSEX AEMORY. 

were evidently only burgesses or barons of the Oinqne 
Ports, having no connection with either the baronial 
house or that of Robert of Sussex, nor transmitting 
their designation to posterity.' 

To these latter opinions I certainly demur, and shall at 
once give notices of a knightly family of the name, with 
coats of arms existing at early periods in Sussex, and 
prima facie descendants of Robert, the Domesday tenant. 

The only entries of the name in Domesday Book are 
these : — 

U. T. Hastings Kad. de Essex, 83b. 
U. T. Robert de Sussex, 17. 

In the printed Pipe Roll of 11 55-8 occurs this notice : — 

Sussex, Robert son of Harald de Hastings debet xx li. de debito 
suo, Simon de Crioll being his surety. 

The next earliest entry met with is in Archceologia 
Cantiana (iv., 213), when Manasser de Hastings is 
mentioned as witness to a deed circa 1180. 

The following notices are met with in Thorpe's Cata- 
logue of Battle Abbey Charters : — 

P. 20. Wm. de Hastings, knt., lord of Nortliye.^ 

Feoffment of Wm. s. & h. of Sir Mathew de H. 

Robert de Hastings. Deed of Confirmation, etc. 

P. 21. Robert de Hastings, knt. 

P. 28. Deed of Wm. de Korthey, knt. 

Deed of Stephen de Northya. 

P. 41. Robert de Hastings witness to deed of Nicholas de Haringod 

and Sibilla his wife. 
P. 42. Master Win. de Hastings witn. to deed of same. 
P. 43. Robert de Hastings witness to Charter of Alice Countess of 
Eu (whose husband ob. 1218). 

Robert de Hastings knt. s. & h. of Wm. de Hastings. Deed 

of Release. 
P. 44. A.D. 1239. Sir Robert de Hastings witness. 
P. 45. Deed of Covenant with James son of Wm. lord of the 

manor of Northoy. 
P. 46. 1248. Wm. de Nortliey in a Fine, wherein James his 

father is mentioned. 
P. 48. 1271. Sir Mathew de Hastings^*^ witness. 
P. 49. 1277. Wm. de Hastings witness. 

» In XIX. S. A. C. is an article on the " Sir M. de H., Knt., grant of lands 

manor of Northey. and ten. to Tho. de Wyke of VYatlyngton 



EARLY SUSSEX AEMOEY. 



141 



In Philipot's Church Notes for Kent (Harleian MSS , 
3917, p. 66), these arms are said to have been in Gilling- 
h am church, viz., arg. a f ess between S fusils azure (Hast- 
ings) ; also a figure kneeling in tabard with the same 
arms quartering the coat, quarterly gules and ermine, the 
remark being made, in reference to the latter, ' This is 
the oulde coate of Hastings lord of the manor of Grange 
in Gillingham,^^ whicli after was Philipots.' Further, 
the arms of Beaufitz quarter the fess and 3 fusils of 
Hastings. In the Dering Eoll of Arms, printed in 
Jewitt's Beliquary (Vol. ] 7, p. 11), William de Northeye 
is said to bear quarterly arg. and az. This nearly re- 
sembles the ' oulde coate ' before mentioned, and was 
evidently a variation in tinctures of Northey olim 
Hastings. 




Ore of Ore. Hichard de Ore^^ bore Barry of 6 argent 
(or or) and azure, on a bend gules 5 besants ; (ibid.) Nicol 



in Monntfield, 1298 (J. C. Hotten's " Cat. 
of Deeds for Sale," No. G943). The 
grantee was ancestor of the Wykes' of 
ilountfield and Bexhill, and of the 
Weekes' of Hurstpierpoint. See Xiv. S. 
A. C, 116, and Marshall's Gene- 
aloffist, i., 192, 222, ii., fc5. 

" 'Jemp. John, there was a suit oimort 
d' ncestor between the family of ilelles 
and Manasser de Hastings concerning 
a carncate of land near Faversham. 
{Abbreviatio Placitorum). The grange 
was held t. Henry III. in Serjeant y by 
Manasser de H. ( Hasted, iv., 236), 



and 10 Hen. III., there was a Fine levied 
between Gilbert de Helles and Robert 
de Hastings, of land in Gillingham. 
Erviine 3 lozenges gules was one of the 
coats of HeUes. In Harl. MSS., 
6580, are some arms of Sussex persons 
at an early period ; in ter alia, a fess 
between 3 lozenges is given as the 
bearings of Wm. de Hastings ; arg. a 
fess between 3 lozenges azure (Dering 
Roll). 

1* Sir Richard de Ore, Knt., was wit- 
ness to a deed of Wm. de Northeye 
(XIV. S. A. C, 26). 



142 EARLY SUSSEX ARMORY. 

de Ore bore argent a cross gules frettee or (or sahJe) 
betweefi 4 birds sable (or azure). Ibid, xvi., 240. Another 
coat of Ore is gules a bend argent fretty azure, as 
quartered by Hawley in respect of a match of Richard 
Hawley of Halland, in East Hoathly with Anne d. & h. 
of John Ore of Ore (Berry). 

Paleene. a Deed of Grant of Henry Palerne to the 
church of Holy Trinity at Hastings, for his soul, and 
of John his father; and is sealed with a lion rampant, 
circumscribed, " Sig. Heniici de Palerne." (xiii. S. A. C, 

107-8). 

Pepplesham of Pepplesham. This place is mid- 
way between Bexhill and St. Leonards. It appears to 
have been called in Domesday Book, ' Pilesham,' and 
was then held by the Earl of Eu. The manor lies in 
Bexhill, Battle, Beckley and Burwash, and a Court was 
held there 1776 (Burr. MSS.) Simon de Pepplesham 
was owner ; afterwards Sir John Devenish Knt. 2 Hen. 
IV. Richard Hurst was owner (Ibid.) Numerous entries 
of the name occur in the Catalogue of Battle Abbey 
Charteis. P. 42 is a notice of a deed of Sir Hugh de Pep- 
]3lesham, Knt. Amongst the tenants of the Earls of Eu, 
Hugh de Peplesham held Crockham (Crowham) by the 
service of finding a ship for the use of the Earl and 
Countess when crossing the sea (xvii. S. A. C, 257). 
In Berry's Ordinary of Arms, Sable, a chevron ermine 
between 3 shovellers (ducks) arg., is given for Peplesham, 
also 8a. 3 seaniews arg. for Pep})lesham. Vinceut Finch, 
living Hen. IV., married Isabel d. & coh. of Robert Cralle, 
by Margery d. & coh. of Simon de Peplesham (Collins' 
Peerage). Pinch quarters, m respect of this match, 
Sa. 3 ducks arg, m pale for Peplesham (Harl. MSS., 
3917, p. 31. In Nettlested church, co. Kent, Battesford 
{argeiit 3 crescents sa. a canton gules) impales sable 3 
ducks arg. in pale for Peplesham; and in Brenchley church, 
Battesford occurs impaling Pepplesham. Sir Wm. 
Pienes, who died 1405, mar. Eliz., d. & h. of Wm. de 
Battesford (ot B. in Warbleton) by Margery {sed quaere) 
d. & coh. of Simon de Peplesham, 

According to an elaborate pedigree of the family of 



EARLY SUSSEX ARMORY. 143 

Finch, drawn up by Philipot, Rouge Dragon, and printed 
in Howard's Miscellanea Genealogica et Heralch'ca, ii. 332 
the descent of Peplesham is as follows : — 

Simon Peplesham^Joa\ Rowse, of Hants. 
J , _ 

Richard Hurst-pJoan d. and cob. 2. Robt. Cralle=f=Margery-[-l.Wm. Batsford. 

I ' of Cralle. i d. & coh. I 

Kichard Hurst mar. | | 1 — ' 1 1 

Margery de St. Clare. | 1 1 ' Isabel Joan ux. Alice Cicely 

I 1 Margery!-' Isabel ux. Margaret ux. Sir Wm. ux. lady 

Margaret ux. ux. Vincent oix. James Sir Brench- Sir Abbess 

John Devenish. Sir Thomas Herberd, Northwood, Tho. ley, a Wm. of 

Cheney, alias Finch. of Fienes. judge. Echin- Mall- 

Norwood, gham.i* ing. 



■T 



Phillipa ux. I 

John Tikell. Joan ux. Wra. Eliz. vx.\. Sir 

Rikell, a judge. Tho. Hoo.2. Sir 
Tho. Lewknor. 

Pevensey. Richard de Pevenese bore aziu^e a chevron 
or frettee gules between 3 crosses recerceUe (or patonce, or 
florj) argent (Dering Poll of Arms, Jewitt's Reliquary^ 
xvii., 11). Richard de Pevensey was sheriff of Sussex 
18 and 15 Edw. L 

Radmeld of Rodmill. Barry of 6, arg. and sa. on a 
canton sable, a leopard's face or, as quartered by Goring 
in respect of the match of John Goring (t. Hen. VI.), 
with Margaret d. of Ralph Radmeld, and sister and heir 
of Sir William. A similar coat was borne by Allard of 
;Winchelsea, viz., arg. 3 baj's gules; on a cariton azure, a 
leopard's face or. 

, Radyngdene of Rottingdean. Azure 6 martlets argent, 
3, 2 & 1 (Burr. MSS. 6695, p. 613). The family of 
Wardeux of Bodiam bore also 6 martlets. Perhaps the 
arms of the County of Sussex were derived from one of 
these families. ^^ 

!' XXV. S.A.C., 110, says, " Elizabeth de Arundel, the ancestor of this 

vc. Sir RicJiard Cheney." family, is mentioned in Domesday Book, 

'^ This match is commemorated in but I am. not aware that he had any 

Echingham chuich, by Echingham im- pi'operty in Sussex, though, as his 

paling quarterly : 1 and 4, 3 crescents parentage is unknown, he might have 

'and a canton for Battisford ; 2 and 3 been a member of the family of Roger 

" 3 birds like geese " — 3 ducks for Pep- de Montgomery, Earl of Chichester, 

leeham (ix. S.A.C, 353). and have taken the name of his caput 

'^ See xxiv., S. A. C, p. 24. The haronia;, and assumed allusive bearings. 

arms of the ancient family of Arundel In this way the arms of the county 

are G hirondelles or swallows. Roger might have arisen. 



144 



EARLY SQSSKX ARMOllY. 



ScoTNEY. Many members of this baronial family are 
mentioned in early deeds, in Thorpes Catalogue of 
Battle Abbey Charters. The only known arms of it 
are to be found on a seal of a deed of Peter de 
S., son of Walter de S., being on a bend cottised 4 
hillets with a hordure invecked, the legend being, " Sigil- 
lum Petri de Scotene." Walter Fitz Lambert held 
Crowhurst at the Domesday Survey, and was ancestor of 
the foregoing persons. Tiieir residence was at Scotney 
Castle, in Lamberhurst. {Collectanea Topographtca et 
Genealogica, vi., 106). 




Shovelsteode of Shovelstrode, in East Grinstead. 
Several particulars of this family are to be found 
in the General Index to S. A. C. Ermine a cross fuzilly 
gules is given as the arms of this family in Harl. MSS., 
1487. It occurs as a quartering in the shield of Aske, 
of Haughton, in Howdenshire, co. York, being the second 
coat, followed by that of Dawtrey. In Harl. MSS., 
1394, are given the coats that were in glass windows in 
Mr. Aske's house at Aughton, viz., Shovelstrode impaling 
Dawtrey, and Dawtrey impaling Camoys. John Aske, 
of Owsthorpe, in Owdenshire, who died 1397, mar. 
Johanna d. & h. of John Shovelstrode. 

Stopham of Stopham. The best known coat of this 
family is that quartered by Barttelot in respect of the 
match of JohnB. {qui. oh., 1428), with Joan d. & coh. of 
Wm. de Stopham, of Ford Place in Stopham, yiz., quarterly 



EARLY SUSSEX ARMORY. 



145 



per f esse indented arg. and gules 4 crescents counter changed 
(xxvii. S.A. C, 55), but tlie coat of Eva de Stopham, 
the heiress of Sir Ralph, who married Wm. de Eching- 
ham, was simpler and older. This we obtain from his 
seal, figured in Spencer Hall's memoir, " Echjngham 
of Echyngham," being 4 heater-shaped shields meeting 
in a point, the legend being, " Sig. Willielmi de Echiug- 
ham, militis," and the arms Echingham, St. John, 
Montacute and Stopham, viz., 3 crescents and a canton. 
The following pedigree^*^ shows the descent of this ancient 
coat : — 

Brian de Insula, Sheriff of^GRACiA, d. & h. of Tho. de Saleby, of S., 



Torks., 17 Hen. III., Lord of 
Brianston, co. Dorset, oh. 18 
Hen. III. 



CO. Line, held 5 k. f. of Wm. Blanchard" 
at Cuxwold, CO. Line. Her seal (" Harl. 
MSS.," 2044, f . 138b.), has 3 crescents and 
a canton circumscribed " Sigillum Gracie 
de Lile." 



d. & coh.=j=Stopham of S. 



Sir Ralph had=p 
Brianstone. j 



Sir Ralph. =p 

Eva d. & h. ux. Wm. de 
Echingham, who had Brian 

ston jure ux. 



d. & coh. = Philip de Glamorgan. 
a quo 
John de G., whose d. and coh. Anne ux. Peter 
de Vere, of Vere's Wooton. Vere Wooton 
is now owned by his descendant, Capt. 
Battiscombe {v. Hutchins' Dorsetsh.). 
Walter de Vere, grandnon of Peter, 13 H. 
VI., seals with 3 crescents and a canton 
" Harl. MSS.," 1166, fo. 12b. 



TlOEHURST. 

Agnes d. & h. 




John Lunsford (living 47 Edw. III.), mar. 
of Walter de Rockeley.^^ {Per bend in- 



1^ Furnished by my friend, Alfred 
Shelley Ellis, Esq,, descended from 
Battiscombe. 

" The Blanchards of Normandy bore 
8 crescents. 
XXX. 



18 John Parker, of Lewes, mar. Alice 
d. & h. of Bichard Rakeley, of Ratton 
in Willingdon (Berry). Neither of the 
two quarteriugs of Parker resembles 
this coat of Eockley. 

W 



146 EARLY SUSSEX ARMORY. 

dented arg. and sa. in sinister point a mullet of the first), 
by Agnes, sister and heir of John de Tjseherst. 
(Quarterly sa. and arg. a hend ermine.) A charter of 
John de Tyseherst mentions his father Reginald de T., 
the witnesses being Walter Rackley and John Rackley 
(ibid., p. 154). P. 144 gives a charter witnessed by 
Domino William de Wodeham with Sir Simon de 
Echynham. Wm., father of John Lunsford, mar. Joanna 
d. & h. of Walter de Woknollk.^^ {Gules 3 oak leaves in 
hend or). {Coll. Top. & Gen., iv., 139.) 

Yenuz. An account of this family, with a discussion 
of the arms they bore, by the present writer, will be found 
in Nichols' Eerald and Genealogist, v. 316. Temp. Hen. 
III. Sir Matthew de Venoyz and Sir William de Venoyz 
were witnesses to a charter of Robert s. & h. of Wm. 
de St. John (Cart, of Boxgrove Priory, Cott. MSS. 
Claud. A. vi., fol. 62). 

WiLYE of Whiligh. A stag statant gules charged with 
stars arg. horned or (Burr. MSS., 5691, p. 822). A demi 
stag salient gules attired and charged with 3 estoiles or, is 
the crest of Courthope of Wyleigh (Berry's fiuss. Gen.) 

*^ Manor of Wood Knoll was held of the manor of Burwash, See xxi. S.A.C. 115. 



SPEESHOTT'S MExMOlRS OF CHICHESTER 
(18^^ CENTURY). 



With Notes 
By W. HAINES, Esq., and Rev. F. H. ARNOLD, LL.B. 



(Continued from Vol. XXIX). 




The Friary — Chichester. 

FROM A DRAWING BY GRIMM. 



1724. Mr. Challen died 1727. 

And in about 50 years all his Estates were gon from 
Lis family and Decendants, Except two or three fields 
near Oving^. 

And his Eldest Grandson, who, after his marriage, 



148 speeshott's memoies of crichester (18th centuey). 



lived in the same House at Shop week, and was Possessed 
of a Considerable part of liis Grandfather's Estate, 
became absolutely Impoverished. 

I dont say this because I love to cast reflections on the 
Unfortunate, but to show the vanity of Excess, both in 
the Geting and useing riches. 

1721. The wind mill in Portfield was rebuilt. And 
at that time (and till some years after) the walls of St. 
James's Chappel were standing, shewing the form of its 
windows and dore, &c., but are since demollished.-^ 

1724. The Cross Clock, the gift of Lady Farington, 
was set up upon the top of the Center Filler of the 
Cross, in a Large four square case with three Dial Plates, 
close under where the Bell now hang, which had a very 
heavy awkward apperance and Greatly Disfigured the 
Cross, yet stood so more than 20 years.'*^ 

In this year the North walls, walk and rampart, were 



1 The Ancient Leper Hospital. — 
The extent to which the dreadful 
disease of leprosy prevailed in Eng- 
land during the period of the Crusades 
has been little noticed by historians. 
'J'wo hospitals for lepers, if not more, 
were founded in Su«scx in the reign of 
Henry II., both dedicated to St. James. 
Of the Leper Hospital of St. James 
juxta Seaford, an account is given in 
xir. S. A. C. An illustration in 
Eouse's 'Beauties and Antiquities' 
veil represents the remains of St. 
James' Leper Hospital near Chichester, 
but does not give one of its most re- 
markable features, the deep excavation 
at its side next Chichester, into which 
at one time doubtless the Lavant flowed, 
and formed a " leper's pool," in which 
the afflicted bathed. The inscription 
on the building erroneously ascribes its 
foundation to the reign of Henry I. 
The Franciscans gave their especial 
attention to the sufferers from this 
dreadful malady, which seems to have 
been most rife in cities. Hence the 
origin of this Hospital. " The leprosy, 
fostered by bad diet, wretched lod<:ing, 
and squalid clothing, was a bitter 
scourge of the town population. The 
disease broke out in the thirteenth 
century with unusual violence. Loath- 



some and infectious in the highest 
degree, it spared none. It appeared 
equally without warning in the King's 
Court or Council Chamber, and in the 
dcgrailed purlieus of the city. Once a 
leper always a leper. The medical 
skill of that age knew no cure. Poli- 
tical economy could devise no precau- 
tion, none except the most necessarj , 
as the most cruel, the dismemberment 
of the infected limb." — Fref. Monu- 
mevta Francescana 

^ Various entries relative to the Cross 
clock and bell, &c., occur in the "City 
Act Book," e.g. 11 Feb., 1723—" Articles 
were sealed with Lady Farington for 
the setting up a clock and other works 
on the High Cross, and forasmuch as a 
I'lell for the said Clock is not by the 
said Articles provided for it, it was and 
is agreed and ordered that a fitting bell ■ 
be provided for the said clock out of the 
City Eevenue, and Mr. iMaior is desired 
to take care of the same, and to cause 
the bell at the Hospital without the 
North Gate (the present Workhouse) to 
be taken downe and cast therein to 
lessen the expense thereof." 

2 June, 1724. " Ordered that the 
King s Armes and City Armes be ^ 
painted on the Conduit." — C. A. B. 



spershott's memoirs of CHICHESTER (18th centory). 149 

Leveled, repaired, and Beautified, by Lord Beauclerk, 
Then chosen Member of Parliament for this City, in the 
Mayoralty of Greo. Harris : a stone monument of which 
is yet standing there. 

At this Election, as soon as the Members were chosen, 
the Mayor refusing the Voters signing the return, the 
Mob arose and brought Pick axes and other Instruments 
Threattening to pull down the Councel House about their 
Ears, and brought them to Comply, this I saw. 

Also an Ox roasted whole in the Street, before the 
East side of the Cross upon a large wooden Spit. 
Turn'd by Men ; and Cut off the Spit as it was ready, 
and given to the Populace as they stood ready with 
Plaits and Dishes to receive it. And Several Hogseds of 
Strong Beer in the Streets running and distributing. 

The row of Trees at the East walls were now Planted, 
but the row of Large Trees at the North walls I appre- 
hend were Planted about the time that the Prince and 
Princess of Orange came to the Enghsh Throne. 

1725. I think it was in this year or near it, a new 
Chamber Organ was added to the Choir of the Cathedral, 
The Tubes of which were at first Bright like Silver, but 
are now like old Tarnished Brass.^ 

Malting* and Needlemaking, it was formerly Said, was 
the Chief Trades of this City. And at this time there 

» " 1725. The Deanery house re- year 1770, both in the plan and manner 
built by Dean Sherlock (afterwards the of building they had the mark and 
celebrated Bishop of London), accord- characteristic of that age : and the 
ing to report, at an expense of £4,000. timbers, generally oak, bore witness to 
The ancient Deanery honse extended to their antiquity. At what time this 
" the city wall, and was partly built manufacture began to be exported to 
upon it." 1727. The Episcopal house Ireland I do not find, not before the 
partly rebuilt by Bishop Waddington. time of Queen Elizabeth it is probable, 
Several vestiges of Roman tesserae and perhaps not till the reign of James, 
coins were dug up. a room 30ft. square However that be, it was a very valuable 
was found, and so much of the pave- article of trade to Chichester, enrich- 
ment remained perfect that a drawing ing many individuals and benefitting 
was made of it."— Jaques MS. the city in general. So lately as forty 

* Hay says :— " About the beginning or fifty years ago, there were several of 

of the fifteenth century the Chichester these malting houses in the town more 

malt began to be in repute throughout than there are now (1801), the manu- 

the greatest part of Sussex, and part of facture was then on the decline, as it 

Hampshire and Surrey. This appears had been for some time."'— ffa</ S Uist. 

from several of the malting houses, of Chichester, p. 330. 
which were standing here so late as the 



150 spershott's memoies of chichestee (18th century). 

were 32 Malthouses in working but now not half that 
number. 

I remember, there were also many Master Needle 
Makers who kept Journey Men and Apprentices at work 
but now are reduced to one. 

Now about was brought to Goodwood the Great 
Novelty of many wild Beast, Birds, and other Animals, 
and there kept in Dens, with Iron Grates made for them 
to be seen through, which draw'd a great number of 
People Thither to see them, a Lion, Tiger, man Tiger, 
Bears, Egle's, Ostrich &c &c &c. 

Jn° Page Esq^ native of this City, coming from 
London to Stand Candidate Here, a great number of 
voters went on Horsback to meet him. Among the rest 
M^ Joshua Lover a noted School Master, a sober man in 
the General, but of flighty Passions. 

As he was Seting out, one of his Scollers, Patty Smith 
(afterwards my Spouse) asked him for a Coppy, and in 
haste he wrote the followiug. 

Extreames beget Extreames, Extreames avoid, 
Extreames, without Extreames, are not Enjoyed. 

He set off in High Carrier, and coming down Rooks's 
Hill before the Sq^ rideing like a mad man To and fro, 
forward and backward Hallooing among the Company, 
The Horse at full Speed fell with him and kill'd him. 
A Caution to the flighty and unsteady: and a verification 
of his Coppy. 

1731. The old Market House taken down and the 
New one Built. 

The weather Cock taken down from the Spire, not 
Traversing. The foot walk first made, paved, and 
fenced with Posts & rails, by the wall of the Priory, 
from M^ Pages Dore, near the East Gate, to the End of 
Baffins Lane. 

Two new Bells were, now about, added to the former 
Six in the Tower. I saw them on the Ground by the 
West Gate of the Church Yard when they were first 
brought. 



spershott's memoirs op CHICHESTER (I8tu century). 151 

Rob* Madlock, a most Propbane Swarer, being Em- 
ploj'd in Cleaning the outside of the Steeple, as he hung 
hj a rope in his Cradle from the wall on the West Side, 
the rope broke, and he fell upon the roof of the Church 
and from thence to the Parapet wall, where he lie some 
time Crying and Eoreing most Grievously, which I heard, 
and also saw him let down with Tackle in a Coffin which 
happened to be ready made, when he came down he 
was scarce alive and Expired soon after. A warning to 
Swarers.^ 

1736. The Dark Cloisters, which continued round all 
four sides of the Square Quite to the Canon Lane, was, 
now about, taken down, and laid open to the Gardens, 
and the Yicars Houses new faced and windows put in. 

1739 Dec^ 22"'^ The hard Frost began, and continued 
9 weeks, which destroy'd abundance of wheat, so that it 
was plowed up, the fields in the spring being yallow with 
Churcle^ instead of green with wheat. Abundance of 
fruit Trees were killed, and many of the Poor Labouring 
Men and their Families must have quite perished had 
not the Hearts of the Opulent been opened towards 
them. 

1740. Inoculation for the Small Pox, which was first 
brought into England from Turkey in J 724, was now 
first Practised in Chichester, my Self the 3*^ Person that 
came under the Opperation : about 300 were inoculated 
and I think 3 or 4 died.^ 

5 " 1734. Octr. 2oth. A severe shock voted at the contested election this 

of an earthquake was felt in Chichester, year were 129." — Jaques MS. 

and for several miles in every direction ® Charlock (Sinapis arvensis). 

but the North, in the morning. Ac- ' Sub Ann. 1744, is a curious entry in 

cording to a narration drawn up by Dr. the " City Act Book," as to an old 

Ed. Bayley, people perceived not only custom — that of auction by candle 

the rocking of their beds, but also burning. " Buildings in St. George's 

their houses, with a rumbling noise of Row, in St. Martin's Lane, commonly 

the drawers and other moveables. called Hog Lane," had been examined, 

There had been more rain and wind for " and found very ruinous, likely to fall 

several months successively than for down and dangerous to passengers." 

many years before and after the shock. It was therefore resolved " that they be 

The Freeholders within the City, who taken down and the ground leased to 



152 speeshott's memoies of chichestee (IStfi centuey). 

1745. The Great Alarm bere, of the French being 
Landed at Pemsey Marsh, which news arrived by a 
Special Messenger from Arondel about the midle of the 
nio-ht, and so carried on to Havant, Portsmouth &c. 
Inimediately Drums beat to Arms all over the Town, the 
Soldiers were drawn up, the Gates all shut and garded, 
no Person admitted without being first Examined. 
Messengers sent every way into the country to warn 
them to get ready with all weapons possable, the Beacon 
was lighted upon the top of Rooks's Hill, which 
alarumed the country far round. All were geting their 
Guns ready, Casting Bullets &c. Women frightened 
out of their wits, Some fainted away. Some run from 
their Beds mto the Streets without their Cloaths, Ex- 
pecting the Enemy to be upon them every moment, 
Many went to Hideing their Plate, writings, and most 
valuable things. And all the next day, the Inhabitants 
were Loitering in the streets with sad Countenances, not 
knowing what to Think or Say, waiting for further 
Inteligence. But no fresh account coming, the matter 
it self being without foundation, However rise, wheather 
by mistake or Design, it soon subsided.^ 

The Market Cross underwent a thorough repair by 
his Grace the Duke of Richmond, and the Clock with its 
Paces set lower, where it now is. 

the highest bidder, hj inch of candle, Young Pretender. " This year,'' saya 
at the house of Yai'ral Johnson, being Jaques, in his MS., " was raised a 
the sign of the Swan in Chichester." company of foot, cal'ed the ' Blues of 
The conditions of sale are thus stated : Chichester,' for the service of Govern. 
"The said premises to be put up for ment." In April, 1746, was fought the 
sale at the sum of twenty shillings and decisive battle of CuUoden, which must 
every bidder shall advance a sum of not have obviated all further fear ; and oa 
less than ffive shillings ; also that the July 28th following, an address waa j 
last bidder before the candle goes out sent to the King by the Town Council 
shall be deemed the purchaser, and and inhabitants of the City with con- 
thereupon advance and pay the sum of gratulations on "the glorious event of 
tlive shillings into the hands of the that compleat and signal Victory which 
Maior of the said City by way of your Majesty's Arms have lately 
earnest and at the same time entertain obtained over your Rebellions subjecta 
the Members of the Corporation then in Scotland, who vainly confiding in 
present with six bottles of wine." The their own imaginary strength and the 
premises were thus sold on the 4th of powerful assistance of the Common 
June to Yarrall Johnson for £22. Vide Disturber of Europe insolently dared 
also XI., S. A. C, 186. to support the claime and follow the 
* 1745. This alarm was caused by standard of an abjured Pretender." — 
the expectation of a landing of the C.A.B. 
French on the South Coast to aid the 



spershott's memoirs of CHICHESTER (18th century). 153 

1748. The Turapike road from North Gate to Hind- 
head began to be made. The weather Cock was taken 
down from the Sph^e by Geo. Grodman Carpenter, and 
W™ Leat sat upon the Cross Bar fileing the Spindle. 
The old wind Mill which stood in the Field on the north 
side of the road going to Hampnet, the entrance of 
which was where the G-ravel Pit is since differed, was 
Blown down, with Ed. Ewen the Miller in it, who 
received no other damage but the breaking of one of his 
fingers.^ 

1748-9. JanT 16. A Special Assize was held in this 
City by three Judges, for the Trial of seven Smuglers, 
who were all condemned for Murther, and all Hang'd at 
the Brile except W^ Jackson who died in the Gail before 
the Execution, and was Buried under the Gallows. A 
stone Monument of which is there standing. One, viz., 
Tapner, was Hang'd in Chains upon Rooks's Hill, Carter, 
upon Beak Common. And Cobby & Hammon upon 
Selsey BilL Old and young Mills who were but acces- 
sories were Buried with Jackson. ^^ 



9 In 1791, in Gilbert White's Letters, 
is mentioned a dreadful storm in the 
same vicinity : — " The thunder storm 
on Dec. 23 in the morning, before day, 
■was very awful ; but, I thank God, it 
did not do us any the least harm. Two 
millers in a windmill on the Sussex 
Downs, near Goodwood, were struck 
dead by lightning that morning, and 
part of the gibbet on Hindhead, on 
which two murderers were suspended, 
was beaten down.'' 

1* An account of this Assize is given 
in the well-known '' Full and Genuine 
History of the Inhuman and Un- 
paralleled Murders," &c., quoted in 
X., S. A. C. The following extract, 
from an early edition, gives further 
particulars — " After sentence the Pri- 
Boners were carried back to Chichester 
Jail. The Court were pleas'd to order 
them all for execution the very next 
day, and that the bodies of Jackson, 
Carter, Tapner, Cobby, and Hammond, 
the five principals, should be hung in 
chains. Accordingly they were carried 
from the Jail to a place called the 

XXX. 



Broile, near Chichester, where in the 
presence of great numbers of spectators 
on Thursday the 19th day of January, 
about Two o'clock in the afternoon, all 
of them were executed, except Jack. 
son, of Aldsworth, who died in Jail 
about four Hours after Sentence of 
death was pronounced upon him." The 
places where these desperate outlaws 
were gibbeted are correctly stated in the 
text — " The body of William Carter was 
hung in chains, in the Portsmouth 
Road, near Rake ; the body of Benja. 
min Tapner on Rook's Hill, near Chi- 
chester ; and the bodies of John Cobby 
and John Hammond, near Selsey Bill." 
One Rooke, who lived at Appledram, 
and acknowledged that he had been 
a smuggler, said that a few years 
ago he bad, when a boy, climbed to 
the top of Tapner's gibbet. Among 
other incidents connected with smug, 
gling, he mentioned that a relation of 
his was shot through the head by an 
excise ofiBcer, and that, in the Man- 
hood, straw ricks, opened and after- 
wards covered up again, were not un- 



J 54) speeshott's memoirs of chichester (18th century). 

1749. The Duke of Riclimond's new vault diged and 
made in the Cathedral, and his father (the then late 
Duke) taken from Westminster and brought into it. 

And soon after was his own death and burial there. 

1751. S* Pancrass Church was rebuilt after havinp: 
been down more than 100 years. When I was young I 
knew an old man (M'' Clark) that said he remember'd the 
former Church standing. 

1753. The Parishes of the City united their Poor, by 
a new act of Parhament, and Built the two wings of the 
Poor House. 

1758. The High road that went through the Park 
was turned to the North side of West Dean Church. 
The Kings and Bishops in the Cathedral new painted. 

1760. The large Cupola on the projecting House 
within the East Gate, taken down. 

1762. The Turnpike road began to be made from 
west Gate towards Portsmouth, and for that purpose, 
the Gravel Pit at the South East Corner of the new 
Broile began to be digged, where the Cart road used 
to be. 



frequent hiding places for tubs of 
spirits, in transit from the coast. 

The " Monument " to the smugglers 
is still to be seen in a field adjacent to 
the barracks. As the inscription on it 
is now almost entirely obliterated, it is 
here given, as copied jnst after its 
erection : — " Near this place was 
Buried the Body of William Jackson, a 
proscribed Smuggler, who upon a 
special Commission of Oyer and Ter- 
miner, held at Chichester, on the \6^^ 
day of January 1748 9 was, with 
William Carter, attainted for the Mur- 
der of William Galley, a Custom-house 
OfiBcer ; and who likewise was, together 
with Benjamin Tapner, John Cobby, 
John Hammond, Richard Mills the 



Elder, and Richard Mills the younger, hia 
Son, attainted for the Murder of Daniel 
Chater ; but dying in a few hours after 
Sentence of Death was pronounced 
upon him, he thereby escap'd the 
Punishment which the Heinousness of 
his complicated Crimes deserved, and 
which was the next day most justly in- 
flicted upon his Accomplices. As a 
Memorial to Posterity, and a Warning 
to this and succeeding Generations this 
stone is erected. A.D. 1749." The 
sum of £42 was paid by the Exchequer 
to the Corporation of Chichester for the 
erection of the gallows and other ex- 
penses incurred in this special Assize. — 
City Act Book. 



spershott's memoirs of CHICHESTER (18th century). 155 

1763. The water of the Lavant run all round the 
city, occasioned by its overflowing the Bank at S* James's 
in the night, which flow'd the lower rooms in S* Pan- 
crass, run rapidly into the Lane to S* Michals Fair field, 
so into the Lighten, and flow'd by the Bishops Garden 
field, and found its way round to North Gate &c as in 
1713 just 50 years before, and if periodical, may again 
be expected in 1813. 

The water mill at the East end of S* Pancrass taken 
down. 

The High road part of Baffins Lane, going by the wall 
of the Priory to the South walls and so round to the 
South Gate, was stop'd up, and taken into M*" Bulls 
Garden. 

1768. The river Lavant, where it used to run across 
the Main road to the Edge of Portfield, was turned to 
the north side of the road to S* James's and there a new 
Bridge built. 

1771. The new Bridge built overtlie Lavant without 
the East Gate, before which the water lie open, spread 
wide, and when the springs were high, flow'd from within 
a few yards of East Gate into the Hornet as far as the 
old Poor House, ^^ and was so deep in the current that I 
have seen it above the Beds of the waggons. There was 
then only a narrow Bridge of two stone arches from tke 
Hornet to the Pancrass for Horse and foot People. 

1773. The three Gates, North, South, and West, were 
taken down, which put a stop to the keeping Hock Mon- 

11 In 1772, died Mr. Hardham who comedies, at a time when wigs and snnff 

was one of the greatest benefactors to were the necessary appendages of a 

the city. He bequeathed the sum of beau." — Walcotfs Memorials of Chi- 

£22,282 15s. 9d. in the Three-per-Cents. Chester. Some of this snuff was pro- 

" to ease the inhabitants of Chichester duced and handed round at a recent 

of their poor rate for ever." Those dinner given to a Chairman of the Board 

who live outside the walls, or within the of Guardians. Hardham s will is so 

Precincts of the Close are excluded from quaint, and of so much importance in 

this benefit. Hardham made his fortune the civic annals of this time, that it is 

by snuff. It was his celebrated " No. added as an appendix to these notes in 

37" which "gained celebrity by being the " Notes and Queries," infra. 
introduced by Garrick, in one of his 



156 speeshott's memoies of chichestee (18th centuey). 

day, whicli was tlie Monday fortnigM after Easter, when 
the Porters kept the Gate shut from morning till night, 
and every person passing through paid a Penny once for 
the Day, at least one for their Familie. 

In this year was a storm of wind which set the wind 
mill on Rooks's Hill and the wind mill on Ports-down 
both on Fire, they were both burning at the same time 
and both burnt down to the Ground. 

Now about the new wall for encompassing the enlarged 
Park at Goodwood was building and carrying on from 
Porley Corner up the Hill. 

1774. The foot walks in all the streets and lanes, first 
paved, at the expense of the Members of Parliament for 
the City, viz. Cappell and Conolly. 

1775. The weather Cock taken down from the Spire ; 
and I saw Henry Hammon sit upon the Cross Barr fileing 
the Spindle, who put it up again, and proposed geting 
up upon it when on, but was persuaided from such a 
presumtious attempt. 

1777. The Old Conduit taken down which stood on 
the South side of the East street apposit the Corner 
House of the North and East ; it was a large round, 
heavy Building leaded over in a piramidal form, and there 
was only room for foot people between it and the Houses. 

The new Conduit was then built in the South Street, 
and a Stone Iraage^ of one of the Ancient Druids set 

12 The history of this statue is curious. placed oTer the public Conduit in the 

It is conjectured, from its material, South Street near the Cross, and gave 

that it was made at the establishment a certain classical appearance to that 

of Mrs. Coade, from which similar de- part of the town; but the Conduit being 

signs issued in the last century. Fi^r taken down, the statue was purchased 

many years after Spershott's time it by Mr. Guy." After remaining there 

was in the vault of Mr. W. Guy, who for many years, it was disinterred in 

died in 1800. He was an eminent 1&73, and was then presented by his 

Burgeon of Chichester, and resided " in grandson, Dr. W. A. Guy, of King's 

the house situate on the west side of Coll., London, to the Priory Park 

the west entrance or gateway leading to Society, in whose grounds it has been 

the cathedral church yard. At the I'e-erected. An entry in the " City Act 

entrance into the vault, it is said. Book" describes the statue as that of a 

(1836), " is a fine sculptured figure of Druid, and mentions its original cost aa 

I'ime, which in fact was once the statue £64. 
of Neptune ! adorned with a trident and 



SPEESHOTT's MEMOIES OF CHICHESTER (18tH CENTURT). 157 

upon it, and a large Reservoir made under G-round. The 
fish Shambles made of stone which before were of wood. 
In this year, the row of 51 Elm Trees, on the East side 
of Kingsham mead, was planted. 

1779. The Turnpike Eoad from South Gate to Dell 
Quay began to be made. 

The Powder House on the East walls built. 

Feb. 3*^. The fortnight Beast Market changed from 
its usual Wednesday, to the other Wednesday. 

The foot walk from North Gate to the Brile fenced off 
with Posts and rails. 

1780. The number of Dwelling Houses in the City 
and Suburbs were as follows. And for a House, so much 
was taken as by its whUs, roof, form, &c appear'd to be 
one whole distinct Building. Some containing 1. 2. 3. 4 
Tenements. 

viz. In the East Street 72 

North Street 70 

West Street 64 

South Street 52 

Palant 46 

Little London &c 33 

St. Martins Lane &c 41 

Upper West Lane 20 

Lower West Lane 13 

Northwest Walls 9 

TheClose 17 

Within the Walls 437 

Without East Gate 106 

Without North Gate 9 

Without West Gate 30 

Without South Gate 19 

Total 601 

1781. One Round Tower of the Fortification taken 
down and quite erased which stood near the West Gate. 



158 speeshott's memoirs of chichester (18th century). 

Feb. 27. was the great storm of wind, whicli blow'd 
down 7 Barns in Bersted Parish, 20 in the Manhood, and 
many more about the Country. Also Burdham wind mill 
and Shripny wind mill, abundance of Trees, and other 
damages to Buildings &c in the Town and Country ^ 

Dec^ 13. The large old Spittle House, belonging to 
St. James's Chappel, burnt down. 

1 783. The New Grand Assembly Room built. 

The East Gate arch and Prison over it taken down, 
and the new Gaol built as gay without side as a painted 
Sepulchre ; And Mary Beedle a young married waiting 
woman to Lady Franklen, was the first Prisoner in it. 
for stealing a Quantity of Linnen, which in part return'd 
to its Owner. After her sentance to seven years Trans- 
portation she was immediately put into it Jan^. 12. 1784, 
before it was quite finished and when the water run down 
the walls, and a great snow and extream cold winter 
followed upon it. and no Bed, or fire, alowed her. nor 
friend to visit her, so that she was nearly perished, and 
her Husband a Civil man almost distracted. 

Here, tho' the sentence was legal, Human Nature 
seemed to have lost its feelings towards a young tender 
woman, and at the same time with Child, which circum- 
stances, had she been even guilty of murder, certainly, in 
reason and nature, would have demanded some sympathy 
and relief from her fellow creatures, for she and all of us 
must yet appear at a Higher Court of Judicature before 
him to whom vengeance does primarily belong, and who 
declares, that he shall have judgment without mercy, that 
hath shewed no mercy. Ja' 2, 13. 

1784 Ap^ 15. The first air Balloon ever seen rise in 
Chichester, was sent up from the Bishop's Green, and the 
same day it was found near Harting and brought to 
Chichester. 

The new Bath Building without the South Gate erected 
in the Old Cart road. 

I here end my remarks, and this whole work, which 



spershott's memoirs of CHICHESTER (18th centurt). ] 59 

for my amusement at certain intervals, and respites from 
my more important calling, I have been carrying on. 

And from a retrospection, I can't but observe, that I 
have seen almost the whole City and Town, new built or 
new faced, a spirit of Emulation in this way having run 
through the whole. And that from its Beauty, Elegancy, 
and new taste in Buildings, Dress &c it would appear to 
an ancient inhabitant, if reviv'd, as if another Cissa had 
been here. 

This Century I think may be called its Golden Age, if 
it thus continues to the end of it. But being in this, 
elevated to its Meridian Height, it may be greatly de- 
clined again by the End of the next, for Divine Providence 
generaly brings Pride to a fall. 

^' Civility and Politeness bright as Day, 

Ht-c But the one thing needfull too much delay. 

To Spershott's annals the following are added by a 
different hand : — 

1797 June 2. The Weather Cock taken down from the 
Spire by William Arthur. July 4 the Weather Cock put 
up again by William Arthur at 6 Minutes before Ten 
O'clock in the morning. 

1798 September 10. The new Weather Cock put up 
on the St. Pancrass Church by William Smart at 10 
minutes after four in the afternoon with a new Cross 
Barr added to the Upright Barr.^^ 

1809. February the water of the Lavant run all round 
the City occasioned by its overflowiug its Banks which 
flowed the lower rooms in St. Pancrass & the Hurnet 
run rapidly into the Lane to St. Michals Fair field so 
into the Lighten and flowed the Bishops Garden Field 

'^ 1806, Apl. 3. " It was unanimously near the Swan Back Gate in the N. 

agreed (by the Town Council) that a Street," which was purchased for £650. 

Market House should be erected in the 1808, Jan. 20. "The New Market 

most centrical part of the City." The House in the N. Street was opened." — 

site selected was that of " two messuages C.A.B. 



160 spershott's memoirs of CHICHESTER (18th centctry). 



and found its way round to North Gate as in the year 
1763 which may be expected once in 50 years. ^* 



1* On this occasion twenty gnineas 
were subscribed by the Mayor and Cor- 
poration " for the relief of the poor 
persons who suffered from the Inunda- 
tion." — City Act Book. 

This is not the sole instance of gene- 
rosity mentioned in the Civic Annals ; 
they abound also with addresses testi- 
fying to the loyalty and patriotism of 
the Cicestrians Many famous victories 
are therein commemorated, and after the 
ever-memorable battle of Trafalgar — 
not alluded to in the preceding — the 
following excellent address was sent 
from the city : — 

" Nov. 27, 1805. 

' To the King's most excellent Majesty. 

' May it please your Majesty 

" To accept the warmest 
congratulations of your RIajesty's duti- 
ful & loyal subjects the Mayor, High 
Steward, Recorder, Alderman & Citi- 
zens of the City of Chichester, in 
Common Council assembled, upon the 
recent most glorious & tmparalleled 
Victory obtained over the Combined 
Fleets of France & Spain by your 
Majesty's Fleet led on by that illus- 
trious & ever to be lamented Hero 
Lord Nelson ; a victory which, while it 
will give a prouder lustre to the Naval 



History of our Country will yet darken | 
its Page by recording the untimely Fall 
of a Commander under whose auspices 
Conquest was the certain consequence 
of Battle. 

'' At the same Time therefore that 
we presume to congratulate your 
Majesty on one Event so auspicious to 
our Country we trust it is becoming 
in us to offer our humble Condolence 
to your Majesty on another which has 
robbed your Majesty of a most loyal 
subject & deprived these lealms of tho 
Services of a Man who has contributed 
BO largely to extend their power & 
increase their property. We should ' 
however be guilty of unpardonable i 
Despondency if we did not feel the : 
firmest reliance that by the efforts of 
the many surviving gallant Officers & 
Seamen in your Majesty's Fleets the 
Glory of the British Flag will continue 
under Divine Providence to shine with 
equal Brilliancy to the latest Posterity. 

" In Testimony whereof we have : 
caused the Common Seal of the said ' 
City to be hereunto affixed this twenty | 
fiflh Day of November in the forty 
ninth year of your Majesty's most aus- 
picious reign." 



A EETUEN 

(SO FAR AS THEY CAN BE ASCERTAINED) 

OF THE MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT TOR THE 
COUNTY AND BOROUGHS OF SUSSEX. 

COMPILED FROM THE RETURN OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT 

ORDERED BY THE HOUSE OF COMMONS TO BE 

PRINTED 1 MARCH, 1878. 



By ALAN H. STENNING, Esq., 



18Edw. I. (1290). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 15 July, 1290. 

^"'*;^ , ^ 1 Sussex County, 

de Lcbjngenam ) 



Henricus Husee 
Willielmus 



23 Edw. I. (1295). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster 13tli and (by 
Prorogation) 27tli November, 3 295. 

Kobertus de Passelagh ) 



Thomas de Yawton | Arundel Boroagh. 

Johannes Ahsaundre ) 

I Biamber Borough. 

I Chichester City. 

Walterus Randolf j Horsham Borough, 

vv alterus burgevs ) 

Gervasius de Wolvehope ) ^ewes Borough. 

Kicardus le Palmere ) 

Rogerus de Beauchamp | si^o.ebam Borough, 

ihomas Fontoyse J 



Johannes Testard 
Ricardus le Eveske 
Willielmus de Ertham 
Clemens de Addesdene 
Walterus Randolf 



XXX. 



162 



MEMBERS OF PAELIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



25 Edw. L (1297). 

Summoned to meet at London 6tli October, 1297. 
Two Knights to be sent from each county. 

Sussex Coukty. 

The knights and freeholders of this county refused to 
proceed to an election, in consequence of the absence, 
upon the King's service, of the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury and others beyond sea. 



26 Edw. I. (1298). 
Summoned to meet at York, 25th May, 1298. 

Sussex County. 



Henricus Huse 
Radulphus Saunzaver 
Walterus le Spiser 
Johannes ate Palente 
Gervasius de Wolfnehope 
Willielmus Seiverleg' 
Galfridns Cuckou 
Willielmus Hobey 
Godefridus ate Curt 
Eogerus le Wak' 
Andreas le Pipere 
Willielmus Daunger 



Chichester City. 



Lewes Borcugrh. 



8eaford Borough. 

Shoreham Borough. 

Steyning and Bramber Borough. 



28 Edw. I. (1299-1300). 

Summoned to meet at London or Westminster, 6th 
March, 1299-1300.' 



Robertus de Passelegh "1 

Lucas de Vienna J 

Willielmus le Tavernor '\ 

Walterus le Espiccr j 

Eobertus Godefray ") 

Walterus Burgeys j 



Sussex County. 
Chichester City. 
Horsham Borough. 



1 The names are taken from the Enrolment of the Writs de Expensis in the 
absence of original returns. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



163 



29 Edw. I. (1300-1). 
Summoned to meet at Lincoln, 20 January, 1300-1. 

?• Sussex County. 

1^ Arundel Borough. 

I Bramberand Steyning Borough. 

[ Chichester City. 



Heuricns Tregoz 
Henricus Husee 
Robertus Sweyn 

. ate Sonde 
Johannes Testard 
Godefridus Thony 
Ricardus Danyel 
Godefridus Clere 
Willielmus ate Holere 
Williebnus le Fughel 
Reginaldus de Combe 
Rogeius Coppyng' 
Ricardus le Plote 
Stephanus Ode 
Williehnus Hdbey 
Galfridus Cookou 
Rogerus de Bello Campo 
Ricardus e Bokyngehani 



[ Grinstead Borough. 

i Lewes Borough. 

I Midhurst Borough. 

I Seaford Borough. 

I Shoreham Borough. 



30 Edw. I. (1302). 

Summoned to meet in London, 29 September, 1302, 
and prorogued to Westminster, 14 October, 1302. 



Henricus Wardeden 
Johannes Heryngaud 
Williehnus Wodelond 
Johannes Hereward 
Johannes Testard 
Ricardus le Evesk' 
Wal terns Burgeys 
Robertus Godefrey 
Gervasius de Wolvehope 
Ricardus le Palmere 
Joliannes Bosse 
Galfridus Cockou 
Henricus de Burne 
Rogerus de Bello Campo 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Bramber Borough. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Seaford Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



164! MEMBEES OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 

33 Edw. I. (1304-5). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 16 February, 
1304-5, prorogued to 28 February, 1304-5. 

Willielmus de Etclnngeliam | ^.^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^_ 
Radulphus fcauiitzaver ) 

Godefridus Gyngivre 7 a i i tj i 

TTT-ii- 1 -ntr 1 1 J c Amndel liorough. 

Willielmus Wodelond } ° 

Edmundus Gordon | Chkhester City. 

Petrus Bissbop ) ■' 

Galfridus de Wolvebope | l^^^^^ Borongli. 

Walterus Nyng ) 

Eicardiis Serle j Shoreham Borough, 

feimon Iveny j 

34 EdAY. I. (1306). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 30 May, 1306. 

Eadulphus Saunaver^ ") o r^ ^ 

T 1 ^ „ • J9 f Sussex County. 

Johannes Heringaud^ j '' 

35 Edw. I. (1306-7). 
Summoned to meet at Carlisle, 20 January, 1306-7. 

Henricus Husee ■) .. „ 

Johannes Heringaud j ^"'^^^ ^^""^.^'- 

Ricardus Wodelond ") a i i t. 

Willielmus Scot j Arundel Borough. 

Ricardus le Nedelare ") ^„ • i ^ /-.• 

Galfridus de Strethampton' | Chichester City. 

1 Edw. II. (1307). 

Summoned to meet at Northampton, 13 October, 
1307. 

Willielmus de Echinghamme ") o r^ 

Henricus Husee j" ^'^^'^^ County. 

Willielmus Scot ) a i i -r. i 

Ricardus Wodelond j ^™"^'^ Borough. 

Willielmus Chepman ) t> i ■, cj • -r, 

Rogerus Paramour j ^ramber and SteyningBorough. 

* These names are supplied from the Enrolment of the Writs de Expensis in the 
absence of original Eeturus. 



MEMBERS OF TARLIAMENT FOE SUSSEX. 



165 



Galfridus le Fissher 
Thomas Squier 
Robertus Godefrei 
Martin us le Peck 
Robertus le Bjnt 
Walterus le Fust 
Bicardus Must 
Ricardus Serle 



I East Grinstead Borough. 

|- Horsham Borough. 

I Lewes Borough. 

I Shoreham Borough. 



2 Edw. II. (1309). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 27 April, 1309. 



Henricus Husee 
Heuricus Tregoz 
Willielmus de Yabeton' 
Thomas de Yabeton' 
Henricus de Somerlegh' 
"Walterus le Spicer 
Willielmus de Holmdale 
Galfridus le Fisshere 
Ranulphus de Horsham 
Robertus Olyver 
Simcm Tring 
Johannes Arnald 
Johannes Virly 
Johannes Frewyn' 
Ricardus le Veske 
Johannes Raulot' 



I Sussex County. 

I Arundel Borough. 

I Chichester City. 

[ East Grinstead Borough. 

[• Horsham Borough. 

>■ Lewes Borough. 

1 Shoreham Borough. 

I SteyningandBramber Borough. 



5 Edvv. II. (1311). 

Summoned to meet at London, 8 August, 1311. 
Prorogued and Re-summoned 12 November, 1311. (See 
next Parliament.) 

Radulphus Sanzaver^ 
Johannes de Heringaud' 



Willielmus Wodelond' 
Johannes Alisaundre 
Clemens de Addesden' 
Willielmus le Sherere 
Thomas Flemyng' 
Galfridus ate Solere 



I Sussex County. 

l Arundel Borough. 

[ Chichester City. 

[ East Grinstead Borough. 



3 Supplied from the Enrolment of the Writs de Expensis in the absence of 
Original lletiirns. 



166 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



Eobertus 
Eobertus 
Simon le 
Eicardus 
Eicaidus 
Henricus 
Johannes 
Johannes 
Eicardus 
Eobertus 



Godefrei 

ate Lynde 

Tring' 

le Hurt 

Josep 

le Poffare 

Virly 

Frewyne 

le Veske 

Sulverloc 



J Horsham Borough. 

[ Lewes Borough. 

I Midhurst Borough. 

[ Shoreham Borough. 

I Steyning Borough. 



6 Edw. II. (1311). 
Re-summoned (after Prorogation) to meet at West- 



minster, 12 November, 1311, 

Eadulphus Saunsaver or 

Saunzaver 
Johannes Herynghaud 
Johannes atte Gate 
Jobannes Edward 
Clemens de Addesdene 
Johannes de Somerlegh' 
Willielmus de Holyndale 
Johannes atte Solere 
Henricus le Boteler 
Eicardus Josep 



Sussex County. 



i 

'j- Arundel Borough. 

> Chichester City. 

y East Griustead Borough. 

I Midhurst Borough. 



6 Edw. II. (1312). 

Summoned to meet at Lincoln, 23 July, and (by Pro- 
rogation) at ^Yestminster, 20 August, 1312. 

Nicholaus Gentil* 
Eobertus le Boliller^ 



i Sussex County. 



6 Edw. II. (1312-13). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 18 March, 1312- 



13. 



Henricus Tregoz 
Michael de Ponegh' 
Johannes Edward 
Godefridus Gyngivre 



[■ Sussex County. 



) 



Arundel Borough. 



Names supplied from the Writs de Expeneis. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT EOR SUSSEX. 



167 



Eobertus le Tavernier 
Simon de Flete 
Eobertus Godefray 
Willielmus ate Lynde 
Henricus le Poffare 
Eicardus le Baillyf 
Johannes Eaidot 
Eicardus le Veske 



y Chicliester City. 

> Horsham Borough, 

I Midhurst Borough. 

>• Steyning Borough. 



7 Edw. II. (1313). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 8 July, 1313. 

Eadulphus Saunzaver 



Johannes Heringaud 

Adam le Taillur 
Willielmus le Sangere 

Alexander Prikkelove 
Johannes Gerniein 

Willielmus de la Chapele 
Galfridus de Wolveliope 

Johannes le Frensh' 
Johannes le Eryssh' 



Sussex County. 

Arundel Borough. 

Chichester City. 

Lewes Borough. 

Steyning and BramberBorough. 



7 Edw. II. (1313). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 23 September, 1313. 



Nicolaus Gentil 
Johannes Heringaud 

Johannes Edward 
Johannes de Gate 

Adam de Coppedone 
Eobertus le Taverneuer 

Galfridus le Ku 
Willielmus de Holyndale 

Eobertus Godefrey 
Eicardus de Stanstret 

Simon Tiing 
Johannes Gouman 

Henricus de Bourne 
Willielmus de Pevenese 

Eicardus le Veske 
Willielmus de Denham 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Chichester City. 
East Grinstead Borough. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 
Steyning Borough. 



1-^ 



168 



MEMBERS OF PAKLIAMENT FOU SUSSEX. 



8 Edw. II. (1314-15). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster. 20 January, 
1314-15. 

Robertas de Echyngham 
Nicholaus Gentyl 

No return made 



Sussex County. 
Chichester City. 



10 Edw. II. (1316). 
Two Knights summoned from each County, to meet at 
Lincoln, 29 July, 1316, concerning the Perambulations 
of the Forests. 



Alanus de BokesuUe or 

de Bokesliuir 
Thomas de Praierres or 

de Prayeres 



Sussex County. 



12 Edw. II. (1319). 
Summoned to meet at York, 6 May, 1319. 

Johannes de Ratyndene 
Rogerus de Baveut 

David le Kersone 
Willielmus Bellar' 



Williehuus Chepnian 
WilHelmus de Bury 

Johannes le Say 
Rogerus le Buck' 

No Return made 
Willielmus Walewere 
Henricus de Rudham 

Johannes Loute 
Johannes Baudefait 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Bramber Borough. 



Chichester City. 
(?) East Grinstead Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 

Shoreham Borough. 



14 Edw. 11. (1320). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 6 October, 1320. 

Tliomas Tregoz, miles 
Rogerus de Bavent, miles 



Simon le Goldsmyth' 
Willielmus de Yabiton 



} 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 



MEMBEES OF PAELTAMENT FOB SUSSEX. 



169 



Johannes Wyn 
Rogerus atte Welle 

Ricardus ate Stanstrete 
Eicardus atte Boure 

Thomas ate Novene 
Radulphus ate Lote 

Henricus le Butiller 
Ricardus de Sen^eltou' 



Chichester City. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 



15 Edw. XL (1321). 
Summoned to meet at "Westmiaster, 15 July, 1321. 

Robertus de Echingeham^ 

Nicholaus Gentil''^ 



Sussex County. 



15 Edw. II. (1322). 
Summoned to meet at York, 2 May, 1 322. 

Robertus de Echingham 



Rogerus de Bavent 

Johannes Chaunterel 
Johannes Caris 

Thomas de SLawe 
Radulphus Peny 

Johannes le Rede 
Andreas ate Wode 

Philippus le Mareschal 
Thomas de Lofelde 

Thomas de Chidingfold 
Ricardus Babbe 

Benedictus ate Lithe 
Willielmus Chepman 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Chichester City. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 
Steyning and Bramber Borough. 



16 Edw. 11. (1322). 
Summoned to meet at Ripon (afterwards altered to 
York), 14 November, 1322. 

Robertus de Echyngehamme 
Johannes de Ratyngedene 



Sussex County. 



8 Supplied from the Enrolment of the Writs de Expensis in the absence of 
Original Keturns. 

XXX. z 



I 



170 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



Johannes Eaulot 
Willlelmus Shipman 

(Radiilpbus) Pany 
Thomas de Shawe 

Willielmus de Holind' 
Galfridus Cocus 

Ricardus de Stanstrete 
Johannes le Botiler 

Robertas le Spicer 
Ricardus le Poleter 

Wal terns Dranek' 
Rogerus de Ely 



I Bramber and SteyningBorongh. 

[ Chichester City. 

[ (East Grinstead) Borough. 

I Horsham Borough. 

I Lewes Borough. 

[ Seaford Borough. 



17 EchY. II. (1323-4). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 20 January, 
1323-4. Prorogued to 23 February, 1323-4. 

Michael de Picconmbe 



Johannes de Ernele Junr. 

Thomas de Padebrok' 
Johannes Aurifaber 

Johpnncs de Boxgrave 
Robertus de Elnestede 

"Willielmus Walewere 
Robertus le Spicer 

Ricardus Josep 
"Willielmus de Londenissh 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Chichester City. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 



18 Edw. II. (1324), 
Summoned to meet at Salisbury (altered to London), 
20 October, 1324. Two Knights or others to be sent 
from each County. 



Lucas de "Vyenne, miles 
Johannes ate See^ 



Sussex County. 



19 Edw. II. (1325). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 18 November, 1325. 



Michael de Pikcombe, or 

de Picombe^ 
Willielmus de Preston^ 



Sussex County. 



* " Loco militis." 



? Jb. 



lb. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



171 



Willielmus Wodelond 
Johannes 

Ricardus le Vesk' 
Ricardns Herefy 

Johannes Stub 
Robertas de Ehiestede 

Willielmus atte 8ol(ere)3 
"Willielmus de Holy(ndale)- 

Johannes atte Doune 
Willielmus Bosse 

Willielmus Vivyan 
Thomas Moraunt 



Arundel Borough. 

Bramber and SteyningBorough. 

Chichester City. 

East Grinstead Borough. 

Seaford Borough. 

Shoreham Boroug-h. 



20Edw. 11.(1326-7). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 14 December, 
1326, and by Prorogation, 7 January, 1326-7. 



Edwardus de Sancto Johanne^'^' 
Roorerus de Bavent^** ' 



Sussex County. 



1 Edw. III. (1327). 
Summoned to meet at Lincoln, 15 September, 1327. 



Sussex. 

Nicholaus Gentil, the Sheriff, thus endorses the 
writ — 

" Istud breve mihi venit in Comitatu Sussex' die Lune 
in vigilia Nativitatisbeate Marie per quendam extraneum 
et nullus fuit Comitatus ante diem in brevi isto conten- 
tum tenendus et ideo electio militum nee breve istud 
ballivis civitatum et Burgorum pro brevitate temporis 
fieri non potuerunt. Et ideo de executione istius brevis 
nihil actum est ad presens." 



' Names torn off. 



Names supplied from the Writs de Expensis. 



I 



172 



MEMBERS OF PAELTAMENT FOE SUSSEX. 



2 Edw. III. (1327-8). 
Summoned to meet at York, 7 February, 1327-8. 

Rogerus de Bavent 



Johannes de Ratyngden' 

Adam de Kent 
Adam le Chapman 

Willielmus de Hurst 
Johannes atte Halle 

Radulphns Bovet 
Johannes le Blake 



1 



Sussex County. 
Bramberand Steyning Borough. 
Chichester City. 
Shoreham Borough. 



2 Edw. III. (1328). 
Summoned to meet at Northampton, 24 April, 1328. 

> Sussex County. 



Nicholaus Gentil 
Johannes de Ratingden' 

Rogerus Hereward 
Thomas de Yabeton' 



Hugo Bonfaumt 
Walterus Prest 

Johannes Wyn 
Stephauus Mucheldcvcre 

Willielmus Darnel 
Johannes le Baker' 

Henricus de Whiteweie 
Johannes Swele 



I Arundel Borough. 

C Bramber aud Steyning Borough. 

t Chichester City. 

> Lewts Borough. 

y Shoreham Borough. 



2 and 3 Edw. III. (1328 and 1328-9). 

Summoned to meet at Salisbury, 16 October, 1328, 
and adjourned to Westminster, 9 February, 1328-9. 

1 



Johannes de Ratyndene 
Willielmus de Xorthoo 

Thomas de Yabeton' 
Rogerus Hereward 

Robertus Scolace 
Johannes Capel 

Johannes Wyn 
Willielmus atte Welle 



Sussex County. 
> Arundel Borough. 
I Bramber and SteyningBorough. 
[ Chichester City. 



MEMBEES OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



173 



Thomas le Glovere 
Nicholaus le Smyth 

Anselmus atte Putte 
Johannes Swele 



Horsham Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



4 Edw. III. (1329-30). 
Summoned to meet at Wincliester, 11 March, 1329-30. 

Nicholaus Gentil, miles 
Johannes de Ernele, miles 

Thomas de Yabeton' 
.... Wodelondii 



hii 
11 



I 



Johannes Wyn 
Willielmus atte Welle 

Kadulphus atte More 
Martinus le Kuynvyere 

Walterus atte Markette 
Ricardus le Hurt 

Thomas Snow 
Johannes Notboys 

Eobertus Apetot 
Eobertus le Kenne 



[ Sussex County. 

[ Arundel Borough. 

I Bramber and Steyning Borough. 



Chichester City. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



4 Edw. Ill, (1330). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 26 November, 1330. 
Edwardus de Sancto Johanne^^-^ 



I 



Rogerus de Kent^^ 

Thomas de Yabeton' 
Willielmus Wodelond 

Johannes Chapman 
Johannes le Frensh 

Johannes Neel 
Johannes Botiler 

Thomas Comyn 
Stephanus le Bocher 

Thomas Snow 
Henricus Botiler 



i 



Sussex County. 

Arundel Borough. 

(Bramber and Steyning ?) 
Borough. 

Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 



" Names torn off. ^^ Names supplied from the Writs de Expensis. 



174 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAIMENT FOE SUSSEX. 



5 Edw. III. (1331). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 30 September, 
1331. ^ 



Nicholaus GentiP^ 
Willielmus de Northo^^ 



Sussex County. 



6 Edw. III. (1331-2). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster 
1331-2. 



16 March, 



EdwariUis de 8ancto Johan ne 
Thomas de Weyvill' 

Willielmus de Senebech' 
Ricardus le Breware 

Thurstaniis le Vesk 
Willielmus Chaunterel 

Joliannes Wyn 
Willielmus atte Welle 

Johannes Godefrey 
Johannes Marchaund 

Thomas Comyn 

Johannes Scoteryld' i 

Johannes le Beauuchamp 
Ancelmus atte Putte i 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Bramber Borough. 
Chichester City. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Shoreham Borough 



6 Edw. III. (1332). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 9 September, 



Edwardus de Sancto Johanna' 

Thomas de Weyvill' J 

Robertus Sulverlok "j 
Willielmus Churses 

Robertus de Klnestede "j 

Willielmus atte Welle ( 

Ancelmus atte Putte ] 

Ricardus Moust ( 



Sussex County. 

Bramber and Steyuing Borough. 
Chichester City. 
Shoreham Borough, 



Names supplied from the Writs de Expensis, 



I 



MEMBERS OE PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



175 



6 Edw. III. (1332). 
Summoned to meet at York, 4 December 
by Prorogation 20 January, 1332-3. 

Henricus de Westden' 
Thomas de Thorp' 

Williehiius le Veske 
Johannes Chapman 

Ancelmus atte Putts 
K Johannes atte Grene 



1332, and 



[■ Sussex County. 

[• Bramber and Steyning Borough. 

> Shoreham Borough. 



8 Edw. III. (1333-4). 
Summoned to meet at York, 21 February, 1333-4. 

Willielmus de Cheyny, miles ") 
Henricus de Loxle, miles C 



Adam de Warneknapp' 
Thomas de Yabeton' 

Rolandus de Chndeham 
Willielmus atte Welle 

Robertus . . . M 



Ricardus le Tannere 
Henricus atte Wodecote 

Anselmus atte Putte 
David Fynian 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Chichester City. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



8 Edw. III. (1334). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 19 September, 1334. 

Willielmus de Northo^^ 



Henricus de Loxle^^ 

Thomas Hally 
Godefridus le Vynour 

Willielmus de Petle 
Johannes Hardyng 

Ricardus de Stanstret 
Oliverus Skyllyng' 

Johannes Beauchamp' 
Germanus Hobelyt 



'* Names torn off. 
15 The Enrolment of 



the Writ de 



[• Sussex County. 

> Bramber and Steyning Borough. 

> Chichester City. 

> Horsham Borough. 

> Shoreham Borough. 

Expensis gives Thomas de Eure and 
Willielmus de Northo, senior. 



176 



MEMBEES OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



9 Edw. III. (1335). 
Summoned to meet at York, 26 May, 1335. 

Willielmus de Northo 
Eogerus de Leukenore 



Johannes Wyn 
Elias de Mene 



Sussex County. 
Chichester City. 



Summoned 
1335-6. 

Edwardus de Sancto Johanne^^ 
Johannes de Boudon^^ 

Johannes Capel 
Jordanus de Blachyngton' 

Johannes Wyn 
Willielmus de Puttie 

Eicardus le Gretesmyth 
Robertus le Flechiere 

Eobertus le Puffare 
Johannes Beauchanip 



10 Edw. III. (1335-6). 
to meet at Westminster, 



11 March, 



Sussex County. 
Bramberand Steyning Borough. 
Chichester City. 
Horsham Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



10 Edw. III. (1336). 

Summoned to meet at Nottingham, 23 September, 
1336. 

Johannes Haket ") o nt i. 

Willielmus de Northo, junior j ^"^^^^ County. 

Eobertus de Ludesy 



Eogerus Hereward 

Johannes Capel 
Jordanus Dalekot 

Johannes Hardyng 
Alanus de Boys 

Eobertus Cok 
Petrus le Tumour 

Johannes de Beauchamp 
Johannes atte Grene 



>• Arundel Borough. 

> Bramberand Steyning Borough. 

> Chichester City. 
C Horsham Borough. 
[■ Shoreham Borough. 



i« The Enrolment of the Writ de Expensis gives Henricus Frowyk and Edmunduf 
Flambard, 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 177 

10 Edw. III. (1336-7). 

Summoned to meefc at London, 3 January, 1336-7, by 
the Archbishop of Canterbury and four other Commis- 
sioners in the absence of the King. The Mayors and 
Baihffs of certain Towns are directed to send three or 
four men. 

Johannes Wyn 

Willielmus Putlie J- Chichester Town. 



Johannes Hardyng' 

Writ only. Eye Town. 

Robcrtus Pnffer 

Thomas Finian ^ Shorehaui Town. 



Simon I'honte 

Henricus Vynch 

Stephen de Padiliame [■ Winchelsea Town. 

Thomas de Meidestou 



11 Edw. III. (1336-7). 

Summoned to meet at York, 13 January, and by Pro- 
rogation 9 February, and by further Prorogation at 
Westminster, 3 March, 1336-7. 

Willielmus de Northo^^ 7 o r^ 

Henricus de Loxle^^ | Sussex County. 

11 Edw. Til. (1337). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 26 September, 1337. 

Robertus de Elnestede ] 

Johannes de Stopeham | ^"^^^x County. 

Johannes Wyn ") ni.- -i . m-^ 

Willielmus de Putle | Chichester City. 

By Writs dated at Westminster, 18 August, 11 Edw. 
III., the following persons are summoned to attend this 
Parliament, viz. : — 

Edwardus de Sancto Johanne^ 

; „^'^'''^?, ( Sussex County. 

Henricus Huse i 

Andreas Peverol ) 

" Supplied from the Writ de Expeusis. 



XXX. 



2 a 



173 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOB SUSSEX. 



By Writs dated at Westminster, 18 August, 11 Edw. 
III., the Mayors and Bailiffs of eacli of the under- 
mentioned towns are directed to send three or four men 
to this Parliament, and the following were elected, 
viz. : — 



Thomas de Yabeton' 
Henricus de Gate 
Kogerus Hereward 
No return found 
No return found 
No return found 



Town of Arundel. 

Town of Chichester, 
. . . Hastings. 
. . . Winchelsea. 



12 Edw. III. (1337-8). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 3 February, 
1337-8. 



Hugo de Boucy^^ 
Willielnius de Wolvercotc^^ 

Henricus atte Gate 
Rogerus Hereward 

Hugo Bonefaunt 
Adam Blakeman 



Johannes Botiller 
Walterus Randekyn 

Johannes Beaucliamp 
Johannes Bernard 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Bramber and Steyning Borough. 
(?) Chichester City. 
Horsham Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



12 Edw. III. (1338). 
Summoned to meet at Northampton, 26 July, 1338. 

I Sussex County. 
> Chichester City. 
" Supplied from the Writ de Ex. 



Henricus Husee^^ 
Willielmus de Wolvercote^^ 



Johannes Hardyng^^ 
Robertus Bonyng^s 

'* Supplied from the Enrolment of 
the Writ de Expensis. 
19 Ibid. 

^^ Names torn off. 
2' Ihid. 



pensis. 
" Ibid. 
^* Ibid. 
" Ibid. 



MEMBERS OF PATiLTAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



179 



12 & 13 Edw. III. (1338-9). 
SummoDed to meet at Westminster, 14 January, and 
by Prorogation, 3 February, 1338-9. 



Henricuse Husee 

Edwardus de Suncto Jolianne 

Johannes Wyn 
Elias de Mene 



> Sussex County. 

> Chichester City. 



13 Edw. III. (1339). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 13 October, 1339. 

Thomas de Breoiise^^ ") 

Edwardus de Sancto Johanne, >• Sussex County, 
senior ) 



Jordanus Dal 
Johannes 

Johannes Wyn 
Johannes Hardyng 

Robertus Piiffare^^ 
Johannes Bernard^*' 



Brambcr and Steyning Bo- 
rough. 

Cliicliester City. 
Shoreham Borough. 



Remainder of Return gone. 



13 Edw. Ill, 
Summoned to meet at 
1339-40. 

Johannes de Felde^^ 
Andreas Pcverel 

Thomas de Yabeton, junior 
Willielmus de Stoke 

Robertus Soolete 
Jordanus de Blachyngton 

Johannes Wyn 
Willielmus atte Well 6^2 

Olivcrus Skyllyng' 
Willielmus le Barbour 

Robertus le Puffare 
Johannes Bernard 

25 Tin. S.A.C., 98, 103. 

27 Names gone. 

2» Ibid. 

'^ .From the Writ de Expensis. 



(1339-40). 
Westminster, 20 January, 

[ Sussex County. 

> Arundel Borough. 

> Bramberaud Steyning Borough. 

> Chichester City. 

[ Horsham Borough. 

>• Shoreham Borough. 

3" Ibid. 

31 XI. S.A.C., 100. 

*' XII. S.A.C., 30. 



180 MEMBERS OF PARLTAAIENT FOR SUSSEX. 

14Eclw. III. (1340). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 29 Marcli, 1340. 

Hen liens Husee ") 

Edwardus de 8ancto Johanne, > Sussex County, 
senior ) 

Henricus de Gate ") i i t> 

Thomas de Yabeton', junior j Arundel Borongl). 

Eobertus Scolote 1 r, ^ i <-. • -r. 

WiUieln.us Cberse | Bramber and Steyning Borough. 

Willielmus de Pntle 7 m • i r^- 

Johannes Harduig j Chichester City. 

Walterus Randekyn 7 tt i -r» 

Oliverus Skillyng' j Horsham Borough. 

Johannes Beauchamp' 1 c^ ^ -n, 

Eobertus le Poffa.e j Shoreham Borough. 

14 Edw. in. (1340). 
Summoned to meet at "Westminster, 12 July, 1340. 

Edwardus de Sancto Jdhaiiiie 7 c. r^ 

Thomas de Heuere j S^^^^^ County. 

15 Edw. III. (1341). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 23 April, 1341. 

Willielmus de Northo ) o r> 

Eobertus de Elnestede \ ^"^^^^ County. 

W . . . Hul!e33 ) 

apniaii^^ ( Bramber and Steyning Borough. 

Johannes Wvn 7 /-.i • i y-, 

Johannes Hardy ng' j Chichester City. 

Johannes Beauchrmjj' ") 

Hugo de Coumbes \ bboreliam Borough. 

17 Edw. III. (1343). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 28 April, 1343. 

Johannes de Fienles ") 

Eogerus de Leukenore j Sussex County. 

2^ Kames torn off. ^* Ibid. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



181 



18 Edw. III. (1344). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 7 June, 1344. 

Andreas Peverel 
Hugo de Boncy 



Sussex County. 



Henricus de Gate 
"Willielmus de 8 . .^^ 

Johannes Chapman 
Johannes Kapel 

Johannes Wyn, junior 
Ricardus de Elebrugg' 

Johannes Boteler 
Walterns Randekyn 

Johannes Beuchanmp 
Eobertus Puffere 



Arundel Borough. 
Braniber and Steyning Borough. 
Chichester City. 
Horsham Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



20 Edw. III. (1346). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 11 September, 1346. 

Willielmus de Wolvercote 



Eobertus de Elnestede 

Henricus de Gate 
Adam Sconefrowe 

Johannes Cliapman 
Willielmus Toche 

Johannes Wyn, senior 
Johannes Wyn, junior 

36 
' _ 37 

Robertus Puflfere 
Williellmus L . .38 



> Sussex County 

> Arundel Borough. 

> Bramher and Steyning Boi-ongh. 

> Chichester City. 

> Horsham Boi-ongh. 

> Shoreham Borough. 



21 Edw. III. (1347-8). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 
1347-8. 



Willielmus de Cheyny^^ 
Johannes de Ernelee^* 



'* Name gone. 
»6 Ibid.. 
^^ Ibid. 



14 January, 



V Sussex County. 

58 Ibid. 

39 Supplied irom the Writs de Ex- 
pens is. 



182 



MEMBERS OF PAELTAMENT FOE SUSSEX. 



22 Edw. III. (1348). 
Summoned to meet at "Westminster, 31 March, 1348. 

Sussex County, 



Jacobus de Echyngeham 
Willielmus de Northo 



Henricus de Gate 
Johannes de Eustytone 

Johannes Chapman 
Gilbertus le Fiensshe 

Johannes Wyn 
Willielmus le lieve 

Willielmus le Couk 
Johannes atte Solere 

Walterus Randckyn 
Johannes le Nywebakere 

Ricardus Ploket. 
Johannes Payn 

Johannes Beauchaump' 
Henricus le Poffare 



Arundel Borough. 
Bramber and Steyning Borough. 
Chichester City. 
East Grinstead Borough. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Slioreham Boroutfh. 



25 Edw. III. (1350-1). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 9 February, 
1350-]. 



Andreas Peverel 
Radulphus de Seynt Oweyn 

Johannes Hyndeshawe 
Willielmus de Stoke 

Pi card us de Merewe 
Thurstanus le Veske 

Elias de Meone 
Johannes Wyn 

Walterus Randekyn 
Johannes atte Nore 

Willielmus Gardyner 
Willielmus Darnel 

Thomas da Chudyngfolde 
Thomas Boghiere 

Johannes Bernard 
Thomas Fynyan 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Braiuberand Steyning Borough. 
Chichester City, 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhursfc Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 183 

25 Edw. III. (1351-2). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 13 January, 
1351-2. 

Robertus de Hal sham**' 1 o n 

Radulphus de Sejatoweyu^o / ^'^^^^^ Coiiaty. 



26 Edw. III. (1352). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 16 August, 
1352. 

The Sheriffs to send one Kniglit from each County, 
the Warden of the Cinque Ports two Barons, and the 
Mayors and Bailiffs of certain other places one Citizen 
or one Burgess. 

Robertus de Halsham Sussex County. 

Johannes Hardyng' Chichester City, 



27 Edw. III. (1353). 

Summoned to meet at Westminster, 23 September, 
1353. 

The Sheriffs are directed to send one Knight from 
each County, the Warden of the Cinque Ports one 
Baron from each Port, and the Mayors and Bailiffs of 
certain places two Citizens or Burgesses. 

Andreas Peverel Sussex County. 

No return found Chichester City. 

28 Edw. III. (1354). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster 28 April, 1354. 

Andreas Peverel ) o /-< . 

Willielnius de Northoo j ^"ss^^ <^«"°*y- 

Thomas Warnecamp' ) , i -r, i 

^\illielmus Stoke | Arundel Borough. 

Johannes Wyn 1 ^, . , ^ ^.^ 

Elias de Mene j Chichester City. 

*" Supplied from the Writs de Expensis. 



184 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



Tliomas Eous 
Willielmus le Couk 

Johannes Randolf 
Walterus Randekyn 

Willielmus Darnel 
Willielmus Gardiner 

Thomas Chudyngfolde 
Williehniis de Exton' 

Walterus Woxebrugge 
Thomas Finyan 



East Grinstead Borough. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 
Shoreham Borough, 



29 Edw. 

Summoned to meet at 
]355, and bj Prorogation, 

Andreas Pevercl 
Robertus de Halshani 

Thomas Warnecampe 
Laurenclus Buriere 

Thurstanus le Veske 
Johannes atte HuUe 

Johannes Gardyner 
Johannes Page 

Willielmus Couk 
Thomas Rous 

Johannes Randolf 
Walterus Randekyn 

Willielmus Darnel 
Willielmus Gardiner 

Johannes Bernard 
Walterus Bailifl" 



III. (1355). 

Westminster, 12 November, 
23 November, 1355. 

[■ Sussex County. 

> Arundel Borough. 

[• Bramberand Steyning Borough. 

> Chichester City. 

> East Grinstead Borough. 
[• Horsham Borough. 

t Lewes Borough. 

> Shoreham Borough. 



31 Edw. III. (1357). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 17 April, 1357. 



Robertus de Halsham 
Andreas Peverel 

Walterus Woxebrugg 
Thomas Fynyan 



Sussex County. 
Shoreham Borough. 



MEMBEES OF TARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



185 



32 Edw. III. (1357-8). 
Summoued to meet at "Westminster, 5 February, 1357-8 

Andreas Peverel j 



Thomas de Hoo 

Johannes Hampsted' 
Thomas Mercer 

Johannes atte Hull' 
Johannes Cockou 

Rogerus Cheyne 
Johannes Page ^ 

Willielmus Couk 
Thomas Rous 

Robertus lo Frensshe 
Rogerus Spicer 

Robertus atte Brouke 
Ricardus Crompe 

Thomas Chndyngfold' 
Henricus Exton' 

Thomas Bokyngham 
Willielmus Snellyng' 



} 



Sussex County. 
Arundel Borough. 
Bramber and Steyning Borough. 
Chichester City. 
East Grrinstead Borough. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



34 Edw. III. (1360). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 15 May, 1360. 

Johannes de Bohoun ") 



Rogerus de Dalyngmgge 

Robertus Wildebrigge 
Laurencius Bury are 

Johannes atte Hull' 
Johannes Pacchyng' 

Rogerus Clienney 
Willielmus Mondeham 

Thomas Rous 
Johannes Alfray 

Robertus le Frensshe 
Walterus Randekyn 

Thomas Lyndefelde 
Willielmus Bocher 

Willi el nins Sherston 
Willielmus Tailluur 

Johannes Bernard 
Waltenxs BailijBf 



Sussex County. 
> Arundel Borough. 
[■ Bramber and Steyning Borough. 



Chichester City. 
East Grinstead Borough. 
Horsham Borough. 
Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 



Shoreham Borough. 



XXX. 



i: ji 



186 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOE SUSSEX. 



34 Edw. III. (1360-1). 
Suramoned to meet at Westminster, 2t January, 1360-1. 

Andreas de Sakevill' ) c. /-i . 

> bussex County. 

i Arundel Borough, 

> Bramberand Steyning Borough. 

> Chichester City. 
>■ East Grinstead Borough. 

Horsham Borough. 



Andreas Peverel, senior 

Johannes de Cosham 
Johannes de Hampstede 

Johannes atte Hulle 
Eogerus Kobbe 

"Willielmus Cheyne 
Nicholaus de Benton' 

Thomas Rous 
Johannes Alfray 

Walterus Kandckyn 
Robertus Frenssh 

Ricardus Ferour, de Lewes 
Thomas Lyndefeld 

Willielmus Tailldur 
Henricus Bohun 

Johannes Bernard 
Walterus Woxebrugge 



Lewes Borough. 
Midhurst Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



36 Edw. III. (1362). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 13-October, 1362. 



Rogerus Dalynggei-ugge 
Robertus de Ilalsham 



41 

42 



Johannes Haiikere 

Rogerus Cheyne'*^ 

Gregorius atte Hole 
Johannes Alfray 

(Walterus) Randekyn 
Robertus Frenssh' 

Robertus Norton' 
Willielmus iSwon 

Thomas Fynyan 
Thomas Bukyngham 

■<i Names torn off. 

^- Ibid. 



1 



Sussex County 
^ Arundel Borough, 

> Chichester City. 

> East Grinstead Borough. 
^ Horsham Borough. 

Lcwcs Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



" Supplied from the Writ de Ex- 
peusis. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



187 



Summoned 
1363. 



37 Edw. III. (1363). 
to meet at "Westminster, 6 October, 



Rogerus Dalyngerugge 
Eobertus de Halsham 

Thomas Waniecamp' 
Jobaimos Hampstede 

Rogerus Cheyne 
Galfridus Hebbe 

Gregorius atte Hole 
Johannes Alfray 

Walteriis Randekyn 
Henricus Grauntford' 

Willielnius Spicer 
Thomas Norays 

Johannes Bernard 
Willielmus Snellyng 



t Sussex County. 

L Arundel Borough. 

I Chichester City. 

I East Grinstead Borough. 

i Horsham Borough. 

I Lewes Borough. 

I Shorehaui Borough. 



38 Edw. III. (1364-5). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 20 January, 
1364-5. 



Andreas Sakevyll'*^ 
Petrus atte Wode^^ 

Rogerus Cheyne*^ 
Rogerus de Raketon'^^ 

Gregorius at*-e Hole 
. . . Holynilale^ 



j. Sussex County. 

I Chichester City. 

I East Grinstead Borough. 



40 Edw. III. (1366). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 4 May, 1366. 



Andreas Peverel 
Johannes Weyvile 

Johannes Cosham 
Thomas Hermer 



I Sussex County. 
I Arundel Boron ^^h. 



" Supplied from the Writ de Ex- 



pensia. 
" Jbid. 



■16 Ibid. 
" Ibid. 
** Name torn off. 



188 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



Eogerus Cheyne 
Robertus Blondel 

Gregorius atte Hole 
Ricardus Clerk' 

Robertus Frenssh 
Henricus Grauntford 

Willielnius Boteller 
Stepbaiius Holte 

Johannes Colfyn 
Hugo atte Reed 

Radulpbus Iver 
Willielmus Snellyng 



Cliicbester City. 

> East Grinstead Borough. 

> Horsham Borough. 

> Lewes Borough. 

> Seaford Borough. 

> Shoreham Borough. 



Cinque Ports. 



Willielmus Hinkman 
Johannes Thurbaru' 

Willielmus Taillour 
Ricardus Baddyng' 

Vincentius Fynch' 
Thomas Sibbe 



Hastings. 
Rye. 

Winchelsea. 



42 Edw. III. (1368). 
Summoned to meet at Westminster, 1 May, 



1368. 



Johannes Waleys 
Andreas Sakeville 
Johannes Cosham 
Thomas Horemere 

Johannes atte Hulls 
Willielmus Hersen 

Johannes Wynnegod^' 
Rogerus Cheyne*^ 

Gregorius atte Hole 
Johannes Alfray 

Walterus Randekyn 
Oliverus Gyngynere or 
Gyngymere 

*^ The Enrolment of the Writ de 
Expensis gives Johannes Goldsmyth' 



Sussex County. 

Arundel Borough. 

Bramberaud Steyning Borough. 

Chichester City. 

East Grinstead Borough. 

Horsham Borough. 



and Ricardus Xorton', in error, they 
being returned for Worcester City. 



MEMBEES OF PARLIAMENT FOR SUSSEX. 



189 



Kobertus York 
Eobertus Norton 

Johannes Bernard 
Johannes Barbour 



Lewes Borough. 
Shoreham Borough. 



Cinque Ports. 



Johannes Thorebarn 
Walterus Walderne 

Willielmus Taillour 
Eicardus Buddyng 

Osbertus Botertok' 
Kobertus London eys 



Hastings. 
Rye. 

Wmchelsea. 



(To he continued). 



EXTEACT FROM THE RETURN OF MEMBEES 
OF PARLIAMENT 1290-1702. 

Ordered hy the House of Cowmons to he printed 
1 March, 1878. 



By LIEUT.-COLONEL SIR WALTER B. BARTTELOT, 

BART., M.P. 



The following information may be deemed interesting, in 
addition to that given by Mr. Stenning in the pre- 
ceding paper, of the eight Sussex families — whose 
names are mentioned by Mr. Evelyn Philip Shirley, 
in his " Noble and Gentle Men of England," as 
having been in Sussex before Henry VJII. — who, or 
whose branches have, as far as I can learn, served as 
Members of Parliament for any County or Borough 
in England from 1290 to 1702, as shown by the 
same Parliamentary return from which Mr. Stenning 
has compiled his lists. I should observe, with 
reference to the lists of Ashburnbam, Barttelot, 
Courthope, Gage, Goring, Shelley, and West, that 
the frst mode of spelling their names is that by 
which the Returning Officer returned them; the 
second, that adopted by those families themselves. 
Pelham alone has remained the same throughout. 



EXTRACT FROM THE RETURN OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT. 191 

ASHBURNHAM. 

Thomas de (Assheburn') 

Ashburnham ... Nottingbam County... 1340 

Robertus de (Assheburn') 

Ashburnham ... Derby Co anty ... 1342 

Robertus de (Assheburn'; 

Ashburnham ... Derby County ... 1347-8 

Johannes (Assbeburnham)^ 

Ashburnham ... Sussex County ... 1396-7 

Johannes (Assheburnham)^ 

Ashburnham ... Sussex County ... 1397-8 

Johannes (Asheburneham, 

armiger) Ashburnham... Sussex County ... 1554 

Adam (Ashbornham, esq.) 

Asbburnbam ... Winchelsea (Cinque 

Port) ... 1592 

William (Asheborneham, 

esq.) Ashburnham ... Ludgershall Borough 
^ (Wilts) ... 1640 

John Ashburnham, esq.... Sussex County ... 166 L 

John Ashburnham, esq.... Hastings (Cinque 

Port) ... 1678-9 

John Ashburnham, esq. . . . H astings (Cin que 

Port) ... 1679 

Sir Denny Ashburnham, 

bart. 
John Ashburoham esq. f Hastings (Cinque 

(who was called to > Port) ... 1685 

the Upper House as ' 
i Baron Ashburnham, 

of Ashburnham) 
t William Ashburnham, esq. Hastings (Cinque 
I Port) ... 1702 

BARTTELOT. 

Simon (Bertelot) 

Barttelot ... Canterbury City ... 1298 

^ Loco militis. 



192 EXTRACT FEOM THE RETURN OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT. 



Simon (Bartelot) 

Barttelot 
Simon (Bertelot) 

Barttelot 
Johannes (Bartelot) 

Barttelot 
Simon (Barthellot) 

Barttelot 
Simon (Bartelot) 

Barttelot 
Johannes de Stope- 

ham 
Johannes (Bertelot) 

Barttelot 
Henricus (Bertlot) 

Barttelot 
Henricus (Bertelot) 

Barttelot 
Robertas (Bartelot) 

Barttelot 
Robertus (Bartelot) 

Barttelot 
Johannes (Bartelot) 

Barttelot 
Thomas (Bartelot) 

Barttelot 
Thomas (Bartelot) 

Barttelot 
Walter (Bartlett, 

esq.) Barttelot^.. 
Walter (Bartlett, 

esq.) Barttelot ... 



Canterbury City 
Canterbury City 
Berkhampstead Borough 
Canterbury City 
Canterbury City 
Sussex County 
Rye (Cinque Port) 
Bath City 
Bath City 
Canterbury City 
Canterbury City 
Sussex County 
Ludgershall Borough 
Midhurst Borough 
Bramber Borough 
Bramber Borough 



COURTHOPE. 



Willielmus Courthope 
Willielmus Courthope 
Willielmus Courthope 
Willielmus Courthope 



Hastings Borough ., 

Hastings Borough ., 

Hastings Borough . 

Hastings Borough ., 



Name supplied from the Crown OflBce List. 



EXTRACT FROM THE RETURN OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT. 193 



George (Courthoppe, esq.) 

Courtliope ... East Grinstead 

Boroug'li 
John Courthope, esq. ... Bramber Borough . 



1661 
1698 



GAGE. 

Mauricius (Gages) Gage ... Tavistock Borough. 
Mauricius (Gages) Gage ... Tavistock Borough 
Mauricius (Gages) Gage^. . . Tavistock Borough. 
Robert Gage, geut. ... Lewes Borough 

Johannes Gage, esquier ... Lewes Borough 



I 



1337-8 
1339 
1346 
1554 

1557-8 



PC GORING. 




Johannes (Goryng ' gentil- 






man ') Goring 


Sussex County 


. 1467 


Sir William (Goryng, 






knyght,) Goring 


Sussex County 


. 1547 


George (Goringe, esq.) 






Goring 


Lewes Borough 


. 1562-3 


George (Goringe, junr., 






Esq.) Goring 


Lewes Borough 


. 1592-3 


George (Goringe, esq.) 






Goring 


Lewes Borough* .. 


. 1601 


Sir George Goring, kn*- ... 


Lewes Borough 


. 1620-1 


Sir George (Goringe, kn*) 






Goring 


Stamford Borough . . 


. 1623-4 


Sir George (Goringe, kn*- ) 






Goring 


Lewes Borough .. 


1623-4 


Sir George (Goringe, kn*) 






Goring 


Lewes Borough 


. 1625 



Sir Edward Goring, kn*- St. Albans Borough 1625-6 
Sir George (Goringe, 

Knight), Goring ... Lewes Borough ... 1625-6 

Sir William Goring, bart. .. , Sussex County ... 1627-8 

Sir George Goriug, kn** ... Lewes Borough ... 1627-8 



* Name uncertain. 
XXX. 



* Name supplied from the Crown Office List. 

2 



394 EXTRACT FROM THE RETURN OF MEMBERS OP PARLIAMENT. 

Henry (Goringe, esq.) 

Goring, of Hidown ... Arundel Borough ... 1640 
Henry Goring, esq., of 

Highdown^ ... Sussex County ... 1660 

Percy (Goringe, esq.) 

Goring ... Bramber Borough .. , 1661 

Henry (Goreinge, esq.) 

Goring ... Sfceyning Borough... 1661 

Henry Goring, junr., esq. New Shoreham 

Borough ... 1672 

Henry (Goreing, esq.) 

Goring ... Bramber Borough... 1678-9 

Sir Henry Goring, bar* Steyning Borough... 1678-9 
Henry (Goringe, esq.) 

Goring ... Bramber Borough... 1679 

Peircy (Goreinge, esq.)■^ 

TT ^/n • "\r Bramber Borough.. 

Henry (Goreinge, esq.) V ° 

Goring ... J 

Sir Henry (Goremg, bar*-) 

Goring ... Sussex County 

Henry (Goreinge, esq.) 

Goring ... Steyning Borough.. 

Charles Goring, junior, esq. Bramber Borough.. 
Charles Goring, esq. ... Steyning Borough.. 

Charles (Goreing, esq.) 

Goring ... Steyning Borough.. 

Charles (Goreing, esq.) 

Goring . . . Steyning Borough . . 



1680-1 



PELHAM. 



Johannes 
Johannes 
Johannes 
Johannes 
Johannes 
Johannes 
Johannes 



Pelham 
Pel ham 

Pelham, chivaler 
Pelham, chivaler 
Pelham, chivaler 
Pelham, chivaler 
Pelham, miles 



Sussex 
Sussex 
Sussex 
Sussex 
Sussex 
Sussex 
Sussex 



County 
County 
County 
County 
County 
County 
County 



* Eetumed also for Steyning, but elected to serve for the County. 



EXTRACT FROM THE EETURN OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT. 195 



Johannes Pelham, chivaler... 
Nicholaus Pelham 
Nicholaus Pelham, miles ... 
Thomas Pelham 
William Pelham 
Edmund Pelham 

Henry Pelham, gent., 

Thomas Pelham 

Henry Pelham, esq. 

Thomas Pellmm, esq. 
Henry Pelham, esq. 

Sir Thomas Pelham, bart.... 
Henry Pelham, esq. 

Sir Thomas Pelham, bart.... 
Sir Thomas Pelham, bart.... 
John Pelham, esq. 

Peregrine Pelham, gent. ... 

Sir Thomas Pelham, bart.... 
Sir John Pelham, bart. 
Sir John Pelham, bart. 
Thomas Pelham, esq. 

Sir Nicholas Pelham 

Sir John Pelham, bart. 
Thomas Pelham 

Sir John Pelham, bart., . . . 
Sir Nicholas Pelham, knight 
Thomas Pelham, esq. 
George Pelham, esq. 



Sussex County ... 


1427 


Arundel Borough . . . 


1547 


Sussex County ... 


1557-8 


Sussex County ... 


1586 


Lincoln County ... 


1597 


Hastings (Cinque 




Port) 


1597 


Great Grimsby 




Borough 


1620-1 


East Grinstead 




Borough 


1620-1 


Great Grimsby 




Borough 


1623-4 


Sussex County ... 


1623-4 


Great Grimsby 




Borough 


1625 


Sussex County ... 


1625 


Great Grimsby 




Borough 


1625-6 


Sussex County ... 


1639 


Sussex County ... 


1640 


Hastings (Cinque 




Port) 


1640 


Kingston-on-Hull 




Borough 


1640-1 


Sussex County ... 


1654 


Sussex County ... 


1656 


Sussex County ... 


1660 


East Grinstead 




Borough 


1678 


Seaford (Cinque 




Port) 


1670-1 


Sussex County .. 


1678-9 


Bast Grinstead 




Borough 


1678-9 


Sussex County .. 


1679 


Sussex County .. 


1679 


Lewes Borough ... 


1679 


Great Grimsby 




Borough 


. 1680-1 



196 EXTRACT FROM THE RETURN OF MEMBERS OF PARLTAMENT. 



Tliomas Pelham, esq. 
Thomas Pelham, esq. 
Sir John Pelham, bart. 
Thomas Pelham, esq. 
Sir Nicholas Pelham, Knt. 

Sir John Pelham, bart. 
Thomas Pelham, esq. 
Henry Pelham, esq. 

Sir John Pelham, Knt. 
Thomas Pelham, esq. 
Henry Pelham, esq. 
Thomas Pelham, esq. 
Henry Pelham, esq. 
Thomas Pelham, esq. 
Thomas Pelham, esq. 
Henry Pelham, esq. 
Thomas Pelham, esq.^ 
Sir Nicholas Pelham, Knt. 



Lewes Borough ... 1680-1 
Lewes Borough ... 1685 
Sussex County ... 1688-9 
Lewes Borough ... 1688-9 
Seaford (Cinque 

Port) ... 1688-9 

Sussex County ...1689-90 
Lewes Borough ...1689-90 
Seaford (Cinque 

Port) ...1689-90 

Sussex County ... 1695 

Lewes Borough ... 1695 

Lewes Borough ... 1698 

Lewes Borough ... 1700-1* 

Lewes Borough ... 1701, 

Sussex County ... 1702 
Lewes Borough ... 1702 



SHELLEY. 



Thomas (Shelle) Shelley ... 
Thomas (Shelle) Shelley ... 
Johannes (Shelle) Shelley... 
Johannes (Shelle) Shelley... 
Johannes (Shelle) Shelley... 

Johannes (Shelle) Shelley... 

Henry Shelley^ 
Henry ( Shelly e, esq.) Shelley 
Henry Shelley, esq.® 
Henry Shelley, esq. 

* Returned also for Lewes, but elected 
to seive for the County, 



Bucks County 


1396-7 


Bucks County 


1398 


Eye (Cinque Port) 


1409 


Rye (Cinque Port) 


1422 


Sandwich (Cinque 




Port) 


1425 


Sandwich (Cinque 




Port) 


1435 


Steyning Borough 


1586 


Bramber Borough 


1603-4 


Lewes Borough ... 


1640 


Lewes Borough ... 


1654 


7 Name supplied from 1 


he Crown 


Office List. 




« lb. 





EXTRACT FEOM THE EETXJRN OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT. 197 



WEST, OR LA WARRE. 



Thomas West 


Warwick County 


1323-4 


Thomas West (miles) 


Wilts County 


1364-5 


Henricus (Weste) 






West 


Bedford Borough 


1377 


Ricardus del West'... 


Derby Borough 


1380 


Johannes West 


Winchester City 


1389-90 


Henricus West 


Bedford Borough 


1391 


Thomas West 


Lostwithiel Borough 






Cornwall 


1417 


Johannes West 


Malmesbury Borough \ 


1422 


Johannes West 


Malmesbury Borough i 


1423 


Johannes West 


Malmesbury Borough f m 


1427 


Johannes West 


Malmesbury Borough > g 


1430-1 


Johannes West 


Malmesbury Borough ( ^ 


1432 


Johannes West 


Malmesbury Borough \ 


1433 


Johannes West 


Malmesbury Borough J 


1435 


Thomas West 


Lostwithiel, Cornwall 


1448-9 


Robertus West 


Malmesbury Borough 


1448-9 


Johannes West 


Malmesbury Borough 


1450 


Leonard West, 






esquyer 


New Shoreham Borough . . . 


1554 


Thomas (Weste 






esq.) West 


East Looe Borough, 






Cornwall 


1572 


Thomas West, esq.^. . . 


Yarmouth Borough, 






Southampton 


1586 


Hon. Charles West 






(son and heir of 






Charles Lord Dela- 






warr) 


Andover Borough 


1680-1 



3 Name supplied from the Crown Office List. 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS 
S.A.C. VOLS. L-XXX. 



By J. HOEACE ROUND, ESQ. 




Old Cottage in the Street at West Tarring. 

It is now generally acknowledged that the value of 
works of Keference, especially of those on archaeolo- 
gical subjects, is greatly increased by the addition 
of a good Index, and this has conspicuously been 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



199 



found to be so, in the case of our own Collections, 
witli Mr, Campkin's most useful Index Volume. 
But no Index of Illustrations has yet appeared. 
It has, therefore, been suggested to me by the 
Editor that to extend that idea to the very nume- 
rous Illustrations which lie scattered through our 
volumes, and to frame an Index of them, would be 
almost equally desirable, and prove acceptable to 
the Members of the Society, and that the com- 
pletion of Volume XXX. forms a convenient land- 
mark and reason for producing such an Index this 
year. I have accordingly had much pleasure in 
undertaking the task. 

N.B. — The small 'f prefixed to a page means 'faces' it. Other- 

Ivpise, tlie Illustration is understood to be on the page stated. 



Akehurst, token of Mary 
Aldrington Church, ruins of 
Alfriston, plan of a barrow at ... 

,, position of a Skeleton in barrow 
at 

I,, market Cross at 
,, curious Implements found at 
„ Star Inn at ... 

,, heraldic carving in Star Inn 
„ urns found at 
Amberley, road book plan 

(,, Castle and Church, plan of 
,, ,, gateway of 

„ ,, the Queen's room 

,, ,, armorial decorations in 

Queen's room 
Anchor, ancient British 

„ ,, wooden 

Ansty, arms of 

Appledram, Ryman's tower at ... 
Ardingly Church, brass in .... 



Vol. 


Page 


XI. 


171 


XII. f. 118 


XXII. 


68 


lb. 


70 


X. 


183 


Y. 


201 


IV. f. 


309 


lb. 


311 


II. 


270 


XVII. 


186 


lb. f. 


225 


lb. 


185 


Tb. 


202 


lb. f. 


204 


XVIII. 


61 


X. 


150 


XXX. f. 


137 


XVIII. 


78 


11. f. 311 



200 INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Vol. Page 

Ar 



^ms — 




„ Anstj ... 


XXX. f. 137 


„ Ashburnham 


Yl.f. 76, XXIV. 2 


„ Baker ... 


...XXVI. 266 


„ Barttelot 


...XXIV. 14 


„ Bavent de 


V. 4 


„ Beche ... 


... XIV.f.233 


„ Bodiam de 


...IX. 277, 298 


,, Bohun de 


XX. 22 


„ Bolney ... 


... XXV. 103 


„ Bonville 


... XV. 57 


„ Boxhiille, de 


... VI. f. 77 


„ Braose, or de Braose 


V. 5, VTII. 102 


,, Brerabre 


... VI. i 77 


„ Bromfield 


... XIV. f. 233 


„ Calverley 


lb. 


„ Cheyney 


... XXV. 108 


„ Churcliar 


... XIV. f. 233 


„ Clifford (2) 


VI. f. 77 


„ Colbrand 


... lb. f. 76 


„ Copyn (? Cobden) 


... lb. 


„ Courthope 


... VI. f. 76, XXIV. 15 


„ Cowper ... 


VI. f. 77 


„ Cralle ... 


...XXV. 110 


„ Crutterden 


... VI. f. 76 


„ Dalyngruge ... IX. 


286, 287, 298, XIII. 221 


„ De Bavent (see Bavent). 




J, De Boxhulle (see BoxhuUe 


). 


„ De Braose (see Braose). 




„ De Pechels (see Pechels). 




„ De Yere (see Vere). 




„ Devenish 


...XXV. 106 


„ East Grinstead 


XXII. 225 


„ Echingham (2) 


... VI. f. 77, XXX. 145 


„ Eversfield 


lb. f. 76 


» ^^gg 


V. 26 


„ French ... 


... XIV. f. 233 


„ Fuller ... 


XXV. 102 


„ Gage 


XXIV. 12 


„ Gilderidge 


VI. f. 77. 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 201 

Vol. Page 



Arms — 








„ Goring ... 


• • ■ 


V. 27, VI. 


f. 77, XXIV. 4 


„ Harrison 


• « • 




... VII. 132 


„ Henry VII. 


• • « 


• ■ • 


XXIII. 44 


„ Hodgson 


• • • 




... IV. f. 291 


„ Holman 


... 




...XXV. 105 


„ Hurdis ... 


... 


... 


... VII. 134 


„ Isted 


... 


... 


... IV. f. 291 


„ Jefferay... 


... 


... Vl.f. 


77, XIV. f. 233 


„ Lewknor 


• • • 




III. 92, IX. 292 


„ Lunsford 


... 


Z VI. 


f. 76, XXIV. 19 


„ Luxford (2) 


• • « 


• . • 


... lb. 


„ Maminot and 


Say 


• • • 


... Vl.f. 77 


„ Margesson 




• . • 


XXVI. 264 


„ Miller ... 


• • a 


• . • 


... XIV. f. 233 


„ Mylward 


• • a 


• • • 


... lb. 


„ Newburg 


• • • 


• • • 


... VI. f. 77 


,. Newton ... 


... 


... 


... IX. 339 


„ Noyes ... 


> > • . 


• • • 


... lb. 340 


„ Ore 


• • • 


• • ■ 


... VI. f. 77 


„ Oxenbridge 


• • • 


. . • 


XXIV. 20 


„ Parker ... 


• • t 


• • • 


... Vl.f. 77 


„ Pechell .., 


... 


... 


XXVI. 148 


„ Pecliels (de) 


. . . 


.. . 


.... lb. 


„ Peckham of Arches 




... IV. f. 291 


„ Pelham ... 


... Ill 


. 2T3, VIII. 172, XXIV. 5 


„ Penhurst 




... 


... VI. f. 76 


„ Penkhurst 




... 


... lb. 


„ Pepplesham 




, . . 


...XXX. f. 137 


„ Pierpoint 




. . . 


... Vl.f. 77 


„ Playsted 






... lb. f. 76 


„ Poynings (Baron) 


... 


... XV. 14 


„ Radmeld 


• ». 


. . . 


... XXX. f. 137 


„ E-andoll ... 


... 


... 


... VI. f. 76 


„ Ridge ... 


• • • 


... 


XXIX. 149 


„ Ryman (2) 




. . . 


XVIII. f. 80 


„ Sackville 


• • • 


...VI. f. 


77, XIV. f. 233 


>. „ Scrase ... 


... 


... VIII. 1, XXIV. 17 


' „ Selden ... 






:::r:i. 266 


„ Sergison (and 

XXX. 


Warden) 


... 


...XXV. f. 84 

2d 



202 



INDEX OF ILLUSTEATIONS. 



Vol. 



Page 



Arms — 




„ Shelley ... 


XXIY. 9 


„ Shirley ... ... ... V 


. 7, XIY. f. 233 


„ Shovelstrode 


...XXX. f. 137 


,, Stapley ... 


... lY. f. 291 


„ St. Leger 


... YI. f. 11 


„ Stone 


... lY. f. 291 


„ Stopham (2) 


... YI. f. 76 


„ Sussex ... 


XXIY. 24 


„ Torel ... 


... XIV. f. 233 


„ Turner ... 


... XXY. f. 217 


„ Yere de 


... YI. f. 11 


„ Yermandois (de Warren) 


... lb. 


„ Yinall ... 


XXIX. 146 


„ Wardeux 


...IX. 282, 298 


„ Warnett ... ... lY. f. 


291, YI. f. 11 


„ Warren, de (see Yermandois) 


... lb. 


„ West ... 


... XXIY. 10 


„ Weston (2) 


... YI. f. 1Q 


„ Willard ... 


... XIY. f. 233 


„ Wilje ... 


...XXX. f. 137 


„ Wistoneston or Weston (2)... 


... YI. f. 1Q 


Arundel, tomb of John 17th Earl of 


... XII. 238 


„ to Pulborouofh, plan of road 


...XYII. 186 


53 


Castle {temp. Civil wars) 


... Y. f. 41 


3J 


College (Fitzalan) Chapel plan 


... III. 78 


3 


, ,, ,, interior XXX. f. 37 


J3 


stone coffin ... 


... III. 80 


3> 


leaden coffin ... 


... lb. 81 


J3 


stones of 


... lb. 83 


53 


broken statue of Yirgin 


... lb. 88 


53 


Lad}^ chapel, part of 


...XXX. f. 37 


5 


Parish Church 


... Tb. f. 31 


Ashburnham, arms of ... ... YI. 


f. 1Q, XXIY. 2 


Ayre's ceihng (see Petworth). 




B. 

Baker, arms of 


XXYI. 266 


Bare 


ombe Church, interior of ... 


... XXX. f. 54 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 203 

Vol. Page 

Barnliam, celt from ... ... ...XVII. 255 

Barrow at Crowlink in Priston ... ... V. 207 

Alfriston, plan of ... ...XXII. 68 

Barttelot, arm^ of XXIY. 14, XXYIL 55 

Bateraans (see Bar wash). 

Battle Abbey, site of Harold's death ... VI. f. 32 

Bavent (de) arms of ... ... ... V. 4 

Bayeux tapestry, scenes from ... ... XIX. f. 76 

Bayhara Abbey ... ... ••• IX. f. 145 

Beacliam well pavement, a tile from ... YIII. 338 

Beauport park, cinder heaps in ... XXIX. 170 

„ Roman pottery from ... lb. f. 174 

Beche, arms of ... ... ••• XI Y. f. 233 

Beckley parsonage (in 1784) ... ... Y. 74 

Bellencombre Castle ... ... ... HI- f« 29 

,, interior of ... ... lb. 

,j ruins of ... ... It>. 

„ Church ... ... ... lb. 34 

Bells, Sussex church— 

,j . devices, medallions, 

founders' monograms, &c. XYI. 143-150, f. 

151, f. 152 (2),f. 161, 171-173, 180, XXII. 234 

' Benfield ' manor house ... ... X. 165 

Bersted (see South Bersted). 

Berwick, old pigeon-house at ... ... YI. 233 

I ,, church, Nutt monument in ... lb. 224 

* „ Easter sepulchre in ... lb. 230 

Bignor, section of Roman way at ... XI. 131 

t„ pavements plan. of ... ...XXX. f. /6 

j^ „ first excavations ... lb. 63 

jj „ . Yenus room ... ... lb. f. 80 

Bishopstone Church ... ... ... H. f. 272 

,, plan of ... ... lb. 

J, monumental slab ... lb. 281 

vertical dial... ...YIII. 322 

^Bittorne's Clee' ... ... .•• XX. 226 

Blaauw, portrait of W. H., Esq. ... ... XXII. f. i 

Blatchington (see West Blatchington). 

Blencowe, portrait of R. W., Esq. XXYI. f. i 

Blosius, seal of Matilda ... Y. 205, YIII. 334 



204 INDEX OF ILLUSTEATIONS. 

Vol. Page 

Blunt's cup ... 

Boat, Ancient British ... 

Bodiam, arms of 

monumental inscription to 
Castle, barbican 
,, chapel 
„ arches 

„ groined ceiling ... 
5, coping stones ... 
,, window in tower 
Church, brass in 
Bohun de (see Arms). 
Bolney, arms of 

,, Church, doorway of 
Bonville, arms of (see Arms) 
Boorde, woodcut of Dr. 
Bormer, urns from 
Bosham, coffin of Cnut's daughter at 
„ Church, arch in 
j> jj wall of tower ... 

Bowhill, combs found at 

,, whetstone found at 
Boxgrove Priory Church 

,, refectory (2) 
Boxhulle de, arms of ... 
Bramber, plan of bridge, &c. 

„ details of ditto 

Brambletye, view of (1782) 

„ lozenge ornament ... 

Braose, arms of 

Brass to Sir Dalyngrugge and Lady 
,, Dean Prestwick 
„ Richard and Elizabeth Wakeherst 
„ John AVybarne 
Brede furnace, grate cast at 
„ Place (1858) ... 
,, „ elevation of 

Brembre, arms of 
Brightford, seal of Hundred 
Brighton, old font in St. Nicholas' church 



... XXI. 


107 


... XII. 


261 


.. IX. 277, 


298 


... lb. 


280 


... lb. f. 


297 


... lb. f. 


299 


... lb. f. 


300 


... lb. 


298 


... lb. 


300 


... lb. 


301 


lb. 


281 


... xxy. 


103 


... X. 


60 


... VI. 


204 


XVIII. 


65 


lb. f. 


5 


lb. f. 


6 


... lb. f. 


8 


... XXII. 


60 


VII. (app.) 52 


lb. (app.) ^ 


I 11 


... XV. f. 112 


... VI. f. 


77 


11. f. 


64 


... lb. f. 


65 


... XX. f. 


136 


... lb. 


137 


V. 5, VIII. 


102 


... II. f. 


309 


lb. f. 


307 


i lb. f. 


311 


... VIII. f. 


17 


.. XII. 


270 


... lb. f. 


205 


... lb. f. 


219 


.. VI. f. 


77 


V. 


198 


..XXIX. 


200 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 205 

Vol. Page 

Britisli aDtiquities, Wilmington... ... XIV. f. 171 

,, sepulchral urn (see Urn). 

,, boat, ancient ... ... ... XII. 261 

„ canoe (see Canoe). 
,, coins (see Coins). 
Bromfield, arms of ... ... ... XIV. f. 233 

Bronze (see Celts, Ligula). 
Bulverbithe, Norman and E. English re- 
mains at ... ... lb. 117 

,, Church, ground plan ... lb. 118 

BunctonHill ... ... ...VIII. 186 

Burrell, Timothy, Esq., Illustrations in 

diary of...IIL 1 19, 120, 122-127, 129-137, 139, 

140, 142-145, 147-155, 158, 160-163, 165-170 

Burwash, monumental slab at ... ... II. f. 178 

Bateman's ... ... ... XXI. f. 113 

„ Holmeshurst ... ... lb. 

Pelham buckle at ... ... III. 225, 226 



Buxted, Hammer post at 


... II. 


208 


,, Cliurcli, font ... 


... IX. 


209 


„ „ piscina 


... lb. 


211 


„ „ rebus 


... lb. 


212 


jl> „ „ church chest ... 


... lb. 


214 


P ,, ,, fictile vessel in ... 


... XXI, 


202 



^ ,, Bocks, and ground plan of Hermitage XII. f. 14 

'' Caburn," the ... ... '... XX. f. 57 

Calceto (see de Calceto) 

Calverley, arms of ... ... ... XIV. f. 233 

Cameo onyx ... ... ... XXV. 229 

Cannon, banded, at Eridge Green ... II. f. 217 
Canoe, ancient found in Arun 

X. 149, XII. 261, XVIII. 72 
Canute (see Cnut). 
Canute's daughter (see Cnut). 

Cassandra, chromo-lithograph of ...XVII. f. 205 

Castle Goring ... ... XXVI. f. 113 

Catacombs, monogram from Christian VII. (app.) 29 



J5 



206 INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Vol. Pago 

Celts, bronze IL 260, XVIL 255, VIII. 268, 286, 

IX. 366, XIY. f. 171, XXVII. f. 183 
ironstone ... ... ... IX. 120 

flint ... IX. 117, XXIX. 134 

,, copper ... ... ... ... IX. 117 

Chailey, chimney back at ... ... IT. f. 189 

Chalice, angel on enamelled ... ... IX. 307 

Chaloner, Paxhill ... ... ... XL 13 

Chalvington church, window of ... ... II. 286 

Chancton farm, coins at ... ...XX. f. 216 

Chapelle, seal of William de la ... ... II. 303 

Charles I., silver clock of ... III. 1 03, VIII. 309 

key III. 104 

„ ,, back ... lb. 107 

,, ,, side view ... lb. 105 

Charles II., punch-bowl presented by XXIII. f. 12 

Charlston, Alured's chapel, windows in ... IV. 47 
Charter of Lepers Hospital, Seaford ... XII. f. 114 

Cheyney, arras of ... ... ...XXV. 108 

Chichester, Roman earthworks near ... X. 170 

,, remains of temple by ... V. f. 277 

„ St. Pancras, mace of Corporation 

XXIV. 138 
west gateway ... XXIX. 219 

,, Cathedral, monument to Bp. 

Langton ... XXVIII. f. 43 

„ „ monument to Bp. 

Sherborne ... XXIX. f. 38 

„ ^,, portraits of Bishops 

(Stigand to Reede) XXVIII. f. 11 
„ „ „ (Patryngtonto 

Sherborne) XXIX. f. 1 
Friary, ... ... ... XXX. 147 

„ St. Mary's Hospital at ... IL 1 

„ ,, ,, seal ... lb. 6 

,, ,, ,, section of hall lb. f . 5 

„ ,, „ screen in ... lb. f. 6 

„ St. Olave's church, arch and 

mural paintings V. f. 213 
„ „ „ doorway... lb. 220 





INDEX OJP ILLUSTRATIONS. 




207 






Vol. 


Page 


Chichester, St. Olave's church, piscina and 








mouldings 


V. 


224 


5J 


Museum — 






J» 


,, ark of sycamore wood VIII. f. 


281 


5J 


,, fragment of tile from 








catacombs 


lb. 


282 


>' 


„ thurible and pendant 








ornaments 


lb. 


285 


55 


,, two bronze celts 


lb. 


286 


55 


,, Roman pottery and glass 


lb. 


289 


55 


stone axe-head 


lb. 


294 


5> 


quartz ar ro w-head 


lb. 




55 


jet chessmen 


lb. 


298 


55 


reliquary pectoral cross 


lb. 


302 


55 


draughts, sculpture for game of 


lb. 


303 


55 


ivory mirror case 


lb. 


304 


55 


brooch, gold trefoil ... 


lb. 


305 


55 


clock-watch of Charles I. 


lb. 


309 


55 


rush candlestick 


lb. 


310 


55 


municipal lantern 


lb. f. 


315 


i 55 


iron arm, Italian 


lb. 


316 


1 

55 


target, Italian fencer's 


lb. 




55 


skull-cap, steel 


lb. 


318 


! - 55 


dial, vertical 


lb. 


322 


55 


seal, of Lewes Priory 


lb. f 


327 


J 5 


„ Huntley, Earl of 


lb. 


328 


55 


„ St. Mary's Hospital, Chi- 






,. 


chester 


lb. 


330 


55 


,, impression from hexagonal 


lb. 


332 


J> 


silver ring ... 


lb. 




}5 


silver matrix from Lincoln Heath 


lb. 




S> 


leaden matrix from Stockbury, 








Kent ... 


lb. 


334 


r, 

95 


seal of Matilda Blosius 


lb. 




55 


„ Parwikinus 


lb. 




55 


„ Subdeanery ... 


lb. 


329 


55 


pavement tile from Beachamwell 


lb. 


338 


59 


glazed brick with Pelham buckle 


lb. 


339 


55 


sepulchral effigy 


lb. 


343 


Chiddmgly Place, view of 


xiy. f 


. 227 



208 



INDEX or ILLUSTEATIONS. 



Vol. 




Page 


... XIV. 


f. 


231 


lb. 






lb. 


f. 


207 


1 lb. 


f. 


227 


... lb. 


f. 


233 


...XXIT. 




234 


... XIV. 


f. 


233 


XXIX. 




170 


... XII. 


f. 


164 


... XV. 


f. 


188 


XXIV. 


f. 


157 


XXVIII 


f. 


113 


XXVI. 


f. 


212 


... lb. 




215 


... VI. 


f. 


11 


XVII. 




192 


XVIII. 


f. 


5 


I. 




39 


XXIX. 




70 



Chiddingly Frith's 

„ Bui'cliett's 

,, Church 

„ ,, Jefferay's monument in 

J, families, arms of 

Chimney backs (see Iron) 
Church bells (see Bells) 
Churchar, arras of 
Cinder heaps in Beauport Park ... 
Cinque-ports, banner of 

„ baron of 

Cissbury, flint implements from ... 
Civil war relics 
Clapham, St. Mary's Church 

„ „ tomb of Shelley 

Clifford, arms of (2) 
Clympynofe, seal of Thomas de ... 
Cnut, coffin of daughter of 

,, coin of ... 
Cobden, tomb of Richard 
Coffer, leaden (see Willingdon). 
Coins in Sussex, British, un-inscribed, 

XXIX. f. 89, f. 97, f. 106 



,, British and Roman 

,, found at Chancton farm 

Coin, British gold, Polegate 
,, of Virius 
,, of Cnut 

,, of Edward Confessor (2) 
,, found at Pagham 
,, minted at Steyning 

Colbrand, arms of 

Comb, found in urn 
,, ornament on a ... 

Confessor (see Edward). 

Copyn, arms of 

Courthope, arms of 

Cowdray House (1785) 



inscribed 






XXX. f. 


10, f. 17, f 


. 22 




I. 


26 




... XX. f. 


216 




XXVI. 


270 




... IX. 


370 




I. 


39 




... lb. 






.. V. 


206 




... IX. 


369 




... VI. f. 


1^ 




...XXII. 
... lb. 


60 




... VI. f. 


1^ 


"... VI. f. 


76, XXIY 


. 15 




V. f. 


\1^ 



INDEX OF ILLUSTEATIONS. 



209 







Vol. 


Page 


Cowdray, Huckhall at ... 




... XX. 


i 


Cowper, arms of 




... yi. f. 


77 


Cralle, arms of 




...XXV. 


110 


Cross, ancient 




VII. (app.) 30 


,, at Alfriston 




X. 


183 


Crowhurst chiircli, tower of 




... III. 


225 


„ manor-house, ruins of... 


... VII. f. 


45 


p-- » >, plan 
''' „ _ „ monl 


of ... 


... lb. 




dings 


... lb. 


46 


Crowlink in Friston, barrow 


at ... 


V. 


207 


,, ancient necklace a1 


' ... 


X. 


205 


Crucifix found at Iford 




...XVII. 


245 


Cruttenden, arms of 




... VI. f. 


76 


Cuckfield Place (1681)... 




...XXV. 


81 


,, Park 




... lb. f. 


62 


,, the clock-liouse 




... lb. f. 


81 


Cucking-stool at Rye . , . 




... IX. 


361 


Culvert, wooden 




... XL 


134 


,, plan and section of, 


Hardham 


... lb. 





D. 

Dacre, monument to Lord 

Dallington Churcli, Pelham buckle on 

Dalyngrugge, arms of... IX. 286, 287, 
,, brass to Sir .... and Lady 

,, G^gJ of Sir Edward 

Danny, east front 
„ north-east 

De Bavent (see Bavent). 

De Bohun (see Bohun). 

De Boxhulle (see Boxhulle). 

De Braose (see Braose). 

De Calceto Priory 

„ ,, seal of 

Delawarr, badge of (2) 

Dene, seal of Robert de 

Densworth, patera found at 

,, glass vessel found at 

,, plan of Roman cemetery at 

XXX. 



.. IV. f. 191 
.. III. 227 
298, XIL 221 

11. f. 309 
.. XIL 223 

X. f. 1 
.. lb. f. 22 



XL 


90 


lb. 


107 


IIL 


231 


V. 


167 


XXII. 


68 


lb. 




X. 


175 


2 E 





210 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Denton font ... 

De Saj tomb, Hamsey 

De St. Croix, portrait of Rev. W. 

De Vere (see Vere) . 

De Warrenne (see Warren). 

Devenish, arms of 

Ditchling Church 

Domesday, fac-simile of 

Dudeney Chapel 

Dudley supporters, carving 

Dureford Abbey, south front 

east front 

tiles 

monumental stone in 

fragments 

rushstick in ... 



E. 

Earthwork at Warbleton 
Earthworks, Roman, near Chichester 
Easebourne Priory, east front 

,, ,, church and cloisters 

,, ,, exterior of building 

,, ,, interior of building 

,, „ bell at 

Eastbourne, exterior of church . . . 
,, interior of church ... 

„ old Parsonage 

,, vaulted cellar at 

East Grinstead, the old church ... 
,, Sackville College 

,, „ seal and arms of 

East Hoathly Church, doorway in 
,, pillar piscina in 

,, astronomical device at 
EastMascalls 
Echingham, arms of (2) 
,, seal of 

„ Church, ground-plan of 



Vol. 


Pa<?e 


... XIIL 


4 


...XVII. 


95 


XXVIII. 


f. 76 


...XXV. 


106 


XXVIII. 


f. 132 


...XXIX. 


f.l35 


... IX. 


43 


... IV. 


312 


... VIII. 


94 


lb. 


95 


.. lb. 61 


L, f. 61 


... lb. 


96 


... lb. 


54, 55 


lb. 


76 


...XVII. 


f. 167 


X. 


170 


... IX. 


1 


lb. 


27 


... lb. 


30 


... lb. 


31 


... lb. 




... XIV. 


f. 127 


... lb. 


f. 129 


... lb. 


127 


X. 


184 


... XX. 


f. 145 


... lb. 


f. 155 


>f XXII. 


225 


.. III. 


223 


.. VIII. 


272 


.. IV. 


270 


.. IX. 


324 


.. VI. 


f. 77 


.. XXX. 


145 


.. IX. 


348 



INDEX OF ILLUSTEATIOJ^S. 211 



Vol. 



Echingham, Church, north-east view ... IX. f. 343 

,, „ section of ... ... lb. f. 348 

„ ,, chancel stall ... lb. f. 351 

„ font of ... ... lb. 

,, ,, vane with Echingham 

arms ... ... lb. 349 

Edward the Confessor, coins of ... I. 39 

Effigy (see Dalyngrugge, Lewes, Horsted 

Keynes). 
Egyptian angel ... ... VII. (app.) 26 

„ arch VIII. f. 281 

Elizabeth, prayer-book of Queen ... lb. 225 

„ touchpiece of Queen ... ... XXY. 206 

Eridge Green, banded cannon at... ... II. f. 217 

Escutcheon, armorial (for harness) ... IX. 373 

Eu, seal of Earl of ... ... ... XIII. f. 133 

Eversfield, arms of ... ... ... VI. f. 76 

Execution, woodcut of... ... ... XXIY. 65 



F. 

Fagg, arms of ... ... ••• V. 26 

Findon Church XXVI. f. 247 

,, Place Manor House, ... ... lb. f. 219 

„ ,, antiquities found at ...XXY. 233 

Fitzalan Chapel, Arundel ... ...XXX. f. 37 

Fletching Church, plan of ... ... IV. f. 231 

„ „ section of interior ... lb. f. 237 

„ ,, piscina ... ... lb. 240 

,, ,, carved pulpit... ... lb. 234 



t 



monumental slab ... lb. 233 
Flintlmplements XIX. f. 52, XXIY. f . 157, XXYII. f. 177 

Framfield Church, north chantry of ... lY. f. 291 

initials in ... ... lb. 297 

French, arms of ... ... ••• XIY. f. 233 

Friary, Chichester ... ... ...XXX. 147 

Friston (see Crowlink). 

Fuller, arms of ... ... ...XXY. 102 



I 



212 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



G. 



Gage, arms of 

Galloway, token of Ambrose 
Gilderidge, arms of 
Glass, vessels of Roman 

,, vessel ... 
Glynde Church, view of 

„ „ ground plans of... 

,, gateway at 

,, the Caburn 

„ old houses, 

,, iron knives found at 

,, vase found near 

,, archway at 
Glyndebourne 

Goddard's Green, bay-window at 
Goring, arms of ... V. 

Gounter, tomb of Hugh, and wife 
Gravetye 
Grey, seal of Lady Jane 



Vol. 




Pago 


XXIY. 




12 


... XL 




171 


... YL 


f. 


77 


X. 




173 


...XXIL 




58 


... XX. 




81 


... lb. 




80 


Y. 92, XX 


. i 


^ 73 


... XX. 


f. 


67 


... lb. 


f. 


74 


... lb. 


f. 


54 


XXIII. 


f. 


82 


lb. 


f. 


73 


lb. 


f. 


64 


XXYII. 




184 


27, YL f. 77,XXIY. 4 


XXIII. 


f. 


1 


X. 


f. 


166 


... lY. 




313 



H. 



Halland House 

Halnaker, Bonvilles of (see Bonville). 
Hammer-post, Buxted ... 
,, head, ancient... 
Hamon, slab to, at Rye 
Hampden, portrait of John 
Hamsey Church, de Say tomb 
Handpost, ancient 

Hardham, Priory Chapel, ground plan of 
„ ,, exterior 

„ ,, E. end of interior 

,, ,, W. end of ditto 

,, culvert at ... 
,, sepulchral vessels found at 
,, Roman urn found at 



XL 220 



.. IL 


208 


XYIIL 


195 


.. XIII f. 


280 


.. XX. f. 


69 


..XYIL 


95 


X. 


182 


XYIIL f. 


55 


.. XL 


3 


r lb. f. 


115 


lb. 




lb. 


134 


lb. f. 


138 


lb. 





INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



213 



Vol. 



Page 



Hardliam, plan of Romano-British cemetery at XVI. f . 52 

grave on ditto 

sandal found in grave 

wine-funnel 

pottery found at (2) ... 

vases found at 
Harrison, arms of 
Harting (see South Harting) 
Hastings, common seal of Port of 

Collegiate Church of St. Mary 

seals ,, ., 

seal of Priory 

Old Townhall and Courthouse 
street 

remains of hospital 

Harbour, plan of old ... 

house at eastern entrance of 

Pelham house 

Mrs. Shovell's house ... 

Salmon's house 

two old houses in All Saints' St. 

Mrs. Boadle's house ... 

pottery made at 

pottery, mediaeval, found at 

ancient pottery figure . . . 

arrow-head found at ... 

worked flints found near 

shaft and arch of crypt at 

merchant's marks at ... 

map of (1746) 

bailiff's seal of 

field of the battle of ... 

de, figure of 
Helmets, chronological series of... 
Henfield Church, bracket in 
Henry YII., arms of ... 
Heronry (see Windmill Hill). 
Hickstead Place 

,, arms of Henry VII. ... 
Hill's Place ... 



. lb. 


53 


. lb. 


54 


. lb. 


56 


. lb. f. 


57 


. lb. 


58 


. VII. 


182 


I. f. 


16 


.. XIII. 


153 


.. lb. f. 


133 


.. lb. 


179 


.. XIV. f. 


Q1 


. lb. 




.. lb. 


94 


. lb. f. 


106 


.. lb. f. 


107 


.. lb. 




.. lb. 


108 


:. lb. 




.. lb. 


110 


.. XL 


230 


XII. 268, 


269 


XVIII. 


190 


.. XIII. 


309 


.. XIX. f. 


53 


.. XIV. 


m 


.. lb. 


102 


.. XII. f. 


196 


..XVII. 


65 


.. VI. f. 


15 


.. XXX. 


14 L 


.. XXV. f. 


10 


..XXIII. f. 213 


lb. 


44 


.. lb. f. 


43 


.. lb. 


44 


.. V. 


87 



214 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 





Vol. Page 


Hodgson, arms of 


IV. f. 291 


Hollington, Grove House 


XXI. f. 149 


Holman, arms of 


XXV. 105 


Holmesdale ... 


XI. 9 


Holmeslmrst (see Burwasli). 




Holmstreet, Pulborougli, supposed mauso- 




leum at 


lb. 141 


Hoo, monument 


VIII. f. 128 


,, carved figure of ... 


lb. ]29 


„ seal of William de 


lb. 106 


„ seal of Thomas de 


lb. 126 


Horsham, Hoo monument 


lb. f. 128 


,, pottery found at 


XX. f. 195 


,, antiquities found at ... 


lb. f. 197 


Horsted Keynes, e&igy at 


I. 128 


Horsted Parva Church, incised slab XXVI. f. 216 


,, arcade and ancient tomb ... 


XXI. f. 197 


Hove, tumulus at 


IX. 120 


Huntley, seal of Earl of 


VIII. 328 


Hurdis, arms of 


VII. 134 


Hurstmonceux Castle ... ... IV 


. f. 169 f. 171 


„ ,, plan of ground floor 


IV. f. ] 70 


,) ,, gateway 


lb. f. 172 


„ ,, south-west view 


lb. f. 173 


„ ,, interior of porter's lodge 


and gateway tower 


lb. f. 174 


„ ,, cloister court 


lb. 175 


„ ,, plan of first floor 


lb. f. 178 


„ ,, loopliole in gateway ... 


lb. 197, 202 


hall 


lb. 176 


„ ,, pantry court 


lb. 177 


„ „ chapel 


lb. 180 


,, ,, interior of, E. side ... 


lb. f. 181 


„ ,, pump- court 


lb. 182 


„ * ,, interior from N.E. ... 


lb. f. 183 


„ ,, kitchen 


lb. 184 


„ Church... 


lb. f. 188 


„ „ capitals ... 


lb. 190 


,, „ Dacre monument ... 


lb. f. 191 


t, „ font 


lb. 195 



INDEX OP ILLUSTRATIONS. 



215 



Vol. Page 

Hurstmonceux Church, trefoiled aumbry ... IV. 195 

,, „ trefoil recess ... lb. 196 

Hurstpierpoint, the old Church at ... XI. f. ^Q 

,, „ monuments in lb. *7Qi 77 

Roman remains at ... XIV. 179 



Iford, crucifix found at... 


... 


XVII. 245 


„ Church... 


... 


XXIX. f. 149 


,, bells 


• • • 


lb. 


„ „ inscription on 




lb. f. 160 


Iron andirons 


... 11. 


179,180,181, 188, 




189, 190, 198, 199, f. 199 


„ ' name-device,' Buxted 




... lb. 184 


„ chimney- backs 


lb. f. 


188, f. 189, f. 217, 
XXIll. f. 119 


,, monumental slabs . . . 


... 


11. f. 1 7Q, f. 200 


„ mustard-mill 


• • • 


... lb. 179 


„ relics of St. Dunstan 


... 


... lb. 214 


„ knives (see Knives). 






Isfield Place, view of ... 


... 


XVlll. 124 


,, part of ground-plan of 


lb. 125 


„ Church, tomb of Sir J. 


S hurley 


... lb. 130 


Isted, arms of 




... IV. f. 291 



Jeff eray, arms of 

,, monument to ... 



. VI. f. 77, XIV. f. 233 
... XIV. f. 227 



K. 

Key, Roman XXV. 231 

■Keymer, tiles found at .. . ... ... XVI. 128 

Kingston Manor House, carved stone- work 

from XXIX. f. 142 

„ „ marble plaques from .. . lb. 

„ Church ... ... ... lb. f. 150 



\]6 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Kingston Cliurch bells 

,, ,, inscription on 

Knepp Castle, ruins of... 
Knife at Trinity College, Cambridge 
Knives, iron 



Vol. Page' 

XVI. 151 

XXIX. f. 160 

V. 143 

, YII. 216 

. XX. f. 54 



L. 

Lamb, portrait of Mr. W. P. ... ... XV. f. 

Langford, urn found at ... ...XXII. 

Langton, tomb of Bishop ... XXVIII. f. 

' Lantern,' the (see Lewes). 

Laughton Church, doorway in ... III. 

Place, tower at ... ... VII. 

,, turret window at ... lb. 

,, building at moat of ... lb. 

,, Pelbani buckle on lb. 69, III. 

,, mouldings of cornice ... VII. 

Lepers' Hospital, charter of ... ... XII. f. 

Lewes, St. Nicholas' Hospital ... ... XIII. f. 

St. Peter's Church ... ... lb. 

inside of the West gate, S. side ... lb. 

ancient seal at ... ...XXVI. 

St. Ann's, font at ... ... XIII. 

map of (1775) ... ... lb. f. 

Blunt's silver cup at ... ... XXL 

Castle, gateway tower of... ... VI. f. 

sepulchral slab of marble ... lb. 

window in keep... ... ... XIII. 

Priory, ground plan of ... ... III. f. 

seals of II. f. 19, f. 20, VIII. f. 

ground plan of *' lantern" ... VII. 
gold ring, with inscription and 

engraving ... ... III. 

Norman relics of VI. f. 259, f. 

Early English ditto ... lb. f. 
mediaeval pottery found at ... I. 

marble effigy found at ... lb. 
armorial escutcheons for har- 
ness of horses, found at IX. 373 



188 
64 
43 

222 

67 
72 
68 

228 
71 

1141 
1 



272 
5 

45 
107 
126 
264 

26 
185 
327 
151 

210 
260 

262 
45 

43! 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



217 



Lewknor, arms of 
L^'gula, Roman bronze ... 
Lilly white, cottage of ... 
Lindfield, old house at . . . 

„ Church, mural painting in 

Lingfield Church, Surrey, sepulchral e^gj 

from 
Lordington House 

5, ,, staircase 

Lower, portrait of Mr. M. A. 
Ludlow label 

Lumley Lord, Stanstead seat of 
Lunsford, arms of 

,, portrait of Sir Thomas 

Luxford, arms of (2) ... 
Ly minster, the Dragon- slayer's tomb 

,, the knucker-hole 





Vol. 


Page 




III. 92, IX. 


292 




xxiy. 


295 




XXYIII. f. 


59 




... XLf. 


6 




... ILf. 


129 


1 Gm.gj 






... VIIL 


343 




... XXL f. 


73 




... lb. f. 


88 




XXVIL f. 


117 




XXYI. 


155 




Y. 


65 


Yl. 


f. 76, XXIY. 19 




... XIX. f. 


105 


Yl. 


f. 76, XXIV 


\ 19 


3 


XYIII. 


182 




... XIX. ( 


end) 



M. 



XXIY. 138 



Mace of St. Pancras Corporation (1689) 

Mailing (see South Mailing). 

Maminot and Say, arms of 

Mangnus, inscription to 

' Mangonel' ... 

Mantelpiece ancient, Nineveh. 

,, (see Street). 

Maresfield, pottery found at 
Margesson, arms of 
Markly (see Warbleton). 
Mascalls (see East Mascalls). 
Mausoleum at Pulborough 
Mayfield, relics of St. Dunstan at 

Church, tower and porch of 
Palace (1847) 

,, doorway of hall porch 

„ doorways into ... 

,, corbels and diaper work in 

11. 240, XXL 7, lb. f. 20 
,, „ bay in ... ... 11. 237 

XXX. 2 F 



. YL 


f. "71 


. XII. 


f. 133 


Y. 


274 


XX. 


190 


II. 


173 


XXYI. 


264 


. XL 


141 


II. 


214 


. XXI. 


16 


lb. 


f. 1 


. IL 


235 


. XXL 


6 



218 



INDPJX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Vol 

Mayfield Palace, view from the north 

„ „ banqueting hall from east 

„ from west. 

,, the Middle House 
Medalet, leaden 

Merchants' marks at Hasting-s ... 
Michelbam Priory (moat and gateway) 

view under gateway 

south view 

broken arches ... 

crypfc vault 

arched passage 

double chimney-piece in 

seal of (see Seal). 
Miller, arms of 
Monogram (see Catacombs). 
Muntham 
Mylward, arms of 

N. 

Nail pick 

Necklace, ancient (see Crowlink). 

New Shoreham Church 

„ seal of Hospital . . . 

„ seal of Borough ... 

„ plan of harbour 

Newburgh, arms of 
Newhaven Church 

,, ,, east window of tower . 

„ ,, inside of belfry 

„ Harbour plan of 

,, Roman remains at 
Newton, arms of 
Nineveh, mantelpiece ... 
Northeye Chapel, carved stone ... 

,, ,, „ mullions 

Noyes, arms of 
Nutt, monument to Rev. J. 
Nyland House 



Pa?« 



... XXL f 


20 


,t lb. f 


2^ 


:... lb. 


\ 


... lb. 


15 


XXYI. 


276^ 


... XIY. 


102 


... YI. 


129 


... lb. 


154 


... lb. 


155 


... lb. 




... lb. 


157 


... lb. 




... lb. 


163 


... XIY.f. 


233 


XXYII. f. 


3 


... XIY.f. 


233 


... Y. 


201 


XXYII. f. 


75 


... lb. f. 


78 


... lb. f. 


82 


... lb. f. 


98 


... YI. f. 


77 


... IX. f. 


93 


.. lb. 




.. lb. 


94 i 


... lb. f. 


99 


Y. f. 


263 


.. IX. 


339 


.. XX. 


190 


.. XIX. 


5 


.. lb. 


6 


.. IX. 


340 


.. YI. 


224 


.. XII. f. 


158 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 219 

0. 

Vol. Page 

Ockenden House, Cuckfield ... ... III. f. 117 

Onyx cameo ... ... ... ... XXV. 229 

Ore, arms of .. , ... ... ... VI. i. 77 

OteHall ... ... ... ... XIX. f. 61 

Otham (see Ottehara). 

Otteham Abbey Chapel, south wall of int-erior Y. f. 155 

,, shrine of 8t. Laurence at .. . lb. 173 

Ovingdean Church, ground plan of ... XXI. f. 40 

Oxenbridge, arms of ... ... ...XXIY. 20 



Pagham harbour, coin found at ... 

Parham House 

Parker, arms of 

Parwikinus, seal of 

Patera of Samian ware 

Paxhill 

Pechell, arms of 

Pechels, arms of de 

,, portrait of Jean Orace de 
Peckham of Arches, arms of ... 
Pelham, arms of ... III. 213, 221, YIII. 

„ buckle ... 111.216,220, 

226, 227, 228, YII. 65 

,, „ and cross on fireback 

,, seal of Sir John 
Penhurst, arms of 
Penkhurst, arms of 
Pepplesham, arras of (see Arms). 
Peshale, seal of Richard de 
Petworth, market-place of {temp. Charles I.) 

,, house at 

,, nooks of old 

,, Mr. Daintrey's house at 

,, bracket at ... 
House old ... 



Y. 


206 


.. XXY. f. 


1 


.. YI. f. 


77 


.. YIII. 


334 


..XXII. 


58 


.. XL f. 


1 


XXYL 


148 


lb. 




. lb. f. 


116 


. lY. f. 


291 


172, XXIY. 5 


222, 223, 


225, 


69, YIIL 


339 


.. XIIL 


161 


.. IIL 


220 


.. YLf. 


76 


.. lb. 




.. X. 


119 


) XIX. f. 


134 


.. XIY. f. 


19 


.. XIX. f. 


140 


.. XIY. 


20 


.. XIX. 


144 


.. XIY. f. 


1 



220 INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Vol. PagfO 

Petwortli, paintings on Ayre's ceiling at XXIV. 118 

lb. f. 

;: lb. 

Pevensey, seal of ... ... ... I. f. 16 

,, leaden seal found at ... ... V. 205 

„ castle, east view of ... ... YI. f. 265 

„ plan of ... ... lb. f. 274: 

„ ,, drain in ... ... lb. 277 

,, ,, font in chapel of ... lb. 279 

,, ,, /^?'sci72a in chapel of ... lb. 280i 

Pierpoint, arms of ... ... ... lb. f. 11\ 

Pillory at Rye ... ... ... IX. 361 

Pin, British brass ... ... ... I. 55; 

Playsted, arms of ... ... ... YI. f. 76t 

Plumpton Church, fresco on eastern face of 

east wall of nave ... ... XX. f. 198; 

,, ditto, on western ditto ... lb. f. 201| 

Portslade Church, fresco in ... ... lb. f. 161 

Possing worth (see Waldron). 

Pottery ancient, in form of animals ... X. f. 195 

„ figure ... ... XYIIL 190 

„ found at Stopham ... XXYIII. 203 

„ mediaeval ... I. 45, XL 230, XX. f. 195 

„ Roman ... II. 173, YIII. l>89, XXIX. f . 174 

Poynings, view of (1780) ... ... XY. f. 1 

Church, from N.E. ... ... lb. f. 46 

,, ,, ground plan of ... lb. 33' 

„ ,, east window of chancel lb. 41 
„ ,, north window of north 

transept ... ... lb. f. 42 

„ ,, tabernacle work in stone lb. 48 
„ ,, monumental slab in south 

transept ... ... lb. 38 

,, ,, Annunciation window in 

north transept ... lb. f. 451 
,, ,, piscina, sedilia, and minor 

window of chancel ... lb. f. 44 

font ... ... lb. 45! 

„ manorial mansion ... ... lb. 49| 

I 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Vol. 

XV. 
IX. 

lb. 
lb. 



Poynings, arms of the Lords 

Pulborough, barrow at... 

foundation of wall at 
articles found in barrow 
mausoleum at (see Mausoleum). 

Punchbowl presented by Charles II. XXIII. f. 

Pynham (see de Calceto) 



221 

Pajre 

14 

111 

3 

117 

12 



Querns 



Q. 



R. 



Pacton House, hall of Old 
Padmeld, arms of (see Arms). 
Randoll, arms of 
Ridge, arms of ^ 
Ringmer, gold ring at . . . 
Riverhall, chimney back at 
Rivers, map of Sussex ... 
Robertsbridge Abbey, south-east view of 
,, exterior of chapel 
interior of chapel 

,, ground plan oi 
„ refectory ... 

recess in ditto 
,, bosses m 
,, monumental slabs 
,, Pelham arms at 
„ armorial tile at 

auffel with shield \ 

J, 55 CD 

^j ,, seal of 

„ seal of Abbot of 
„ founder's seal 
Rodmell, burial in woollen at ... 
Roman cemetery at Densworth, plan of 
„ glass (see Glass). 
,, bronze Ligula ... 



...XYIII. 


63 


XXIII. f. 


16 


... YI. f. 


"IQ 


XXIX. 


149 


... IX. 


373 


... II. f. 


188 


... XVI. f. 


247 


... VIII. 


146 


... lb. 


143 


... lb. 


153 


... lb. 


145 


... lb. 


147 


... lb. 


164 


... lb. 


166 


... lb. 141 


176 


m lb. 


172 


... lb. 




... lb. 


173 


t... lb. 




... lb. 


143 


... lb. 


171 


... lb. 


156 


XVIII. 192 


, 193 


... X. 


175 


XXIV. 


295 



222 



INDEX OF ILLTJSTEATIONS. 



Roman reraaios found at Newhaven 
urn ... 
„ key ... ... 

,, way at Bignor, section of... 
,, Villa at Bignor ... 
Romano-British cemetery (see Hardham), 
Rottingdean Church, carved bracket in 
Roughey Chantry, carved figure in 

,, hammer-head from 
Rumboldswyke Church, ground plan of 

„ urn fromi 

Rush candlestick 
Rusper Priory, west front of 

,, enamelled chalice of 

,, figure of angel on ditto 

Rye, seal of ... ... ... 1. 

„ pillory and cucking stool at... 
,, slab (see Hamon). 
,, leaden flagon at ... 
„ plan of Church and churchyard 
„ church, flying buttress at 
Ryman, armsof 



Vol, 

V. f. 
. XI. 
.XXV. 
.. XI. 



Page 

263 
138 
231 
131 



...XXX. f. 63 

... IX. 68 

... VIII. 129 

XVIII. 195 

... XXI. f. 40 

...XVII. 255 

lb. 188 

V. f. 250 

... IX. f. 303 

lb. 307 

f. 16, XVII. 64 

... IX. 361 

... XIII. 208 

lb. f. 288 

...XXII. f. 132 

XVIII. f. 80 



S. 



VI. f. 77, XIV. f. 233 
... XX. f. 155 



Sackville, arms of 

,, College 
St. Croix (see de St. Croix). 
St. Leger, arms of ... ... ... VI. f. 77 

St. Leonards forest, flint implements from XXVII. f. 177 
St. Martin, seal of Alured de ... ... VIII. f. 156 

St. Pancras, (see Lewes Priory). 

mace of Corporation of (1689) XXIV. 138 \ 
Samian ware, Patera of ... ... XXII. 58 

Say (see Maminot, and De Say). 

Scotney, seal of (see Seal). 

Scrase, arms of ... ... VIII. 1, XXIV. 17 

Seaford, seal of ... ... ... I. f. 16 

„ charter to Leper's Hospital at (see 
Leper's Ilosp.) 



INDEX OF ILLUSTEATIONS. 223 



SeafordjUrns found at 


Vol. 

... YII. 


Pag-e 

74 


„ Roman urn found at 


... IX. 


368 


,, ancient chimaey-piece ... 


... VIL 


127 


J, Church 


... lb. f. 


114 


J, „ sculptured capital in 


... lb. 


115 


„ „ carving of St. Michael and 




dragon 


... lb. 


116 


„ ,, ancient crypt of. . . 


... lb. 


118 


Seal, ancient found at Lewes 


XXVI. 


272 


,, Briglitford Hundred 


V. 


198 


,, Calceto, de 


... XL 


107 


„ Chapelle, "William de la 


... IL 


303 


5, Chichester, Subdeanery 


... YIIL 


329 


„ St. Mary's Hospital at 


IL 6, YIIL 


330 


„ Clympynge, Thomas de 


...XYIL 


192 


„ Dene, Robert de ... 


Y. 


157 


,, East Grinstead 


...XXIL 


225 


„ Eu, Earl of 


... XIII. L 


133 


5, Grey, Lady Jane ... 


... lY. 


313 


' J, Hastings, Port of 


L 


16 


„ „ bailiff of 


...XYIL 


65 


Priory ... 


... XIIL 


179 


St. Mary's 


... lb. f. 


133 


,, Hoo, Thomas de ... 


... YIIL 


126 


„ Hoo, William de ... 


... lb. 


106 


,, Huntley, Earl of ... 


... lb. 


328 


„ Lewes Priory ... 11. f. 19, 


f. 20, YIIL f 


327 


„ Mailing (see South Malliug). 






,, Michelham Priory... 


... YI. 


146 


,, New Shoreham, Corporation of 


XXYII. f 


82 


„ „ Hospital of St. J 


ames 




at 


... lb. f 


78 


„ Parwikinus 


... YIIL 


334 


,, Pelham, Sir John ... 


... in. 


220 


J, Peshale, Richard de 


... X. 


119 


,, Pevensey 


Lf 


. 16 


„ Robertsbridge, Abbot of 


... YIIL 


171 


„ „ Abbey of 


... lb. 


143 


„ Rye 


L 


16 


„ St. Martin, Alurcd do 


... YIIL 


156 



..XXX. 




144 


I. 


f. 


16 


X. 


f. 


108 


.. VIII. 




270 


I. 


f. 


16 


.. VIII. 




39 


.. lb. 




40 


XXVI. 




266 


.. lb. 




265 


.. X. 


f. 


108 


55, XI. 


f. 


138 


..XXV. 


f. 


84 


..XIII. 




236 


XXIV. 




9 


XXVI. 




215 


.. XXX. 


f. 


38 



224 INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Vol. Page 

Seal, Scotney 
,, Seaford ... 
„ Sele, Priors of 
„ South Mailing College 
,, Winchelsea 
Sedgwick Castle, plan of 
wall of 
Selden, arms of 

„ miniature of John 
Sele, seal of Priors of . . . 
Sepulchral vessels 
Sergison (and Warden) arms of ... 
Sheephook, Pyecombe ... 
Shelley, arms of ... . . ••• 

,, monument to Sir William 
Sherborne, Bp., tomb of 
Sherley (see Shirley). 
Shirley, arms of ... . . . ' V. 7, XIV. f . 2 33 

„ effigy of Sir Richard ... ... V. 13 

Shoreham (see New Shoreham). 

Shovelstrode, arms of (see Arms). 

Shurley, tomb of Sir John ... XVEII. 130 

Singleton, implement found at ... ... XVI. 300 

Slaugham, *' Benfield "in ... ... X. 160 

Place, from east ... ... lb. f. 160 

north front ... lb. f. 165 

west arch ... lb. f. 161 

carved staircase ... lb. f. 163: 
carving of dog's head lb. 162 
„ of lion's head lb. 1631 
Church, mural paintings at ... XIII. f. 237 

„ ditto, ditto lb. f. 238 

Slindon Church, ground plan &c. ... XIX. f. 127 

Sluice, map of the liberty of ... ... lb. f . 32 ' 

Smugglers, hanging of Sussex ... ... X. 94 

South Bersted Church, parish chest in ...XXIV. f. 179! 
,, incised stone in tower 

of ... ... lb. 170! 

South Hartir.g Church ... XXVIII. f. 110 



L 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



South Mailing College, ruins 

,, „ Tudor arch in kitchen 

,, n seal 



Vol. 

V. 

lb. 

YIII. 

IX. 

XX. 

XI. 

V. 

... lY. 

... lb. f. 

... lb. 

...XXII. 

Y. 

... lb. 

... IX. 

... XYI. 

... lY. 

... YI. 

XXYIII. 

XXYII. 

lb, 



Southover Priory 

Springett, monument to Sir William 

Stanestreet and causeway, map of part of. 

Stanstead, in Stoughton 

Stapley, arms of 

Stedham Church, mural paintings in 

„ stone carvings in 

Steyning Church, interior of 
,, ,, capital in 

,, old schoolhouse at 
,, coin minted at 
,, device in 
Stone, arms of ... 

Stopham, arms of 

,, pottery found at 

„ Church 

,, ,, window of 

,, House, east front of ... ... lb. 

,, Manor-house ... ... lb. 

„ bridge ... ..." ... lb 

Storrington Downs (see Urn). 

Street (or Streat) Place, interior of room... lY. 
,, door of room ... ... lb. 

view of ... _ ... ...XXY. 

,, stone mantelpiece ... ... lb. 

Stylus ... ... ... ... 11. 

Sussex, arms of ... ... XXIY. 

Sutton Hurst, chimney -back at ... ... II. 

Swanborough manor-house ... XXIX. 

„ „ roof ... lb. 

5, „ gateway ... lb. 

,, 5, newel staircase lb. 

5, „ arches of door- 

ways ... lb. 

,, spear-heads and celt from lb. 

J, fibula and carved stone- 

work from ... lb. 

XXX. 2 G 



225 

Page 

140 
141 

336 

f. 44 

f. 127 

65 

f. 291 

1, f. 19 

f. 20 

f. 2 

120 

126 

369 

238 

f. 291 

f. 76 

203 

f. 60 

. f. 62 

. f. 37 

, f. 59 

. f. 60 

f. 93 

f. 94 

f. 126 

f. 127 

174 

24 

f. 217 

f. 114 

138 

139 

140 



134 



226 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Vol. Page 

Swanborougli, facsimile of Domesday re- 
lating to ... XXIX. f. 135 



T. 

Tablet, ancient 

Tanners (see Waldron). 

Tarring, West, old house io 

Thundridge, Pelham buckle at ... 

Ticehurst Church, brass in 

Tiles, Sussex III. f. 238-9, XI. 130, XVI. 

Tokens, tradesmen's ... 

Tongue-scraper 

Torel, arms of 

Touchpiece of Queen Elizabeth ... 

Trug, Sussex 

Turner, arms of 

„ portrait of Rev. E. 

U. 

Uckfield, the old bridge 
,, the old church 
,, north end of cell 
„ south end of cell 
Up-Park 

Uriconium, comb at 
Urns from Alfriston 
„ from Hardham 
„ found at Seaford ... 
„ from Borraer 
Urn, British, at Storrington 
,, found at Langford 
„ from Rumboldswyke 

V. 

Vase found near Gljnde 

Vases, two earthen 

Venus Room, Bignor (see Bignor). 



VII. (app.) 27 


... XXX. 


198! 


... VII. 


65 


...VIII. f. 


17! 


[.128,XXI.f. 33) 


... XL 


171, 


V. 


201 


... XIV. f. 


233 i 


...XXV. 


206 


... XIII. 


212 


... XXV. f. 


217i 


... lb. 


il 

1 


... XII. f. 


1 
t 

Ij 


... lb. f. 


8 


... lb. 


9 


... lb. 


10 


XXVIII. f. 


99 


...XXII. 


60 i 


II. 


270: 


... XL 


138 


VII. 74, IX. 


368 


...XVIIL 


65 


L 


55 


...XXIL 


64 


...XVIL 


255 


XXIII. f. 


82 


X. 


177 



;. INDEX or ILLUSTRATIONS. 227 

Vol. Page 

Verdley Castle, ground plan ... ... XII. f. 265 

Vere de, arms of ... ... ... VI. f. 77 

Vermandois (see Arms). 

Vinall, arms of ... ... XXIX. 146 

Yirius, coin of ... ... ... IX. 370 



W. 

AYadlinrst, andiron at . . . ... ... II. f. 199 

Wakelierst, brass to Richard and Elizabeth lb. f. 311 

Wakehurst Place, west front ... ... X. f. 158 

„ ,, hall and staircase ... lb. f. 157 

,, ,, south front ... ... lb. 155 

Waldron, Tanners and Possingworth at ... XIII. f . 80 

,, Pelham arms at ... ... III. 221 

Warbleton Church, brass at ... ... 11. f. 307 

„ 5, plan of and earthworks XYII. f. 167 

,, 5, door in tower ... lb. f. 166 

,, „ old chest ... ... lb. f. 167 

Priory ... ... ... XIII. f. 160 

,, ,, doorway in ... ... lb. 162 

,, „ Pelham buckle and cross at lb. 161 

,, „ sepulchral slab at Marklye XVI. 296 

Warden (see Sergison). 
Wardeux (see Arms). 

Warnett, arms of ... ... ... VI. f. 77 

,, of Hempstead, arms of ... IV. f. 291 

Warren de, arms of ... ... ... VI. f. 77 

Warrenne de, badge of... ... XVIII. 70 

Wartling Church, Pelham badge on ... III. 227 

West, arms of ... ... XXIV. 10 

,, badges of ... ... ... lb. 11 

West Blatchington Church ... ... VIII. 4, 13 

WestboLirne Church ... ... ...XXII. f. 77 

Westdean Church ... ... ... III. f. 16 

„ ,, plan of ... ... lb. 

,, ,, windows in ... ... lb. 

,, „ mural canopy in ... lb. f. 17 

,, ,, arch and font in ... lb. 



228 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



f. 



Vol. Page 

Westdean Rectory, plan of ... ... III. f. 13 

,, „ north-east view of ... lb. 

,j „ south-west view of ... lb. 

,, „ interior of ... ... lb. f. 14 

,, „ windows, &c., in ... lb. 

West Grinstead Church ... ... XXII. f . 7 

Old Place House ... lb. f. 10 

West Hampnett Church, ground plan of ... XXI. f. 40 
„ ,, chancel arch of ... lb. f. 33 

,, „ Roman tile ... lb. 

cottage of Lilly white at lb. XXVIII. f . 19 
Westmeston Church, mural paintings in — 

(1) Western face of eastern wall of 

nave 

(2) Demoniacal (?) figure ... 

(3) Our Lord and SS. Peter and Paul lb. f. 

(4) Agnus bearing cross ... ... lb. f . 

(5) Scourging of Christ ... ... lb. 

(6) Adoration of Magi ... ... lb. f. 

(7) Dation ... ... ... lb. f. 

(8) Abler ... ... ... lb. f. 

Weston (see Wiston). 

Whetstone, ancient 

Wilbeiforce, grave of Bishop 

Willai'd, arms of 

Willingdon, leaden coffer found at 

AVilmington, British antiquities found at 

,, Church ... 

„ ,, plan of 

,, ,, arches and window in 



XVI. 
lb. 



VII. (app.) 
XXIX. f. 



„ Giant 

„ Priory 

„ „ east view of... 

„ „ gateway of ... 

,, ,, groined room in 

,, yew tree at 

Wilye, arms of (see Arms). 
Windmill hill, heronry at 
Winchelsea, seal of 



9 
10 
15 

52 

64 

XIV. f. 233 

L 160 

XIV. f. 171 

IV. f. 60 

lb. 

lb. & 60 
IV. 63, XXVL 97, 102, 110, 112 



XXVI. 
. IV. 
lb. 
. lb. 
. lb. 



f. 



108 
62 



66 



XXVII. f. 110 
Lf. 16 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



229 



Vol. 



Page 



Wisborougli Grreen Church, mural painting 

in ...XXII 

„ ■ ,5 plan of position 

of ditto 
Wiston, arms of 

plan of Roman building at 
Church, effigy in 

,, Shirley ei^gy in 
House (temp. Charles I.) 
(by Hollar) ... 
(1835) 
Wistoneston (see Wiston). 
Wivelsfield Church, ground plan... 

„ ,, examples of styles 

Woollen, burial in 
Worth 

,, chimney back at 
„ Church, ground plan of ... 
,, interior of 

„ chancel arch of ... 
,, font of ... 
„ pilasters of 
Wybarne, brass to John 



Yainville Church (Normandy) 



f. 134 



... lb. 




144 


V. 2. VI. 


f. 


76 


... II. 




313 


Y. 




6 


... lb. 




13 


... lb. 


f. 


1 


... lb. 


f. 


14 


... lb. 




1 


...XXII. 


f. 


50 


lb. 


f. 


53 


XVIIT. 


192-3 


... VIII. 


f. 


235 


II. 


f. 


189 


... lb. 


f. 241 


... lb. 






... lb. 






... lb. 




244 


... lb. 




239 


... lb. 


f. 


17 


... IX. 


f. 


92 



LIST or BOOKS ADDED TO THE LIBRARY OF 
THE SUSSEX ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY, 
PROM JANUARY 1, 1877, TO DECEMBER 
31, 1879. 



Akch^ologia, Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Antiquity, pub- 
lished by the Society of Antiquaries of London. Vol. 
44. Vol. 45, Part 1. 4to. London. 1873-1877. 

Presenttd b>/ the Socieiy, 

Akch^olcgia Cambrensis — Journal of the Cambrian Archaeo- 
logical Association. Fourth Series. Vols. 1, 8, 9, and 
Vol. 10, Part 1. 8vo. London. 1876-9. 
Presented by the Association. 

Aech^ologia Cantiana- — Tninsactions of the Kent Archaeolo- 
gical Society. Vols. 11 and 12. 8vo. London. 1877-8. 
Presented by the Society. 

Arch^ological Jooknal. Published under the direction of 
the Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 
Vol. 33. Nos. ] 29, 130, 131. Vols. 34, 35, and Vol. 30, 
Nos. 141, 142, 143. 8vo. London. 1876-1879. 
/'resented by the InstitiUe. 

Attkee (F. W. J., R.E.), Ditchling Inscriptions. MS. 1877-8. 
/'resented by the Author. 

Barker (W. G., M.B., Lend.), On the Climate of Woi thing. 
1 vol. 8vo. London. 1860. 

Presented by the Author. 

Birch (S., LL.D.), Eeniark upon the Cover of the Granite 
Sarcophagus of Pameses ill. in the Fitzwilliam Museum. 
Cambridge, 1876. 

Presented by the Cambridge Antiquarian Society. 

British Arch^ological Association, Journal of. Vols. 32, 
33, 34, and Vol. 35, Parts 1 and 2. 8vo. London. 
1876-9. 

Piesented by the Association. 



LIST or BOOKS ADDED TO THE LIBEARY, ] 877-9. 231 

EucKLEE (Geoege), Colchester Castle a Eoman Building- — 2nd 

and 3rd sections. Privately printed. 1877.1879. 

Presented by the Author. 

Cambeidge Antiquakian Society — 

Reports and Communications, Nos. 17, 18, 19, 20. Svo. 

Cambridg-e. 1878-9. 
Octavo Publications of. Parts 15 and 16. Cambridge. 

1878. 

Presented by the Society. 

Cass (F. C, M.A.), South Mimms. 4to. "Westminster. 

1877. 
Presented by the London and Middlesex Archceologiccd Society. 

Chambees (Geoege P., F.P.A.S.), Handbook to the County of 
Sussex. 1 vol. Pea}). 8vo. London (Edwd. Stanford, 
55, Charing Cross). 1877. 

Presented by the Publisher. 

CooPEE (W. Dueeant), The History of Winchelsea. 1 vol. 
Original MS., with extra notes. 

Purchased by the S. A. S. 

A Poll for Knights of the Shire for the County 

of Sussex, taken at Lev^-es, in the said County, the 24tli 
May, 1705. Copied from the Original at Glynde Place 
by W. Durrant Cooper. MS. 

Presented by J. C. Lucas, F.S.A. 

Dixon (P., P.G.S.), The Geology of Sussex. New Edition. 
1 vol. 4to. Brighton (W. J. Smith). 1878. 
Purchased by the S. A. S. 

Duke (Geoege), The Life of Major-General Worge. 1 vol. 
8vo. London. 1844. 

Presented by G. P. Bacon, Esq. 

Elliott (Thos.), Remarks on the probable site of the British 
City and Roman Station of Anderida, and on the Ancient 
Course of the River Rother. Rye. 1877. 

Presented by the Author. 

Ellis (Joseph), Meletae. 1 vol. 8vo. London. 1869. 

Presented by the Author. 

Elvv^es (Dudley Geoege Caey, P. S. A.), The Castles, Mansions, 
and Manors of Western Sussex. Parts 2 and '6. 4to. 
London. 1878-9. 

Purchased by the S. A. S. 

Essex AECHiEOLOGicAL Society, Transactions of. New Series. 
Vol. 1, Parts 3, 4. 8vo. Colchester. 1876-8. 
Presented by the Society. 



232 LIST OF EOOKS ADDED TO THE LIBEAEY, 1877-9. 

Gent (H. C), Gallise Speculum, or a New Survey of the French 

Court and Camp. 1vol. 12mo. London. 1673. 

Presented by C. L. Prince, F.R.A.S. 

Harrison (J. Park, M.A.), On Some Further Discoveries at 
Cissbury. Eeprinted from the Journal of the Anthro- 
pological Institute, May, 1877. 

Presented by 

Hayley (Wileiam), The Triumph of Music ; a Poem in six 
cantos. 1 vol. 4to. Chichester. 1804. 
PresenUdby G. P. Bacon, Esq. 

The Triumphs of Temper; a Poem in six cantos 

1 vol. 4to. London. 1781. 

Presented by G. P. Bacon, Esq. 

Kilkenny and South East of Ireland Arch^ological 
Society, Proceedings and Transactions of. 4th Series. 
Vol. 4, and Nos. 37, 38. Vol. 5. 8vo. Dublin. 
1876-9. 

Presented by the Society. 

Lancashire and Cheshire Historic Society, Transactions of. 
Third Series. Vols. 3, 4, 6, 6. 8vo. Liverpool. 
1875-8. 

Presented by the Society. 

Lee (Arthur), The Battaille of Lewes, and other Legends of 
St. Pancras Priory, Lewes. 1 vol. Lewes. 1847. 
Pvrchased by the S. A. S. 

Leppard and Co.'s Brighton and Hove Director}^, 1843. 1 vol. 
8vo. Brighton. 

Presented by G. P. Bacon, Esq. 

London and Middlesex Arch.eoi ogical Society, Transac- 
tions of. Vol. 5, Parts 1 and 2. London. 1877-9. 

Presented hy the Society. 

Martin (Alderman Henry), The History of Brighton and 
Environs. 1 vol. 8vo. Brighton. 1871. 
Presented by G. P Bacon, Esq. 

Michell (H., a.m.), De Arte Medendi. 1 vol. 8vo. London. 
1783. 

Presented by Henry Wagner, F.S.A. 

Michell (Richard, curate of Friston and Eastdean), Fugitive 
Pieces on various subjects. 2 vols. 12mo. Lewes 
(W. and A. Lee). 1787. 

Presented by G. P. Bacon, Esq. 

MoNGREDiEN (AuGUSTus), Frcc Trade and English Commerce. 
London. 1879. 



LIST OF BOOKS ADDED TO THE LIBRARY, 1877-9. 233 

MossE (Edward S.), Traces of an Early Race in Japan. Re- 
printed from the Popular Science Monthly for January, 
1879. New York. 

Moss (W. G.), The History and Antiquities of the Town and 

Port of Hastings. 1vol. 8vo. London. 1824. 

Purchased by the S. A. S. 

KoKFOLK AND NoRwicH Akch^ological Society, Publications 
of. Vol. 8. 8vo. Norwich. 1874-9. 
Presented by the Society. 

Parry (J. D., M.A.), An Historical and Descriptive Account of 
the Coast of Sussex. 1 vol. 8vo. London. 1833. 

Purchased by the S. A. S. 

Powys-Land Club, Collections Historical and Archseological 
relating to Montgomeryshire. V^ols. 10 and 11. Vol. 
12, Parti. 8vo. London. 1877-9. 
Presented by the Club. 

Smith (C. Roach, F.S.A., &c.), Collectanea Antiqua. Vol. 7, 
Part 1. 8vo. London. 1878. Discovery of Altars, 
V Coins, &c., near the site of Procolitia on the line of the 

Roman Wall. Reprinted from Muniment Chronicle. 
The Halinghen Inscription in the Museum of Boulogne 
(from the Proceedings of the London and Middlesex 
Archaeological Society) . 

Presented by the Author. 

Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Board of Regents 
for the year 1877. 1vol. 8vo. Washington. 1878. 
Presented by the Institution. 

Society of Antiquaries of London, Proceedings of. Second 
Series. Vol. 7. 1876-8. 

Presented by the Society. 

Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Proceedings of. Vol. 
11, Vol. 12, Part 1. 4to. Edinburgh. 1875-7. 

Presented by the Society. 

Somersetshire Arch^olog:cal and Natural History 
wt Society, Proceedings of. General Index. Vols. 1-20. 
I Vols. 22, 23, 24. 8vo. Taunton. 1876-9. 

K Presented by the Society. 

Sussex Aech^ological Society, Collections of. Vols. 27, 28, 
29. 8vo. Lewes. 1877-9. 

United Architectural Societies of York, Bedford, Lin- 
coln, Leicester, &c., Reports and Papers of. 8vo. 
VoLl6, Part2. Linculn. 1878. 

Presented by those Societies. 

, XXX. 2 H 



i 



234 LIST OF BOOKS ADDED TO THE TJBRAUY, 1877-9. 

Walcott (Mackenzie E. C, B.D., E.S.A.), The Early Statutes 
of the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity, Chichester. 
1 vol. 4to. London. 1877. 

Presented by the AvtJior. 

Wright (Thomas), The History and Topography of the 

County of Essex. 2 vols. 4to. London. 1836. 

Purchased by the S. A. S. 

Yorkshire Arch^ological and Topographical SociExr, 
Journal of. Vols. 3 and 4. Vol, 5, Parts xviii., xix., xx. 
8vo. London. 1875-9. 

Presented by the Society. 

Handbooks to Battle Abbey, Brighton, Chichester, Eastbourne, 
Lewes, Littleharapton. 

Fnrchased by the S. A. S. 

MAPS. 

(Pocket) of Sussex and Hastings. '\ 

Dorsetshire : its Celtic, Roman, Saxon, and Danish Vestige^^ 
By Charles Warne, F.S.A. 

The Catalogue of the Library to the year 1877 was 'published in 
Vol. xxvii. 212. 

ROBERT CROSS KEY, 

Hon. Curator and Libi-arian. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



No. 1. 

The Lavingtons. 

(See Vol. xxix., pp, 49, 60.) 

I am obliged to Mr. Elwes, both for the courteous manner in which he 
has referred to my having pointed out the error, which he and other 
Sussex Archa?ologists had fallen into respecting the Hundred in which 
Barlavington is situated, and for his having corrected it in the Ad- 
denda to his " Castles of Western Sussex ;"i and also for his drawing 
my attention to the fact, that Henry Garton was M.P. for Arundel in 
1640, and not in 1670, as stated by me f as he died in 1641. I have 
ascertained from the Return of Members of Parliament ordered to be 
printed by the House of Commons 1 March, 1878, that Mr. Elwes is 
quite right in this. Mr. Garton was succeeded by John Dovvne, Esq. 
I have no doubt, as Mr. Klwes suggests, it was an error of the Press, 
the figure 4 being easily mistaken for that of 7 in rapid printing. 

Mr, Elwes has expressed surprise at my " having omitted all mention 
of Garton Orme, M.P. for Arundel from 1741 to 1754." Mr, Elwes will 
pardon me for remarking, that both Horsfield and Dallaway say he was 
M.P. for Arundel for a longer period than that, viz., fi-om 1739 to 1754, 
although, as the Parliamentary Return of members hitherto published 
does not as yet come down as far as 1739, it is true I cannot verify their 
assertion by that indisputable authority, and I did not pretend to give a 
genealogical table of the Garton family, or a list of their honours. I 
find, however, that I have fallen into an error (being misled by the way 
in which Dallaway's table is arranged), by naming Garton Orme's brother 
Robert Orme, instead of himself, as the father of Charlotte married to 
Richard Bettesworth, and the passage therefore in xxix., S. A. C, p, 60, 
beginning " The Mr. Sargent," should stand thus — 

" The Mr, Sargent who built this house became possessed 
of this manor in right of his wife, having married Charlotte 
Bettesworth, whose father Richard Bettesworth, of Pet- 
woi'th, had married Charlotte Orme, daughter and heir 
of Garton Orme, Esq., M.P. for Arundel, 1739-1754, which 
Garton Oime was a son of Robert Orme, of VVooUavington, 
whose father, Robert Orme, of Peterborough, had married 
Mary Garton, the daughter and heir of Henry Garton, Esq., 
M.P. for Arundel 1640, and the direct male descendant of 
Giles Garton, the original purchaser of the estate." 

Thojias Debary. 

> Seep. 282. ^ xxix., S.A.C, 60. 



236 



NOTES AiND QUElilES. 



No. 2. 

William Penn — The L-elands of Highfure — The Hearth Tax. 

Nov. 21st, 1878. A beautiful hunting morning. The meet, Broad- 
ford Bridge. Lord Leconfield's hounds, and a large field. Found at 
Woods Hill Eough, and had a most excellent rmi. On coming to a 
check during the run, I met Mr. George Ireland, of Highfure, Billings- 
hurst. A conversation took place — how it originated it is difficult to 
say — but Mr. Ireland informed me how long his family had been at High-, 
fure, and how liis ancestors had paid the Hearth Tax, for Avhich he pro- 
duced some curious old receipts, of which the following are copies, as 
far as they can be deciphered. 

" Sussex 

ffebruary 
the 27 1600 & seventy one 
Received of Henry Hussey (?) ■>> 

the sum of ffouer ; 

shillings in full for two years 
duty for one (?) fire hearths {sic) in ;. s 
the seyd house due j 4 ,, ,, 

and ended at Michaelniass last past | 
I say received by J 

mee Anthony Soule (?) 
(Collector)" 

"March the 3^ IGOO & eighty 

Received of Mor : (Maurice ?) Ireland 

the sum of three 

shillings in full for one half years 

duty for three fire-hearths in 

his house in Fewr due 

& ended at Micbaelmas last past 

I say received by 

John Younff, Collector." 



s. 
7. 



Mr. Ireland also produced the following receipt : — 

" June y<^ 5 day 1G91 

Then received of Mouris (?) learland for snmeners ^ 
the sum of Seven Shelings and to penc being the £ 
second payment of his quart rly tax aseased )■ 0. 

for thaieres maigyesties lines (highness?) I say rcceved 
by me Jesse Gray Colietor " 

The tax on fire hearths in 1672 produced £170000. 
ditto 1689 £245000. 

He also informed me of the burial place of William Penn's daughter, 
and I think the information may be worthy of a place amongst " Notes 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 237 

and Queries," in this year's volume of the "Sussex Archteological 
Collections." 

William Penn's connection -with Sussex commenced in 1676, when, 
according to Cartwright, Warminghurst was sold to him. He married 
in 1672, before he bought Warminghurst, Gulielma Maria, the daughter 
of Sir William Springett, who was killed at the Siege of Bramber. 
A daughter of Penn was buried in the Friends' meeting house, still 
in existence in a bye-lane near Conyliurst Common, in the parish of 
Thakeham, and the grave can be pointed oat. Penn always attended 
service in this chapel, which is still conducted by the Society of Friends, 
and there is a congregation of about 70 every Sunday. 

Warminghurst was sold in 1644, by Sir Thomas Haselrige and Sir 
Thomas Williamson and their wives, to Henry Bigland, of Gray's Inn, 
Esq., by whom it was sold in 1676 to William Penn, Esq. In this deed 
he covenants to secure the premises discharged of all manner of tythes 
other than a yearly payment of 2d per acre due and payable by custom 
as a modus to his Kector. In 1702 Wm. Penn, Esq., sold them to James 
Butler, Esq., in whose family they continued till 1789, when they were 
allotted to Ann Jemima, eldest daughter of James Butler, Esq., wife of 
Eev. Eobert Clough, by whom they were sold in 1805 to Charles, lafce 
Duke of Norfolk, and now form a part of the settled estates of the 
dukedom. 

Mr. George Ireland's family have been settled at Highfure more or less 
since the year 1680. That they were there in 1680 is shown by the 
accompanying Hearth Tax receipts, though, as it will be seen, it was sold, 
and purchased by Thomas Cragg, whose daughter marrying Thos. Ireland, 
it came into the Ireland family again. 

Maurice Ireland, of Fure, lived there in 1680 ; he had an only daughter 
Mary, who married William Stenning, at whose death Fure was sold, and 
purchased by Thomas Cragg, whose only daughter marrying Thomas 
Ireland, the property reverted to the Ireland family. John Ireland, 
brother of the above-named Maurice, lived at Garlands, in the parish of 
Rudgwick, and had a son Maurice, of Rudgwick, whose son Henry, of 
Rudgwick, had a son Thomas, who married Miss Cragg, and so became 
possessor of Highfure ; their son Thomas, of Highfure, was father of the 
present George Ireland, and four other sons. 

The following are Sir W. Blackstone's and Lord Macaulay's accounts 
of the Hearth Tax : — 

" A seventh head of the Royal Revenue is the Inhabited House 
Duty. As early as the Conquest, mention is made in Domesday 
Book of fumage or fuage, vulgarly called smoke farthings, which 
were paid by custom to the King for every chimney in the house, 
and we read that Edward the Black Prince, soon after his successes 
in France, in imitation of the English custom, imposed a tax of 
a florin upon every hearth in his French dominions. But the first 
Parliamentary establishment of it in England was by statute 13 
and 14 Car. II., c. 10, whereby a hereditary revenue of 2s. for 
every hearth in all houses paying to church and poor, was granted 
to the King for ever. And by subsequent statutes for the more 



238 KOTES AKD QUERIES. 

regulai" assessment of this tax the constable and two other sub- 
stantial inhabitants of the parish, to be appointed yearly, or the 
surveyor appointed by the Crown, together with such constable or 
public officer, were, once in every year, empowered to view the 
inside of every house in the parish. But, upon the Kevolution, 
by statute (1 "VYm.and M., St. 1, c. 10) hearth-money was declared 
to be, ' not only a gieat oppression to the poorer sort, but a badge 
of slavery upon the whole people, exposing every man's house to 
be entered into and searched at pleasure by persons unknown to 
him ; and therefore to erect a lasting monument of their Majesties' 
goodness in every liouse in the kingdom, the duty of hearth- 
money was taken away and abolished.' This monument of good- 
ness remains among us to this day ; but the prospect of it was 
somewhat darkened when, in six years afterwards, by statute 7 
Wm. III. c. 18, a tax was laid upon all houses, except cottages, 
of 2s., subsequently advanced to 3s. per annum, and a tax also 
upon all windows, if they exceeded nine, in such house. "^ 

" The most important head of receipt was the excise, which, in 
the last year of the reign of Charles, produced five hundred and 
eighty-five thousand pounds, clear of all deductions. The net 
proceeds of the Customs amounted in the same year to five 
hundred and thirty thousand pounds. These burdens did not lie 
very heavy on the nation. The tax on chimneys, though less pro- 
ductive, raised far louder murmurs. The discontent excited bj direct 
imposts is, indeed, almost always out of proportion to the quantity 
of money which they bring into the Exchequer; and the tax on 
chimneys was, even among direct imposts, peculiarly odious : for 
it could be levied only by means of domiciliary visits ; and of 
such visits the English have always been impatient to a degree, 
which the people of other countries can but faintly conceive. The 
poorer householders were frequently unable to pay their hearth- 
money to the day. When this haj)pcned, their furniture was 
distrained without mercy ; for the tax was farmed, and a farmer 
of taxes is, of all creditors, proverbially the most rapacious. The 
collectors were loudly accused of performing their unpopular 
duty with harshness and insolence. It was said that, as soon as 
they appeared at the threshold of a cottage, the children began 
to wail, and the old women ran to hide their earthenware. Nay, 
the single bed of a poor family had sometimes been carried away 
and sold. The net annual receipt from this tax was two hundred 
thousand pounds. 

There are, in the Pepysian Libraiy, some ballads of that age on the 
chimney money. I will give a specimen or two : — 

"The good old dames, whenever they the chimney man espied, 
Unto their nooks they haste away, their pots and pipkins hide. 
There is not one old dame in ten, and search the nation through, 
But, if you talk of chimney men, will spare a curse or two." 

^ 'Commentaries,' Vol. i., p. 289. 



NOTES AXD QUEPJE3. 239 

Again — 

" Like plundering soldiers they'd enter the door, 
And make a distress on the goods of the poor, 
While frighted poor children distractedlv cried ; 
This nothing abated their insolent pride.'' 

In the British Museum there are doggerel verses composed on the 
same subject and in the same spirit : — 

" Or, if through poverty it be not paid, 
For cruelty to tear away the single bed, 
On which the poor man rests his weary head. 
At once deprives him of his rest and bread." 

I take this opportunity, the first which occurs, of acknowledging most 
gratefully the kind and liberal manner in which the Master and Vice- 
Master of Magdalene College, Cambridge, gave me access to the valuable 
collections of Pepys.''* 

The rate of the house duty imposed in 1695 was frequently changed, 
till its repeal by 4 and 5 VTm. lY., c. 19. It was re-imposed as a sub- 
stitute for the Window-tax in 1851, which was then abolished. 

Walter B. Barttelot. 



No. 3. 
Sardham's Will. 

rSee SiiprcL p. 155, note ll.J 

The 
Last Will and TestamexT' 

OF 

Me. John Hakdhaji, &c. 

In the !^Came of God, Amen. 

I John Hardham, of the parish of St. Bride in Fleet Street, London, 
Tobacconist and Snuff Merchant, being sound and perfect in my mind 
and memory, and therefore wilHug at this time to dispose of my affairs 
in the best manner I am able, according to the dictates of my own heart, 
and best judgement, do make and constitute this my Last Will and 
Testament, written with my own hand (tho' not like the common scrawl 
that I used in Trade and in my Letters), in manner and form following : 

And, first, I resign my soul to Almighty God, my Creator, and through 
his mercy hope Forgiveness of my Sins and eternal Life ; as to all my 
worldly Estates of which I shall die possessed I dispose of the same in 
the following manner. 

Imprimis, I will that all my Debts and Funeral expences shall be 
fully and faithfully paid and satisfied by my Trustees, herein after 
mentioned. 

Item, I do hereby give and devise, and bequeath all my money in the 

* " History of England," Vol. i., p. 287. 



240 NOTES AND QUEHIES. 

Stocks, unto my Trustees in Trust for Mary Binmore, herein after 
mentioned. 

Item, I give and bequeath unto my dear Friends as follows; To Peck- 
ham Williams, Esq., of Chichester, Paul Whitehead, Esq., of T\vicken- 
ham Common, Middlesex, David Garrick, Esq. the famous Actor, John 
Covert, Esq., of Chichester, or Densworth, John Baker, Esq , at Hor- 
sham, Sussex, Josejih Baker, Surgeon, at Chichester, Capt. William 
Clovvdesly, at East Moulsy, Surrey, Thomas Hodgkin, Sen., my Tobacco 
Broker, Richard Willis, my Stock Broker, William Cooper Keating, of 
Ludgate Street, and to each and every one of them a Legacy ot Ten 
Guineas; and to Elizabeth, Mary Powlet, Anna Maria and Alary Ann 
Drinkwater, the four youngest Daughters of WoodrofF and Ann Drink- 
water, of Chichester, to each and every one of them, a Legacy of 
Five Guineas to buy Mourning. 

Item, I give to William Webb, of the Excise Office, Londou, and son 
to William Webb, Wine Merchant at Chichester, James Hodgkin, son 
of the said Thomas Hodgkin, of Watlin-Street, London, and Josepli 
Baker, son of Joseph Baker, of C'liichester, to each and every one of 
them, a Legacy of Thirty Guineas for their trouble in the execution of 
the Trust hereafter in them reposed. Also I give and bequeath unto 
the said William Welib, James Hodgkin, and Joseph Baker, and the 
survivors and survivor of them, and the Executors and Administrators of 
such survivors, all my Plate, Jewels, Pings, Pictures, China, Beds, 
Linen, Household Goods, Cloaths, Harpsichord, and all my Furniture of 
what kind or nature whatsoever, and all my Implements of Household, 
and all the rest and Pesidue of my Estate, of what kind whatsoever and 
wheresoever upon this special trust and confidence that they my said 
Trustees and the survivor and survivors of them, and Executors and 
Administrators of such survivor, do and shall with all convenient speed 
after my death, sell and dispose of all my Stock in Trade, and all my 
Furniture, except such part of it as the said Mary Binmore sliall think 
proper to keep for her own use ; yet it is my Will that she shall keep all 
the Household Goods, of what kind or nature soever, if it is her pleasure 
so to do, as my Jewels, Plate, &c., above mentioned; but if 'tis her 
pleasure to sell part or every thing that belonged to me, then and in that 
case my Will is, that every thing tliat was mine be sold off fur the best 
and utmost price and prices that can or may be had or gotten for the 
same; but by no means to hurry on the Sale to the disadvantage of the 
Estate; and also collect, receive, and get in all my outstanding Debts, 
whether secured by Bonds, Notes of hand, or otherwise, and the Money 
arising therefrom, and also all ray ready Money and book Debts remain- 
ing, after paying off my ju^t Debts, Legacies, and Funeral expenses, for 
which my Will is that no more be expended than Ten Pounds (I })ray that 
my Trustees do most strictly observe this Circumstance, for none but vain 
Fools spend more) ; and the cost and charges of my Trustees, in proving 
this n>y Will, and other incidental charges attending the same, to invest 
and lay out in the purchase of Government Securities, but in particular 
in the reduced Thiee per Cents. Bank Annuities, where now it lays in 
my Name this day, January the 20th, 1772, the Sum of Fifteen 
Thousand Five Hundred Pounds in the Names of them the said William 



I 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 241 

Webb, James Hodgkin, and Joseph Baker, and the survivors and 
survivor of them, and the Executors and Administrators of such survivor, 
upon this special trust and confidence that they my said Trustees and 
the survivors of them, and the Executors and Administrators of such 
survivor do pay and apply the Dividends, Interest and Produce, half- 
yearly arising and accruing from the said Government Securities so to 
be purchased as aforesaid, and that I am intitled to at the time of my 
death, unto my Housekeeper Mary Binmore, now the wife of "William 
Dewick Binmore, which said Mary Binmore is now and hath for many 
years been called and known in my House by the name of Nanny, for and 
during the term of her natural life, for her sole and seperate use ; and 
not to be subject and any way liable to the Debts, Engagements, or 
Controul of the said William Dewick Binmore, her said Husband, and for 
which her receipt alone shall be a sufficient discharge to my said 
Trustees ; and from and after the death of the said Mary Binmore my 
Will and mind is, and I direct my said Trustees, and the survivor or 
survivors ot them, and the Executors and Administrators of such 
survivor, by and out of the said Dividends, Interest, and Produce, half- 
yearly arising from the said Government Securities, to pay to John 
Elliott of Phillip Lane, near Wood-Street, London, Jeweller, the sum 
of Fifteen Pounds every half-yearly payment during the term of his 
natural life ; and unto Dorothy Rion, Wife to Captain Stephen Rion, 
now of Welbeck-street, in the parish of St. Mary-le-bone, London, the 
like sum of Fifteen Pounds every half-year during the term of her 
natural life, the payment thereof to begin and be made at the end of the 
first six months next after the death of the said Stephen Rion, her 
present husband ; and after the death of the said Mary Binmore I give 
to Milly Beck, Spinster, now at Francis Bowis in Little- Windsor 
Court, near the new Church in the Strand, London, the sum of Fifteen 
Pounds every half year during her natural life, and subject and 
chargeable with the said several half-yearly payments. I direct my 
said Trustees, and the survivors of them, and the Administrators of such 
survivors, and the Executors and Administrators of such survivor to pay 
the said Dividends, Interest, and Produce, half-yearly, arising from the 
said Government Securities, after the death of the said Mary Binmore to 
John Condell, now box-keeper at Covent Garden Theatre, for and 
during the term of his natural life ; and from and after his death, or if 
he should die in the lifetime of the said Mary Binmore, then upon the 
decease of the survivor of them the said Mary Binmore and John 
Condell, I do hereby order and direct that my said Trustees, and the 
survivors and survivor of them, ard the Executoi-s and Administrators 
of such survivor to assign and transfer all the Government Securities 
except so much as will constitute a Fund sufficient to discharge the 
several Annuities payable every half year hereinbefore mentioned, 
ordered and directed to be paid : and after the death of the said Mary 
■ Binmore and John Condell I hereby give and bequeath the Interest 
only of the Fifteen Thousand Fife Hundred Pounds now in the said 
Three per Cents. Bank Annuities as well as all the rest of my Hlstates 
that shall be found in the same Stock at the time of my death, as well 
as all the rest of my Estates when they are collected together, my Will 

XXX. 2 1 



242 NOTES AND QUERIliS. 

is, that every thing of Monies and Eifects, of what nature soever, be 
disposed of, and, as I have said, put into the said Fund ; and I give the 
Interest only, (mark me) the Interest only, for the principal is to 
remain in the said Fund for ever, to the Guardians or Trustees for their 
time being of the Poor House belonging to the City of Chichester in 
Sussex, to ease the inhabitants of the said City in their poors' rate for 
ever, and that part of the Pancrass that belongs to the said City ; but 
my "Will is, as I have said that the Trustees shall leave a sufficient Fund 
for the payment of the said Annuities; and my Will is, that my 
Trustrees do invest all my Estates that I shall die possessed of into the 
said Fund ; and the Interest of the whole, when all is collected together, 
to be paid to the said ]\Iary Binmore during her natural life ; and after, 
her death, to the said John Condell ; provided nevertheless, and my Will 
and mind farther is, that if the said JMary Binniore shall marry a second 
Husband, then and in that case, and from and immediately after such 
second marriage, the payments of all the said Dividends, Interest and 
produce of the said Government Securities, as well as those that shall be 
due at the time of such marriage, as any future payments thereof shall 
cease, and be no longer paid to her the said I\lary Binmore, but that the 
same sliall then and from henceforth vest in and be paid and payable to 
and unto the said John Condell ; and my Will and mind farther is, that 
my said Trustees do collect in all my outstanding Debts as soon as they 
can, but not to oppress the poor ; and as fast as they collect them in to 
buy Stock into the said Fund aforesaid and in no other Fund, being 
confident that that Stock will never be lower than Three per Cent, as it 
now is : And 'tis my Will that my Trustees do sell my Bridge Bonds; 
I have six which cost me 600£, and pays Four per Cent, and put the 
Money into the above Fund to save my Trustees some trouble in collect- 
ing in my Dividends in April and October, the two half-yearly payments, 
as when all my Estates are in one Fund it will save the Guardians and 
Trustees of the Poor House, of the said City of Chichester, a great deal 
of trouble ; and when it is all collected together there will not be any 
trouble in receiving the said Dividends. In all my former Wills I gave 
my Estates to my brother-in-law, Thomas Ludgater ; but as he is now ; 
grown old (about 74), and as he liave no Child, and a plenty of] 
Fortune, I thought it bc-t to leave it as I have done, for now it will be a ' 
benefit to the said City for ever ; or if I had disposed of in Legacies j 
in a few years the whole would have been annihilated and come to I 
nothing. And lastly, I do hereby make, constitute and appoint the i 
said William Webb, James Hodgkin, and Joseph Baker, joint 
Executors of this my last Will and Testament, revoking all former Wills 
by me made. For witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand 
and Seal, this sixth dny of February, in the Year of our Lord, 1772. 

John Hardham (L. S.) 
Singed, Sealed, Published, and declared by the said Testator as and 
for his last Will and Testament, in the presence of us who have here- 
unto subscribed our Names as Winesses hereof and hereunto in the 
presence of the said Testator, (N.B. — Some Interlineations). 
Witnesses. — William Clare, 

Thomas Moxkland, 

James Peeke. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 243 

N.B. — William Clare, HaberJaslier, Thomas Monkland, Tinman, 
hotli opposite Bridge Lane, Fleet-Street, James Peene now lives with 
me, a son of Henry Peene, of Canterbnry. 

Proved at London the 3d of October, 1772, before the Worshipful 
Andrew Coltee Ducarel, Doctor of Laws and Surrogate, by the oaths of 
William Webb and James Hodgkin, two of the Executors named in the 
said Will, to whom Administration was granted, having been first sworn 
duly to administer (power reserved to make the like grant to Joseph 
Baker, the other Executor, named in the said Will), when he shall 
apply for the same. 



John Stevens, "^ ta 

G. GOSTLING, I ?^P!^*7 , . , 

Henry Stevens, Senr. j Registers {szcj. 



F, H. Arnold. 



No. 4. 

A Shoreham " Scare.'''' 

1715. Lre Abt a Sermon on Hereditary Right. — Such is the en- 
dorsement, in faded ink, upon the letter printed below. Whether the 
letter itself ever saw tlie light in " y^ News-Letter," to "y'' Author" 
of which it is addressed, is a question that cannot now be easily answered. 
But the document, which is evidently a genuine and original one, penned 
at the date which it bears, deserves a permanent abiding place in the 
Sussex Arch(sological Collections, not only as a racy composition, but also 
as a sample of the "feelers '' thrown out by the industrious emissaries 
of Jacolntism, who doubtlessly left no stone unturned in their endeavours 
to induce the English jjeople to forswear their allegiance to the house of 
Hanover, then so recently seated upon the throne. The document, with 
some slight variations in, and additions to the comments, is here reprinted 
from " Notes and Queries," of 5 April, 1879. 

" To y® Author of y<= News-Letter. 

Shoram in Sussex, March y® 1st, 1715/16. 

" On Sunday 7 night happend here a very comical Scene, w"'* 
I can't forbear com'unicateing to you, w'''^ was thus. A Jolly 
Dispencer of y® Word desired our Minister of y^ Gospel to lend 
him his Pulpit that morning, w*^^ was granted ; and being mounted 
therein, took his Texts out of S. Matt. xxi. 38, 39, Mark xii. 7, 
8, Luke XX. 14, 15, w'='^ surpriz*^ y® congregation strangely, to 
find him take three Texts out of three Evangelists to make one 
Sermon. But I suppose that was done to back ye truth deliverd 
by one Inspird Evangelist w'^ y® Authority of two others, to 
make an undeniable proof of it. Now upon consulting all those 
Texts I found they tended all to y^ proof of y^ same tiling, 
almost in the very same words : Soe our surprize ceasd. And 
the Husbandman said. This is y"^ Heir come let us kill him, and 
y* inheritance shall be ours : And they caught him, & cast him 



244 NOTES AxVD QUERIES. 

out of y^ vineyard and killd him : Hereupon, he discoursd upon 
Hereditary Right of Kings in generall only, saying, it was a Right 
of God himself never alterd, but by a speciall ordination. And y' 
it was not in the power of y® people to doe it justly, w^'^out y^ 
consent of y** Heir whose Right it was; w*'^ abundance more of 
such unfashionable Scripture Doctrines, allowed of by very few 
B — s of Late. 

At last finding him soe very much of y^ high Ropes w*^^ a dis- 
tinction of Kings by Right of inheritance calld (as he said) 
Kings of God Almighty's makeing, And Kings by Might, calld 
Kings of y® Peoples makeing, and by God's permission. 

Wee expected he would have come to pticulars in this Nation ; 
if he had, wee would soon ha' clapt a stone doublet on his back. 
And might lawfully have done it too, as Christianity now stands, 
but he ci'aftily evaded it, and sculkd behind y® Laws, and thus 
concluded : Brethren don't think I mean y^ young Gentleman, 
who was the Son of &c. — who, was y® Son of &c. — who was the 
Son of &c. — as in chapt. i. of S. Matt. : and who lately found one 
pair of leggs better than two pairs of hands. Noe Brethren 
verily I don't: for altho' he may be said to be cast out of y® 
vineyard : he is not yet killd : But oh ! how happy had he been 
if he had a gentle confinement in a Goal and an indulgent 
restraint in a prison (perhaps said he) like ]\Iary Q. of Scots 
about 20 years and then beheaded : what glorious and signall Tes- 
timonies of mercy would he have had ! 

Tlius he spake, then came down from y® Pulpit, took his horse, 
and rode away w'*' speed, unknown who he was, whence became, 
or went. Soe left us all to brooze upon these thistles, & prick 
our chaps w"^ that foolish, useless, obsolete scripturall doctrine of 
y^ Heredetary Right of Kings — as if wee must be guided by 
Scripture when it will not serve our purpose, seeing we well know 
When Arguments are tired out 
Tis interet^t still resolves y^ doubt. 

I/udib. 
Yours, D. Jones." 

Who was " our Minister of y^ Gospel,'' who, upon the above occasion 
so readily lent his pulpit to a thorough stranger ? And his church, was 
it one of the two grand old edifices Avhich still adorn the adjoining 
parishes of New and Old Shorcham, or merely a nonconformist " Little 
Bethel?" The Established Church in those days was sometimes put to 
strange uses. 

Henry Campkin, F.S.A. 

P.S. — This characteristic missive is evidently the production of a 
practised pen, and although the name of Jones may not have been then, 
any more than now, of rare occurrence, I am inclined to think that the 
" D. Jones," whose name is here subscribed, is no other than a contem- 
porary writer of the same name, who wrote a scurrilous work entitled 
The Secret History of Whitehall. 

H.C. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 245 

No. 5. 

New Shorehain Church, 

L> See XXVII., S. A. C, p. 76. 

The munificent aid rendered by Mr. DvER-EDWARDEa towards the 
restoration of New Bhoreham Church is stated, on the above page, to 
have been a stone pulpit and £100 ; a statement which falls con- 
siderably short of the final aggregate of this gentleman's contributions 
to the good work, as will appear from the figures below — 

1. Towards renovation of East end of Church . . £320 

2. For restoration of Interior and North windows . . 1225 

3. Stone pulpit, &c. ....... 45 

4. Restoration of South windows, &c. .... 300 



£1890 

And, since the enumeration of these items, it has come to my know- 
ledge that Mr. Edwardes has, by an additional donation of the requisite 
sum, raised the amount of his bounty to £2,000. 

It is but just that such rare liberality should find a permanent record 
in these volumes, and I beg therefore to make this addition to Mr. 
Green's former statement of it. 

Henry Campkin. 

No. 6. 

The Marchant Pedigree. 

In the Marchant Pedigree, set out at p. 199, Vol. xxv, of our 
" Sussex Archseological Collections," no mention is made of any wife of 
the Rev. W. (not W. M.) Marchant, Vicar of Shoreham. But a 
reference to tlie New Shoreham Register of Marriages for 1775 shows 
that this gentleman was, on the 22nd January in that year, married to 
Mary, daughter of Thomas and Mary Edwards. The bride, as the tell- 
tale baptismal Register for the same parish informs us, was baptized on 
the 7th January, 1735 ; consequently she had passed her fortieth year 
before entering the married state. The probability therefore is that there 
was no issue of this marriage. 

Henry Campkin. 

No. 7. 

The White Lion^-An extinct Inn at Lewes. 

In examining some old deeds I came across a bundle relating to the 
above-named Inn. The first is a Lease dated 2nd October, 4th and 5th 
Philip and Mary [1557], "between James Paget of Baddsleye in the 
countye of Sutht gentilman and Bridgette his wifife late wiffe of John 
Huttoste sune and heire of Henrye Huttoste, of the towne of Suthamp - 
ton, gentilman, Disceassed, of thon ptie, and Thomas Slutter, of the 



246 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

towne of Lewis, in the county of Sussex, Capper, of thother pile." The 
lessors demised to Slutter " All that one decayed and unrepaired tene- 
inente sometime an Inne called the White Lion &c.," "late in the 
tenure or occupacion of one Peter White— sett lienge and beinge within 
tlie said towne In the pishe of All Saints and In the Sutht side of the 
Highe Streete there " from the Feast of St. Michael last past for 70 
years at a rent of 26s. 8d. a year. The lease contains a covenant by 
Slutter to rebuild such parts as were necessary to make " a compitente 
tenemente or dwelling house." By another deed, dated 1st March, 19th 
Elizth. [1577], made " between Thomas West of Totton in the countye 
of Southt Esquire" and others of the one part " and Henrye Bowyer of 
Cuckefylde in the countye of Sussex gent, of the other ptye " the " Line 
called the Lyon &c in the occnpacon of Thomas Slutter, Capper " was 
conveyed to Henry Bowyer for £40. 

The property some time after must have changed hands again, for 
there was a bargain and sale on August Gth, 1597, by " John Willyams 
of Buxsted in the countye of Sussex yoman " to " Wyllm Carter of 
Lewes, Sadler" of " all that messuage or tenemt called or knowen by 
the name of the White Lyon wth all & singler bowses &c . . . then in 
seuall tenures or occupacons of one Henry Fitzherbert Margaret Fraimcs 
wydowe and one Johane Snelling wydowe scituat lying & being in the 
pishe of All Saints in Lewes in the countye of Sussex That is to saye to 
a certeyne lane there on the east To the garden & barne of Philipp 
Gillam on the Southe To an other lane there called St. Nichas lane and 
the tenemt of Philipp Gillam on the west and the quenes highe waye 
on the northe." 

By a feoffment, dated April ISth, 1G21, and between William Carter 
of Willingdon " Yoman " (no doubt the person before mentioned) " of 
the one pte and Thomas Ol liver of Lewes in the said County, Merchant 
of the other pte " the " White Lyon " (^described as then " in the 
tenure and occnpacon of Robert Carter "j was sold to Thomas Olliver for 
£400. 

The White Lion seems to have descended in the Oliver (or Olliver) 
family, and in 1685 belonged to John Oliver. The latter appears to liave 
been a man of some position, and well connected. His will contains 
several references which are of sufficient interest to be set out, and is 
dated August 1st, 1st James II [1685]. He directed his burial to be in 
All Saints' Chuich, and gave 40s. to the poor of the parish ; and after 
bequeathing legacies to his sister, Susana Oliver, his nephew, Oliver 
Isted, and his [_i.e. Oliver's] sister Carr, his brother-in-law Dr. White,^ 
and his niece Ann Monck, devised his Manor or Lordship of Preston 
I'oynings, to " his nephew or kinsman Thomas Browne, one of the 
younger sons of John Browne, late of Horsemondean, Kent, gentleman, 
deceased " and his issue in tail with remainders to his brothers John, 
Adam and George Browne, & their issue successively in tail. The tes- 
tator then gave " to his sister Susan Oliver and her assigns for life (she 

* This was no doubt Dr. Benjamin (the father) was buried at All Saints, 

White, or else his son Dr Peter White, May 9th, 1713 (Bwrrell Add. MSS. 5698, 

the latter of whom married Tettersell's p, I8l, &c). 
granddaughter about 1701. Dr. White 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 247 

continuing unmarried) all that his messuage tenement or Inn called the 
White J A/on &c . . . then in the several! occupations of Ferdinando Bryan 
& Richard Paine." He then devised "to his loving brother-in-law 
Peter Courthope of Panny and his loving cosin Richard Isted"^ his free- 
hold and copyhold messuages lands &c at Soutram and South Mailing 
" his messuage tenement or Inn called the Bull in Leaves with tlie stable 
then in the occupation of James Attree " and the reversion of the White 
Lyon after Susan's death — upon trust for sale and after payment of 
legacies and debts gave the proceeds of sale amongst his late sister 
Kidder's daughters and his late niece Browne's daughters. 

(The Par. Reg. of All Saints, Lewes, contains the following re- 
ferences to the persons before mentioned. " Bariah. Mrs Susa. 
Oliver May m. 1698 : Thos. Oliver, Gent, Oct 29. 1657 : Mrs. 
Elizth. Kidder widow of Mr. Richard Kidder and sister to Mr, 
John Oliver. June 28. 1 679 : Thos. Oliver gent son of Jno & 
Mary ^t 30. July 15. 1681."). {Add MSS. 5698 pp 175 to 181). 

Richard Isted died, and, sometime after, Susan Oliver died also (pro- 
bably as mentioned above), and by Indentures of Lease and Release, 
dated the 20th and 21st Feby., 1698, "between Peter Courthope of 
Danny in the Parish of Hurstpierpoint Esq & Samuel Snashall of South- 
over, Malster," after reciting the deaths of S. Oliver & R. Isted, P. 
Courthope sells the White Lyon to S. Snashall for £265. The witnesses 
to the Release are Tho. Burrell & John Grbver. 

Samuel Snashall, by his Will dated 1st April, 1712 (proved 1st 
October, 1712), after making certain bequests gave to his son John 
" his freehold messuage or tenement (then divided into several dwellings) 
formerly called the White Lyon then in his own occupation and that of 
Robert Boston." 

No further deeds have been found. The deeds and documents before 
mentioned are now in the possession of Messrs. Freeman and Freeman 
Gell, of Brighton. 

Frederick E. Sawyer. 



No. 8. 
The Aliens of Lindfield. 

The following inscription is to be found on a brass in Lindfield Church, 
though neither mentioned by Sir William Burrell in his MSS. m the 
Bri-tish Museum, nor in the article by the Revd. Edward Turner on 
Sussex Brasses in the Collections of the Sussex Archa;ological 
Society : — 

'' Here lieth interred y® body of Isaac Allen only sonne of Abraham 

* Eiclmrd Isted was a solicitor of some eminence in this county, and practised 
at Lewes. 



248 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Allen Esq by his wife Joane Love. Hee died at London a prisoner to 
j" Upper Bench npon an accon for wordes most falsely and nialicionsly 
by one single witness sworne against him as he had oftentymes and on 
}iis death bed protested and declared to severall friends. Hee desired 
his body might be buried here at Linfeild neare his mother and deceaced 
y" 24th day of July Ano Doni 1656 aged 63." 

The inscription on the brass of Joan, daughter of John Love, of 
r.ishops Basing, Esq., who married, 1st, Abraham Allen, of London, Esq., 
Sergeant Chyrurgeon to King James ; 2nd, William Newton, of Lind- 
field, Gent., and died 9th September, 1655, aged 81, has been given in 
the ])edigree of Newton, of Sotithover,'^ and so need not here be repeated. 

The following particulars are given by Sir William Burrell (Add. MSS. 
5698), under the head of Lindfield D' Arches : — 

" Monuments " 

" On a black marble slab in the great chancel . . . 

" Isaack Allen citizen and mercer of London, who was third son of 
Isaack Allen of Lindfield in the County of Sussex Gent, aged 52 years 
he died the 25th day of July Anno Dom MDCLXXIL" 

" Coat of Allen on the tomb." (Erm. a chevron between three 
leopards' fnces. This slab, with the coat of arms, still remains in 
Lindfield Church.) 

'* Baptisms" 

"Isaac son of Isaac Allen Gent May 28th 1620." 
" Sarah^ daughter of Isaac Allen GVnt 12th August 1622." 
"William, son of Isaac Allen, Gent. November 15th 1624." 
" Herbert, son of Isaac Allen, Gent, January 1st 1626." 

<' Buryals" 

" Isaac Allen, Gent. July 29th 1656." 

" Herbert Allen, Gent, September 25th 1668."' 

" Elizabeth Allen, September 29th 1694."' 

In 1613 King James I. being then at Eoyston, appointed Abraham 
Allen one of his Surgeons in place of John Nasmyth, deceased, with a 
salary of £40 per annum.^ 

7 IX., S.A.C. 327-330, &c. in Lonrlon, in lf)67, in which she men- 

* Sai'ah Allen married 17th July, tions her brothers Abraham, Herbert, 

1(155, at Wivelsfield, John Attree, of and Isaac. 

Theobalds, in Wivelsfield, Gent., and » Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, 

had issue by him. Her will was proved James I., Sign Manual, Vol. 3, No. 91. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



249 



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250 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

And now, having given the above small amount of information, vphich 
may help to strengthen the short pedigree of Allen given in Berry's 
Sussex Genealogies, I would pi-oceed to ask if any Sussex Archaeologist 
or Genealogist would be kind enough to answer the following queries : — 

1. Who was the father of Abraham Allen, Surgeon to King James I. ; 
and was his family connected with that of Allen, of Broughton (in Lan- 
cashire ?), which seems to have borne the same arms, and also rejoiced 
in the Biblical name of Isaac, and, if so, how ? 

2. Isaac being the 3rd son of Isaac Allen, of Lindfield, who were the 
eldest and 2nd sons ? Was Abraham, of London, who died in 1680, one 
of them ? 

3. Did Herbert and Katherine Allen^^ leave any descendants ? And 
who is the present representative of this family ? 

4. What was the " false and malicious accusation for wordes sworn 
against" Isaac Allen, who died 1656 " a prisoner to y® Upper Bench ?" 

F. W. T. Attree, Lieut. R.E. 

1" See Berry's " Sussex Genealogies." 



INDEX TO VOL. XXX. 



N.B.— Mr. Round's *' Index of Illustrations " {suprh 198) 
and Mr. Crosskey's "List of Books" {supra 230), 
are in themselves Indices, and Mr. Stenning's and 
Sir W. Barttelot's Papers {supra 161, 190) are them- 
selves chronological Indices, of their respective 
subjects. They have, therefore, not been indexed 
here, except generally. 



Aldham de, arms of, described, 138. 
Aldingbourne, resolutions of Plnndered 

Ministers Committee on, 114; notes 

on Resolutions on, 116 ; Vicars of, 116. 
Alfriston Church, Mr. Jennings on 

restoration of, 107. 
Aliens of Lindfield, pedigree of (see 

Attree). 
Alod, what, 92, 
Ansty, arms of, 138-9. 
Apsley, R, sequestered Rector of Pul- 

boro, 116, 127; notes on, from a R. 

of Petworth, 128. 
Arbuthnot, Rev. G, defendant in the 

Arundel Chancel case, 31 j Vicar of 

Arundel, 33. 



Armory, Early Sussex paper on, by W. 
S. Ellis, Esq, 137. 

Arnold, Rev. F. H, paper by on Sper- 
shott's Memoirs of Chichester, 147; 
note by, on Hardham's will, 239. 

Arundel, Chancel Case paper on the, by 
the Editor, 31 ; par. church restored, 
34, 50 ; Mr. Freeman on, 38 ; Lady 
chapel in, 35-7, 47 ; College, founda- 
tion of, 43 ; Priory of S. Nicholas, 43 ; 
M.Ps for (see M.Ps). 

Ashburnhams M.Ps, 191 ; arms of de- 
scribed, 138. 

Attree, Lieut, note by, on the Aliens of 
Lindfield, 247 ; monument, Barcombe, 
55. 

Auction by candle-burning, 151, n. 7. 



B. 



Ballow, T, sequestered V. of Seaford, 
130. 

Barttelot, Sir W. B, Extract by, con- 
cerning eight Sussex families, from 
Pari. Return, 1290-1702, 190; note 
by on W. Penn, the Irelands of High- 
fure, and Hearth Tax,191-2 ; M.Ps, 190 

Barcombe Church, paper on by Miss P 
Dodson, 52 ; monuments in, 55-7 
value of, 59 ; terrier of glebe, 60 
licences under Toleration Act, 61 ; 
answers to Bishop's enquiries, ih. 

Bignor Pavements, paper on by Rev. 
Thos. Debary, 63 ; hardly noticed in 
" Collections," 75 ; discoveries of 



1811-13, 76, 77 ,• situation, 85 ; 
ruinous state of, 88 ; appeal and 
suggestions for preservation of, 89. 

Battle, church remarks on, 106; reso- 
Intions of Plundered Ministers Com- 
mittee on, 116 ; notes on resolutions, 
i6, 117 ; Pariah Reg, ib. 

Bavent de, arms of described, 130. 

Bayley monument, Barcombe, 55. 

Beche, arms of, 138. 

Bexhill, resolutions of Plundered Minis- 
ters' Committee on, 117 ; notes on 
resolutions, ih, 118; parish Reg. of 
118; vicars of, 117. 



BLATCHINGTON. [ 252 ] EPPILLUS. 



Blatchington East, resolutions of Plun- 
dered Ministers Committee on, 118, 
119 ; notes on resolutions, ih ; Parish 
Registers of, 119 ; M.I. at, ib. 

Bolt, J, V. of Eastbourne, 120; of 
Brighton, ib. 

Bonet, arms of, 138. 

Bosham Church, remarks on, 106. 

Box, arms of described, 138. 



Boxgrove Church, Mr. Freeman on, 3R. 
Boxhill, arms of described, 138. 
Bramber M.Ps (see Membei's of Pari.) 
Braose de, his importance in Sussex, 94. 
Butterfield, evidence of Mr, on the 

Arundel Chancel, 35, 36. 
Barwash, monumental slab, 110; ib, 

30; Woodknowle in, 146, n 19. 



0. 



Campkin, H, Esqre, note by, on a Shore- 
ham " Scare," 243 ; on New Shoreham 
Church, 244 ; on the Marchant pedi- 
gree, 245. 

Candle-burning, auction by, 1 51 n. 7. 

" Castles, Mansions, &c, of W. Sussex " 
paper on by Rev. W. Stephens, 99. 

Catalogue of the S.A.S. Library, 1877-9, 
by R. Crosskey, Esq., 230. 

Cells, numerous in Sussex, 96. 

Chancel, etymon of, 34, 35 ; Case, the 
Arundel (see Arundel). 

Chancellor, Loi'd, etymon, of, ib. 

Channel], Baron, on the Mottram Chan- 
cel case, 41. 

Chichester, Spershott's memoirs of, 
notes on by W. Haines, Esq, and Rev. 
F. Arnold, 147 ; St. James's Leper 
Hospital near, 148, n. 1 ; temple to 
Neptune at, 6, 07, ib, n. 7 ; Guildhall, 
39; malting, 148, n 1; Deanery and 
Palace rebuilt, 149, n. 4 ; Smuggler's 
assize at, 153 ; ib, n. 10 ; address to 
Geo. Ill, 160, n, 14; earthquake at. 



151, n. 5; great storm at, 153; ib 

n. 9 ; M.Ps for (see M.Ps). 
Churches Sussex the. General Remarks 

on, by Archd. Hannah, 98 ; Mr. Street 

on, 101 ; Mr. Horsfield, on, 101 ; Mr. 

Hnssey on, ib, n. 3. 
Cinque Ports Sussex, M.Ps (see Members 

of Pari.) 
Cogidubnus, a British Prince, 6, 67. 
Coins, the Ancient British of Sussex, 

paper on, by E. Willett, Esq, 1. 
Coleridge Lord, decides the Arundel 

Chancel case, 31 ; description of 

Fitzalan chapel by, 35. 
College, Arundel, history of, 43, 44. 
Commius, coins of, 1,2; coin of, 10, 11 ; 

history of, 21-3. 
Conyborough in Barcombe, 55, 56. 
Courthopes M.Ps, 192-3. 
Cowfold, brass at, 1 10. 
Crayford monument, Barcombe, 56. 
Crosskey, R, Esq, List of Books added 

to the S.A.S. Library, 1877 to 1879, 

230. 
Urypto-porticus, Bignor, V9, 80. 



D. 



Dabernonn, arms of described, 138. 
Dallaway, on Bignor scenery, 86; on 

list of Sussex knights, 138. 
Davy, Sir Humphrey, on colours at 

Bignor, 87. 
Debai-y, Rev. Thos, paper by on Bignor 

Pavements, 63 ; note by, on " The 

Lavingtons," 235. 



De Insula (see De Lile). 

De Lile Gracia, seal of, 145. 

Dodson, Miss F. H, paper by, on St. 

Mary's Church, Barcombe, 52. 
Dowuedale, arms of described, 138. 
Dress of the judges, 31, n. 2. 
Druid, statue of, Chichester, 156, n. 12. 



E, 



East Blatchyngton (see Blatchyngton). 
Eastbourne, resolutions of Plundered 

Ministers Committee on, 119; notes 

on resolutions, 120; parish registers 

of, 128. 
East Grinstead M.Ps (see M.Ps). 
Echyngham de, seal and arms of, 145. 
Editor Ihe, paper by on the Arundel 

Chancel case, Hi. 



Ellis, Smith W, Esq, paper by on Early 

Sussex Armory, 137. 
Elwes, D. C, Esq, the " Castles, &c., of 

W. Sussex," by, 90. 
Episcopal Manors in Sussex, 96. 
Eppillus, coinage of, 8, 10 ; descriptive 

catalogue of coins of, 2(j, 27. 



FENEZ. 



[ 253 ] 



KINGSTON. 



F. 



Fenez de, arms of described, 138. 
Fisher, V. of Hooe, 117 ; 0. Cromwell's 

chaplain, 116. 
Fitzalan Chapel, Arundel, 47, 48. 
I'letching, grave of Gibbon at, 110. 



Folc-land, 92. 

Freeman, Mr. E. A, on Dunster Priory 

Church, 38. 
Fret a, what, 76, n. 14. 
Friary, Winchelsea, 39. 



a. 



Gages, M.Ps (see M.Ps). 

Ganymede Rape of, Mosaic ef Bignor, 
76. 

Garrick D, Hardham's executor, in- 
troduces Hardham's Snuff, 155, n. 11. 

Gentil, Sir Nicholas, arms of, 138. 



Goldsmith, John, sequestered Vicar of 
Aldyngbourne, 115. 

Gorings, M.Ps (see M.Ps). 

Graves, J, V. of Eastbourne, 120 ; pro- 
ceedings against, 119. 

Guilloche, what, 76, n 15. 



H. 



Haines, W. Esq, paper by, on " Sper- 

shott's Memoirs,'' 147. 
Hamme, de, arms of described, 138. 
Hannah Archdeacon, paper by, on 

" Sussex Churches," 98. 
Hardham, Will of, 155, n. 11 ; note on 

by Rev. F. H, Arnold, 239. 
Hastings, de, arms of, 138-140, 141, n. 

1 1 ; notices of, 140. 
Hearth Tax, account of, 237 ; old 

receipts, 236. 
Heringaud, arms of described, 139. 
High Fure, the Irelandsof {see Bartte- 

lot). 
Hoorne, de, arms of described, 138. 



Horsham M.Ps (see M.Ps). 

Horsted Keynes, grave of ABp. Leigh- 
ton at, 1 10 ; Parva, resolution of 
Plundered Ministers Committee on, 
120 ; notes on resolutions, ib. 120 ; 
vicars of, 120; par. reg. of, 121. 

Hurstmonceux, grave of Hare at, 110. 

Hurstpierpoint, resolutions of Plun- 
dered Ministers Committee on, 
121-3; notes on resolutions, 123, 124; 
M.I in, 123; Dr. Swale, sequestered 
rector of, 121 ; Leonard Letchford, 
"the hireling priest" of, 123, 124. 

Husee, arms of described, 138. 



I. 



Icklesham chancel case, 39, 40. 
Ignarra, a Neapolitan antiquary, 71, n. 

10. 
Illustrations, Index of (see Index). 
Index of Illustrations, " S.A.C.," Vol. 

I -XXX, by J. Horace Round, Esq. 198. 



Inscribed series of ancient British 

coins, 1 et seq. 
Irelands the, of High Fiire (see Bart- 

telot). 



J. 



Jennings, Mr. L 

and Green Lanes," 107, 108, 110, n. 



J. on " Field Paths I Judges, dress of, 31, n. 20. 



K. 



Kindersley, V.C. on the Icklesham 

chancel case, 40. 
Kingston, near Lewes, resolutions of 



Plundered Ministers Committee on, 
124; notes on resolutions, 125; H. 
Shepherd, scque.«itered V. of, 125. 



LA WAERE. 



[ 254 ] 



PULBOEOUGH. 



L. 



La Warre {see Wests). 

Lady Chapel, Arundel Church, 35, 36, 

37, 47. 
Lavington, Bp. Wilberforce's grave at, 

110. 
Lavingtons The, note on, by Rev T. 

Debary, 285. 
Leper Hospital, S. James', Chichester, 

148, n. 1. 
Letchford, Leonard (see Hurst). 
Leukenore, arms of described, 138. 
Lewes, S. Ann's Westout, resolutions 

of Plundered Ministeis Committee on 



125 ; notes on resolutions, ib, ; vicars 
of, 125 ; extinct inn at, note on, by 
F. E. Sawyer, Esq, 245; M.P.s for 
(see M.Ps). 

Lind de la, arms of described, 138. 

Lindfield Church, Mr. Jennings on re- 
storation of, 107 ; pedigree of Aliens 
of, 249. 

Lucas monuments, Barcombe, 56, 57. 

Lysons, S, Esq, the authoi'ity on the 
Bignor Villa, 64, n. 2 epitome of 
his account, 75. 



M. 



Manors, what, 93 ; archiepiscopal in 
Sussex, 96 ; episcopal, ib. 

Mansee, arms of described, 138. 

Marchant pedigree, note on, by H. 
Campkin, Esq, 245. 

Mare de la, arms of described, 138. 

" Mark " the, what, 91. 

Medley monuments, Barcombe, 56, 57. 

1 edusa room, Bignor Villa, 82, 84. 

Meir"s monument, Barcombe, 55. 

Members of Parliament for the County 
and Boroughs of Sussex, paper on, com- 
piled from Parliamentary Return, by 



A. Stenning, Esq, 161 ; Extract from 
Parliamentary Retvim of, as regards 
eight Sussex families, by Sir W. B. 
Barttelot, 190. 

Merton Chapel, Oxford, 39. 

Midhurst M.Ps (see Members of Par- 
liament). 

Ministers (see Plundered). 

Montgomery, Earl Roger of, 92, 94. 

Mountfort de, ai-ms of described, 138. 

Mosaic defined, 63, n. 

Mottram chancel case, Cheshire, 41, 42. 



N. 



New Shoreham (see Shoreham). 
Newenham, arms of described, 138. 
Neyville de arais of described, 138. 
Kinfield, resolution of Plundered Min. 



isters Committee on, 126 notes on 
resolutions, ib. ; vicars of, 126. 
Kutt, sequestered minister of Bex hill 
117; parson of Berwick, 118. 



0. 



Ore, arms of, 141. 

Ovingdean, resolutions of Plundered 
Ministers Committee on, 126, 127 ; 



notes on resolutions, 1 27 ; vicars of, 
127. 



P. 



Palerne, arms of, 142. 

Peckham, T, sequesterd V. of Horsted 

Parva, 120; description of, 121. 
Pelhams, M.Ps (see M.Ps). 
Penn, William (see Barttelot). 
Pepplesham, arms of, 142 ; descent of, 

143. 
Pevensey, arms of, 143. 
Plundered Ministers Committee, paper 

on by P. E. Sawyer, Esq, 112 ; mem- 

bers of, 113 ; Sussex Committees of, 

112. 



Poninge de, arms of, 137. 

Poninges de, arms, of, 137. 

Pope, N, R. of Blatchington, 119 ; V. of 

Folkington, proceedings against, 119. 
Priory of St. Nicholas, Arundel, history 

of, 42, 43. 
Pulborough, resolutions of Plundered 

Ministers Committee on, 127, 128; 

notes on resolutions, 128 ; Letter on 

Apsley, sequestered Rector of, ib. ; 

Par. Reg., ib. 



EADMELD. 



[ 255 ] 



TWINE. 



E. 



Eadmeld, arms of, 143. 

Eadyngdene, arms of, 143. 

Eaynes monament, Barcombe Church, 
56. 

Regni the, former inhabitants of Sassex, 
66 ; coins issaed by, 65, n, 4. 

Reliquiee Britannico-Bomance of S. 
Lysons, Esq, 64, 222. 

Retiarii, Roman Mosaic, Bignor, 79, 80. 

Robinson, Rev. J, " Castles, &c, of W. 
Sussex " by, 90. 

Rodmell, resolutions of Plundered Min- 
isters Committee on, 129 ; notes on 
resolutions, ib. 



Rogate, resolutions of Plundered Min- 
isters Committee on, 128 ; notes on 
resolutions, ib. 

Roger of Montgomery (see Montgomery). 

Round, J. Horace, Esq, paper by, on 
Index of Illustrations, S.A.C. Vols, 
i-xxx, 198. 

Rudiarii, Roman Mosaic of, Bignor, 179, 
80. 

Rye, resolutions of Plundered Ministers 
Committee on, 129, 130: notes on 
resolutions, 130 ; Vicars of, 130. 



s. 



Sac & Soc, what, 93. 

St. Ann's Westout (see Lewes). 

St, Mary's Westout (see Lewes). 

Salehurst Church, Mr. Jennings on re- 
storation of, 107. 

Sanzaver, arms of described, 138. 

Sawyer, F. E, Esq, paper by on the 
Committee of Plundered Ministers 
130, 131 ; note by, on an extinct Inn 
at Lewes, 245. 

Saxby, J, V. of Seaford, 132. 

Scotney, arms of, 144 ; seal of, ii. 

Scott, Sir Gilbert, Arundel Church re- 
stored by, 34, 50. 

Seaford-cum-Sutton, resolutions of 
Plundered Ministers Committee on, 
130, 131 ; notes on resolutions on, 132 ; 
Vicars of, ib ; Parish Reg. of, ib. 

Seasons room Bignor Villa, 77. 

Secutores, Roman mosaic of, 79. 

Seez Abbey of, Normandy, 42. 

Shelley s, M.P.s (see M.Ps). 

Shepherde, H, sequestered V. of King- 
ston by Lewes, 124; Walker's version 
of, 125. 

Shoreham, New Church, Mr. Freeman 
on, 38 ; note on, by H. Campkin, Esq, 
244 ; M.Ps for (see M.Ps). 



Shoreham " A Scare," note on by H. 
Campkin, Esq, 243. 

Shovelstrode, arms of, 144. 

Smith, Charlotte, lived at Bignor, 86. 

Smugglers Chichester, assize, 153 ; ib. 
n. 10. 

Sompting Church, remarks on, 103. 

Spershott's memoirs, paper on by W. 
Haines, Esq, and Eev. F. H, Arnold, 
137. 

Stanley, W, sequestered V. of W. Tar- 
ring, 132. 

Stemp, J, sequestered parson of Ovmg- 
dean, 127. 

Stenning, A, Esq (see Sussex). 

Stephens, Rev. W. R, paper by on 
" Castles, &c.,of W. Sussex," 91. 

Steyning, M.Ps (see M.Ps). 

Stopham, arms of, 144. 

Sussex M.Ps, compilation of, from Par- 
liamentary return, byA. Stenning,Esq, 
161 ; Extract relating to eight Sussex 
famines, by Sir W. B. Barttelot, 
190 ; Sussex and Surrey Knights, list 
of, 137, 138 ; Archseol. Soc, Catalogue 
of Library of, 230. 

Swale, Dr, sequestered Rector of Hurst, 
121 ; and Westboui-ne, i6 ; proceedings 
against, 134. 



T. 



Tai-ring, West, resolutions of Plundered 
Ministers Committee on, 132 ; notes 
on resolutions, 133 ; V. of sequestered, 
133 ; restored, ib, 

Teutonic settlements, elements of, 91. 

Thomsons, Vs. of Aldingbourne, 116. 

Ticehurst, arms of, 145, 146. 



Tierney, Canon, description of Arundel 

College Chapel by, 37. 
Tincommius, coinage of, 7 ; descriptive 

catalogue of coins of, 11, et seq. 
Turpilianus Petronius, probable builder 

of Roman Villa at Bignor, 68, 70. 
Twine Brian, sequestered V. of Rye, 

130. 



VENUS. 



[ 256 ] 



WORTH. 



V. 



Venus room, at Bignor Villa, 72, 80. 
Venuz, arms of, 146. 



1 Verica, coinage of, 8 ; descriptive cata 
I loe-ue of coins of, 17, et seq. 



w. 



Waleysde, arms of <5escribed, 138. 
Warrninghurst bought by William Penn, 

237 ; sold by him. ih. 
Wartliug, Fisher, V. of, 117. 
Westbourne, resolutions of Plundered 

Ministers Committee on, 133-6; notes 

on resolutions, 136. 
Westham Church, Mr. Jennings on 

restoration of, 137- 
Wests, M.Ps (see M.Ps). 



Willett, Ernest, Esqre, paper by, on thi 
Ancient British coins of Sussex, 1. 

Wiltshaw, sequestered Rector of Rusper, 
118. 

Wilye, arms of, 146. . , ni. t,' 

Winchelsea Friary, 39; Parisli Chui-ch^ 

39. 
Woodknoll, Manor of, 146 ; n. 19. 
Woolavington, etymon of, 95, 96. 
Woolbeding, etymon of, 96. 
Worth Church, 104 ; remarks on restor 

ation of, 105.